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Prias to Sancus

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Prias. One of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3, killed by the bride's father King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa [Pau.6.21.11].

Priasus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Priasus 2 commanded the Phrygians who fought in the war that Dionysus 2 waged against the Indians [Nonn.13.521, 37.624].

Prima. Daughter of Romulus and Hersilia [Plu.Rom.14.7].

Priolas. A Mariandynian son of Dascylus. He was slain by the Mysians [Arg.2.776-80].

Prion. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes. He was killed by Jason [Val.6.619].

Proca (Procas). This is Proca Silvius, king of Alba and Latium, over the Palatine race after his father Aventinus 2, whom he succeeded. He had two sons, Amulius and Numitor 2, and at his death his younger son Amulius seized the kingship by violence [see also Aeneas and Romulus] [Dio.7.5.12; Ov.Fast.4.52; Ov.Met.14.622; Vir.Aen.6.767].

Procas (see Proca) [Vir.Aen.6.767].

Prochyta is said to be a cousin of Aeneas. She died in the island off Italy called after her [DH.1.53.3].

Procles 1 led the Ionians who settled in the islands. He was son of Pityreus, a descendant of Ion 1, and had son Leogorus, who reigned in Samos (the Aegean island off the western coast of Asia Minor) after him [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.4.2].

Procles 2. See HERACLIDES.

Procles 3. Tyrant of Epidaurus and father of Melissa, wife of King Periander of Corinth [Pau.2.28.8].

Proclia. Daughter either of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, or of Clytius 5 (son of Laomedon 1). She married Cycnus 1, king of Colonae (a city in the Troad), and had children by him: Tenes and Hemithea 1 [Apd.Ep.3.23-24; Pau.10.14.2].

Procne (Progne, Metis 2). After marrying Procne, Tereus 1 fell in love with her sister Philomela 1 and seduced her, saying that Procne was dead, though he concealed her in the country. Having been ravished and having had her tongue cut Philomela 1, by weaving characters in a robe, revealed to Procne her plight. Having found her sister, Procne killed her own son Itys 1 (whom she had by Tereus 1), boiled him, served him up for supper to the unwitting Tereus 1, and fled with her sister in haste. When Tereus 1 became aware of what had happened, he snatched up an axe and pursued them. And being overtaken at Daulis in Phocis, they prayed to the gods to be turned into birds, and Procne became a nightingale (or a swallow), and Philomela 1 a swallow. Procne was daughter of King Pandion 2 of Athens and Zeuxippe 2 [see Tereus 1]. [Apd.3.14.8; Hyg.Fab.45; Nonn.44.266].

Procris 1. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1, giving birth to sons, Antileon and Hippeus [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Procris 2.

Procrustes (Damastes, Polypemon). One of the malefactors whom Theseus killed. Procrustes became notorious for offering hospitality to travellers, though laying the short men on a big bed and hammering them, to make them fit in the bed, whereas the tall men he laid on a little bed and sawed off the portions of their bodies that projected beyond it. Procrustes was son of Poseidon, and by his wife Sylea had a son Sinis, who exercised crime like his father but through other methods [Apd.3.16.2; Apd.Ep.1.4; Dio.4.59.5; Hyg.Fab.38; Plu.The.11.1].

Proculus is remembered for having come with Velesus to offer Numa 3 the kingdom of Rome [Plu.Num.5.1].


Proetus 1. Son of Abas 2 (son of Lynceus 2, son of Aegyptus 1) and Aglaia 2 (daughter of Mantineus 1), and twin brother of Acrisius, father of Danae. These twins quarrelled with each other while they were still in the womb, and when they were grown up they waged war for the kingdom of Argos. It is said that in the course of the war they invented the shields. Acrisius won the war and drove Proetus 1 from Argos. Once he was in exile in Lycia, his father-in-law restored him to his own land with an army of Lycians, and he occupied Tiryns. The Argive territory was then divided between the twins, and Acrisius reigned over Argos and Proetus 1 over Tiryns. But later he gave part of the kingdom to Bias 1 and Melampus 1. It is said that Proetus 1 consorted with his niece Danae becoming the father of Perseus 1, but his wife was Stheneboea, by whom he had children: Lysippe 2, Iphinoe 1, Iphianassa 3, and Megapenthes 2 [see Danae, Argos, and Tiryns] [Apd.2.2.1-2, 2.4.1; Hom.Il.6.160; Hyg.Fab.57].

