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Antimache to Arsippe

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Antimache. Wife of Eurystheus, the tormentor of Heracles 1. The children of Eurystheus and Antimache were Admete 2, Alexander 2, Iphimedon, Eurybius 2, Mentor 2, and Perimedes 1. Antimache was daughter of Amphidamas 1, son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Apd.2.5.9, 2.8.1, 3.9.2].

Antimachus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Nicippe 2, one of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede [Apd.2.7.8].

Antimachus 2. See HERACLIDES.

Antimachus 3. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Antimachus 4. See CENTAURS.

Antimachus 5 was a Trojan that, hoping for bribes, was most eloquent in defeating all proposals to give back Helen to Menelaus. His children were Pisander 1, Hippolochus 2, Hippomachus 1, and Tisiphone 3 [see also Antenor 1] [Hom.Il.11.122ff., 12.189; QS.1.406].

Antimachus 6. See ACHAEANS.

Antimachus 7. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Antimenes. Son of Deiphontes, one of the HERACLIDES, and Hyrnetho, daughter of Temenus 2, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.2.28.6].

Antinoe 1. Of this woman it is said that she, in accordance with an oracle and following a snake (Serpent 8), removed the inhabitants of Ptolis to a new place near the river Ophis in Arcadia. Antinoe 1 is daughter of King Cepheus 2 of Tegea [Pau.8.8.4].

Antinoe 2. Daughter of King Pelias 1 of Iolcus, either by Anaxibia 2 or by Philomache. Antinoe 2 migrated to Mantinea in Arcadia, fleeing from the scandal at her father's death. For Pelias 1 died by the hand of his own daughters, who were deceived by Medea [Pau.8.11.3].

Antinous 1. Son of King Priam 1 of Troy [Hyg.Fab.90].


Antioche. See AMAZONS.

Antiochus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Meda 1, daughter of King Phylas 1 of Ephyra (Corinth). Antiochus 1 was father of Phylas 2, one of the HERACLIDES [Apd.2.8.3; Pau.1.5.2].

Antiochus 2. Son of Melas 1, son of Porthaon, of the royal house of Calydon. Antiochus 2 was killed by Diomedes 2's father Tydeus 2 for plotting against King Oeneus 2 of Calydon [Apd.1.8.5].

Antiochus 3. Son of King Pterelaus of Taphos. He was killed by the sons of Electryon 1 [see Mycenae] [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Antiochus 4. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Antion was the oldest of the brothers among the sons of the Lapith Periphas 2 and Astyaguia, daughter of Hypseus 1, king of the LAPITHS and son of the river god Peneus. Antion married Perimele 3, daughter of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, and had by her a son Ixion, who attempted to rape Hera, being for that punished in the Underworld. But others have said that Ixion's father was Leonteus 2 [Dio.4.69.3; Hyg.Fab.62].

Antiope 1. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She slept with Heracles 1 and had a son Alopius [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Antiope 2. Daughter of Pylo, son of Naubolus 4. She married King Eurytus 4 of Oechalia and had children by him: Clytius 1, Iphitus 1, Didaeon, Toxeus 3, and Iole [Hes.CWE.79; Hyg.Fab.14].

Antiope 3. A most beautiful woman. She was made captive by her uncle Lycus 5 and tormented by his wife Dirce. But later she was avenged by her sons Amphion 1 and Zethus, whom she had by Zeus, who took the shape of a Satyr to approach her. Antiope 3 is daughter either of the river god Asopus, or of Nycteus 2 and Polyxo 3. She married King Epopeus 1 of Sicyon and became mother of Oenope and Marathon. She is also said to have married Phocus 4, after whom Phocis was named, and to have been raped by her uncle Lycus 5 [see Thebes, Sicyon and Amphion 1]. She was seen by Odysseus when he descended to the Underworld [Apd.3.5.5; Hom.Od.11.260; Hyg.Fab.7, 157; Ov.Met.6.110; Nonn.7.123, 33.301; Pau.2.1.1, 2.6.1, 9.17.6; Prop.1.4.5, 3.15.14].

Antiope 4. See AMAZONS.

Antiope 5. Daughter of Aeolus 1 and mother by Poseidon of Boeotus, after whom Boeotia was called, and Hellen 2 [Hyg.Fab.157].

