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Dictionary
Pernis to Phylius

Characters
Geographical
Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Pernis. Mother, by Lycus 4, of Ascalaphus 1 and Ialmenus 1 (both among the ACHAEAN LEADERS) [Hyg.Fab.97].

Pero 1. Mother, by Poseidon, of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS; to Asopus it has been attributed several different parentages) [Apd.3.12.6].

Pero 2. Daughter of Neleus and Chloris 1. After some difficulties Bias 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, was able to fulfil her father's conditions and married her, begetting children: Arius 1, Leodocus, Talaus, and Anaxibia 2. Bias 1's brother Melampus 1 helped Bias 1 to get his bride, but some have said that it was Melampus 1 who married her [Apd.1.9.9-10, 2.7.3; Arg.1.118; Prop.2.4.53].

Persaeus (see Perses 1) [Hom.Dem.2.24].

Perseis. See OCEANIDS.

Perseon. Father of Agrianome, mother of Oileus 1 (counted among the ARGONAUTS) [Hyg.Fab.14].

Persephone (Core).

Persepolis. Son of Telemachus and Polycaste 2, daughter of Nestor [Hes.CWE.12].

Perses 1 (Persaeus). See TITANS.

Perses 2. Son of Perseus 1 and Andromeda. It is said that his parents left him at the court of Cepheus 1, father of Andromeda, and that the kings of Persia are descended from him [Apd.2.4.4-5].

Perses 3 deposed his brother Aeetes and was at war with him when the ARGONAUTS arrived in Colchis. Although Perses 3 is called son of Helius and Perseis (one of the OCEANIDS), he is also said to be Aeetes' blood-brother only on his mother's side. Some have called him father of Hecate [but see also Perses 1]. When Medea, daughter of Aeetes, returned to Colchis, she murdered her uncle and restored the kingdom to her father. But others say that when her son Medus came to Colchis he was put under arrest by Perses 3, who had been warned by an oracle not to trust the descendants of Aeetes. Realizing he was in his enemy's hands, and in order to save his life, Medus said he was Hippotes 3, the son of the Corinthian king Medea had killed. So when Medea came back, pretending she was a priestess of Artemis, she bade Perses 3 to deliver this Hippotes 3, whom she thought had come to avenge his father, into her hands so that she could kill her, but when this was done and she discovered who this young man really was she gave him a sword and Medus killed Perses 3 [Apd.1.9.28; Dio.4.45.2; Hyg.Fab.27, 244; Val.5.266ff., 5.534ff.].

Perseus 1.

Perseus 2. Son of Nestor. His mother was either Anaxibia 3 or Eurydice 8 [Apd.1.9.9; Hom.Od.3.452].

Persinous. See ACHAEANS.

PERSONIFICATIONS.

Peteos migrated from Attica to Phocis when pursued by Aegeus 1. He was originally an Egyptian, who later obtained Athenian citizenship. Yet his father is Orneus 1, son of King Erechtheus of Athens. Peteos is father of Menestheus 1, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Apd.3.10.8; Dio.1.28.6; Pau.2.25.6, 10.35.8].

Petraea. See OCEANIDS.

Petraeus 1. See CENTAURS.

Petraeus 2. See SATYRS.

Petraeus 3. See CENTAURS HORNED at BESTIARY.

Peucetius sailed to Italy together with his brothers Iapyx 1 and Daunius, or else with his brother Oenotrus. He is one of the sons of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1; DH.1.11.3; Lib.Met.31].

Peuceus. See CENTAURS.

Peucon. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed in battle [Val.6.564].

Phaea. This is the old woman who bred the Crommyonian Sow, which was also called Phaea after her. Some say that Phaea was a female robber, a woman of murderous and unbridled spirit, who dwelt in Crommyon (a city between Megara and Corinth), and was called Sow because of her life and manners [see also Sow Crommyonian at BESTIARY]. Phaea was killed by Theseus [Apd.Ep.1.1; Plu.The.9.1].

Phaeax 1 is the man from whom the Phaeacians received their name. He was son of Poseidon and Corcyra (daughter of Asopus, one of the RIVER GODS), and father of Alcinous, who received both the ARGONAUTS and Odysseus. He is also said to be the father of Locrus, who emigrated to Italy [Con.3; Dio.4.72.3].

Phaeax 2. A Salaminian, Theseus' look-out man when he sailed to Crete [Plu.The.17.6].

Phaecomes. See CENTAURS.

Phaedimus 1. See NIOBIDS.

Phaedimus 2 was one of the Thebans who laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes just before the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Like others participating in this ambush he was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.2.575].

