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Sandocus to Talasius

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Sandocus, son of Astynous 1 (son of Phaethon 1 and Aphrodite), migrated from Syria to Cilicia in Asia Minor, and founded a city Celenderis. Sandocus married Pharnace, daughter of Megassares, and fathered Cinyras 1, king of Cyprus [Apd.3.14.3].

Sangarius. See RIVER GODS.

Sangarius' Daughter took the fruit of an almond tree which had grown up from the sexual organ of Agdistis, which the gods had cut off, and found herself pregnant with Attis [Pau.7.17.10-11].


Saon 1 found the oracle at Lebadeia by following a swarm of bees, and it is said that Trophonius taught him the rituals, and all the observances to be kept at the oracle [Pau.9.40.2].

Saon 2 (Samon). A Samothracian, the first settler of the island, which was called after him and the name of Thrace (Samothrace in the northern Aegean Sea). Saon 2 was son either of Zeus and Nymphe 2, or of Hermes and Rhene 2 [DH.1.61.3â Dio.5.48.1].

Sardo. The founder of Sardis, the city in Lydia (Asia Minor). Sardo was son of Sthenelus 7 [Hyg.Fab.275].

Sardus. Leader of the Libyans and the first to sail to Sardinia, the large island west of Italy. He was son of Maceris [Pau.10.16.5].

Saron became king of Troezen after Althepus. He drowned in the open sea chasing a prey and they called the Saronic Gulf after him [Pau.2.30.7].

Sarpedon 1. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Sarpedon 2. A lewd fellow, as they say, and son of Poseidon. He was killed by Heracles 1 at Aenus (Thrace) [Apd.2.5.9].

Sarpedon 3 might have been the one who fought at Troy, although others say it was Sarpedon 1. Sarpedon 3 was son of Evander 3 (son of Sarpedon 1) and Deidamia 2, daughter of Bellerophon [Dio.5.79.3].

Satnius. See TROJANS.

Satyr. See SATYRS.


Saurus used to attack travellers near the river Erymanthus in Elis until Heracles 1 slew him [Pau.6.21.3].

Scaea. See DANAIDS.

Scaeus. Like other sons of Hippocoon 2, this one was also killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.7.3, 3.10.5; Hdt.5.60].

Scamander 1. See RIVER GODS.

Scamander 2. King in Boeotia. He named the Inachus river after himself; the stream near by he called Glaucia from his mother, and the spring Acidusa he named after his wife. His father was Deimachus 4, son of Eleon. Scamander 2 and Acidusa are the parents of the MAIDENS, who were honoured in Boeotia [Plu.GQ.41].

Scamandrius 1. See TROJANS.

Scamandrius 2 (see Astyanax 2) [DH.1.47.5; Hom.Il.6.402; Strab.13.1.52].

Scelmis. Son of Poseidon and Thalatta [see TELCHINES at CORYBANTES] [Dio.5.55.1-2; Nonn.14.36, 14.39].

Scephrus, a Tegean, was killed by Leimon, the latter suspecting that Scephrus' conversation with Apollo contained a charge against him. Scephrus was son of Tegeates (son of Lycaon 2) and Maera 3, daughter of Atlas [Pau.8.53.2].



Schedius 3. See ACHAEANS.

Schedius 4. See TROJANS.

Schoeneus 1. Father of Atalanta [Apd.1.9.16; Pau.8.35.10].

Schoeneus 2. Son of Athamas 1 and Themisto 2 [Apd.1.9.2; Nonn.9.312].

Schoeneus 3. Son of Autonous 3 and Hippodamia 7. He was, out of pity, turned into a bird by Zeus and Apollo after his brother Anthus 1 had been devoured by his father's horses [Lib.Met.7].

Schoeneus 4. An Arcadian, father of Clymenus 9 [Hyg.Fab.206].