Proetus 2. Son of Thersander 2, son of Sisyphus. He had a daughter Maera 4, who died very young [Pau.10.30.5].

Proetus 3. Father of Galanthis [Lib.Met.29].

Proetus 4. Son of Nauplius 1; his mother was either Clymene 5, or Philyra 2, or Hesione 1. He had a son Lernus 1 [Arg.1.136].

Progne (see Procne) [Hyg.Fab.45].

Prolochus. See LAPITHS.

Promachus 1. See EPIGONI.

Promachus 2, brother of Jason, was still a child when he died, having been forced by King Pelias 1 to drink, along with his parents, of a bull's blood. His father was Aeson, and his mother was either Polymede, Alcimede 1, or Amphinome 2 [Apd.1.9.26-27; Dio.4.50.2; Val.1.818ff.].


Promachus 4. See ACHAEANS.

Promachus 5. Son of Heracles 1.

Promedon. It is said of Promedon that he loved to listen to all kinds of music, especially that of Orpheus [Pau.10.30.7].

Prometheus 1.

Prometheus 2 was from Cabeiri in Boeotia. To him Demeter entrusted something for him and his son Aetnaeus to keep [Pau.9.25.6].

Promethus. Son of King Codrus 1 of Athens and colonizer of Ionia. He came into conflict with his brother Damasichthon 3 and, after killing him, Promethus fled to Naxos (one of the Cyclades islands) where he died [Pau.7.3.3].

Promeus. One of the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor, visited by the ARGONAUTS). He was killed by Idas 2 [Arg.1.1044].

Promne. A woman from Pheneus (city in Arcadia west of Mount Cyllene) who buried Iphicles, the son of Amphitryon. She was married to Buphagus [Pau.8.14.9].

Promulus. One of the soldiers of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.574].


Pronax. Son of King Talaus of Argos and Lysimache 1 (daughter of Abas 3, son of Melampus 1, king of Argos). Pronax was father of Lycurgus 4 and Amphithea 1 [Apd.1.9.13].

Proneus. Son of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Pronoe 1. See NEREIDS.

Pronoe 2. Daughter of Phorbus. She was wife of Aetolus 2 and mother by him of Pleuron and Calydon [see also Calydon city] [Apd.1.7.7].

Pronoe 3. Daughter of King Melampus 1 of Argos (counted among the SEERS) and Iphianira 1, daughter of Megapenthes 2, son of Proetus 1, uncle of Danae [Dio.4.68.5].

Pronoe 4. See NYMPHS.

Pronoe 5. See NYMPHS.

Pronoia. Wife of Prometheus 1 and mother of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood [Hes.CWE.1].


Pronomus 2. See SATYRS.

Pronous 1 (Temenus 1). Son of Phegeus 1, son of Alpheus (one of the RIVER GODS). Along with his brother Agenor 3 he killed Alcmaeon 1 (counted among the EPIGONI), following his father's instructions. These brothers were thereafter killed by the sons of Alcmaeon 1 (Amphoterus 1 and Acarnan 1), or perhaps by their own sister Arsinoe 1, wife of Alcmaeon 1 [see story at Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.6; Pau.8.24.10; Prop.1.15.23].


Pronous 3. See TROJANS.

Propodas. King of Corinth after his father Damophon. He was succeeded on the throne by his sons Doridas and Hyanthidas [Pau.2.4.3].

PROPOETIDES are called those who denied the divinity of Aphrodite and, through the goddess wrath, became the first to prostitute their bodies. They were later turned into stone [Ov.Met.10.221ff.].

Proreus 1. A young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus when he visited the island of the Phaeacians [Hom.Od.8.111].

Proreus 2. One of the SAILORS who tried to delude Dionysus 2. Like the other SAILORS he was turned into a fish [Ov.Met.3.581-691].