Phaedimus 3. King of the Sidonians (from Sidon, the coastal city of Phoenicia), who sheltered Menelaus during his wanderings after the Trojan War [Hom.Od.4.617, 15.117].

Phaedra.

Phaenna. See CHARITES.

Phaenops 1. Father of Xanthus 3 and Thoon 1 (both counted among the TROJANS). Phaenops 1 was an old man at the time of the Trojan War [Hom.Il.5.152ff.].

Phaenops 2. Father of Phorcys 1, one of the TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.17.312].

Phaenops 3. See TROJANS.

Phaeo. See HYADES 1.

Phaestus 1. See TROJANS.

Phaestus 2. See Heracles 1 and HERACLIDES.

Phaesyla. See HYADES 1.

Phaethon 1 was ravished by Aphrodite and made a keeper of her shrine. He was son either of Tithonus 2 (son of Cephalus 2, son of Hermes), or of Cephalus 2. If son of Cephalus 2, then his mother is either Hemera (see PERSONIFICATIONS) or Eos. Phaethon 1 and Aphrodite had a son Astynous 1 [Apd.3.14.3; Hes.The.986; Pau.1.3.1].

Phaethon 2. See BESTIARY.

Phaethon 3.

Phaethusa. See HELIADES 1 at Helius [Arg.4.971; Hyg.Fab.154; Ov.Met.2.340].

Phagros. Of Phagros, son of Apollo and Othris (one of the NYMPHS), it is reported that he brought up Meliteus, son of Zeus and Othris that had been exposed by his mother [Lib.Met.13].

Phalaecus. A tyrant in Ambracia, Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria--Albania), who was killed by a lioness sent by Artemis [Lib.Met.4].

Phalanthus 1. A Spartan, founder of Tarentum in southern Italy. His wife was Aethra 3 [Pau.10.10.6-8].

Phalanthus 2. After Phalanthus 2, son of Agelaus 4 (son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto), a city in Arcadia was named [Pau.8.35.9].

Phalanthus 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.127].

Phalces 1. See TROJANS.

Phalces 2. See HERACLIDES.

Phalces 3. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.88, 6.554].

Phaleneus followed Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign and was killed by Corymbasus, an Indian chief [Nonn.28.46].

Phalereus. See LAPITHS.

Phaleris. One of the companions of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.762].

Phalerus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Phalerus 2. See TROJANS.

Phalias. Son of Heracles 1.

Phanes 1 has been called the first-born and eternal god. It is said that mortals call Eros with the name of Phanes 1 [AO.16; Nonn.9.142, 9.157, 12.34, 19.207].

Phanes 2. A Theban who came to Sicyon when Aristomachus 2, misunderstanding the oracle, failed to return to the Peloponnesus [see also HERACLIDES] [Pau.2.7.6].

Phanes 3. One of the commanders of the CENTAURS HORNED who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [see CENTAURS HORNED at BESTIARY] [Nonn.14.186ff.].

Phanoteus. A Phocian, friend of the House of Mycenae, invoked by the servant of Orestes 2, when he falsely announced to Clytaemnestra the death of her son [Soph.Ele.670].

Phantasus puts deceptive shapes of earth, rocks, water, trees or other lifeless things in the dreams of men. He is the son of Hypnos [Ov.Met.11.642].

Phantes. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Phantom. This phantom is the phallus that appeared in the house of Tarchetius [see also Tarchetius]. And after consorting with this phallus Tarchetius' Maid, so they say, gave birth to Romulus and Remus 1 [Plu.Rom.2.3ff.].

Phanus. See ARGONAUTS.

Phares (see Pharis) [Pau.7.22.5].

Pharis (Phares). Son of Hermes and Phylodamia (daughter of Danaus 1), and founder of Pharae in Messenia [Pau.4.30.2].

Pharnace. Daughter of Megassares, wife of Sandocus and mother, by him, of King Cinyras 1 of Cyprus [Apd.3.14.3].

Pharsalus. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He drowned when Hippomedon 1 wounded his horses while crossing a river [Stat.Theb.9.312].

Phartis. See DANAIDS.

Pharus. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.322].

Phasiades. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Colaxes [Val.6.640].

Phasis 1. See RIVER GODS.

Phasis 2. See TROJANS.

Phassus. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Phasyleia. See MAENADS.

Phaunus 1 (see Faunus 1) [Nonn.13.328].

Phaunus 2. One of the commanders of the CENTAURS HORNED who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [see CENTAURS HORNED at BESTIARY] [Nonn.14.186ff.].