Antiophemus. Father of the minstrel and poet Musaeus. Others say, however, that Musaeus' father was Orpheus [Pau.10.5.6; Dio.4.25.1].

Antipaphus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Antiphantes. Son of the Trojan seer Laocoon 2. It is said that because Laocoon 2 threw his spear against the WOODEN HORSE, Apollo sent snakes (Serpents 3 and 4) to kill his sons. In trying to help them Laocoon 2 was also killed together with his sons [Hyg.Fab.135].

Antiphates 1. See TROJANS.

Antiphates 2. King of the Laestrygonians, who are the cannibals that destroyed Odysseus' fleet at his return from Troy [Apd.Ep.7.12].

Antiphates 3. King of one of the three kingdoms of Argos. Antiphates 3 was son of the soothsayer Melampus 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. His mother was Iphianira 1, daughter of Megapenthes 2, son of Proetus 1, who is also father of Danae. Antiphates 3 married Zeuxippe 4, daughter of Hippocoon 5, and had children by her: Oicles and Amphalces [Dio.4.68.5; Hom.Od.15.242-3].

Antiphates 4 is one of the companions of Aeneas in Italy. He was son of Sarpedon 1, son of Zeus, and a Theban woman (Woman 11). He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.697].

Antiphates 5. See ACHAEANS.

Antiphonus. Son of Priam 1. He was killed by Neoptolemus at Troy [Hom.Il.24.250; QS.13.215].

Antiphos was a soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Hypseus 3 at Thebes [Stat.Theb.9.252].

Antiphus 1. Son of Myrmidon and Pisidice 1, daughter of Aeolus 1 [Apd.1.7.4].

Antiphus 2. See TROJANS.

Antiphus 3. Son of Heracles 1 and Laothoe 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Antiphus 4. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Antiphus 5. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Antiphus 6. See ACHAEANS.

Antiphus 7. An old friend of the house of Odysseus [Hom.Od.17.68].

Antiphus 8. See ACHAEANS.

Antiphus 9 was a defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus and Apollo [Stat.Theb.7.755].

Antipoenus. This is the man who, according to an oracle, had to die by his own hand so that Thebes would be saved, but his daughters Androclia and Alcis took their lives in his stead. This happened when Heracles 1, leading the Thebans, was about to engage in battle with the Orchomenians [Pau.9.17.1].

Antippus. Father of Hippea, mother of Polyphemus 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].


Antitheus. See ACHAEANS.

Antolia (see Anatole) [Nonn.41.283].

Antores. A friend of Heracles 1 who had settled in Italy and fought on Aeneas' side. He was killed by Mezentius, king of the Etruscans [Vir.Aen.10.778].


Anubis. A dog-headed god worshipped by the Egyptians. Telethusa saw him in her vision [Ov.Met.9.690].

Anxur 1. An ally of Turnus in Italy; he was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.546].

Anxur 2. A chieftain in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes [Val.6.68].

Anytus. One of the TITANS who reared the Mistress, daughter of Demeter [Pau.8.37.5].

Aoede. Song. One of the MUSES [Pau.9.29.2].

Aollius (Avillius). Son of Romulus and Hersilia [Plu.Rom.14.7].

Aon. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.475].

Aoris. Son of Aras and an experienced hunter and warrior. He named the land Araethyrea in western Argolis in memory of his sister, who died first. Himself he was buried in the Arantine Hill, near Araethyrea. His father Aras, an AUTOCHTHONOUS, has been called the first of the Phliasians, who lived near Sicyon [Pau.2.12.4-5].

Apate is Deceit, a child of Nyx [Hes.The.224].

Apemosyne followed her brother Althaemenes when he left Crete and settled in Rhodes.In this island she fled from Hermes who loved her, but slipping, she was deflowered. When she told to her brother what had happened, he did not believe her story and, in a fit of rage, kicked her to death. Apemosyne was daughter of Catreus [Apd.3.2.1].

Aphaea (see Britomartis) [Lib.Met.40; Pau.2.30.3].

Aphareus 1. King of Messenia. It is said that he inherited the kingdom together with his brother Leucippus 2, but keeping the greater authority. He was the son of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2, daughter of Perseus 1. Aphareus 1 married Arene, after whom he named the Messenian city, and had by her two sons, Idas 2 and Lynceus 1, who are known for having been the rivals of the DIOSCURI [Apd.3.10.3; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.4.2.4].