Sciron is known as one of the malefactors killed by Theseus, who seized him by the feet and threw him into the sea. It is said that he used to compel travellers to wash his feet and while they were washing he kicked them into the sea to be the prey of a huge turtle. Otherwise he is said to have disputed with King Nisus 1 of Megara about the throne. He was either son of Poseidon, or of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3, or of Pylas, or of Canethus 3 and Henioche 3. He consorted either with the daughter of King Pandion 4 of Athens, or with Chariclo 3, and by one of them he had children: Endeis (otherwise called daughter of Chiron) and Alycus [Apd.3.12.6; Apd.Ep.1.2; Dio.4.59.4; Hyg.Fab.38; Pau.1.39.6; Plu.The.10.3, 25.4-5, 32.5].

Scirtus. See SATYRS.

Scirus 1. See SEERS.

Scirus 2. A Salaminian who gave Theseus, when he sailed to Crete, Nausithous 3 for his pilot, and Phaeax 2 for his look-out man. Scirus 2 did him this favour, they tell, because one of the chosen youths to be sacrificed to the Minotaur, Menesthes 2, was his own daughter's son [Plu.The.17.6].

Scopius. Father of Alcidocus [Pau.5.3.7].


Scylaceus. See TROJANS.

Scylla 1.

Scylla 2. Daughter of King Nisus 1 of Megara. In one of his military expeditions King Minos 2 of Crete attacked Megara and besieged the city. Now, when a city is under siege, not seldom some of the besieged find good reasons to help the assailants. And such a reason was found by the princess Scylla 2, who fell in love with the leader of the invaders, and for the sake of her passion betrayed both father and city. As it is told King Nisus 1 had a purple hair in the middle of his head, and an oracle told that when it was pulled out he should die. So Scylla 2, who was aware of the prophecy, pulled out the hair and Nisus 1 died when he lost his vital lock and, according to some, he was turned into an osprey. But as this kind of treason gives no room for reliability, when Minos 2 had made himself master of Megara, as a reward he tied princess Scylla 2 by the feet to the stern of a ship and drowned her, and some say she was changed into a bird, while others say she turned into a fish. But still others say that her body was just cast ashore by the waves and later buried [Apd.3.15.8; Hyg.Fab.198; Ov.Met.8.150; Strab.8.6.13].

Scylla 3. see DANAIDS.

Scyrius. Father of Aegeus 1 [Apd.3.15.5-7].

Scythes 1 (see Delas) [Hes.ID.1].

Scythes 2. First king of Scythia [but see also Colaxais]. He was son of Heracles 1 and a Scythian Monster [Hdt.4.10].

Scythian Monster. See BESTIARY.


Sea-Monster 2. See BESTIARY.

Sea-Monster 3. See BESTIARY.

Sebes followed Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign. He was killed by Corymbasus [Nonn.28.99].

Sebethis. See NYMPHS.

Sebeus. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Morrheus 1, an Indian general [Nonn.32.225].


Selagus. Father of Amphius 2, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.5.612].

Selemnus. See RIVER GODS.


Selepus. King of Lyrnessus (a city east of Mount Ida in Asia Minor) and father of Evenus 3, father of Mynes 2, husband of Briseis [Hom.Il.2.690].

Selinus. King of the Aegialians who, being at war with Ion 1, offered him his daughter Helice 2, and proposed to adopt him as son and successor [see also Achaea] [Pau.7.1.3].

Semele (Thyone 1).

Semiramis is the founder and queen of Babylonia. She was daughter of Dercetis 1, the woman who turned into a fish. Semiramis married Ninus, the founder of Nineveh in Assyria, whom he killed. But before that she bore him a son Agron 2, who became king of Sardis in Lydia, Asia Minor. Semiramis committed suicide. Conon (9) reports that, according to some, Semiramis was daughter of Ninus. They also say that she secretely and unwittingly had intercourse with her son, and that, when she realized what had happened, she kept him openly as her husband. [See also Croesus] [Con.9; Hdt.1.7, 1.184; Hyg.Fab.223, 240, 243; Strab.2.1.31, 16.1.2].