Phausius. Father of Apisaon 1, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.11.578].

Phegea. Daughter of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Phegeus 1 is the Psophian who purified Alcmaeon 1 (one of the EPIGONI) and gave him his daughter Arsinoe 1 as wife. Phegeus 1, son of Alpheus (one of the RIVER GODS) had also two sons: Pronous 1 and Agenor 3. He was killed by the sons (by another wife) of his son-in-law in the following way: When Alcmaeon 1 was pursued by the ERINYES of his mother's murder, and afflicted with madness he left his country and came to Psophis (the city in northwestern Arcadia), where Phegeus 1 purified him and gave him his daughter Arsinoe 1, who received from Alcmaeon 1, as a wedding present, the Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1. However, because of his crime, the ground became barren in Psophis and an oracle told Alcmaeon 1 to depart to Achelous and to stand another trial on the river bank. So he went to the springs of Achelous, and was purified by him, receiving Achelous' daughter Callirrhoe 2 to wife. After some time, Callirrhoe 2 told Alcmaeon 1 that she would not live with him if she did not get the Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1, which now were owned by Arsinoe 1, his first wife and daughter of Phegeus 1. Alcmaeon 1 went to Psophis and told Phegeus 1 that it had been predicted that he should be rid of his madness when he had brought the Robe & Necklace to Delphi and dedicated them. Phegeus 1 believed him and gave them to him, but a servant disclosed that Alcmaeon 1 was taking the Robe & Necklace to Callirrhoe 2. So the sons of Phegeus 1, Pronous 1 and Agenor 3, following their father's orders, waited for him in an ambush and killed him. When Callirrhoe 2 learned that she was a widow she requested of Zeus that the sons she had by Alcmaeon 1 might be full-grown in order to avenge their father's murder. And Zeus, who at the time courted her, granted her wish. So when Pronous 1 and Agenor 3, carrying the Robe & Necklace (which they intended to dedicate at Delphi), arrived at the house of Agapenor they met the suddenly grown-up children of Alcmaeon 1 and Callirrhoe 2, Amphoterus 1 and Acarnan 1, who happened to arrive at the same time. The sons of Alcmaeon 1 killed on the spot their father's murderers and afterwards going to Psophis they slew both Phegeus 1 and his wife in their palace [see also Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.5-6; Hyg.Fab.245].

Phegeus 2. See TROJANS.

Phegeus 3. One of Aeneas' companions in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.5.263, 9.765].

Phegeus 4. A soldier in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.371ff.].

Phegeus 5 was one of the Thebans who laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes just before the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Like others participating in this ambush he was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.2.609].

Phegeus 6. A Theban who fought against the SEVEN. He was killed by Agreus 3 [Stat.Theb.7.603, 8.441].

Phegeus 7. An Athenian messenger whom Theseus sent to Creon 2 with a threat of war against Thebes, if he would not let burn the bodies of those who had fought in the defeated army of the SEVEN [Stat.Theb.12.596].

Pheidas. See ACHAEANS.

Pheidon. King of the Thesprotians according to Odysseus' tales [Hom.Od.14.316, 19.287].

Pheme (Fame).

Phemius 1. See SUITORS OF HELEN.

Phemius 2. The minstrel whom the SUITORS OF PENELOPE had pressed into their service [Hom.Od.1.154].

Phemonoe. The first prophetess of Apollo at Delphi [Pau.10.5.7].

Pheneus. Son of Melas 1. He was killed by Tydeus 2 for plotting against King Oeneus 2 of Calydon, brother of Melas 1 [Apd.1.8.5].

Pheno. An Athenian woman daughter of Clytius 9. She married Lamedon, king of Sicyon, and bore him a daughter Zeuxippe 3 [Pau.2.6.5].

Pheraemon. Son of Aeolus 2 and Cyane 2 (daughter of Liparus, son of Auson, king in Italy) and lord of Sicily [Dio.5.8.1].

Phereboea consorted with Theseus [Plu.The.29.1].

Phereclus 1. See TROJANS.

Phereclus 2. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Tisiphone 1 (one of the ERINYES) took his shape to talk to Adrastus 1 [Stat.Theb.11.199].

Phereclus 3. Pilot of the ship in which Theseus sailed to Crete [but see also Nausithous 3]. Phereclus 3 was son of Amarsyas [Plu.The.17.5].

Pheres 1 is the founder of Pherae in Thessaly. He was son of Cretheus 1 (son of Aeolus 1) and Tyro (daughter of Salmoneus, son of Aeolus 1). Pheres 1 had children: Idomene, Admetus 1, Lycurgus 3, Periopis, and Antigona [Apd.1.9.11-14, 3.13.8; Hes.CWE.13; Hyg.Fab.14].