Aphareus 2. See CENTAURS.

Aphareus 3. See ACHAEANS.

Aphidas 1. King of Arcadia together with his brother Elatus 2; yet the latter, they say, had all the power. Aphidas 1 was son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. His mother could have been Leanira, or Meganira, or Chrysopelia, or Erato 1. Aphidas 1 had a son Aleus, and a daughter Stheneboea [Apd.3.9.1; Pau.8.4.2].

Aphidas 2. See CENTAURS.

Aphidnus 1. A companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in war [Vir.Aen.9.702].

Aphidnus 2 was the man who adopted the DIOSCURI, so that they could be initiated in the mysteries, as was the custom with foreigners. This happened when the DIOSCURI had taken Aphidnae and controlled Athens, after the war that followed the abduction of their sister Helen by Theseus [Plu.The.33.2].


Apidanus. See RIVER GODS.

Apis 1. This is the sacred ox worshipped by the Egyptians. Apis 1 appeared to Telethusa in her dreams [Ov.Met.9.691].

Apis 2, who named the Peloponnesus after himself Apia, was such a stern tyrant that he was conspired against and killed either by Thelxion and Telchis, or by Aetolus 2. According to some he was the son of Phoroneus, his mother being either Teledice or Cinna; others say his father was Telchis, and still others call him son of Apollo. Some have said that Apis 2 died childless, but others have said that Thelxion was his son [Aes.Supp.262; Apd.1.7.6, 2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Pau.2.5.6-7].

Apisaon 1. See TROJANS.

Apisaon 2. See TROJANS.

Apoecus, a great-grandchild of King Melanthus 1 of Athens, son of Andropompus 1, son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus, is remembered for having introduced the Ionians into Teos, a city in Lydia in Asia Minor, and having later received the new settlers led by Geres, a Boeotian, and Naoclus, one of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.3.6].



Apres. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Colaxes, a chieftain in the army of Aeetes' brother and enemy Perses 3 [Val.6.638].

Apriate. A girl from Lesbos, the island in the Aegean Sea. She was attacked by Trambelus, who was in love with her and tried to make capture her, but she struggled with such a violence against him that he, using his strength, threw Apriate into the sea and she drowned [Parth.26.1-4].

Apseudes. See NEREIDS.

Apsyrtus (Absyrtus, Aegialeus 3). This is Medea's brother, whom some say was sent by Aeetes to bring back Medea, who had sailed from Colchis with Jason and the ARGONAUTS. Others say that he was in the ship with the fleeing Medea, and as their father started off in her pursuit, she then murdered Apsyrtus and, cutting him limb from limb, threw the pieces into the sea. And so, gathering his son's limbs, Aeetes fell behind in the pursuit. Yet others have said that the circumstances of Apsyrtus' death were quite different, being in any case treacherously murdered by Medea or Jason or by both. Apsyrtus was son of Aeetes, either by Asterodia 3 [see NYMPHS] or by Hecate [Apd.1.9.23; AO.797, 1030; Arg.3.240, 4.464ff.; Dio.4.45.3; Hyg.Fab.23; Strab.7.5.5; Val.5.457, 8.261ff.].

Apterus was betrothed to Eulimene 2, but she consorted secretly with Lycastus 2. In order to get better results against her father's enemies she was, following an oracle, sacrificed as a virgin in spite of Lycastus 2's confession. Upon discovery after her death that she was pregnant, Apterus killed Lycastus 2 and fled to the court of King Xanthus 10 of Termera, a place in Lycia, Asia Minor [Parth.35].

Aquicolus. An ally of Turnus routed by the troops of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.684].

Aquites. A Colchian priest, father of Cyrnus. He was killed by Gesander during the Colchian civil war, between Aeetes and his brother Perses 3 [Val.6.295ff.].

Arabius. Father of Cassiopea 3, mother of Carme, mother by Zeus of Britomartis who, fleeing from Minos 2, leapt into the sea from a cliff and fell into the nets of fishermen, which saved her [Lib.Met.40].

Arabus. Eponym of Arabia. He was the son of Hermes and Thronia, daughter of Belus 1, son of Poseidon and Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io [Strab.1.2.34].


