Abarbarea 1. See
Abarbarea 2. See
Abaris 1. A Caucasian, who was in the court of Cepheus 1 and was killed by Perseus 1 along with
the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS [Ov.Met.5.86].
Abaris 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who
resisted Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Euryalus 7 [Vir.Aen.9.344].
Abaris 3. One of the Dolionians; he was
killed by Jason during
the battle between the Dolionians and the
Abaris 4. One of the Hyperboreans
[Hdt.4.36]. He is reported (in Suda s.v.) as
a Scythian, son of Seuthes. He is said to have
written several works, among which a
Theogony and Arrival of Apollo among the
Hyperboreans. He travelled on an arrow that
Apollo had given him,
both from Scythia to
Hellas and from Hellas to Hyperborean
Scythia. When there
once was a plague in the whole inhabited world, the
oracle of Apollo told
both to Greeks and barbarians that 'the Athenian
people should make prayers on behalf of all of
them.' So, many peoples sent their ambassadors to
Athens, Abaris coming,
as ambassador of the Hyperboreans, in the third
Abas 1. See
Hom.Il.2.536ff.; Hyg.Fab.157; Val.1.451].
Abas 2. See
Pau.2.16.2, 2.12.2, 2.25.5, 10.35.1].
Abas 3. Son of Melampus 1 and Iphianira 1 [see Argos]. Abas 3 married Cyrene and had children by her: Lysimache 1, Idmon 2 and Coeranus 1 [Apd.1.9.13; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.1.43.5].
Abas 4. One of the
Abas 5. See
Abas 6. One of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1
Abas 7. A companion of the exiled
Aeneas. He was killed by Lausus 1, the man who led one thousand soldiers from the town of Agylla against Aeneas in Italy
Abas 8. See
Abas 9. Defender of
Thebes against the
SEVEN, Abas 9 was killed in battle. His sons Cydon 7 and Argus 9 were killed in the same war by Parthenopaeus, known as son of Atalanta
Abas 10 was a comrade of
Diomedes 2 in Italy. He was turned into a bird (Ov.Met.14.505).
Abderus. Abderus came from Opus in
Locris. He was Heracles 1's favourite, and the city of Abdera, founded
by the latter, was named after him. Abderus, who
was son of Hermes, was killed by the MARES OF DIOMEDES 1 [Apd.2.5.8].
Abia was nurse of Glenus. After her the
city Abia in
Messenia was called.
Glenus is son of
Heracles 1 and Deianira 1 [Apd.2.7.8, Pau.4.30.1].
Abraxas is the name of one the horses of
List of Personifications.
Absyrtus. This name is used by
Hyg.Fab.23, Val.5.457, and Cic.ND.3.48 [see
Acacallis. This name is used by
Arg.4.1490ff. and Pau.10.16.5 [see Acalle].
Acacus. Son of impious
Lycaon 2, said to
have reared Hermes in
Arcadia [Pau.8.3.1ff., 8.36.10].
their sister back. When the people of the city said
that they do not have the girl Academus, who had
learned in some way or other of her concealment at
Aphidnae, told the
DIOSCURI about it.
For this reason he was honoured during his lifetime
by them, and long afterwards when the
Lacedaemonians invaded Attica they spared the
Academy, which had been called after him
Acallaris. Daughter of Eumedes 6. She married Tros 1, after whom the Trojans are called, and had a son Assaracus [DH.1.62.2].
Arg.4.1490ff.; Lib.Met.30; Pau.8.53.4, 10.16.5].
Acamas 1. See
Acamas 2. See
Acamas 3. See
[Hom.Il.5.70, 12.100, 16.342ff.; QS.10.168.].
Acamas 4 . See
Acamas 5. One of
Actaeon's dogs. See
Acamas 6. One of the Thebans who laid an
ambush for Tydeus 2
when he returned from
Thebes. He was killed
by Tydeus 2.
Acamas 7. An Aetolian in the army of the
Acanthis (Acanthyllis), daughter of Autonous 3 and Hippodamia 7, was turned into a bird by Zeus and
Apollo who felt pity for her and her family's fate when her brother Anthus 1 was devoured by his father's horses [Lib.Met.7].
Acanthus was brother of Acanthis and
shared her fate [Lib.Met.7].