Prosymna. Was, together with her sisters Euboea 2 and Acraea, a nurse of Hera. She was daughter of Asterion 2 (one of the RIVER GODS) [Pau.2.17.1].

Protesilaus. (Iolaus 2). See SUITORS OF HELEN and ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Proteus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Proteus 2.

Proteus 3.

Proteus 4. See TROJANS.

Protheon. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Prothoe 1. See AMAZONS.

Prothoe 2. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Prothoenor 1. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Prothoenor 2, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was in the court of Cepheus 1 when the fight broke out between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was killed by Hypseus 2 [Ov.Met.5.98].

Prothoon. See TROJANS.

Prothous 1. Son of Agrius 3. He was killed by Diomedes 2 [see also Thersites] [Apd.1.8.6].


Prothous 3. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].



Prothous 6 was he who, through casting lots, assigned places in the chariot-race at Opheltes 1's funeral games [for Opheltes 1 see also SEVEN AGAINST THEBES and Tydeus 2] [Stat.Theb.6.389].

Prothous 7. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.540].

Protiaon. Father of Astynous 2, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.15.455].

Protis. A Dolionian killed by Jason during the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.158].

Proto. See NEREIDS.

Protodamas. Son of Priam 1.

Protogenia 1. Daughter of Deucalion 1 and Pyrrha 1. Protogenia 1 consorted with Zeus and gave birth to Aethlius, the first to rule in Elis, and to Aetolus 4 [Apd.1.7.2-3; Hyg.Fab.155].

Protogenia 2. Daughter of Calydon and Aeolia [see Calydon city]. Protogenia 2 had intercourse with Ares and gave birth to a son Oxylus 1 [Apd.1.7.7].

Protomedia. See NEREIDS.

Protonoe. Daughter of King Deriades of India and Orsiboe. She was married to Orontes 2, general of the Indians [Nonn.26.17, 34.179, 40.101].

Prymneus 1. A young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus when he visited the island of the Phaeacians [Hom.Od.8.111].

Prymneus 2. See CORYBANTES.

Prymno. See OCEANIDS.

Prytanis 1. See TROJANS.

Prytanis 2. Son of Eurypon and king of Sparta. Under his reign began the enmity of the Lacedaemonians against the Argives. Prytanis 2 was father of Eunomus 2 [Pau.3.7.2].

Prytanis 3. One of the companions of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.767].

Psamathe 1. See NEREIDS.

Psamathe 2. Daughter of King Crotopus of Argos. Psamathe 2 was loved by Apollo and had by the god a son Linus 1 [Pau.2.19.8].

Psecas. See NYMPHS.


Psophis 1. The man who founded Psophis in Arcadia [see also Psophis 2 and 3]. Psophis 1 was son of Arrhon 2, son of Erymanthus 1, son of Aristas, son of Parthaon 1, son of Periphetes 4, son of Nyctimus, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.24.1].

Psophis 2. The woman who founded Psophis in Arcadia [see also Psophis 1 and 3]. Psophis 2 was daughter of Xanthus 7, son of Erymanthus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Pau.8.24.1].

Psophis 3 had intercourse with Heracles 1, but he, they say, refused to take her to his home, though he had two sons by her (Echephron 3 and Promachus 5). The city Psophis in Arcadia was named after her [but see also Psophis 1 and 2]. Psophis 3 was daughter of Eryx 3, a Sicilian despot [Pau.8.24.2].


Psyllus, the harebrained, was an enemy of the gods. He made war against the WINDS and was killed by them. By his wife Anchiroe 3, daughter of Chremetes (one of the RIVER GODS) he had a son Crataigonos [Nonn.13.381ff.].

Pteleon. Lover of Procris 2 [Apd.3.15.1].

Pteras. A man from Delphi who set up the temple of Apollo [Pau.10.5.10].

Pterelas 1. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Pterelas 2. A man from Pisa. He competed with the discus at Opheltes 1's funeral games [for Opheltes 1 see also SEVEN AGAINST THEBES] [Stat.Theb.6.648].

Pterelas 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.7.632].