Serestus. A companion of the exiled Aeneas [Vir.Aen.4.288].

Sergestus. A companion of the exiled Aeneas and founder of the Sergian family [Vir.Aen.1.510, 5.121].

Serpent 1 (and 2). See BESTIARY.

Serpent 3 (and 4). See BESTIARY.

Serpent 5. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 6. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 7. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 8. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 9. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 10. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 11. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 12. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 13. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 14. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 15 Salaminian. See BESTIARY.


Serpent 17. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 18. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 19. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 20. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 21. See BESTIARY.

Serpent 22. See BESTIARY.


Serpent 24. See BESTIARY.

Serranus. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Nisus 3 [Vir.Aen.9.335].


Servius Tullius. King of Rome after Tarquinius Priscus. He was son of Hephaestus and Ocresia, and had a daughter Tullia, who incited her husband Tarquinius Superbus to murder her own father and seize the throne [DH.1.75.2; Ov.Fast.6.588, 6.624-627].

Sesostris. First king of the Colchians [Val.5.418].


Sextus Tarquinius. The youngest of his father's three sons. He handed over, through treachery, the city of Gabii to his father Tarquinius Superbus. Sextus Tarquinius, whose mother was Tullia, raped Lucretia 2, and this outrage caused the end of kingly rule at Rome. He was killed at Gabii by revengers of old quarrels [Livy1.53.5; Livy 1.57.6ff.; Ov.Fast.2.725ff.].

Sibotes. A Colchian warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Ambenus [Val.6.249].

Sibyl 1. See SEERS.

Sibyl 2 (see Herophile) [Pau.10.12.1].

Sibyl 3 (see Demo 1) [Pau.10.12.8].

Sibyl 4 (see Sabbe) [Pau.10.12.9].

Sibyl 5 Samian. See SEERS.

Sibyl 6 Cumaean.

Sicelus 1 quarrelled over Pancratis with Hecetorus and they killed each other. Or else Hecetorus was his father and the quarrel was with his brother Agassamenus. In any case he got killed [Dio.5.50.7; Parth.19].

Sicelus 2. King of the Sicels (people living in southern Italy and later in Sicily). He was received as a guest by king Morges, and set up a kingdom for himself, dividing the Italian nation. After his crossing to Sicily the island was called after him. Sicelus 2 was son of Italus, son of Telegonus 3, son of Odysseus [DH.1.12.3, 1.22.3-4].

Sicinus is the man after whom the island Oenoe (one of the Cyclades) was renamed Sicinus. He was son of Thoas 3 and Oenoe 1 [Arg.1.623].

Sicyon came from Attica in order to help Lamedon in the war between him and Archander and Architeles 1. Later, having received Lamedon's daughter Zeuxippe 3 as wife, he became king and the land was named Sicyon. Sicyon was son either of Metion 1 (whose sons expelled Pandion 4 from the throne of Athens), or of King Erechtheus of Athens and Praxithea 4, or of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3, or of Marathon (son of Epopeus 1, who came from Thessaly and took the kingdom of Sicyon after the death of Corax). By his wife Zeuxippe 3 he had a daughter Chthonophyle, whom Hermes loved [Hes.CWE.72; Pau.2.6.5-6].

Side 1. See DANAIDS.

Side 2. Wife of Orion and mother of his daughters Metioche 2 and Menippe 2. It is said that Hera cast her into Hades because she rivalled herself in beauty [Apd.1.4.3; Lib.Met.25].

Sidero. Second wife of Salmoneus (son of Aeolus 1) and stepmother of Pelias 1 and Neleus; she treated their mother Tyro (daughter of Salmoneus and Alcidice) unkindly, and for that she was cut down by Pelias 1 in the precinct of Hera [see also Neleus] [Apd.1.9.8; Dio.4.68.2].

Sidon. A chieftain in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was brother of Rhadalus [Val.6.69].