Acanthyllis. (See Acanthis.).
Acarnan 1, son of Alcmaeon 1 & Callirrhoe 2, suddenly became grown-up in order to avenge his father, as his mother requested of Zeus when she was
courted by him. The Acarnanians are called after
him [see Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.2-6; Pau.8.24.9;
Acarnan 2. See
Acaste 1. See
Acaste 2. Nurse of
daughters. Adrastus 1 was King of Argos
and one of the SEVEN
AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.1.529].
[Apd.1.9.10, 1.9.27, 3.13.1-3, 3.13.8; Arg.1.20ff.;
Eur.Tro.1128; Hyg.Fab.24, 104; Ov.Met.8.299ff.;
Pin.Nem.5.27ff.; Val.1.485, 1.695ff.].
Acca 1. A confidante of Camilla, who told
Turnus about Camilla's death. Camilla was a
woman-warrior, ally of Turnus, the man who resisted
Aeneas in Italy
Acca 2. (Acca Larentia, Laurentia.). This
is the woman who, together with her husband
Faustulus, took care of the twins
Romulus and Remus 1. Some say she was a prostitute [Ov.Fast.5.453ff.;
Acca Larentia. (See Acca 2). This name is
used by Plu.Rom.4.3.
Acesidas. (See Idas 3.). Name used by
Acessamenus. Father of Periboea 7, the eldest of her father's daughters. She married the river god Axius and had a son Pelegon, who became father of Asteropaeus, the man who served under Sarpedon 1 during the Trojan War and was
one of the best among the allies of
Troy. Asteropaeus was
killed by Achilles
at Troy [Hom.Il.21.142].
Acestes. Acestes was the host of
Aeneas when he
commemorated the death of his father. He was son of
the river god Crinisus and a Trojan woman
[Ov.Met.13.83; Hyg.Fab.273; Vir.Aen.5.35ff.].
Acestor. Son of Ephippus from Tanagra in
Boeotia, killed by
ACHAEANS. Those who are reported to have
fought against Troy [see
Achaemenides was left behind by
Odysseus in his
wanderings and later found by
Aeneas. He was son of
Adamastus, an Ithacan [Ov.Met.14.161;
Achaeus 1, from whom the Achaeans derive their name, was son of Xuthus 1 and Creusa 1 [see Achaea]. His children were Archander and Architeles 1 [Apd.1.7.3; Pau.7.1.6; Strab.8.7.1]
Achaeus 2, has been said to be the eponym
of Achaea. He is son
of Poseidon and Larisa 1, daughter of Pelasgus 2, son of Triopas 1, son of King Phorbas 1 of Argos, son of King Argus 5 of Argos, son of Zeus and Niobe 1, daughter of Phoroneus and the
first mortal woman with whom
Zeus consorted. Others have said that Triopas 1 was the son of the otherwise unknown Peranthus 2 [DH.1.17.3].
Achates 1 was a companion of the exiled
Aeneas [Vir.Aen.1.120; Ov.Fast.3.603].
Achates 2 was a Sicilian who came to
Aristaeus in order to join
Dionysus 2 in his
Indian campaign [Nonn.13.309, 37.169].
Achlys. Achlys was a Thessalian witch
from whom Hera procured
treacherous flowers of the field, and shed a sleep
of enchantment over the sons of the NYMPHS
poisoned drugs over their hair and smeared a
magical ointment over their faces, changing their
human shape into that of the CENTAURS HORNED [see
Acidusa married Scamander 2, a Boeotian king who named the Inachus river after himself, a stream near by Glaucia after his mother, and the spring Acidusa after his wife. Scamander 2 and Acidusa had three daughters who were known as "Maidens" [Plu.GQ.41].
Acis, son of Faunus 1 and a Symaethian Nymph, was loved by Galatea 1, one of the NEREIDS. However, the
Polyphemus 2, who
loved her, hurled at him a rock which buried him.
Acis was turned into a river [Ov.Met.13.750, 13.879ff.].
Acmon 1 was a comrade of
Diomedes 2 in
Italy. He was turned into a bird [Ov.Met.14.484].