Pterelaus. Son of Taphius (son of Poseidon) and king of Taphos (island off the coast of Acarnania) at the time when Amphitryon ravaged the islands of the Taphians or Teleboans. Poseidon made him immortal by implanting a golden hair in his head, but his daughter Comaetho 1, having fallen in love with the besieger Amphitryon, betrayed his father and caused his death by pulling out the golden hair from his head [for similar cases see also Scylla 2 and Nisus 1 at Megara, Leucophrye and Mandrolytus, and Achilles and Pisidice 4.). The sons of Pterelaus confronted in battle the sons of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and they all killed each other [see also Amphitryon and Alcmena]. The children of Pterelaus were Chromius 3, Tyrannus, Antiochus 3, Chersidamas 2, Mestor 3, Everes 3, and the aforementioned Comaetho 1 [Apd.2.4.5-7; Pau.1.37.6].


Ptolemy 1. Son of Peiraeus 2 and father of Eurymedon 4, one of the ACHAEANS [Hom.Il.4.228].

Ptolemy 2. King of Thebes after his father Damasichthon 2 (son of Opheltes 2, son of Peneleus, son of Hippalcimus 2, son of Itonus 2, son of Boeotus, son of Itonus 1, son of Amphictyon, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood). Ptolemy 2 was father of Xanthus 6, also king of Thebes [Pau.9.5.16].

Ptoliporthes (see Poliporthes) [Pau.8.12.6].

Ptoliporthus (see Poliporthes) [Dictys 6.6].

Ptous is the twin brother of Porphyrion 2. They were sons of Athamas 1 and Themisto 2, third wife of Athamas 1. They were killed unwittingly by their mother, who believed them to be the children of Ino, second wife of Athamas 1 [see also Athamas 1] [Apd.1.9.2; Nonn.9.318; Pau.9.23.5].

Publius Valerius, son of Volesus, accompanied Tricipitinus to Lucretia 2's house after she was raped [Livy 1.58.6].

Pugno. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Pygmalion 1.

Pygmalion 2 was said to have no rival in wickedness. He is mainly remembered for having murdered Sychaeus, husband of his sister Dido. Pygmalion 2 was son of Belus 2, an Assyrian king [see Dido] [Vir.Aen.1.347, 1.620].

Pygmalion's Statue, which later in time was called Galatea, was made by Pygmalion 1 and animated by Aphrodite. She became then his wife, giving birth to a daughter Paphos [Ov.Met.10.243ff.].

Pylades was the best friend of Orestes 2, having been brought up together with him. He followed Orestes 2 in all his adventures, both when he returned to Mycenae to murder his mother and his mother's lover, and when he went to the land of the Taurians. Later Pylades received in marriage Electra 2, sister of his friend; by her he had sons: Medon 7 and Strophius 3. Pylades was son of Strophius 1 (son of Crisus, son of Phocus 3, son of Aeacus) and Anaxibia 4 (Agamemnon's sister) [see Orestes 2] [Aes.LB.passim; Apd.Ep.6.24-28; Eur.Ele.81, 1340 and passim; Eur.IT.passim; Eur.Ore.passim;, Hyg.Fab.257; Pau.2.16.7, 2.29.4].

Pylaemenes 1. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Pylaemenes 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.


Pylaieus. See SATYRS.

Pylaon. Son of Neleus and Chloris 1. He was killed, as others in his family, by Heracles 1 [Apd.1.9.9, 2.7.3].

Pylarge. See DANAIDS.

Pylartes 1. See TROJANS.

Pylartes 2. See TROJANS.

Pylas (Pylon 2). Megarian king who went to the Peloponnesus and founded the city of Pylos [but see also Neleus], leaving Megara to Pandion 4. He was son of Cleson, son of Lelex 2, son of Poseidon. Pylas had children: Pylia and Sciron [Apd.3.15.6; Pau.1.39.4-6].

Pylenor. See CENTAURS.

Pyleus. Son of Clymenus 2, king of the Minyan Orchomenians [Pau.9.37.1].