Silene. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

SILENS. The oldest among the SATYRS; they are a mortal race. They formed a phalanx in the army of Dionysus 2 when he fought in India. [see SATYRS] [Hom.Aph.5.262; Nonn.13.45; Pau.1.23.5, 6.24.8].


Sillus. King of Messenia after his father Thrasymedes 1. He was succeeded by his own son Alcmaeon 2 [Pau.2.18.8].

Silvanus. See Other Deities.

Silvia 1 kept a Stag as a pet. When it was killed by Ascanius 2, son of Aeneas, war broke out. Silvia 1 was daughter of Tyrrheus, the warden of the royal herds in Latium (Italy) [Vir.Aen.7.485].

Silvia 2 (see Ilia). A Vestal [DH.1.76.3; Ov.Fast.3.11].

Silvius (Postumus), son of Aeneas and Lavinia 2, was reared in the woods by Tyrrheus. He succeeded Ascanius 2 on the throne of the Alban and Latin state, and had two sons: Latinus 2 and Silvius Aeneas [DH.1.70.1-2, 1.71.1; Ov.Fast.4.43; Ov.Met.14.610; Vir.Aen.6.763].

Silvius Aeneas. King of Alba Longa after his father Silvius [DH.1.71.1; Vir.Aen.6.769].

Simois. See RIVER GODS.

Simoisius. See TROJANS.

Simon. One of the SAILORS who tried to delude Dionysus 2. Like his comrades he was turned into a dolphin by the god [Hyg.Fab.134].

Simus. King of Arcadia after his father Phialus. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Pompus [Pau.8.5.8].

Sinis. One of the malefactors killed by Theseus. He used to force travellers to keep bending pine-trees but being too weak to do so and being tossed up by the trees they perished. His daughter Perigune was ravished by Theseus, after the death of her father, who died in the same way as he used to kill others. Sinis was son either of Procrustes and Sylea, or of Canethus 3 and Henioche 3 [Apd.3.16.2; Dio.4.59.3; Pau.10.25.7; Plu.The.8.2, 25.4-5, 29.1].

Sinoe. See NYMPHS.

Sinon. See also ACHAEANS, and Dares' account of the destruction of Troy.

Sinope was loved by Zeus, Apollo and Halys, but Zeus himself had granted her virginity. Yet she consorted with Apollo and had a son Syrus 1 by him. Sinope was daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1 [Arg.2.946; Dio.4.72.2; Val.5.109].

Siphnos. Athenian captain who along with Erechtheus joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [Nonn.13.181].

Siproites changed his sex after seeing Artemis bathing [for worse consequences see Actaeon] [Lib.Met.17].

Sipylus. See NIOBIDS.



Sithon 1 was able to change sex, now woman, now man [Ov.Met.4.280].

Sithon 2. King of the Odomanti who had an incestuous love for his daughter Pallene. At first he challenged all who came to woo her to fight with him for the girl, and in this manner caused the destruction of a considerable number (among which Merops 5 and Periphetes 5). But later he let two of her suitors fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Finally he was killed by Dionysus 2 who held him responsible for the death of his daughter's wooers [Nonn.48.113, 48.183, 48.205; Parth.6.1-3]. According to some [Con.10] Sithon 2 was king of the Thracian Chersonesus and son of Poseidon and Ossa. He was father of Pallene by a nymph, Mendeis.

Smilax and her beloved Crocus are remembered for having turned into flowers [Ov.Met.4.283; Ov.Fast.5.227].

Smilis. An architect contemporary of Daedalus, though of less repute [Pau.7.4.4].

Smyrna (Myrrha) conceived an incestuous passion for her father, and with the complicity of her nurse shared her father's bed. When he discovered her, he pursued her with a sword and being overtaken she prayed to the gods that she might be invisible; so the gods in compassion turned her into the tree called smyrna (myrrh). Ten months afterwards the tree burst and Adonis was born. Smyrna was daughter either of Thias and Orithyia 3, or of Cinyras 1 and Cenchreis [see Adonis] [Apd.3.14.3-4; Hyg.Fab.58; Lib.Met.34; Ov.Met.10.298-559, 708-739; Plu.PS.22].

