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Minis to Nyctimene

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone


Minnyrides. Father of Arceophon [Lib.Met.39].

Minos 1. Son of Zeus and Europa and king of Crete. Minos 1 married Itone, daughter of Lyctius, and had by her a son Lycastus 1, father of Minos 2 [Dio.4.60.3].

Minos 2.

Minotaur (Asterius 7).

Minthe. Hades' concubine, who was transformed into a plant called Hedyosmos (mint) by Persephone [Strab.8.3.14].

MINYADS are called the daughters of Minyas who, becoming insane, conceived a craving for human flesh, and drew lots for their children. The lot fell upon Leucippe 4 to contribute her son Hippasus 11 to be torn to pieces. Some have said that the MINYADS were Alcathoe, Arsippe, and Leucippe 4; others say Alcathoe and Leuconoe 1; and still others Alcathoe, Arsinoe 5, and Leucippe 4 [Lib.Met.10; Ov.Met.4.1ff.; Plu.GQ.38].

Minyas is the man who owned a marvellous treasure in Orchomenus (the city in northern Boeotia). The Minyans, people of northern Boeotia are called after him, and the ARGONAUTS were often referred to as Minyans. Minyas was son either of Chryses 1 (son of Poseidon), or of Aeolus 1, or of Orchomenus 3, or of Poseidon himself. Besides the so called MINYADS [see above] Minyas was father of Orchomenus 5 and Clymene 3. His wife was Euryanassa 1 [Arg.3.1093; Hes.CWE.84; Lib.Met.10; Ov.Met.4.1, 4.168; Pau.9.36.4, 10.29.6; Plu.GQ.38].

Misenus 1. A trumpeter, comrade of Hector 1 and later of the exiled Aeneas. A harbour in Italy was called after him [see also Misenus 2]. Misenus 1, who was killed by Triton, was son of Aeolus 4, also a Trojan companion of Aeneas in Italy [DH.1.53.3; Ov.Met.14.103; Prop.3.18.3; Vir.Aen.6.163ff.].

Misenus 2. One of the companions of Odysseus and founder of Misenum in Italy [see also Misenus 1] [Strab.1.2.18, 5.4.6].

Misme. Looking for her daughter, Demeter came very thirsty to Attica, and Misme gave him to drink. But when the goddes drank the water without a break, Misme's son Ascalabus laughed at her, saying that she should drink from a tub or a bowl. On hearing this, Demeter threw the rest of the water at him, turning him into a gecko. And it is said that he who kills this bird is loved by the goddess [Lib.Met.24].

Mist. See Myths of Creation and PERSONIFICATIONS.

Mithras is the Sun of Babylon; in Hellas Delphic Apollo [Nonn.40.400; Stat.Theb.1.720].

Mnasinous (see Mnesileus) [Pau.2.22.5].

Mneme. See MUSES.


Mnesaeus. See TROJANS.

Mnesarchus. Son of Euphranor (son of Hippasus 8) and father of the celebrated sage Pythagoras [Pau.2.13.2].

Mneseus. See Atlantis.

Mnesileus (Mnasinous). Son of Polydeuces (one of the DIOSCURI) and Phoebe 2 [Apd.3.11.2].

Mnesimache (Deianira 2). Daughter of Dexamenus 1. Her father betrothed her by force to Eurytion 3, but when he came to fetch his bride he was slain by Heracles 1. She could be the same as Deianira 1 [Hyg.Fab.31, 33; Apd.2.5.5].

Mnesimachus. Father by Metidice of Hippomedon 1, one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Hyg.Fab.70].

Mnestheus. A companion of the exiled Aeneas and founder of the Memmian clan [Vir.Aen.4.288, 5.117].

Mnestra. See DANAIDS.

Mnesus. See TROJANS.

Modaeus. An Indian champion whose shape Ares took during the Indian War. He became the governor of the Indians after the war [Nonn.32.165, 40.236].

Modius. Son of a maiden of highest birth and a divinity. Founder of the city of Cures, from which the Sabines came [DH.2.48.3].