Pylia. Daughter of Pylas and wife of King Pandion 4 of Athens; by the latter she had children: Aegeus 1, Pallas 5, Nisus 1 (king of Megara), and Lycus 7 [Apd.3.15.6].

Pylius. Adoptive father of Heracles 1 at Eleusis, as it was not lawful for foreigners to be initiated in the mysteries [Apd.2.5.12].

Pylo. Son of Naubolus 4 and father of Antiope 2, wife of King Eurytus 4 of Oechalia [Hes.CWE.79; Hyg.Fab.14].

Pyloites. A chieftain from Arizantia, who armed himself against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War. He was son of Hippalmus 2 [Nonn.26.216].

Pylon 1. See TROJANS.

Pylon 2 (see Pylas) [Pau.6.22.5].

Pylus. Son of Ares and Demonice, daughter of Agenor 6, son of Pleuron, son of Aetolus 2, son of King Endymion of Elis, whom Selene loved [Apd.1.7.7].

Pyracmon (Pyragmon). See CYCLOPES.

Pyracmus. See CENTAURS.

Pyraechmes 1. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Pyraechmes 2. Champion of the Aetolians who defeated Degmenus in single combat, thus winning the kingdom for Oxylus 2 [ for Oxylus 2 see also HERACLIDES] [Pau.5.4.2].

Pyraechmes 3. King of the Euboeans who made war against the Boeotians. They say that Heracles 1 tied him to colts, tore his body into two parts, and cast it forth unburied [Plu.PS.7].

Pyraethus. See CENTAURS.

Pyragmon (see Pyracmon) [Val.1.583].


Pyrander. It is told that when the Atenians were at war with Eumolpus 1 and Eleusis, and their supplies were insufficient, Pyrander, the treasurer of the public funds, secretly reduced the unit of measure and distributed food very sparingly. But later the Athenians, suspecting that he was a traitor, stoned him to death [Plu.PS.31].

Pyrante. See DANAIDS.

Pyranthus (see Periander) [Hyg.Fab.194].

Pyrantis. See DANAIDS.

Pyrasus. See TROJANS.

Pyrcon. A servant of Poseidon who gave his oracles at Delphi, in the earliest times [Pau.10.5.6].

Pyrene. Mother, by Ares, of Cycnus 2 [Apd.2.5.11].

Pyreneus. King of Daulis (a place in Phocis) who attempted to offer violence to the MUSES. He leapt from the pinnacle of a tower trying to follow the flying MUSES who escaped him and died [Ov.Met.5.274ff.].

Pyrgeus. Father of Lepreus and Leprea [Pau.5.5.4-5].

Pyrgo 1. The first wife of Alcathous 3, son of Pelops 1 [for her children see Alcathous 3] [Pau.1.43.4].

Pyrgo 2. A nurse of many children of Priam 1 who followed Aeneas into exile. It was she who discovered that Iris 1 had transformed into Beroe 2, making the Trojan women burn the ships [Vir.Aen.5.644].

Pyrippe. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had a son Patroclus 2 by him [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Pyris. See TROJANS.

Pyrnus. A Dolionian father of Bienor 3, whom the ARGONAUTS killed when they visited the Dolionians, a people of northwestern Asia Minor [Val.3.112].

Pyrois. See BESTIARY.

Pyrrha 1, daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora 1, is called the first mortal born, and the country Thessaly in northern Greece was once called Pyrrhaea after her. Together with her husband Deucalion 1 she survived the Flood, having children by him when the waters had receded: Amphictyon, Protogenia 1, Orestheus 1, Pandora 2, Thyia 2, and Hellen 1, although this last one is also called son of Zeus and Pyrrha 1 [see Deucalion 1 and Flood] [Apd.1.7.2; Hes.CWE.2.-3; Hyg.Fab.142; Pau.10.38.1; Strab.9.5.23].

Pyrrha 2. Daughter of Creon 2 [Pau.9.10.3].

Pyrrha 3 (see Achilles). Achilles' name while he hid as a maid in the court of Lycomedes 1 [Hyg.Fab.96].

Pyrrhichus. See CORYBANTES and DACTYLS.