Socleus. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Socus 1. See TROJANS.

Socus 2 cast his wife Combe 2 and sons (the CORYBANTES) out of their country. He was killed by King Cecrops 1 of Athens [see also CORYBANTES] [Nonn.13.135.ff., 13.152].



Solois. When Theseus returned from his expedition against the AMAZONS he had Antiope 4 on board his ship, and three young Athenian brothers, Euneus 3, Thoas 11 and Solois. Solois fell in love with Antiope 4 and revealed his secret to one of his intimate friends. That friend made then overtures to Antiope 4 who, although refusing him, treated the matter with discretion, and made no denunciation to Theseus. Then Solois in despair threw himself into a river and drowned, and Theseus in accordance with an oracle founded a city there and left the brothers of Solois to be the city's presidents and law-givers, and with them Hermus 3, one of the noblemen of Athens [for other brothers with the same names see also Euneus 1 and Thoas 9] [Plu.The.26.3-5].

Solymus. A comrade of the exiled Aeneas, who came from Phrygian Ida and after whom the walls of Sulmo (Sulmona, the city midway between Rome and the Adriatic Sea) take their name [Ov.Fast.4.79].

Sose.See NYMPHS.

Sostratus. A youth of Dyme in Achaea, who was loved by Heracles 1 [Pau.7.17.8].

Sous. King of Sparta after his father Procles 2. He was suceeded on the throne by his son Eurypon [Pau.3.7.1].

Sow Crommyonian. See BESTIARY.


Sparta. Daughter of Eurotas and Cleocharia. She married Lacedaemon, having children by him: Amyclas 1 and Eurydice 2 [see also Sparta city] [Apd.3.10.3].

Spartaeus. Son of Zeus and Himalia (one of the NYMPHS) [Dio.5.55.6].


Sparton 1. Together with his brothers led the Achaeans who settled in Ionia. He was son of Tisamenus 2, son of Orestes 2 [see also Achaea and Ionia] [Pau.7.6.2].

Sparton 2. Son of Phoroneus and father of Myceneus (perhaps the eponym of Mycenae). His mother was either Cerdo, or Teledice, or Cinna [Apd.2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Pau.2.16.4, 2.21.1].

Sparton 3. Father of Eurytius, father of Galatea 2, who wished to change the sex of her child to please her husband [Lib.Met.17].

Spartus. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Sperchius. See RIVER GODS.


Sphaerus. The charioteer of Pelops 1 [Pau.5.10.7].

Sphelus. Father of Iasus 2, one of the ACHAEANS [Hom.Il.15.332ff.].

Sphettus, son of Troezen 1 (son of Pelops 1), migrated from Troezen to Attica [Pau.2.30.9].

Sphincius. Son of Athamas 1 and his third wife Themisto 2. He was slain by his mother when she, wishing to kill Ino's children, by mistake killed her own [Hyg.Fab.1, 239].

Sphinx (Phix).

Sphodris. One of the Dolionians, people of northwestern Asia Minor, visited by the ARGONAUTS. He was killed by Acastus [Arg.1.1041].

Sphyrus. Son of Machaon and founder of a sanctuary of Asclepius (his grandfather) at Argos [Pau.2.23.4].

Spinther. Son of Hephaestus [Hyg.Fab.158].

Spio. See NEREIDS.

Sponde. See HORAE.

Spurius Lucretius (see Tricipitinus) [Livy 1.58.6].

Spurius Vettius. "Interrex" at the time when Numa 3 became king of Rome [Plu.Num.7.1].


Staphyle. See MAENADS.