Acmon 2 was a companion of
Aeneas in Italy. He was son of Clytius 12, son of Aeolus 4. This family followed Aeneas into
exile after the Trojan
Acmon 3 is one of the
perhaps one of the
DACTYLS. Along with
his brothers he joined
Dionysus 2 in his war against the Indians. Acmon 3 was son of Socus 2 and Combe 2 [Nonn.13.135.ff.; Strab.10.3.22].
Acoetes 1 was father of
Laocoon 2, the
Trojan seer who warned the Trojans against the
Acoetes 2 was a sailor from Maeonia, a
region in Lydia about Mount Tmolos in Asia Minor,
who opposed his companions when they tried to
delude Dionysus 2
Acoetes 3 was Evander 2's squire in Arcadia, before the
latter emigrated to Italy [Vir.Aen.11.30].
Aconteus 1. This Ethiopian Chief was on
Perseus 1's side at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 at the court of Cepheus 1, Andromeda's father.
He was turned into a stone when he saw the head of
Aconteus 2 was an Arcadian who fought in
the army of the
THEBES. He was killed by Phegeus 6, during the war [Stat.Theb.7.590].
Acraea, daughter of the river god Asterion 2, was, together with her sisters, one of the nurses of Hera
Acrete. One of the nurses of
Dionysus 2 who
followed him in his Indian campaign
Acrias was the sixth suitor of Hippodamia 3. Like most SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3, he was killed by her father King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa
Acrisius. King of
Argos, who quarrelled with his twin brother Proetus 1 while they were still in the womb. Later, when they were grown up, they waged war for the kingdom, and in the course of it they were the first to invent shields. Acrisius won the war and drove Proetus 1 from Argos. Later an oracle
said that his daughter would give birth to a son
who would kill him. Fearing that, Acrisius built a
brazen chamber and there he guarded
Danae. But having
learned that his daughter had anyway been seduced,
he put her and her child
Perseus 1 in a chest
and cast it into the sea. Much later
Perseus 1 killed
him, as they say accidentally, with a discus [see
Perseus 1]. Some say Acrisius' wife was Eurydice 2, daughter of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Taygete; but others say his wife was Aganippe 2, otherwise unknown. By one of them she had two daughters: one of them was Danae and the other was
Evarete, who some call wife of
Oenomaus 1, father of Hippodamia 3, wife of Pelops 1. [Apd.2.2.1-2, 2.4.1-2, 2.4.4; Hyg.Fab.63, 84].
Acron 1 was one of
Aeneas' allies in
Italy. He was killed by Mezentius, king of the
Acron 2. Defender of
Thebes against the
Acron 3. King of the Caeninenses in Italy. Since the ravishing of the Sabine women, Acron 3 had been suspicious of Romulus. He then
rised up in arms against
Romulus, but was
killed by him [Plu.Rom.16.3-4; Prop.4.10.9].
Acrota. Son of Tiberinus 2 and King of Alba Longa. He resigned the throne to Aventinus 2 [see Romulus]
Actaea 1. See
Actaea 2. See
Hes.The.240ff.; Hom.Il.18.38ff.; Hyg.Pre].
ACTAEON'S DOGS. See
Actaeus 1. The first king of what became Attica. He is the father of Aglaurus 1 [see Athens] [Apd.3.14.2;
Actaeus 2. According to some he was
father of Telamon, father of
Ajax 1. Actaeus 2's wife was Glauce 2, daughter of Cychreus, son of Poseidon and
Salamis, daughter of the river god Asopus
Actis is one of the HELIADES 2, a son of Helius and Rhode 2. He left Rhodes and sailed
off to Egypt where he founded the city of
Actor 1 is the King of Phthia in
Thessaly, who purified
Peleus for having killed his half brother Phocus 3, son of Aeacus and Psamathe 1. Actor 1 was the son of Myrmidon and Pisidice 1, daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete. Some say that Actor 1 died childless, but others say that he is the father of King Eurytion 2 of Phthia, who is also said to have purified Peleus besideds giving him his daughter and a third part of the country [Apd.1.7.3, 3.13.1, Dio.4.72.6].