Araethyrea. This is the woman after whom her brother Aoris called the place with the same name in western Argolis, after her death. She was daughter of Aras, called the first of the Phliasians, people living near Sicyon. She married Cisus, one of the HERACLIDES, and had by him a son Phlias, after whom Phliasia near Sicyonia is called. Araethyrea was buried in the Arantine Hill, which is near the place Araethyrea [Pau.2.12.4-6].

Aramulius Silvius (see Allodius) [Dio.7.5.10].

Aras. An AUTOCHTHONOUS, said to be the first of the Phliasians. He was the father of Aoris and Araethyrea. At his death he was buried at Celeae [Pau.2.12.4-5].

Aratus. Son of Asclepius and Aristodama [Pau.2.10.3].

Arbelus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Arcadia 1. See DANAIDS.

Arcadia 2 married Nyctimus, son of the impious Lycaon 2, and had a daughter Phylonome, who consorted with Ares [Plu.PS.36].

Arcas 1 (Arctophylax, Bootes). King of Arcadia, who today can be seen among the Constellations. He is the son of Zeus and Callisto. When his mother perished, Zeus named the child Arcas 1, and gave it to Hermes' mother Maia to bring up in Arcadia, a land called after him. Arcas 1 is said to have succeeded Nyctimus, son of impious Lycaon 2, on the throne. By Leanira, Meganira or Chrysopelia, he became father of Elatus 2 and Aphidas 1, or else he was father of these two and Azan by Erato 1. By unknown or unmentioned women he fathered Autolaus, Hyperippe 2, Erymanthus 2 and Diomenia, and by Laodamia 3 he became father of Triphylus. Arcas 1 is counted among those who were made immortal, being placed among the stars [Apd.3.8.2, 3.9.1; Hyg.Ast.2.4; Hyg.Fab.224; Nonn.13.296; Pau.5.1.4, 8.4.1-2, 8.9.9, 8.24.1, 10.9.5].

Arcas 2. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Arcena. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Arceophon passionately loved Arsinoe 3, but as she refused him he let himself die of hunger [Lib.Met.39].

Arcesilaus 1 (see Archesilaus) [Hyg.Fab.97].

Arcesilaus 2. King of Cyrene, a city on the northern coast of Africa just east of the Libyan Sea. He was son of Battus 2, son of Polymnestus and Phronime [Hdt.4.150-159].

Arcesius (see Arcisius) [Hyg.Fab.189, Ov.Met.13.144].

Arcetius. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. Arcetius was killed by Mnestheus [Vir.Aen.12.459].

Archander migrated from Phthiotis to Argos and there married Scaea, daughter of Danaus 1. Archander was son of Achaeus 1, from whom the Achaeans derive their name. He had a son Metanastes [see also Achaea] [Pau.7.1.6].

Archebates. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Archedicus. Son of Heracles 1 and Eurypyle 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Archedius. One of the sons of the Arcadian Tegeates, who migrated to Crete. His mother was Maera 3, daughter of Atlas [Pau.8.53.4].

Archelaus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Archelaus 2. Son of Heracles 1 [Hyg.Fab.162].

Archelaus 3. One of the sons of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. He was killed by the sons of Pterelaus who claimed the kingdom of their ancestor Mestor 1 [see also Mycenae] [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Archelaus 4. Spartan king, remembered for having conquered, in historical times, the city of Aegys, selling the inhabitants (the Perioeci) into slavery. He was son of Agesilaus, son of Doryssus, son of Labotas, son of Echestratus, son of Agis 1, son of Eurysthenes 1, son of Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Archelaus 4 had a son Teleclus [Pau.3.2.5-6].

Archelaus 5. See HERACLIDES.

Archelaus 6 (see Echelas) [Strab.13.1.3].

Archelochus. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Archemachus 1. Son of King Priam 1 of Troy [Apd.3.12.5; Hyg.Fab.90].

Archemachus 2. Son of Heracles 1 and Patro, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].


Archemorus (see Opheltes 1) [Hyg.Fab.74, 273].

Archenor. See NIOBIDS.

Archeptolemus. See TROJANS.

Archesilaus (Arcesilaus 1). See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Archestratus. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Archilochus. See TROJANS.

Archilycus (see Areilycus 1) [Dio.4.67.7].

Archippus. A Marruvian chieftain, ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.752].

Architeles 1. One of the sons of Achaeus 1. He migrated from Phthiotis to Argos and married Automate, daughter of Danaus 1 [see also Achaea] [Pau.7.1.6].