Pheres 2. Son of Jason and Medea, killed by his mother or by the Corinthians [see also Medea] [Apd.1.9.28; Hyg.Fab.25, 239].

Pheres 3. A companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Halesus 2 [Vir.Aen.10.413].

Pheres 4 (see Thyreus) [Hes.CWE.98].

Pheres 5. See ACHAEANS.

Pheres 6. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN [Stat.Theb.9.106].

Pherespondus. See SATYRS and HERALDS.

Phereus 1 (see Thyreus) [Lib.Met.2].

Phereus 2. See SATYRS.

Phereus 3. See ACHAEANS.

Pheroetes. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Pheron. See ACHAEANS.

Pherusa 1. See NEREIDS.

Pherusa 2. See HORAE.

Phiale. See NYMPHS.

Phialo. An Arcadian who was exposed with her child by her father Alcimedon 3. However the two of them were discovered by Heracles 1 who loosed her from her bonds and saved the baby Aechmagoras, son of the same Heracles 1 [Pau.8.12.2-4].

Phialus. King in Arcadia who wished to change the name of the city Phigalia to Phialia. He was son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Phialus was father of Simus, father of Pompus, father of Aeginetes 2, father of Briacas, father of Aechmis, also king of Arcadia [Pau.8.5.7-8].

Phidalia. This woman conquered her enemies in battle with clusters of snakes [Nonn.36.177].

Phidippus. See SUITORS OF HELEN and ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Phigalia. See NYMPHS.

Phigalus. Son of Lycaon 2, or perhaps AUTOCHTHONOUS [Pau.8.39.1-2].

Phila. See DANAIDS.

Philaemon. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Philaeus 1 gave the island of Salamis to Athens after becoming an Athenian himself. He was son either of Eurysaces (son of Ajax 1 and Tecmessa 1) or of Ajax 1 and Tecmessa 1 [Hdt.6.35; Pau.1.35.2; Plu.Sol.10.2].

Philaeus 2. Son of Munichus and Lelante. When his parent's house was attacked by robbers who put fire to the buildings, all family members were turned by the pity of Zeus into birds [Lib.Met.14].

Philammon, famous for his song and zither, was killed by an armed force of Phlegyans that marched against the sanctuary at Delphi. He was son either of Apollo or of Hephaestus. If son of Apollo then his mother was either Chione 2 (daughter of Daedalion, son of of Eosphorus, counted among the TITANS ), or Leuconoe 3 (daughter of Eosphorus), or Philonis (daughter of Daedalion). Philammon had a son Thamyris 1 by Argiope 3 (one of the NYMPHS) [Apd.1.3.3; Con.7; Hyg.Fab.158, 161, 200; Ov.Met.11.317; Pau.4.33.3, 9.36.2].

Philamnus. One of the PANS. See Pan.

Philander. Son of Apollo and Acalle, daughter of Minos 2. Philander was suckled by a goat [Pau.10.16.5].

Philemon.

Philetor. Father of Demuchus, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.20.457].

Philinus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Philippis. See AMAZONS.

Philistus built a temple of Eleusinian Demeter, when he went with Neileus to the founding of Miletus in Asia Minor. Philistus was son of Pasicles [Hdt.9.97].

Philoctetes.

Philodemus. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Philoetius. A master-herdman who helped Odysseus to shoot the SUITORS OF PENELOPE, together with Eumaeus 1 and Telemachus [Apd.Ep.7.33; Hom.Od.20.185].

Philogenes. An Athenian who provided ships for the voyage of the Ionians to Asia. The Athenians colonised Phocaea (the Ionian city in Asia Minor between the Elaitic and the Hermaean Gulfs) under Philogenes, son of Euctemon [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.2.4; Strab.14.1.3].

Philolaus. Like other sons of Minos 2, Philolaus lived in the island of Paros (one of the Cyclades islands, well known for its marble), where he was killed by Heracles 1 after attacking him when the latter landed in Paros on his way to fetch the belt of the Amazon. Philolaus' mother was Paria, a concubine of Minos 2 [Apd.2.5.9, 3.1.2].

Philomela 1 got her tongue cut out by Tereus 1 who also raped her and, by weaving characters in a robe, revealed her own sorrows to her sister Procne, wife of Tereus 1. She was daughter of King Pandion 2 of Athens and Zeuxippe 2. Philomela 1 was turned into a swallow or into a nightingale [see Tereus 1] [Apd.3.14.8; Hyg.Fab.45].