Pyrrhus 1 (see Neoptolemus) [Apd.3.13.8; Ov.Met.13.155; Pau.1.11.1; Vir.Aen.2.469].

Pyrrhus 2. Son of Neoptolemus and Lanassa, daughter of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Plu.Pyrrh.1.2].

Pythaeus. Son of Apollo [Pau.2.35.2].

Pythagoras. The celebrated sage who is said to have been visited by King Numa 3 of Rome. He was son of Mnesarchus and had a son Mamercus 1 [Ov.Met.15.60ff.; Pau.2.13.2; Plu.Num.1.2ff., 8.4ff.].

Pythes. Son of Delphus, son of Apollo [Pau.10.6.5].

Python. See BESTIARY.

Pyttius was of Thessalian descent. He migrated to Elis, where his son Amarynceus 1 became king [Pau.5.1.11].

Quercens. A soldier of Turnus routed by the troops of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.684].

Quirinus (see Romulus). The name Romulus received when he became a god [Cic.ND.2.62; DH.2.63.3; Ov.Fast.2.475; Ov.Met.14.829ff.].

Ram 1. The Ram with the Golden Fleece. See BESTIARY, CONSTELLATIONS, Athamas 1, and ARGONAUTS.


Rambelus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.529].

Rapo. A soldier of Turnus (the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy), and killer of Parthenius 2 and Orses [Vir.Aen.10.747].

Rarus. Father, by Amphictyon's Daughter, of Triptolemus [Pau.1.14.3].

Rasenna. An Etruscan leader [DH.1.30.4].

Remulus 1. Elder brother of Acrota. Remulus 1 is sometimes called son of Tiberinus 2 and other times son of Agrippa. Agrippa was succeeded in the throne of Alba Longa either by Remulus 1 or Allodius. Remulus 1 perished by a thunderbolt while striving to imitate the thunder [Ov.Fast.4.49; Ov.Met.14.616].

Remulus 2 had once received rich presents from Caedicus 1. He passed them over to his grandson, and they later became the battle spoils of Rhamnes (an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy), from whom they were taken by Euryalus 7. Remulus 2 died in his bed [Vir.Aen.9.360].

Remulus 3 (see Numanus) [Vir.Aen.9.593].

Remulus 4. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy, whose horse was killed [Vir.Aen.11.636].

Remus 1. Romulus' twin brother [for parentage see Romulus]. Remus 1 was slain as a result of a quarrel at the time of the founding of Rome. Some say that his brother Romulus killed him; others that Celer slew him for having leapt in derision across the new walls of Rome [for a similar case see Toxeus 1; see also Romulus] [DH.1.87.3-4; Ov.Fast.4.841ff.; Plu.Rom.10.1; Strab.5.3.2; Vir.Aen.6.777, 1.273].

Remus 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Nisus 3 [Vir.Aen.9.332].

Rhacius, son of Lebes, was the Cretan who led the first Greeks who came to Caria in southwestern Asia Minor. Rhacius married Tiresias' daughter Manto 1 and had by her a son Mopsus 2 [EPIG.3; Pau.7.3.1, 9.33.2, 9.36.2].

Rhadalus. A chieftain in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. Rhadalus was brother of Sidon [Val.6.69].

Rhadamanthys, son either of Zeus and Europa, or of Hephaestus, acts as a judge in the Underworld, along with Minos 2 and Aeacus, and he is also said to dwell in the Elysian Fields. He is said to have married Alcmena who made him father of two sons Erythrus and Gortys 2 [Apd.2.4.11, 3.1.1-2; Hes.CW.19A; Hom.Od.4.564; Hyg.Fab.155; Lib.Met.33; Pau.7.3.6, 8.53.4-5; Pin.Oly.2.70].

Rhadine. It is said of Rhadine that her tomb is visited by those who are crossed in love. She was loved by Leontichus [Pau.7.5.13].

Rhaebus. See BESTIARY.

Rhamnes. See SEERS.

Rhanis. See NYMPHS.

Rhea 1 (Opis 5, Cybele).

Rhea 2. A priestess in Italy loved by Heracles 1, to whom she bore a son Aventinus 1 [Vir.Aen.7.659].