Staphylus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Staphylus 2. Assyrian king, who entertained Dionysus 2 in his palace. After him the carryberry bunch of grapes was called. He was father, by Methe 2, of Botrys. Staphylus 2 fell sick and died [Nonn.18.5, 18.125, 19.5ff., 19.55].

Staphylus 3. One of the captains who supported Dionysus 2 in his conflict against Poseidon concerning Beroe 5. He was son of Oenomaus 5 [Nonn.43.60].

Stentor had a brazen voice and could raise a shout like that of fifty men together. Hera took the shape of Stentor (and his "stentorian" voice) during the Trojan War when she addressed the Achaeans encouraging them to fight [Hom.Il. 5.785].

Sternops. Son of Melas 1, brother of King Oeneus 2 of Calydon. He was killed by Tydeus 2 for plotting against Oeneus 2 [Apd.1.8.5].

Sterope 1. Daughter of Pleuron (son of Aetolus 2, son of Endymion, whom Selene loved) and Xanthippe 1, daughter of Dorus 2, son of Apollo and Phthia 2 [Apd.1.7.7].

Sterope 2. Daughter of Porthaon and Euryte 2. She is said to be the mother, by Achelous (one of the RIVER GODS), of the SIRENS [Apd.1.7.10].

Sterope 3 (Asterope 3). See PLEIADES.

Sterope 4 received from Heracles 1 a lock of Medusa 1's hair to help her defend the city of Tegea in Arcadia. For Heracles 1 wished her father Cepheus 2 to join him against the Argives. But fearing lest, if he quitted Tegea, the enemy would march against it, Cepheus 2 refused and so Heracles 1, who had received from Athena a lock of the Medusa 1's hair, gave it to Sterope 4, saying that if an army advanced against the city, she should hold up the lock of hair thrice from the walls without looking at it, and so the enemy would retreat. This is how Heracles 1 succeded in having Cepheus 2 as ally [Apd.2.7.3].

Sterope 5. Daughter of Acastus, one of the ARGONAUTS [Apd.3.13.3].

Sterope 6. See BESTIARY.

Sterope 7. See MAENADS.

Steropes. See CYCLOPES.

Stesichore. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Stheneboea (Antia) fell in love with Bellerophon, and sent him proposals for a meeting; and when he rejected them she told her husband Proetus 1 (uncle of Danae) that Bellerophon had sent her a vicious proposal. Later she committed suicide when she heard that Bellerophon had married Philonoe. Stheneboea was married to Proetus 1 when he was in exile in Lycia; and she is said to be the daughter of either Iobates or Amphianax (rulers of Lycia in Asia Minor). Yet others have said that she was daughter of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Stheneboea and Proetus 1 had children: Lysippe 2, Iphinoe 1, Iphianassa 3, and Megapenthes 2 [see also Bellerophon and Danae] [Apd.2.2.1-2, 2.3.1, 3.9.1; Hyg.Fab.57].

Sthenelas. Son of Crotopus and father of Gelanor, the man who lost the kingdom of Argos to Danaus 1, father of the DANAIDS [Pau.2.16.1].

Sthenelaus 1. Son of Melas 1, brother of King Oeneus 2 of Calydon. He was killed by Tydeus 2 for plotting against Oeneus 2 [Apd.1.8.5].

Sthenelaus 2. See TROJANS.

Sthenele 1. See DANAIDS.

Sthenele 2. Daughter of Acastus (one of the ARGONAUTS), wife of Menoetius 2, and mother, by him, of Patroclus 1 [Apd.3.13.8].

Sthenelus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.


Sthenelus 3. King of Mycenae and Tiryns. When Amphitryon accidentally killed Electryon 1, Sthenelus 3 laid hold of this event to banish Amphitryon from the whole of Argos, while he himself seized the throne of Mycenae and Tiryns. He was son of Perseus 1 and Andromeda; and having married Nicippe 1 (daughter of Pelops 1), had children by her: Alcyone 3, Medusa 2, and Eurystheus. Sthenelus 3 was killed by Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Apd.2.4.5-6; Hyg.Fab.244].