Philomela 2. Wife of Menoetius 2 and mother of Patroclus 1 [Hyg.Fab.97].

Philomela 3. Daughter of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Philomela 4. See DANAIDS.

Philomelides wrestled with Odysseus in Lesbos and was brought down by him [Hom.Od.4.343].

Philomelus received nothing of his brother Plutus's wealth and compelled by necessity bought two oxen with what he had, and became the inventor of the wagon. Philomelus is son of Iasion and Demeter, and father of Parias [see also Plutus and CONSTELLATIONS] [Hyg.Ast.2.4].

Philonis. Daughter of Daedalion [see also Chione 2, to whom some of the children are attributed]. Philonis had Ceyx by Eosphorus; Autolycus 1 by Hermes; and Philammon by Apollo [Hyg.Fab.65, 200].

Philonoe. Daughter of King Iobates of Lycia. She married Bellerophon and had children by him: Isander, Hippolochus 1, and Laodamia 1 [Apd.2.3.2; Hom.Il.6.98].

Philonome fell in love with her stepson Tenes, and, being rejected, falsely accused him before her husband Cycnus 1 of having made love to her. But when her husband discovered the truth, he buried her alive in the earth. Philonome was daughter of Tragasus [Apd.Ep.3.25; Pau.10.14.2].

Philonomus is remembered for having betrayed Laconia to the Dorians at the time of the return of the HERACLIDES [Strab.8.5.5].

Philotas. A Theban descendant of Peneleus (one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS) who followed the expedition of the Ionians under the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens, and is said to be the founder of Priene [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.2.3, 7.2.10; Strab.14.1.3].

Philotes. See Nyx and PERSONIFICATIONS.

Philottus 1. Son of Hephaestus [Hyg.Fab.158].

Philottus 2. Said to be the father, by Niobe 2, of the NIOBIDS. Philottus 2 perished while hunting [Parth.33].

Philyra 1. See OCEANIDS.

Philyra 2. Wife of Nauplius 1 and mother of Palamedes, Oeax, Nausimedon, and Proetus 4 [Apd.2.1.5; Arg.1.136].

Phineus 1 is the man that had first been betrothed to Andromeda and plotted against Perseus 1, who also loved her. Their rivalry for the girl caused a fight at the court of Andromeda's father Cepheus 1, during which Phineus 1 was turned into a stone by Perseus 1 when he was shown the head of Medusa 1. Phineus 1 was son of Belus 1 and Anchinoe [for another betrothed see also Agenor 10] [Apd.2.1.4, 2.4.3; Nonn.3.296].

Phineus 2.

Phineus 3. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Phintas. Approaching history, King Phintas of Messenia was a contemporary of Teleclus under whose reign the Messenians came into conflict with the Lacedaemonians. He was son of Sybotas, son of Dotadas, son of Isthmius 2, son of Glaucus 8, son of Aepytus 2, son of Cresphontes, one of the HERACLIDES [Pau.4.4.1].

Phintias was rescued by his son Damon 2 when Mount Aetna in Sicily began to burn [Hyg.Fab.254].

Phisadie was given in servitude to Helen by the DIOSCURI. She was daughter of Ixion and sister of Pirithous [Hyg.Fab.79].

Phix (see Sphinx) [Hes.The.326].

Phleges. See TROJANS.

Phlegon. See BESTIARY.

Phlegraeus 1. See CENTAURS.

Phlegraeus 2. See SATYRS.

Phlegyas 1. See AUTOCHTHONOUS.

Phlegyas 2, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was in the court of King Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.87].

Phlegyas 3. A Dolionian killed by Heracles 1 in the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS [Val.3.125ff.].

Phlegyas 4. A Theban general during the reign of Eteocles 1. He was killed by Amphiaraus in the course of the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.3.79, 7.711].

Phlegyas 5. A charioteer, defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.688].

Phlias (Phliasus). See ARGONAUTS.

Phliasus (see Phlias) [Hyg.Fab.14].

Phlio. See MAENADS.

Phlius. Father of Dameon, the man who took part in the campaign of Heracles 1 against Augeas [Pau.6.20.16].

Phlogius 1. One of the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor visited by the ARGONAUTS) killed by the DIOSCURI [Arg.1.1045].

Phlogius 2 joined, together with his brothers, Heracles 1 in his expedition against the AMAZONS. He never returned, but later he joined the ARGONAUTS. Phlogius 2 was son of Deimachus 3 [Arg.2.955ff.; Val.5.114].