Architeles 2 is remembered for having pardoned Heracles 1 for having accidentally killed his son Eunomus 1 with a blow of his knuckles [Apd.2.7.6].

Arcisius (Arcesius) was father of Laertes, father of Odysseus. He was the son of Cephalus 1 and Procris 2 or, as others say, of Zeus [Apd.1.9.16; Hyg.Fab.189; Hom.Od.16.118; Ov.Met.13.143].

Arctophylax (see Arcas 1) [Hyg.Ast.2.1].

Arctos (see Callisto) [Hyg.Ast.2.1].

Arctus. See CENTAURS.

Ardalus is the inventor of the flute. He was son of Hephaestus [Pau.2.31.3].

Ardeias. Son of Odysseus and Circe [DH.1.72.5].

Ardescus. See RIVER GODS.

Areilycus 1 (Archilycus) is mainly remembered on account of his sons Archesilaus and Prothoenor 1 (whom he had by Theobula 1), who were the leaders of the Boeotians in the expedition against Troy. His father was Itonus 2, son of Boeotus, son either of Poseidon, or of Itonus 1, son of Amphictyon, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood [Dio.4.67.7; Hyg.Fab.97].

Areilycus 2. See TROJANS.

Areithous 1 is known for never fighting with a bow or a spear; instead he used to break the enemy ranks with an iron mace. For this reason he was surnamed Maceman (Corynetes). He married Phylomedusa and had a son Menesthius 2, who was killed by Paris at Troy. It was King Lycurgus 2 of Arcadia who ended the days of Areithous 1 [Hom.Il.7.8, 7.135ff.; Pau.8.11.4].

Areithous 2. See TROJANS.

Arene was mother of Idas 2 and Lynceus 1, the enemies of the DIOSCURI. It was her husband Aphareus 1 who named the city Arene in Messenia after her. Arene was daughter of Oebalus 1 and Gorgophone 2, the daughter of Perseus 1 [Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.4.2.4].




Aresthanas was the herdman who found the child Asclepius exposed [but see also Autolaus] [Pau.2.26.4].

Arestor 1. Father by Mycene of Argus 1 [Apd.2.1.2-3; Pau.2.16.4].

Arestor 2. Father of Argus 4, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.20ff.].

Arestor 3. Father of Opheltes 5, a warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War [Nonn.35.379].

Aretaon. See TROJANS.

Arete. The Phaeacian queen who married Medea to Jason. She was still queen when Odysseus came to the island. Arete was daughter of Rhexenor 2, son of Nausithous 1, son of Poseidon and Periboea 1, daughter of the giant Eurymedon 2. She was married to King Alcinous and had children by him: Nausicaa, Laodamas 1, Halius 1, and Clytoneus 2 [AO.1319; Apd.1.9.25; Hes.CWE.49; Hom.Od.6.15, 7.56ff., 8.20].

Arethusa 1. See NEREIDS.

Arethusa 2. One of the HESPERIDES. Daughter either of Nyx, or of Atlas and Hesperis, in turn said to be daughter either of Zeus and Themis, or of Hesperus 2, son of Iapetus 1, one of the TITANS [Apd.2.5.2; Dio.4.27.2; Hes.The.211ff.].

Arethusa 3. See NYMPHS.

Arethusa 4. One of Actaeon's dogs [see Actaeon] [Hyg.Fab.181].

Arethusa 5. A Cretan woman, whose son was killed in the Trojan War. She was married to Thersander 4, and the name of her son was Hyllus 6 [QS.10.82].

Aretias. Father of King Nisus 2 of Dulichium, one of the Echinadian Islands at the entrance of the Gulf of Corinth [Hom.Od.16.395].

Aretus 1. See TROJANS.

Aretus 2. Son of Nestor and Anaxibia 3, or of Nestor and Eurydice 8 [Apd.1.9.9; Hom.Od.3.452].

Aretus 3. A Bebrycian who helped to bind gauntlets about the hands of Amycus 1 for his boxing-match. He was later killed by Clytius 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.2.51, 2.117].