Actor 2, son of Hippasus 2, is one of the ARGONAUTS
Actor 3 is son of Deion, son of
Aeolus 1. His mother was Diomede 1, daughter of Xuthus 1, brother of Aeolus 1, and Creusa 1, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. He married Aegina, the daughter of the river god Asopus, and had by her a son Menoetius 2, who became father of Patroclus 1
[Apd.1.9.4, 1.9.16; Arg.1.69; Pin.Oly.9.69].
Actor 4, king of the Eleans, founded in
Elis the city of Hyrmina, which he called after his mother. His father was Phorbas 2, son of Triopas 2 or of Lapithus 1. Actor 4 married Molione and became by her father of the twins known as the MOLIONIDES, who are Cteatus and Eurytus 1. [Apd.2.7.2; Dio.4.69.3; Pau.5.1.11].
Actor 5, son of Oenops 1, was among the defenders of the Borraean Gate at Thebes when the
THEBES attacked the city [Aes.Sev.555].
Actor 6 is father of Sthenelus 5, who once followed Heracles 1 in his campaign against the
AMAZONS and was
killed by them [Arg.2.911].
Actor 7, son of Azeus, son of Clymenus 2, son of Presbon, son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1, was father of Astyoche 5, who consorted with Ares and had children by him: Ascalaphus 1 and Ialmenus 1. The latter, who came from Aspledon and Minyan Orchomenus, is
one of those
LEADERS who sailed against
Actor 8 was one of the companions of the
Actor 9. See
Actor 10 was a warrior in the army of the
THEBES. He saw when the chasm opened in the
earth that swallowed
Actor 11 is father of Echecles, the man who received Polymele 2 and her son Eudorus in his home. Eudorus became the commander of a company of Myrmidons during the Trojan War
Actorion was son of Polyxo 6, the woman who invited Triopas 2 and his son Erysichthon 2 to the marriage of her child. Erysichthon 2, however, could not come as he was tormented by the disease (hunger) that Demeter
had sent on him [Cal.Dem.77].
Actoris was the name of a maid that
received from her father [Hom.Od.23.228].
Acusilaus. Son of
Adamastus. An Ithacan who, having no
wealth, sent his son Achaemenides to the war at
Admete 1. One of the
Admete 2. Daughter of
Eurystheus and Antimache, daughter of Amphidamas 1, son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and
Eurystheus, son of Sthenelus 3, son of Perseus 1, is the
king of Mycenae and
Tiryns who ordered
Heracles 1 to perform his labours. As Admete 2 desired the belt of the Queen of the AMAZONS Hippolyte 2, her father sent Heracles 1 to fetch
it [Apd.2.5.9, 3.9.2].
Admetus 1. See
Admetus 2. See
Admon was a Dolionian who was killed by
Heracles 1 during
the battle between the Dolionians and the
Adraste was the name of one of the maids
of Helen in
Adrastia 1. See
Adrastia 2. Another name for
Adrastus 2. Father of Eurydice 6, wife of Ilus 2, the founder of Troy. Some have said that she is the mother of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, father of
Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.3].
Adrastus 3. See
Adrastus 4. See
Adrastus 5. See
Aea is the name of a maiden who was pursued by the river god Phasis 1 in Colchis (Caucasus) [Val.5.425].
Aeantides. Son of
Ajax 1 and Glauce 7. At the death of his father he was given to Teucer 1 [Dictys 5.16].
Aeas is a river god who came to console
the river god Peneus on account of what had
happened to Daphne 1
Aechmagoras. Son of
Aechmis. King of Arcadia, son of Briacas, son of Aeginetes 2, son of Pompus, son of Simus, son of Phialus, son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and
Aedon. This woman came to believe that
she and her husband loved each other more than
Hera, and was changed
into a nightingale. Aedon was daughter of
Pandareus, a Cretan who was involved in the crimes
of Tantalus 1. Some
say that Aedon was married to Zethus, brother of
Amphion 1, the
father of the
NIOBIDS, but others
say her husband was Polytechnos, a carpenter living
in Colophon, Lydia, who raped his wife's sister and
was punished by her family. Aedon had a son Itylus,
whom she killed [Hom.Od.19.518ff.; Lib.Met.11].
Aegaeon 1. Son of the impious
Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].
Aegaeon 2 (see Briareus). He whom the mortals called Aegaeon 2, was called Briareus by the gods [Hom.Il.1.404; Stat.Achil.1.209;
Stat.Theb.4.535; TIT.3; Vir.Aen.10.565].