Phlogius 3. Indian chieftain who armed himself against Dionysus 2 during the Indian war. He was son of Eulaeus [Nonn.26.45].

Phlogius 4 followed Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign and was killed by Morrheus 1. He was son of Strophius 4 [Nonn.30.108].

Phlyus. Phlyus was a son of Gaia. He had a son Celaenus 1, who was father of Caucon 2, the man who brought the rites of the Great Goddesses from Eleusis to Messenia under the reign of Polycaon 1 and Messene. King Polycaon 1 was son of Lelex 2, the first king of Laconia, who is said to have come from Egypt [Pau.4.1.5].

Phobetor (Icelos). Son of Hypnos. Phobetor takes the form of beast or bird or serpent in men's dreams [Ov.Met.11.640].

Phobus 1. See PERSONIFICATIONS.

Phobus 2. One of the PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. The PANS are the offspring of Pan [Nonn.14.67ff.].

Phoceus. A Dolionian killed by Telamon during the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS. Phoceus was son of Olenus 4 [Val.1.204].

Phocus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Phocus 2. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Phocus 3. Son of Aeacus and the Nereid Psamathe 1. Phocus 3 was a great athlete and because of this, they say, his half-brothers Peleus and Telamon plotted against him, and Telamon killed him in a match by throwing a quoit at his head. Some say that it was Peleus and not Telamon who killed Phocus 3. But because of this murder, which some think it was done to please their mother Endeis while others think it was an accident and not a murder, both Peleus and Telamon were banished from Aegina by Aeacus. It has been remarked that some generations later Pylades plotted together with Orestes 2 against Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, son of Peleus and Thetis. Pylades himself was son of Strophius 1, son of Crisus, son of Phocus 3. It is said that because of the crime committed against her son Phocus 3, Psamathe 1 sent a terrible wolf to destroy the cattle of Peleus, who could not do anything except pray to Psamathe 1 that she put away her wrath. At first she remained unmoved by these prayers but Thetis obtained, for her husband's sake, the forgiveness of Psamathe 1. Phocus 3 was father of Panopeus 1 (one of the CALYDONIAN HUNTERS) and Crisus [Apd.3.12.6; Hes.The.1004; Lib.Met.38; Pau.2.29.4; Pin.Nem.5.12; Plu.PS.25].

Phocus 4. This is the man, son either of Ornytion (son of Sisyphus) or of Poseidon, after whom Phocis (the region bordering the Gulf of Corinth west of Boeotia) was named. His wife was Antiope 3, otherwise known as mother of Amphion 1 [Pau.2.4.3, 2.29.3, 9.17.6].

Phoebe. As Artemis has been associated with the radiance and the brightness of the moon she is sometimes called Phoebe.

Phoebe 1. See TITANS.

Phoebe 2. A priestess of Athena who was carried off by the DIOSCURI and became wife of Polydeuces. Her father was either Leucippus 2 (son of King Perieres 1 of Messenia) or Apollo. Phoebe 2 and Polydeuces had a son Mnesileus [Apd.3.10.3, 3.11.2; Hyg.Fab.80; Pau.3.16.1; Prop.1.2.15].

Phoebe 3 (see Nymphs 3 & 4 Hamadryads). See NYMPHS.

Phoebe 4. See HELIADES 1 at Helius [Hyg.Fab.154; Ov.Met.2.340].

Phoebe 5. See AMAZONS.

Phoebe 6. Daughter of Tyndareus and Leda [Eur.IA.50].

Phoenix 1 gave up the search for Europa and settled in Phoenicia, which was called after him [see also Europa and Cadmus]. Phoenix 1 was son either of Agenor 1 & Telephassa, or of Belus 1 & Anchinoe, or of Agenor 1 & Argiope 2. Agenor 1 was son either of Poseidon and Libya, or of Belus 1 and Anchinoe. Telephassa settled in Thrace with Cadmus during their search for Europa. Belus 1 is son of Poseidon and Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io. By Alphesiboea 2 he fathered Europa, Cepheus 1, and Adonis; or else he was father of Astypalea and Europa by Perimede 3. It is also said that by Cassiopea 3, daughter of Arabius, Phoenix 1 became father of Phineus 2. Cepheus 1 is father of Andromeda, and Perimede 3 is daughter of Oeneus 4 [Apd.2.1.4, 3.1.1, 3.14.3; Hes.CWE.20; Hyg.Ast.2.9; Hyg.Fab.6; Nonn.3.296; Pau.7.4.1].

Phoenix 2. See CALYDONIAN HUNTERS and ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Phoenix 3. A chieftain who came as Guardian of the young Hymenaeus 3 when they joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [Nonn.13.86].