Aretus 4 armed his force under compulsion and joined King Deriades of India against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War. His sons were dumb because while he was sacrificing to Aphrodite the day of his marriage, a pregnant sow gave birth to a bastard brood of marine creatures. A seer was asked and he foretold a succession of dumb children to come, like the voiceless generation of the sea. After the war Dionysus 2 restored their voices. His sons, whom he had by Laobie, were Lycus 14, Myrsus, Glaucus 10, Periphas 8, and Melaneus 8 [Nonn.26.250ff.].

Aretus 5. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by King Deriades of India [Nonn.32.188].

Areus. Son of Ampyx 3, son of Pelias 2, son of Aeginetes 1, son of Dereites, son of Harpalus 1, son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, one of the PLEIADES. Areus had a son Agenor 9, father of Preugenes, father of Patreus, the founder of Patrae, a city in Achaea [Pau.7.18.5].

Argaeus. Father of Aspalis, who was attacked by Tartarus 2 and hanged herself, and of Astygites, who avenged his sister [Lib.Met.13].

Argalus. King of Lacedaemon after his father's death. He is son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, one of the PLEIADES. His mother was Diomede 2, daughter of Lapithus 1, son of Apollo and Stilbe, daughter of the river god Peneus. On his death he was succeeded by Cynortes [see also Sparta] [Apd.3.10.3; Pau.3.1.3].

Arganthone is the famous huntress from Cius, a city in northern Mysia near Mount Arganthonius (Turkish city of Gemlik), who fell in love with Rhesus 2, the chieftain who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day after his arrival. When she heard that Rhesus 2 had perished, she let herself starve to death [Parth.36].

Argasides. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War, killed by King Deriades of India [Nonn.32.187].


Argeas. Father of Polymelus 1, whom Patroclus 1 killed at Troy [Hom.Il.16.417].

Argele. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. Like her sisters she consorted with Heracles 1, and had by him a son Cleolaus 1 [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Argennus. One of the PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. Son of Pan [Nonn.14.67ff.].

Arges. See CYCLOPES.

Argestes. The North-west wind. See WINDS.

Argeus 1. Son of King Megapenthes 2 of Argos, son of Proetus 1, uncle of Danae. Argeus 1 had a son Anaxagoras, who was also king of Argos, although some say he was son of Megapenthes 2 [Pau.2.18.4].

Argeus 2. Son of Deiphontes and Hyrnetho [for Deiphontes, son of Antimachus 2, son of Thrasyanor, son of Ctesippus 4, son of Heracles 1, see HERACLIDES]. Hyrnetho was daughter of Temenus 2, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.2.28.6].

Argia 1 is the Princess of Argos, who married Polynices, son of Oedipus. She had sons by him: Thersander 1, Adrastus 4, and Timeas. Argia 1 was daughter of King Adrastus 1 of Argos, who led the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Her mother was Amphithea 1, daughter of Pronax, son of Talaus, yet another king of Argos [Apd.1.9.13, 3.6.1; Hes.CWE.99A; Hyg.Fab.71; Pau.2.20.5].

Argia 2. Mother, by Polybus 1, of Argus 2, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].

Argia 3. See OCEANIDS.

Argia 4. Daughter of King Autesion 1 of Thebes, son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus. Her husband was Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Argia 4 became the mother of the twins Eurysthenes 1 and Procles 2 who, being enemies, caused Sparta, which they had received by lot after the invasion of the HERACLIDES, to support two royal houses [Apd.2.8.3; Hdt.6.52].

Argilipus. See CYCLOPES.

Argiodus (Agriodus). One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Argiope 1. See NYMPHS.

Argiope 2. Wife of Agenor 1, and mother of Europa, Phoenix 1, Cilix, and Cadmus [Hyg.Fab.178].

Argiope 3. See NYMPHS.

Argiope 4. Daughter of King Teuthras 1 of Teuthrania, a region near Mysia in Asia Minor. She married Telephus, son of Heracles 1, and had a son Eurypylus 6, who was killed at Troy by Neoptolemus [Apd.Ep.5.12; Dio.4.33.12; Pau.3.26.9].

Argipus. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Menoeceus 2 [Stat.Theb.9.266].

Argius 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Argius 2 was son of Licymnius, a bastard son of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae. Argius 2 fell in battle fighting with Heracles 1 against King Eurytus 4 of Oechalia, a city of doubtful location [Apd.2.7.7].


Argius 4. See CENTAURS.

Argo. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.


Argus 1.