Sthenelus 4 was taken as a hostage in Paros (the island in the Cyclades well known for its marble) by Heracles 1 in the room of two of his men that had been killed when they landed. He was son of Androgeus, son of Minos 2 [Apd.2.5.9].

Sthenelus 5 followed Heracles 1 in his campaign against the AMAZONS and was killed by them. He was son of Actor 6 [Arg.2.911].

Sthenelus 6. Father of Cycnus 6, king of Liguria (the coastal area of northwestern Italy and southern France), and friend of Phaethon 3 [Ov.Met.2.367].

Sthenelus 7. Father of Sardo, the founder of Sardis in Lydia, Asia Minor [Hyg.Fab.275].

Sthenelus 8. A soldier in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.341].

Sthenius. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Pallas 6 [Vir.Aen.10.388].

Stheno. One of the immortal GORGONS who pursued Perseus 1 after the beheading of Medusa 1. The GORGONS were the offspring of Ceto 1, either by Phorcus, or by Gorgon [see also Medusa 1] [Apd.1.2.6, 2.4.2; Hyg.Fab.Pre; Nonn.25.54].

Stichius. See ACHAEANS.

Sticte. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Stilbe. Daughter of Peneus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Creusa 3, daughter of Gaia. She is mother, by Apollo, of Lapithus 1 and Centaurus [Dio.4.69.1].

Stilbon. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Stratichus (Stratius 2). Son of Nestor; his mother was either Anaxibia 3 or Eurydice 8 [Apd.1.9.9; Hom.Od.3.452].


Stratius 2 (see Stratichus) [Hom.Od.3.413].

Stratius 3. Son of King Clymenus 2 of the Minyan Orchomenians [Pau.9.37.1].

Stratobates. Son of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. Like his brothers, he was killed by the sons of Pterelaus [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Straton. Leader of the colony of the Sicels in Sicily [DH.1.22.5].

Stratonice 1. Daughter of Pleuron and Xanthippe 1 [Apd.1.7.7].

Stratonice 2. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had a son Atromus by him [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Stratonice 3. Mother of Eurytus 4, king of Oechalia [Hes.CWE.79].

Stratonice 4. Mother, by Chaeresilaus, of Poemander [Plu.GQ.37].

Stratus. See TROJANS.

Strophius 1. The Phocian who brought up Orestes 2 together with his own son Pylades, whom he had by Anaxibia 4, sister of Agamemnon. Strophius 1 was son of Crisus, son of Phocus 3, son of Aeacus. He is also said to have had a daughter who married Aegisthus but was later rejected by him when he married Clytaemnestra [Aes.Aga.881; Apd.Ep.6.24; Dictys 6.3; Eur.Ele.18; Pau.2.29.4; Plu.PS.37].

Strophius 1's Daughter. Wife of Aegisthus, rejected by him when he married Clytaemnestra [Dictys 6.3].

Strophius 2. Father of Scamandrius 1, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.5.49ff.].

Strophius 3. Son of Pylades and Electra 2 [Pau.2.16.7].

Strophius 4. Father of Phlogius 4, a companion of Dionysus 2 in the Indian campaign [Nonn.30.108].

Strophius 5. A man in the crew of Menelaus during his return from Troy [Pau.10.25.3].

Strymo. Daughter of Scamander 1 (one of the RIVER GODS) and Idaea 1. According to some she is the wife of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, and therefore should be the mother of his children: Tithonus 1, Lampus 2, Clytius 5, Hicetaon 1, Priam 1, Hesione 2, Cilla, and Astyoche 4 [Apd.3.12.1-3].

Strymon 1. See RIVER GODS.

Strymon 2. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Caresus [Val.6.193].

Strymon 3. See BESTIARY.

Strymonius. A companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Halesus 2 [Vir.Aen.10.414].

Stygne. See DANAIDS.