Moleneus. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of the Indians [Nonn.32.188].

Moline (see Molione) [Pau.8.14.9].

Molion 1. Son of Eurytus 4 and Antiope 2. He was killed by Heracles 1 [Dio.4.37.5].

Molion 2. See TROJANS.

Molion 3. See ACHAEANS.

Molione (Moline) Mother of the MOLIONIDES (Eurytus 1 and Cteatus) either by Actor 4 or by Poseidon [Apd.2.7.2].


MOLIONIDES (MOLIONES). The MOLIONIDES, Cteatus and Eurytus 1, were twins, double in form and with two bodies and joined to one another, as they explain. They were sons of Molione either by Actor 4 or by Poseidon. When Heracles 1 marched against Elis with an Arcadian army, Augeas appointed the MOLIONIDES generals of the Eleans. At this time the responsability of government in Elis was shared by Augeas, Amarynceus 1 and Actor 4, father of the MOLIONIDES. At the beginning the MOLIONIDES defeated the army of Heracles 1 several times until a truce was proclaimed. But when the MOLIONIDES came as envoys to a meeting for negotiations, Heracles 1 set an ambush at Cleonae (the city northeast of Nemea) and murdered them. Afterwards Heracles 1, with an army of Argives, Thebans and Arcadians took Elis, and, having sacked it, he gave the kingdom to Phyleus 1, Augeas' son [Apd.2.7.2; Hes.CWE.9].

Molorchus is remembered because Heracles 1 lodged at his house when he was on his way to hunt the Nemean Lion [Apd.2.5.1].

Molossus, son of Neoptolemus and Andromache, inherited the kingdom of Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria, i.e. Albania) after the death of Helenus 1 [Apd.Ep.6.12; Eur.And.passim; Pau.1.11.1-2].

Molpadia 1. See AMAZONS.

Molpadia 2 (Hemithea 2) was united by her father to Phoroneus' son Lyrcus 2, while the latter was drunk. They say that at first he was angry, but later he took off his belt and gave it to Molpadia 2, asking her to keep it until their offspring had grown up, so that he might possess a token by which he might be recognised. Their son Basilus appeared in Caunus, Lycia, when he was a grown man, and his father, now an old man, recognized him as his son, and gave him his throne. Molpadia 2 hurled herself down from a rock fearing her father's severity. She was daughter of Staphylus 1 (son of Ariadne) and Chrysothemis 2 [Dio.5.62.1-3; Parth.1.4.-6].

Molpe (see Pisinoe) [Hes.CWE.47].

Molpeus, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was a Chaonian who was at the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.163].

Molurus, son of Arisbas 2, was killed by Hyettus for having slept with the latter's wife [Pau.9.36.6].

Molus 1. If Molus 1 is son of Deucalion 2 (son of Minos 2), then he is a bastard one; otherwise he is called son of Minos 2. Molus 1 is father, by Melphis, of Meriones, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Apd.3.3.1; Dio.5.79.4; Hyg.Fab.97].

Molus 2. Son of Ares and Demonice, daughter of Agenor 6, son of Pleuron [see also Calydon] [Apd.1.7.7].

Molus 3. See ACHAEANS.


Monaeses. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war; he was killed by Caspius [Val.6.189].

Monesus. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war; he was killed by Colaxes [Val.6.651].

Monuste. See DANAIDS.

Monychus. See CENTAURS.


Mopsus 2. See SEERS and ACHAEANS.

Mopsus 3. A Pygmie, son of Nicodamas and Oenoe 2 [Lib.Met.16].

Mopsus 4. This is the warrior in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES who saw the chasm open in the earth and swallow Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.8.135].

Mopsus 5. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.126].

Morges. King of Italy after Italus [DH.1.12.3].

Moria. See NYMPHS.


Morpheus represents the features and the speech of men in dreams. He is son of Hypnos [Ov.Met.11.635].

Morrheus 1. A general in the Indian army who fought against Dionysus 2. He was son of Didnasos and his wife was Cheirobie, daughter of Deriades, king of India [Nonn.22.67, 26.72, 33.282].