Pholoe 1. A slave girl from Crete skilled in weaving, who was given as a prize to Sergestus, a companion of the exiled Aeneas [Vir.Aen.5.285].

Pholoe 2. See BESTIARY.

Pholus 1. See CENTAURS, CONSTELLATIONS, and SEERS.

Pholus 2. A soldier in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.341].

Pholus 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.476].

Phorbas 1. King of Argos after his father Argus 5 (son of Zeus and Niobe 1). His mother was Evadne 1, daughter of Strymon 1 (one of the RIVER GODS). Phorbas 1 is father of Triopas 1, also king of Argos [Apd.2.1.1-2; Pau.2.16.1].

Phorbas 2. See CONSTELLATIONS and LAPITHS.

Phorbas 3. Father of Diomede 3, the girl whom Achilles captured in Lesbos [Hom.Il.9.665].

Phorbas 4. A Trojan sheep-owner and a favourite of Hermes, who had made him a rich man. Phorbas 4 was father of Ilioneus 2, counted among the TROJANS [Hom.Il.14.489ff.].

Phorbas 5. A man from Syene and companion of Phineus 1. Phorbas 5, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was killed by Perseus 1 during the fight between the latter and Phineus 1. He was son of Metion 2 [Ov.Met.5.74].

Phorbas 6, who could be the same as Phorbas 2, is called father of Augeas [Apd.2.5.5].

Phorbas 7. One of the PANS. See Pan.

Phorbas 8. An aged attendant of Antigone 2, and former squire of Laius 1, father of Oedipus [Stat.Theb.7.253].

Phorbas 9. Father of Dexithea 2 and Romus [Plu.Rom.2.1-2].

Phorbus. Father of Pronoe 2 [see also Calydon] [Apd.1.7.7].

PHORCIDES (see GRAEAE) [Aes.Pro.794].

Phorcus (Phorcys 3). Sea-deity, offspring either of Pontus (Sea) and Gaia, or of Oceanus and Tethys. By Ceto 1 he fathered the GRAEAE [see Perseus 1], the GORGONS (among which Medusa 1), Ladon 4 (the dragon guarding the golden apples of the HESPERIDES), and Echidna [see BESTIARY]. Some say that Scylla 1 is daughter of Phorcus and Hecate. Phorcus is also called father of Thoosa, mother of Polyphemus 2 [Apd.1.2.6; Arg.4.828ff.; Hes.The.237, 297, 333ff.; Hom.Od.1.71; Pla.Tim.40e].

Phorcys 1. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Phorcys 2. See ACHAEANS.

Phorcys 3 (see Phorcus) [Arg.4.828ff.; Hes.The.237; Hom.Od.1.71].

Phormion (Euphorion). A Spartan who lived in the house that had belonged to the DIOSCURI. It is told that once they came from Cyrene in the likeness of strangers and asked Phormion to lodge with him having the chamber that had pleased them most when they were alive in this world. Phormion replied that they could live in whatever part of the house except that chamber; for his daughter was living in it. That was his reply; but the next day the girl had disappeared and also her clothes, and instead images of the DIOSCURI were found. Phormion is father of Laphanes [Hdt.6.127; Pau.3.16.2ff.].

Phoroneus.

Phosphorus (see Eosphorus) [Nonn.1.205, 11.25].

Phradmon. Father of Agelaus 6, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.8.257].

Phrasimus. Father of Praxithea 4, who married King Erechtheus of Athens. Mother of his daughter was Diogenia 1, herself daughter of Cephisus (one of the RIVER GODS) [Apd.3.15.1].

Phrasius 1. One of the sons of Neleus and Chloris 1. Like many among his brothers he was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.1.9.9, 2.7.3].

Phrasius 2 (Thrasius 2). See SEERS.

Phrasius 3. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.234].

Phrenius 1. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Phrenius 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Phringos. A chieftain of the Earsleepers, men who sleep lying upon their long ears. He armed himself against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War and was killed by Melisseus 3 [Nonn.26.96, 30.303].

Phrixa. See NYMPHS.