Aegeoneus. Son of
Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].
Aegestus 1. A Trojan, founder of Aegesta in Sicily. It is told that one of his ancestors was a Trojan noble, whom King Laomedon 1 put to death. After this, the king delivered the man's daughters to some merchants, ordering them to carry them far away from the kingdom. But a youth who kept them company during the voyage fell in love with one of them and, on their arrival to Sicily, they had a son whom they named Aegestus 1. Aegestus 1 was then reared in Sicily before the Trojan War, but
after the death of his Trojan parents,
Priam 1 being then
king of Troy, he
obtained leave to return home, and participated in
the Trojan War. When the city was about to fall, he fled to Sicily together with Elymus 3 in three ships that Achilles had lost at
the time when he plundered the Trojan cities. Later
Aeneas reunited with them in Sicily [DH.1.47.2, 1.52.1-4, Strab.6.1.3].
Aegestus 2. Son of Numitor 2, the Italian king who succeeded Amulius in the throne. Numitor 2 is the grandfather of Romulus and Remus 1. Aegestus 2 was killed in an ambush by order of his uncle Amulius [DH.1.76.2].
Aegeus 2. The Spartan clan of the Aegidae took their name from Aegeus 2, and his hero-shrine, made by his grandsons, could be seen in Sparta at the time when the traveller Pausanias visited the country. Aegeus 2 was son of Oeolycus, a descendant of Cadmus and son of Theras, after whom the island of Thera is called. For Theras was son of King Autesion 1 of Thebes, son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus, son
of Laius 1, son of Labdacus 1, son of Polydorus 2, son of Cadmus. Aegeus 2 had a son Hylaeus, who became the father of Maesis, Laeas, and Europas, the three brothers who built the hero-shrines of their ancestors [Hdt.4.149; Pau.3.15.8].
Aegeus 3 is one of the sons of Phorbas 2 and Hyrmina. Phorbas 2 is known for having delivered the island of Rhodes of a snake of
immense size [Dio.4.69.3; Pau.5.1.11].
Aegiale is said to be, by
Aeolus 1, the mother of Alcyone 2, wife of Ceyx [Hyg.Fab.65].
Aegialeus 1. See
Aegialeus 2 is called the first
inhabitant of Sicyon.
He is the son of the river god Inachus and the
Oceanid Melia [see
RIVER GODS and
OCEANIDS]. Some have said that Aegialeus 2 died childless, but others say he is the father of Europs 1, father of Telchis and Hermion. Telchis, who was killed by Argus 1, is the father of Apis 2, the man who called the Peloponnesus Apia after himself and was killed by his own son Thelxion, father of Aegyrus, father of Thurimachus, father of Leucippus 5, father of Calchinia, mother of King Peratus of Sicyon, father of
Plemnaeus, father of Orthopolis who was reared by
Demeter, father of
Chrysorthe, mother by
Apollo of Coronus 2, father of Corax and Lamedon, who became king of Sicyon after Epopeus 1 [Apd.2.1.1; Pau.2.5.6].
Aegialeus 3 (see Apsyrtus). Aegialeus 3 is the name given to Medea's brother
Apsyrtus by some authors [Cic.ND.3.48, Dio.4.45.3].
[Apd.1.8.6; Apd.Ep.6.10; Mimn.22].
Aegialus. King of Caunus in Caria, Asia
Minor, who received
Phoroneus' son Lyrcus 2, when he was searching for Io by request of her father. Lyrcus 2 married Aegialus' daughter Hilebia. Aegialus was son of Caunus and the naiad Pronoe 5. He inherited the throne at his father's death and founded the wealthy city of Caunus, after having assembled the people that lived in scattered groups [Con.2; Parth.1.1].
Aegicorus is one of the PANS who came to
join Dionysus 2 in
his campaign against India. He is son of
Aegimius 1 was son of Dorus 1 after whom the Dorians were called, son of Hellen 1 eponym of the Hellenes, son of
Deucalion 1, the
man who survived the
Flood. King Aegimius 1 of the Dorians had a dispute about the boundaries of the country with the LAPITHS and was
helped by Heracles 1 in the war against them. On the death of
Heracles 1 he
adopted Heracles 1's son Hyllus 1 [Apd.2.7.7; Dio.4.37.3, 4.58.6; Strab.9.4.10].