Morrheus 2. A chieftain of the Earsleepers, men who sleep lying upon their long ears. He armed himself against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War [Nonn.26.99].

Mortal Father. Father, by Nymph 20, of Echo [Long.3.23].

Morys 1. See TROJANS.

Morys 2. See TROJANS.

Mosynus. See ACHAEANS.

Mothone. After this woman the harbour Pedasus in Messenia was renamed Mothone. Mothone was daughter of King Oeneus 2 of Calydon and a concubine (Woman 7 Concubine) [Pau.4.35.1].


Mulius 1. Captain of the Epeans and their best fighter. He was killed by Nestor, in the war between Pylos and Elis. Mulius 1 had married Agamede, daughter of Augeas [Hom.Il.11.739ff.].

Mulius 2. See TROJANS.

Mulius 3. See TROJANS.

Mulius 4. The squire of Amphinomus 2, one of the SUITORS OF PENELOPE [Hom.Od.18.423].

Munichus. See SEERS.

Munitus. Son of Acamas 1 (son of Theseus) and Laodice 3, daughter of Priam 1. Munitus was killed by the bite of a snake while hunting at Olynthus in Thrace [Parth.16.4].

Murranus. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.12.529].

Musaeus wrote songs and poems, uttered oracles, and received from Boreas 1 (one of the WINDS) the gift of flight. He was trained by Apollo and the MUSES. His father was either Orpheus or Antiophemus [AO.308; Dio.4.25.1; Eur.Rhe.945; Pau.1.14.3, 1.22.7, 1.25.8, 4.1.5, 10.5.6, 10.7.2, 10.9.11, 10.12.11; Vir.Aen.6.667].


Musica. See HORAE.

Mycale is said to have drawn down the horns of the moon. She is mother of Orius 2, one of the LAPITHS [Ov.Met.12.263].

Mycene. An Achaean beauty of former times, recalled by Antinous 2, one of the SUITORS OF PENELOPE. The city Mycenae received its name after her. Mycene was daughter of Inachus (one of the RIVER GODS); she married Arestor 1, to whom she bore Argus 1 [Apd.2.1.3; Hom.Od.2.120; Pau.2.16.4].

Myceneus might have been the eponym of Mycenae. He was son of Sparton 2, son of Phoroneus [Pau.2.16.4].

Mycon was shut up in prison and nourished with the milk of his own daughter Xanthippe 2 [see also Tectaphus 2] [Hyg.Fab.254].

Mydon 1. See TROJANS.

Mydon 2. See TROJANS.

Mygdalion is remembered because his son commanded the single ship that Cinyras 1 sent against Troy [Apd.Ep.3.9].

Mygdon is the king of the Bebrycians (people inhabiting northern Asia Minor) who once fought with Priam 1 against the AMAZONS. He was son of Poseidon and Melie (one of the NYMPHS). His son Coroebus 2 is counted among the TROJANS. Mygdon was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.5.9; Hom.Il.3.186; Pau.10.27.1; Vir.Aen.2.340].

Myles, credited with the invention of the mill, was king of Laconia and Sparta and son of Lelex 2 and Cleocharia. He was father of Eurotas [Pau.3.1.1, 3.20.2].

Mylius. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Mynes 1. A Lacedaemonian father of Pedias [Apd.3.14.5].

Mynes 2. See TROJANS.

Myraces. A Parthian ambassador in the court of king Aeetes. He joined the king in his war against Perses 3 (the Colchian civil war), and was killed by Syenes [Val.6.690ff.].

Myrina. See AMAZONS.

Myrmidon. Son of Zeus and Eurymedusa 2 (daughter of Cletor), whom the god approached having assumed the form of an ant. Myrmidon married Pisidice 1, daughter of Aeolus 1, and had children by her: Eupolemia, Antiphus 1, Actor 1, and Hiscilla [Apd.1.7.3-4; Clem.EG.2.34p; Hyg.Ast.2.14; Hyg.Fab.14].

Myrmidone. See DANAIDS.