Stymphalus 1. Son of Elatus 2 (son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto) and Laodice 1, and king of Arcadia. Pelops 1, an Asian immigrant after whom the Peloponnesus was named, made war on Stymphalus 1's Arcadian kingdom, but when he could not defeat him, he slew Stymphalus 1 under a pretence of friendship, and scattered his limbs. Before that Stymphalus 1 had children: Parthenope 1, Agelaus 4, Gortys 1, and Agamedes 2 [Apd.2.7.8, 3.9.1, 3.12.6; Pau.8.4.8, 8.35.9].

Stymphalus 2. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Styphelus. See CENTAURS.

Styrus. King of Albania who came to Colchis to marry Medea at the time when the ARGONAUTS arrived in the country. When Jason escaped with the bride, he was among those who pursued them but drowned under the pursuit [Val.3.497, 5.257, 5.459, 8.356ff.].


Sucro. A Rutulian soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.12.506].

Suetes. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Jason [Val.6.550].


SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. Those who were forced to win the hand of Hippodamia 3 through a chariot race with her father King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa, who would kill them if they were overtaken in the race. Many were killed before Pelops 1 appeared and won the race by bribing the king's charioteer; and Oenomaus 1 nailed their heads to his house. He did all this because an oracle had said that he would die whenever his daughter should marry. The SUITORS were: Acrias, Aeolius, Alcathous 1, Aristomachus 3, Capetus 1, Chalcodon 3, Cronius 1, Crotalus, Eioneus 3, Erythras 2, Euryalus 6, Eurymachus 1, Lasius, Lycurgus 6, Marmax, Pelagon 4, Pelops 1, Prias, and Tricolonus 2 [see Pelops 1].


Sulmo. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Nisus 3 [Vir.Aen.9.412].

Sumateus. Son of Lycaon 2. The city Sumatia in Arcadia was named after him [Pau.8.3.4].

Sybaris 1 (see Lamia 2) [Lib.Met.8].

Sybaris 2. A soldier in Aeneas' army. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.363].

Sybaris 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.7.642].

Sybotas. King of Messenia after his father Dotadas. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Phintas [Pau.4.3.10, 4.4.1].

Sychaeus. A man of great status among the Phoenicians. He was married to Dido, but her brother Pygmalion 2, envious of his riches, murdered him [see Dido] [Vir.Aen.1.343, 1.349, 6.473].

Syenes. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.703].

Sylea. Mother, by Procrustes, of Sinis (two malefactors killed by Theseus). She was daughter of Corinthus, king of Corinth [Apd.3.16.2].

Syleus, who lived in Aulis (Boeotia), compelled passing strangers to dig the vines until Heracles 1 slew him. He had a daughter Xenodoce, whom Heracles 1 also killed [Apd.2.6.3; Dio.4.31.7].

Syllis. See NYMPHS.

Synallasis. See NYMPHS.

Syrinx. See NYMPHS and Pan.

Syrus 1, son of Apollo and Sinope, daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS), became king of the Syrians, who were named after him [Dio.4.72.1].

Syrus 2. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Tacita (see Lara). See Other Deities.

Taenarus. After him the headland Taenarum, which is the middle one of the three southern Peloponnesian extremities, was named [Pau.3.14.2].

Tages 1. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. Tages 1, son of Taulas, was killed in battle [Val.6.223].

Tages 2. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Tages 2, brother of Agenor 13, was killed by Hypseus 3 [Stat.Theb.9.270].

Tagus 1. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Nisus 3 [Vir.Aen.9.419].

Tagus 2. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.10.314].

Talaemenes. Father of Mesthles and Antiphus 4 (both counted among the TROJAN LEADERS); their mother was a nymph (Nymph 15 Gygaean) [Apd.Ep.3.34ff.; Hom.Il.2.864].

Talasius. A young Roman who was married to one of the Sabine women. From him derives the nuptial cry of the Romans [Plu.Rom.15.1-2].