Argus 2. One of the ARGONAUTS. Son either of Polybus 1 and Argia 2 or of Danaus 3 [Hyg.Fab.14].

Argus 3. One of the ARGONAUTS, builder of the Argo. Son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1, and of Chalciope 2, daughter of Aeetes. Argus 3 married Perimele 2, daughter of Admetus 1 and Alcestis [AO.861; Apd.1.9.1, 1.9.16; Hes.GE.15; Hyg.Fab.21; Lib.Met.23; Val.5.460].

Argus 4. One of the ARGONAUTS. Like Argus 3, said to be the builder of the Argo. Argus 4 was son of Arestor 2 [Arg.1.111; Val.1.93, 1.314, 1.477].

Argus 5 called the Peloponnesus, where he regined, after himself Argos. He was son of Zeus and Niobe 1, daughter of Phoroneus. Argus 5 had children by Evadne 1, daughter of the river god Strymon 1: Ecbasus, Piras 1, Epidaurus, Criasus 1, Phorbas 1, and Tiryns. And by Ismene 1, daughter of the river god Asopus, he became the father of Argus 1 [Apd.2.1.1-3; Pau.2.16.1, .2.25.8, 2.26.2].

Argus 6 was Odysseus' old dog, who was able to recognize his master after his long absence. Argus 6 died immediately after having seen his master in the twentieth year [Hom.Od.17.292ff.].

Argus 7 was among he PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. Son of Pan [Nonn.14.67ff.].

Argus 8 was a warrior in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Hypseus 3 [Stat.Theb.4.804, 8.445].

Argus 9. Son of Abas 9. Argus 9 was one of the defenders of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Parthenopaeus [Stat.Theb.9.758].

Argyphia. Wife of Aegyptus 1. She had sons by him: Lynceus 2, Proteus 1, Busiris 1, Enceladus 1, Lycus 1, and Daiphron 1 [see also DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Argyra. See NYMPHS.

Aria. Mother of Miletus by Apollo. Aria was daughter of Cleochus 1 [Apd.3.1.2].


Ariasmenus, an ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war, was killed in battle by the blades of chariots [Val.6.103, 6.423].

Aricia. Aricia married Hippolytus 4, son of Theseus. Hippolytus 4 died in Greece, but having been raised from the dead by Asclepius, he started a new life in Italy under the name of Virbius 1. He and Aricia had a son Virbius 2, who was an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. [Vir.Aen.7.761].

Arines was a warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was slain by Colaxes [Val.6.638].

Arion 1. See BESTIARY.

Arion 2.

Arisbas 1. Father of Liocritus 1 [see ACHAEANS] [Hom.Il.17.344].

Arisbas 2. Father of Molurus, the man who was killed by his mistress' husband [Pau.9.36.6].

Arisbe was the first wife of Priam 1. Priam 1 handed her over to Hyrtacus when he married a second wife, Hecabe 1. Arisbe, whose father was the seer Merops 1, had by Priam 1 a son Aesacus 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Aristaeus (Nomius 1, Agreus 1). See SEERS.

Aristas. Son of Parthaon 1, son of Periphetes 4, son of Nyctimus, son of Lycaon 2. Aristas was father of Erymanthus 1, father of Arrhon 2, father of Psophis 1, the founder of Psophis in Arcadia. [Pau.8.24.1].

Aristodama. Wife of Asclepius and mother of Aratus [Pau.2.10.3].

Aristodeme. Daughter of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Aristodemus. See HERACLIDES.

Aristolochus. See ACHAEANS.

Aristomache. Daughter of Priam 1, made captive after the sack of Troy. She was married to Critolaus, son of Hicetaon 1, son of King Laomedon 1 of Troy [Pau.10.26.1].

Aristomachus 1. Son of King Talaus of Argos and Lysimache 1, daughter of Abas 3, son of Melampus 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. Aristomachus 1 was father of Hippomedon 1, one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Apd.1.9.13, 3.6.3].

Aristomachus 2. See HERACLIDES.

Aristomachus 3. One of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3 that were killed by Oenomaus 1. Hippodamia 3 married Pelops 1 [Pau.6.21.11].

Aristomelidas was a despot of Orchomenus in Arcadia. He is reported to have fallen in love with a girl from Tegea. Having got her into his power, he entrusted her to the keeping of Chronius. But the girl, before being delivered up to Aristomelidas, killed herself for fear and shame; and Chronius, stirred up by Artemis, slew Aristomelidas [Pau.8.47.6].