Myrrha (see Smyrna) [Ov.Met.10.312].

Myrrhanus. King of the Indians. He is among those punished by Dionysus 2 (others are Pentheus 1 and Lycurgus 1) [Dio.3.65.4].

Myrsus. Along with his father and brothers he joined Deriades against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War. Myrsus was son of Aretus 4 and Laobie [Nonn.26.250ff.].

Myrtilus is the charioteer of King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa who, sabotaging, the chariot, caused the king's death. Thus he gave Pelops 1 a stolen victory winning the hand of Hippodamia 3, daughter of Oenomaus 1. Soon, as Myrtilus attempted to rape the bride, Pelops 1 threw him into the sea; but on dying Myrtilus uttered a terrible curse against the house of Pelops 1. Myrtilus, son of Hermes and Theobula 2, was made immortal [see also Pelopides, Pelops 1, and CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.Ep.2.6-8; Hyg.Ast.2.13; Hyg.Fab.84, 224; Nonn.20.160; Pau.8.14.10].

Myrto. See MAENADS.

Myrtoessa. See NYMPHS.

Myscelus. An Argive, founder of Crotona in southern Italy. Myscelus was son of Alemon, also from Argos [DH.2.59.3; Ov.Met.15.20ff.].

Mysius is remembered for having afforded hospitality to Demeter when she came to Argos [Pau.2.35.4, 7.27.9].

Mystis. A Sidonian girl brought up by Cadmus who was Ino's attendant maid and took care of the infant Dionysus 2. Mystis had a son Corymbus [Nonn.9.99, 13.141].

Mytilene. This is the woman after whom one city in Lesbos (the large island in the Aegean Sea opposite the coast of Asia Minor) got its name. Mytilene was daughter of Macar 1, son of Helius [Dio.5.81.7].

Naiad 1. See NYMPHS.

Naiad 2. See NYMPHS.

Naiad 3. See NYMPHS.

Naiad 4. See NYMPHS.

Naiad 5. See NYMPHS.

Naiad 6. See NYMPHS.


Naoclus. Bastard son of King Codrus 1 of Athens and leader of an Attic contingent of Ionian colonists in Asia [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.3.6; Strab.14.1.3].

Napaeus. See SATYRS.

Nape. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Narcaeus was the first to worship Dionysus 2 in Elis. He was son of Dionysus 2 and Physcoa, a woman from Orthia in Elis [Pau.5.16.6].


Nasamon. Son of Amphithemis 1 (son of Apollo) and Nymph 6 Tritonian [Arg.4.1490ff.].


Natio. See Other Deities.

Naubolus 1. A Phocian, son either of Ornytus 1, or of Hippasus 3. Naubolus 1 is father of Iphitus 2, counted among the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.207; Hyg.Fab.14; Stat.Theb.7.355].

Naubolus 2. Father of Euryalus 5 (both are Phaeacians) [Hom.Od.8.111].

Naubolus 3. Son of Lernus 1, son of Proetus 1 (uncle of Danae), and father of Clytoneus 1, father of Nauplius 2, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.135].

Naubolus 4. Father of Pylo, father of Antiope 2, mother of Iole, whom Heracles 1 won in an archery contest [Hes.CWE.79].

Naucrate. Female slave of Minos 2 who consorted with Daedalus and bore him Icarus 1 [Apd.Ep.1.12-13].

Nauplius 1. Nauplius 1 lived to a great age, and in order to avenge the death of his son Palamedes he contrived for the wives of the Achaeans fighting at Troy to play their husbands false (Clytaemnestra with Aegisthus, Aegialia, wife of Diomedes 2, with Cometes 2, and Meda 2, wife of King Idomeneus 1 of Crete, with Leucus 1). Besides, on the return of the Achaeans, Nauplius 1, by using false lights, led them to shipwreck. Later, being pursued by the Achaeans, he came as a suppliant to the Chalcidians in Euboea; but at some point he died, being deluded by a false beacon light. Nauplius 1 was son of Poseidon and Amymone 1, counted among the DANAIDS. Nauplius 1's wife was either Clymene 5 (daughter of Catreus, son of Minos 2), or Philyra 2 or Hesione 1. By one of them he had sons: Palamedes, Oeax, Nausimedon, and Proetus 4. Nauplius 1 is counted among the ARGONAUTS [Apd.2.1.5; Apd.Ep.6.7-11; Arg.1.136; Hyg.Fab.14; Plu.GQ.33; Val.1.372].