Rhea 3 (see Ilia). [DH.1.76.3; Plu.Rom.3.3].

Rhegnidas attacked Phlius (a city in the Peloponnesus) and offered to become king of the Phliasians. He was son of Phalces 2, one of the HERACLIDES [Pau.2.13.1].

Rhene 1. See NYMPHS.

Rhene 2. See NYMPHS.

Rhesus 1. See RIVER GODS.

Rhesus 2.

Rhetia. Mother by Apollo of nine of the CORYBANTES [Strab.10.3.21].

Rhexenor 1. Father of Chalciope 1, the second wife of Aegeus 1. [Apd.3.15.6].

Rhexenor 2. One of the Phaeacians, son of Nausithous 1 and father of Arete. Rhexenor 2 was killed by Apollo [Hom.Od.7.56ff.].

Rhexenor 3. One of the comrades of Diomedes 2 in Italy who turned into birds [Ov.Met.14.504].

Rhigmus. See TROJANS.

Rhine. See RIVER GODS.

Rhipeus. See TROJANS.

Rhode 1.See DANAIDS.

Rhode 2. Daughter of Poseidon; her mother was either Amphitrite or Halia. She was mother, by Helius, of the HELIADES 2 [see Helius] [Apd.1.4.5; Dio.5.55.4, 5.56.3-5; Nonn.14.44].

Rhode 3. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Rhodia 1.See OCEANIDS.

Rhodia 2. See DANAIDS.

Rhodius. See RIVER GODS.

Rhodope offended the gods and was turned into a mountain in Thrace [Ov.Met.6.83].

Rhoecus. See CENTAURS.

Rhoeo lay with Apollo, but her father, believing that her seduction was due to a man, was angered and he shut up her in a chest and cast it into the sea. However she gave birth to Anius at Delos (one of the Cyclades Islands), where the chest was washed up. Rhoeo was daughter of Staphylus 1 (son of Ariadne) and Chrysothemis 2 [Dio.5.62.1; Parth.1.4].

Rhoeteus. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Pallas 6 [Vir.Aen.10.399].

Rhoetus 1. See CENTAURS.

Rhoetus 2, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was in the court of Cepheus 1 when the fight broke out between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.38].

Rhoetus 3. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Euryalus 7 [Vir.Aen.9.343].

Rhopalus. Son of King Phaestus 2 of Sicyon and father of Hippolytus 5 [Pau.2.6.7].

Rhyndacus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed in battle [Val.6.220].

Ripheus 1. See CENTAURS.

Ripheus 2. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Calais [Val.6.557].

Riphonus. One of the commanders of the CENTAURS HORNED who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [see also CENTAURS HORNED at BESTIARY] [Nonn.14.186ff.].


Roma 1 gave her name to the city of Rome. She proposed to the other women to burn the Trojan ships that were anchored in the Tiber, so that their husbands would settle there, instead of sailing again [see also Beroe 2, Roma 2, Roma 3, Romanus, Romus and Romis] [DH.1.72.2; Plu.Rom.1.2].

Roma 2 gave her name to the city of Rome [see also Roma 1, Roma 3, Romanus, Romus and Romis]. She was daughter either of Italus and Leucaria or of Telephus, and is said to have consorted either with Aeneas or with his son Ascanius 2 [Plu.Rom.2.1].

Roma 3, daughter of Roma 1, gave her name to the city of Rome [see also Romanus, Roma 1, Roma 2, Romus and Romis]. She was mother (according to some), by Latinus 1, of Romulus, Romus, and Telegonus 4 [DH.1.72.5; Plu.Rom.2.3].

Romanus. Son of Odysseus and Circe. It is he who gave his name to the city of Rome, say some [but see also Roma 1, Roma 2, Roma 3, Romus and Romis] [Plu.Rom.2.1].

Romis. Tyrant of the Latins. He gave his name to the city of Rome, after he had driven out the Tuscans, who migrated from Thessaly into Lydia, and from Lydia into Italy [see also Roma 1, Roma 2, Roma 3, Romanus and Romus] |Plu.Rom.2.1].