Phrixus 1. Son of Athamas 1 and Nephele 2. When Athamas 1 married a second wife Ino, she plotted against the children of his first wife, Phrixus 1 and Helle, by secretely sabotaging the crops. When she succeeded in having the whole country suffering from dearth, Athamas 1 sent messengers to Delphi to inquire how they might be delivered from the calamity. Ino then persuaded the messengers to falsify the oracle and say that it had been foretold that the dearth would cease if Phrixus 1 and Helle were sacrificed. Being warned of the danger Nephele 2 put her children on the back of the Ram with the Golden Fleece, which she had received from Hermes, and flying on it they escaped. Helle fell off in the Hellespont, called after her, but Phrixus 1 came to Colchis, at the eastern end of the Black Sea, where he sacrificed the ram hanging its fleece on an oak. This is how the Golden Fleece, which the ARGONAUTS later fetched, came to Colchis. According to some Phrixus 1 was killed by King Aeetes, who feared an oracle that had said that he would be killed by a foreigner, but others have said that he died after a long life, having married Chalciope 2, daughter of Aeetes, and having children by her: Argus 3 (counted among the ARGONAUTS), Melas 2, Phrontis 1, Cytisorus, and Presbon. On his death, it is told, there appeared a flame in heaven, and the ram in a vast constellation [see also Athamas 1, CONSTELLATIONS and ARGONAUTS] [Apd.1.9.1; Arg.2.1155; Hyg.Fab.3, 245; Nonn.10.101; Ov.Fast.3.858ff.; Pau.9.34.7; Val.5.229].

Phrixus 2. See CENTAURS.

Phrixus 3. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.70].

Phronime. Wife of Polymnestus and mother of Battus 2, the Theran, colonizer of Libya and founder of Cyrene [Hdt.4.150-159].

Phronius. Father of Noemon 3, an Ithacan [Hom.Od.2.386].

Phrontides (see Phrontis 1) [Hyg.Fab.21].

Phrontis 1 (Phrontides). Son of Phrixus 1 and Chalciope 2, daughter of Aeetes [Apd.1.9.1; Hes.GE.15; Hyg.Fab.21; Val.5.460].

Phrontis 2. Wife of Panthous (one of the Elders of Troy) and mother of Polydamas, Euphorbus, and Hyperenor 4 (all counted among the TROJANS) [Hom.Il.13.756,16.808, 17.23, 17.40].

Phrontis 3. The steersman in Menelaus' vessel that was killed by Apollo. Phrontis 3 was son of Onetor 2 [Hom.Od.3.276ff.; Pau.10.25.2].

Phthia 1. See NIOBIDS.

Phthia 2. Mother, by Apollo, of Dorus 2, Laodocus 2, and Polypoetes 2 [Apd.1.7.6].

Phthia 3. The concubine of Amyntor 1. She falsely accused his son, Phoenix 2, of seduction, causing his father to blind him [Apd.3.13.8].

Phthius 1. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Phthius 2. Son of Poseidon and Larisa 1. The country Phthiotis in southern Thessaly is called after him [DH.1.17.3].

Phylacides. Son of Apollo and Acalle (daughter of Minos 2) who, as a baby, was suckled by a goat [Pau.10.16.5].

Phylacus 1 (Phylax) discovered Melampus 1 stealing his cattle and kept him, for that reason, prisoner for one year; but afterwards, realizing that he was an excellent soothsayer, he released him. Phylacus 1 was son of Deion (son of Aeolus 1) and Diomede 1 (daughter of Xuthus 1). His wife was Clymene 3, daughter of Minyas, and his children by her were: Iphiclus 1, Alcimede 1, and Evadne 2 (but all three are attributed other parentages too) [Apd.1.9.12-4; Arg.1.45, 1.234; Hes.CWE.84; Hyg.Fab.14, 243].

Phylacus 2. See TROJANS.

Phylas 1 (Phyleus 2). King of Ephyra killed by Heracles 1. He was father of Astyoche 2 and Meda 1, with whom Heracles 1 consorted [Apd.2.7.6; Dio.4.37.3; Pau.1.5.2].

Phylas 2. See HERACLIDES.

Phylas 3. Father of Polymele 2, mother of Eudorus (counted among the ACHAEANS). Phylas 3 is remembered for having taken care of his grandson Eudorus, as if he had been his own son [Hom.Il.16.180ff.].

Phylax (see Phylacus 1) [Hyg.Fab.256].

Phyleis. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had a son Tigasis by him [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Phyleus 1. See CALYDONIAN HUNTERS and Elis.

Phyleus 2 (see Phylas 1) [Dio.4.36.1].

Phyleus 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.712].

Phyleus 4. A Theban killed by Theseus [Stat.Theb.12.745].

Phylius. Cycnus 7, son of Apollo and Hyrie, commanded Phylius, who loved him, to perform difficult tasks to prove his affection. However when Phylius withheld one of his gifts to him, Cycnus 7 cast himself from a cliff and was turned into a swan [Ov.Met.7.371; Lib.Met.12].