Nauplius 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Naus. The grandson of Eumolpus 1 who introduced the Eleusinian Mysteries in Arcadia [Pau.8.15.1].


Nausidame. Daughter of Amphidamas 5. She consorted with Helius and became mother of Augeas [see also Elis] [Hyg.Fab.14].

Nausimedon. Son of Nauplius 1. His mother was either Clymene 5, or Philyra 2, or Hesione 1 [Apd.2.1.5].

Nausinous. Son of Odysseus and Calypso 3 [Hes.The.1017ff.].

Nausithoe. See NEREIDS.

Nausithous 1. King of the Phaeacians who helped Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1, to settle elsewhere. Nausithous 1 was son of Poseidon and Periboea 1 (daughter of Eurymedon 2) and father of Alcinous and Rhexenor 2 [Arg.4.539; Hom.Od.7.56ff.].

Nausithous 2. Son of Odysseus and Calypso 3 [Hes.The.1017].

Nausithous 3. A Salaminian, pilot of the ship in which Theseus sailed to Crete [see also Phereclus 3] [Plu.The.17.6].

Nautes. An aged companion of the exiled Aeneas who, after the burning of the ships in Sicily, gave Aeneas advice to continue to Italy [Vir.Aen.5.704].

Nauteus. One of the young Phaeacian noblemen, who competed in the games arranged by the Phaeacians to honour Odysseus [Hom.Od.8.111].

Neaera 1. Mother, by Strymon 1 (one of the RIVER GODS), of Evadne 1 [Apd.2.1.2].

Neaera 2 (Ethodaia). See NIOBIDS.

Neaera 3 (Neere). Daughter of Pereus, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. By Aleus (son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1) she had children: Amphidamas 2, Lycurgus 2, Auge 2, Cepheus 2, and Alcidice. It is also said that she married Autolycus 1, son of Hermes [Apd.3.9.1-2; Pau.8.4.6].

Neaera 4. Mother, by Thiodamas 2, of Dresaeus, counted among the TROJANS [QS.1.292].

Neaera 5. A woman from Lemnos, whose shape Pheme took when she visited Eurynome 7 to warn her about her husband having taken a Thracian wife [Val.2.141].

Nealce. Wife of Hippomedon 1, one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.12.122].

Nealces. A Dolionian killed by Polydeuces, one of the DIOSCURI, during the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.191].

Neandrus was sent by Macar 1, king of Lesbos, to Cos (one of the Sporades Islands off the southwestern coast of Asia Minor) where he became king [Dio.5.81.8].

Nebrophonus 1. Son of Jason and Hypsipyle [Apd.1.9.17].

Nebrophonus 2. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Neda. See NYMPHS.

Nedymnus. See CENTAURS.

Neere (see Neaera 3) [Hyg.Fab.14].

Neileus led an expedition to Ionia in Asia Minor. He was son of King Codrus 1 of Athens, and father of Aepytus 1. Neileus was buried near Didyma (a city near Miletus in southwestern Asia Minor) [Pau.7.2.1-6, 7.2.10].


Nelo. See DANAIDS.

Nemea. This is the woman after whom the land of Nemea in northern Argolis was called. She was daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1 [Pau.2.15.3].

Nemertes. See NEREIDS.

Nemesis (Adrastia 2).

Neomeris. See NEREIDS.

Neophron was of the same age as Aegypius, and being jealous because of the love between his mother Timandra 2 and Aegypius, he himself became the lover of Aegypius' mother Bulis, deluding her to sleep with her son. For this Neophron was turned into a vulture by Zeus [Lib.Met.5].

Neoptolemus (Pyrrhus 1).