Aristonoos. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].


Arius 1. One of the ARGONAUTS, son of Bias 1 and Pero 2 [Arg.1.118].

Arius 2. A despot in Teuthrania, Asia Minor, who fought in single combat against Pergamus, son of Neoptolemus and Andromache, and was killed by him [Pau.1.11.2].

Arizelus. Father by Amphinome 3 of Harpalion 3, one of the ACHAEANS who fought against Troy [QS.10.75].

Armenus. A Thessalian native of Armenium, a city on the lake Boebeis, who followed Jason in the trip to Colchis. The country Armenia was named after him. [Strab.11.4.8, 11.14.12].

Armes. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the civil war in Colchis. He was killed by Aron [Val.6.530ff.].

Armoasbus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Arnaeus (see Irus 2). [Hom.Od.18.5ff.].

Arne (Melanippe 4). See NYMPHS.

Arneus. Father of Megamede, the woman who married Thespius and had many daughters by him [see also Heracles 1] [Apd.2.4.10].

Aron. A Colchian in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.5.587].

Arpoxais. Father of a Scythian clan. He was son of Targitaus, son of Zeus and Borysthenes' Daughter [Hdt.4.5-6].

Arrhon 1 and his brothers, among which Erginus 1, attacked Thebes and, being victorious, imposed on the city a tribute to be paid each year for the murder of their father Clymenus 2, king of the Minyan Orchomenians [Pau.9.37.1-2].

Arrhon 2. Son of Erymanthus 1 and father of Psophis 1, the founder of Psophis in Arcadia [Pau.8.24.1].

Arruns 1 was an Etruscan ally of Aeneas. He is known for having slain Camilla. Arruns 1 was killed by Opis 4, an attendant of Artemis [Vir.Aen.11.759, 11.801ff., 11.863].

Arruns 2. Son of Demaratus, the Corinthian who migrated to Italy after the foundation of Rome. He died before the birth of his son Egerius [Livy 1.34.2].

Arsalte. See DANAIDS.

Arsinoe 1 (Alphesiboea). Wife of Alcmaeon 1, the leader of the EPIGONI, and mother by him of Clytius 11. When Arsinoe 1 married Alcmaeon 1 she received the necklace of Harmonia 1. Later her brothers murdered her husband and when Arsinoe 1 reproached them, they put her into a chest and carried her to Tegea. There they gave her as a slave to Agapenor, falsely accusing her of her husband's murder. Arsinoe 1 was daughter of Phegeus 1, a Psophian son of the river god Alpheus [see also Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.5-6; Pau.6.17.6].

Arsinoe 2. Daughter of Leucippus 2, son of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2, the daughter of Perseus 1 and Andromeda. Arsinoe 2 has been called mother of Asclepius and Eriopis 3 by Apollo [see also Coronis 2] [Apd.3.10.3; Hes.CWE.63].

Arsinoe 3 was loved by Arceophon, but as she refused him, he let himself die of hunger (a similar case is that of Anaxarete and Iphis 5). Arsinoe 3, daughter of Nicocreon from Salamis (a descendant of Teucer 1, half-brother of Ajax 1), was then turned into a stone [Lib.Met.39].

Arsinoe 4. Nurse of Orestes 2 [Pin.Pyth.11.17].

Arsinoe 5. One of the MINYADS or daughters of Minyas, the man who owned a marvellous treasure in Orchomenus. The MINYADS became insane and, having conceived a craving for human flesh, drew lots for their children, to see who they were going to eat [Plu.GQ.38].

Arsinoe 6. One of the NYMPHS DODONIDES [see NYMPHS] [Hyg.Fab.182].

Arsinous 1. A Mysian whose sons, Chromius 2 and Ennomus 1, joined the Trojans in their war against the Achaeans [Apd.Ep.3.34ff.].

Arsinous 2. A man from Tenedos, father of Hecamede, the lady whom Nestor received when Achilles sacked Tenedos, the island off the coast of the Troad [Hom.Il.11.624ff.].

Arsippe. One of the MINYADS or daughters of Minyas, the man who owned a marvellous treasure in Orchomenus. Along with her sisters refused to honour Dionysus 2 and was therefore turned into a bird by Hermes [Lib.Met.10].