Romulus (Quirinus).

Romus gave his name to the city of Rome, or was founder of the city [see also Roma 1, Roma 2, Roma 3, Romanus and Romis]. He was sent from Troy by Diomedes 4. Romus was son either of Phorbas 9, or of Aeneas, or of Latinus 1 and Roma 3, or of Odysseus and Circe, or of Ascanius 2, or of Emathion 3, or of Italus and Leucaria [DH.1.72.1, 1.72.5-6; Plu.Rom.2.1-2].

Sabbe (Sibyl 4). See SEERS.

Sabinus. After whom the Sabines, planters of vines, in Italy were named [see also Sabus] [Vir.Aen.7.178).

Sabus. The Sabine race received its name from him [see also Sabinus]. He was son of Sancus, a Sabine divinity [DH.2.49.2].

Saces. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.650].

Sacrator. A soldier of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.747].

Saesara. Daughter of King Celeus 1 of Eleusis and Metanira. She was wife of Croco [Apd.1.5.1-2; Pau.1.38.2].

Sagaris. One of Aeneas' servants. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.5.263, 9.575].

Sagaritis. See NYMPHS.

Sages 1. A Dolionian killed by Hylas during the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.182].

Sages 2. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.714].

Sagnos. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

SAILORS. These are the Tyrrhenian sailors who attempted to delude Dionysus 2. They are also said to have leapt ashore and captured Dionysus 2 whom they stripped of his possessions and tied with ropes running behind his back. However, the god saved himself by turning them into dolphins. The SAILORS were Acoetes 2, Aethalides 2, Alcimedon 2, Dictys 3, Epopeus 3, Libys, Lycabas 2, Medon 6, Melas 7, Opheltes 3, and Simon (according to Hyginus); or else they were Acoetes 2, Aethalion, Alcimedon 2, Dictys 3, Epopeus 3, Libys, Lycabas 2, Medon 6, Melanthus 2, Opheltes 3, and Proreus 2 (according to Ovid) [Hyg.Fab.134; Nonn.45.120ff., 45.167, 47.630; Ov.Fast.3.723; Ov.Met.3.581-691].

Salagus accompanied his father Oenopion 1 to Chios (the Aegean island off the coast of Ionia in Asia Minor) [see also Orion] [Pau.7.4.8].

Salamis. Daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1. She had by Poseidon a son Cychreus who named Salamis (the island off the coast of Attica in the Saronic Gulf) after her [Apd.3.12.7; Dio.4.72.1-4; Pau.1.35.2].

Salius 1. An Acarnanian who participated in the games held by Aeneas in Sicily [Vir.Aen.5.298].

Salius 2. A soldier of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.753].

Salmacis. See NYMPHS.

Salmoneus. Son of Aeolus 1 and Enarete and king of Elis, where he founded a city Salmonia. Salmoneus married first Alcidice (daughter of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto), and had by her a daughter Tyro (mother of Pelias 1 and Neleus). At Alcidice's death he married Sidero, whom the children of Tyro slew for being wicked against their mother. Salmoneus was an arrogant and impious man who compared himself to Zeus, taking away the sacrifices of the god and ordered them to be offered to himself. He also dragged dried hides with bronze kettles with his chariot, saying that he thundered, and then he flung lighted torches at the sky, saying that he lightened. So Zeus struck him with a thunderbolt, and destroyed the city he had founded with all its inhabitants [Apd.1.7.3, 1.9.7-8, 1.9.11; Dio.4.68.1-2; Hes.CWE.4.; Hyg.Fab.60, 61].

Salmonis. See NYMPHS.

Samia. daughter of Meander (one of the RIVER GODS). She married Ancaeus 2 (one of the ARGONAUTS) and had children by him: Perilaus 1, Enudus, Samus, Alitherses, and Parthenope 2 [Pau.7.4.1].

Samon (see Saon 2) [DH.1.61.3].

Samus. Son of Ancaeus 2 (one of the ARGONAUTS) and Samia [Pau.7.4.1].

Sancus. A Sabine divinity, father of Sabus [DH.2.49.2].