Nephalion. Like other sons of Minos 2, Nephalion lived in the island of Paros (one of the Cyclades islands, well known for its marble), where he was killed by Heracles 1 after attacking him when the latter landed in Paros on his way to fetch the belt of the Amazon. Nephalion's mother was Paria, a concubine of Minos 2 [Apd.2.5.9, 3.1.2].

Nephele 1 (Cloud Resembling Hera). This is the cloud fashioned by Zeus to delude Ixion who desired to consort with Hera. From the union of Ixion and the cloud Centaurus was born, or else the CENTAURS [Apd.Ep.1.20; Dio.4.12.6, 4.69.5, 4.70.1; Ov.Met.9.123, 12.210, 12.504; Pin.Pyth.2.21ff.].

Nephele 2 saved her children from being sacrificed by giving them a Ram with a Golden Fleece and, borne through the sky by the ram, they could escape the plot of their father's second wife Ino. Nephele 2 was Athamas 1's first wife, and their children were Phrixus 1 and Helle [Apd.1.9.1].

Nephele 3. See NYMPHS.

Nephus. Son of Heracles 1 and Praxithea 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].


Nereis. Daughter of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Nereus. See Divinities of Waters & Landscapes.

Neritus is reported to have made a basin of stone into which a spring ran, in Ithaca, together with Ithacus 1 and Polyctor 2 [Hom.Od.17.207].

Nesaea. See NEREIDS.

Neso. See NEREIDS.

Nesson. It is said that Thessaly (the most northeasterly region of peninsular Greece) was once named Nessonis after him. Nesson was son of Thessalus 1 (son of Heracles 1) and Chalciope 4 [Strab.9.5.23].

Nessus 1. See RIVER GODS.

Nessus 2. See CENTAURS.

Nessus 3. See TROJANS.


Nesus. See ACHAEANS.

Neurus. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.122].

Niauius. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Nicaea. See NYMPHS.

Nicandra. A spinner who was hired by Alcinoe 2. She worked for a year but was denied the full wages she had been promised. She prayed Athena to avenge her and the goddess punished her mistress Alcinoe 2 [Parth.27.1].

Nice. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and bore him a son Nicodromus [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Nicippe 1. Daughter of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3. She married Sthenelus 3 and had children by him: Alcyone 3, Medusa 2, and Eurystheus [Apd.2.4.5].

Nicippe 2. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and bore him a son Antimachus 1 [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Nicocreon. King of Salamis and a descendant of Teucer 1, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS. He was father of Arsinoe 3 [Lib.Met.39].

Nicodamas. A wise man from the land of the Pygmies. He was father, by Oenoe 2, of Mopsus 3 [Lib.Met.16].

Nicodromus. Son of Heracles 1 and Nice, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Nicomachus 1. Son of Machaon (son of Asclepius) and of Anticlia 3 [Pau.4.30.3].

Nicomachus 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Nicostrate (see Carmentis) [Strab.5.3.3].

Nicostratus. Son of Menelaus, either by Pieris (an Aetolian slave) or by Helen [Apd.3.11.1; Hes.CWE.70].


Nileus, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, falsely claimed to be the son of the river god Nilus. He was in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1, and was turned into a stone when the latter showed him the head of Medusa 1 [Ov.Met.5.187].


Ninus. See HERACLIDES and Croesus.

Niobe 1, the first mortal woman with whom Zeus cohabited, was daughter of Phoroneus, her mother being either Teledice, or Cinna, or Cerdo. Her sons by Zeus were Argus 5 and Pelasgus 1 [Apd.2.1.1; DH.1.11.2, 1.17.3; Hyg.Fab.145; Nonn.32.67; Pau.2.22.5, .2.21.1].

Niobe 2, queen of Thebes, boasted that she was more blessed with children than Leto or that they were more beautiful. Leto then incited Artemis and Apollo against them, and Artemis shot down the females in the house, while Apollo killed all the males together as they were hunting on Cithaeron (the mountain between Boeotia and Attica). She was daughter of Tantalus 1 and Dione 3, or as others say, of Assaon. By Amphion 1, or then again, by Philottus 2, she became the mother of the many NIOBIDS. Niobe 2 left Thebes after the death of her children and went to her father Tantalus 1 at Sipylus (east of Smyrna in Asia Minor), where she was transformed into a stone by Apollo, from which tears flow night and day. But others have said that since she refused her father Assaon's desires concerning herself, he invited her children to a banquet, and there burned them all to death. Her husband Philottus 2 had previously perished while hunting. As a result of these calamities, she flung herself from a high rock [see NIOBIDS] [Apd.1.9.10, 3.5.6; Hom.Il.24.602ff.; Hyg.Fab.9, 11, 82, 83; Nonn.14.274ff.; Ov.Met.6.172; Parth.33; Pau.2.21.9; QS.1.294].


Niphaeus. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.571].

Nireus 1. Son of Poseidon and Canace, daughter of Aeolus 1 [Apd.1.7.4].


Nirus. See TROJANS.

Nisaeus. A Dolionian killed by Telamon during the battle between the Dolionians (people of northwestern Asia Minor) and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.198].



Nisus 1 (Nysus 2). King of Megara when this city was captured by the fleet of Minos 2. He had a purple lock of hair on which his life depended; but his daughter Scylla 2, who had fallen in love with the besieger Minos 2, pulled out her father's purple hair, and that is how he died and the city was taken. Others have said that Nisus 1 killed himself when he lost his vital lock of hair, and others have added that he turned into an osprey [for a similar hair see also Pterelaus]. Nisus 1 was son either of Pandion 4 (son of King Cecrops 2 of Athens) and Pylia, or of Ares, or of Deion (son of Aeolus 1) and Diomede 1. He married Habrote (daughter of Onchestus 2, son of Poseidon) who gave him daughters: the aforementioned Scylla 2, and Iphinoe 3 and Eurynome 6 [see Megara] [Aes.LB.619; Apd.3.15.5, 3.15.7-8; Hes.CWE.7; Hyg.Fab.198, 242; Ov.Met.8.145; Pau.1.19.4, 1.39.6; Plu.GQ.16; Vir.Geo.1.404].

Nisus 2. Son of Aretias and king of Dulichium (one of the Echinadian Islands at the entrance of the Gulf of Corinth). Nisus 2 is father of Amphinomus 2, one of the SUITORS OF PENELOPE [Hom.Od.16.395].

Nisus 3 participated in the games held by Aeneas in Sicily and was the lover of Euryalus 7. He later died in battle [Vir.Aen.5.294, 9.444].

Noemon 1. See TROJANS.

Noemon 2. See ACHAEANS.

Noemon 3. A prominent Ithacan who provided the vessel in which Telemachus sailed in search for his father. His father was Phronius [Hom.Od.2.386].

Noemon 4. One of the companions of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.767].

Nomia. See NYMPHS.

Nomion 1. Father of Antheus 1 [Lib.Met.5].

Nomion 2. Father of Amphimachus 3 and Nastes, both TROJAN LEADERS [Apd.Ep.3.35].


Nomius 1 (see Aristaeus) [Dio.4.81.2].

Nomius 2. One of the PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. The PANS are normally the offspring of Pan, but Nomius 2 is son of Hermes and Penelope (or so they say!) [Nonn.14.92].

Nomius 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.290].

Nomius 4. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.10.260].

Nonacris. Wife of Lycaon 2 after whom a city in Arcadia was named [Pau.8.17.6].

Norax, son of Hermes and Erythia 2 (daughter of Geryon, son of Chrysaor, offspring of Poseidon and Medusa 1) led the Iberians to Sardinia [Pau.10.17.5].

Notus. See WINDS.

Numa Pompilius (See Numa 3) [DH.2.58.3].

Numa 1. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Euryalus 7 and Nisus 3 [Vir.Aen.9.453].

Numa 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.562].

Numa 3 (Numa Pompilius). The wise second king of Rome who is said to have visited Pythagoras, but the dates of Pythagoras contradict this account, since he is said to have lived four generations later. He was succeeded by Tullus Hostilius. Numa 3 was son of Pompon 1, an illustrious Sabine. By either Tatia (daughter of Tatius, king of the Sabines), or by Lucretia 1 he fathered Pompilia, and by some other woman he became father of Pompon 2, Pinus, Calpus, and Mamercus 2. Numa 3 was loved by Egeria, a goddess who used to visit him and instruct him in the art of reigning. Numa 3 died of Old Age [DH.2.59.2, 2.76.5; Ov.Fast.3.275; Ov.Met.15.481; Pau.2.13.2; Plu.Num.1.2ff., 3.4, 3.6, 8.4ff., 21.1ff.].

Numanus (Remulus 3). An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Ascanius 2 [Vir.Aen.9.592].

Numicius. See RIVER GODS.

Numitor 1. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was brother of Alcanor 2 and Maeon 2 [Vir.Aen.10.342].

Numitor 2. Son of Proca and king in Italy after his brother Amulius. He is the grandfather of Romulus and Remus 1. At Proca's death his younger son Amulius seized the kingship by violence. Some say that he governed by the force of arms and that he vanquished his brother Numitor 2 and robbed him of power. It is also told that he divided the whole inheritance into two parts, setting the treasures and the gold which had been brought from Troy over against the kingdom, and Numitor 2 chose the kingdom. Amulius, then in possession of the treasure, and made more powerful by it than Numitor 2, easily took the kingdom away from his brother. But as with power follows the fear of losing it, Amulius tried to prevent Numitor 2's daughter Ilia to have children who could challenge his rule. So, for this purpose he appointed her priestess of Vesta (Hestia) and thus she was bound to live a virgin all her days. However Ilia got pregnant, which was, for a Vestal, punished with death. She did not suffer the capital punishment because Amulius' daughter Antho interceded successfully on her behalf, and so Ilia could give birth to the twins Romulus and Remus 1, who in time restored the throne to their grandfather [see Romulus]. Besides Ilia, Numitor 2 was father of Lausus 2, Aegestus 2, and Aenitus. When he died in Alba, the throne devolved upon Romulus [DH.1.76.2; Dio.7.5.12; Ov.Fast.4.53ff.; Ov.Met.14.773; Plu.PS.36; Plu.Rom.27.1; Vir.Aen.6.768].

Nychius. See TROJANS.

Nycteis. Daughter of Nycteus 2 and Polyxo 3, wife of Polydorus 2 (son of Cadmus) and mother by him of Labdacus 1, king of Thebes [Apd.3.5.5, 3.10.1].

Nycteus 1. Son of Poseidon and Celaeno 2, one of the PLEIADES. Nycteus 1 is father of Callisto [Apd.3.8.2; Hyg.Ast.2.21].

Nycteus 2. King in Boeotia. To him was entrusted the care of Labdacus 1, still a child, along with the government of Thebes at the death of Polydorus 2, son of Cadmus. At that time his daughter Antiope 3, married Epopeus 1, whom Nycteus 2 disliked. So, when Antiope 3 fled to Sicyon, where Epopeus 1 ruled, a war broke up between Thebes and Sicyon and Nycteus 2 died, probably of a wound received in battle, but some say that he killed himself. When he died Lycus 5, brother of Nycteus 2 usurped the government in Thebes and reigned for 20 years. His other daughter, Nycteis, is mother of Labdacus 1, king of Thebes. Nycteus 2 was son either of Hyrieus (son of Poseidon) and Clonia (one of the NYMPHS), or of Chthonius 2 (one of the SPARTI), and was married to Polyxo 3 [see relevant Theban links at Thebes, Oedipus, and Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.5.5, 3.10.1; Hyg.Fab.8; Pau.2.6.2, 9.5.4].

Nycteus 3. One of the comrades of Diomedes 2 in Italy that were turned into birds [Ov.Met.14.504].

Nyctimene slept with her father Epopeus 2, king of Lesbos, and was, out of pity, changed into an owl by Athena when she was hiding in the woods [Hyg.Fab.204, 253; Ov.Met.2.590].