Aegimius 2 was the father of Pamphylus and Dymas 1, who were allies of the HERACLIDES
3.12.6; Dio.4.72.5; Eur.IA.697; Hdt.5.80;
Lib.Met.38; Nonn.33.297; Pin.Isth.8.17;
Aeginetes 1 is son of Dereites, son of Harpalus 1, son of King Amyclas 1 of Lacedaemon, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Taygete. Aeginetes 1 was father of Pelias 2, father of Ampyx 3, father of Areus, father of Agenor 9, father of Preugenes, father of Patreus, the founder of Patrae, a city in Achaea [Pau.7.18.5].
Aeginetes 2 was king of Arcadia and son of Pompus, son of Simus, son of Phialus, son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and
Callisto. Aeginetes 2 was father of Polymestor 2 and Briacas. [Pau.8.5.9].
Aegipan 1, son of Pan and Aex, one of the
nurses of Zeus, is said
to have been nourished to gether with the god.
Later, when Typhon, having attacked heaven, severed
and hid Zeus' sinews, Aegipan 1, together with Hermes, recovered them. Some say that the constellation called Capricorn or Sea Goat (Capricornus), is Aegipan 1 [Apd.1.6.3; Hyg.Ast.2.13, 2.28].
Aegipan 2 is the son of
Zeus and Boetis, a
Aegius. Son of Aegyptus 1 and a Phoenician woman. He married Mnestra, one of the DANAIDS, and was
killed by her on their wedding night [Apd.2.1.5].
Aegle 1. See
Aegle 2. One of the HELIADES 1; see Helius [Hyg.Fab.154;
Aegle 3. One of the nurses of
Aegle 4 is said to be the woman for whose
abandoned Ariadne. Aegle 4 was daughter of Panopeus 3 [Plu.The.20.1].
Aegleis. Daughter of Hyacinthus 2, a Lacedaemonian. When Minos 2 was at war with
Athens and he could
not take the city, he prayed to
Zeus that he might be avenged on the Athenians. The city was then visited by both famine and pestilence, and the Athenians, obeying an ancient oracle, sacrificed the daughters of Hyacinthus 2, among which was Aegleis [Apd.3.15.8].
Aegolius is known for having entered, together with Laius 2, Celeus 2 and Cerberus 3,the cave of Zeus in
Crete in order to
gather the honey of the sacred bees. For this
reason he and the others were turned into birds
Aegypius. This Thessalian was the son of Antheus 1, son of Nomion 1, and of Bulis. Aegypius became the lover of Timandra 2, but the latter's son Neophron, who was of the same age as Aegypius, being jealous because of the love between his mother and Aegypius, became the lover of Aegypius' mother Bulis and deluded her to sleep with her son. Because Zeus disliked
this state of affairs he turned the two young men
into vultures and the two women into other birds
Aegyptius. An Elder of Ithaca. His son Antiphus 6 sailed with Odysseus against
Troy, and during their
homeward journey he was killed by the Cyclops
Polyphemus 2. Aegyptius' other son Eurynomus 1 is one of the SUITORS OF
PENELOPE, and was killed
Odysseus or someone
in his team (Eumaeus 1, Philoetius, or
Aegyptus 1 was settled by his father Belus 1 in Arabia but subjugated the country of the Melampods and named it Egypt after himself. His mother was Anchinoe, daughter of Nilus, one of the RIVER GODS. By a number of wives among which are Argyphia, Tyria, Caliadne, Gorgo 1, Hephaestine, an Arabian woman, and a Phoenician woman, Aegyptus 1 fathered fifty sons who married the DANAIDS and, with one exception, were murdered by their brides on their wedding night. It is said that Aegyptus 1, distressed at what had happened to his sons, retired to Aroe, which is the city of Patrae in Achaea, and there he
died [for his offspring see
[Aes.Supp.324; Apd.2.1.4-5; Nonn.3.300;
AEGYPTUS 1'S OFFSPRING. See
Aegyptus 2. Son of Aegyptus 1 and Gorgo 1. He married either Dioxippe 1 or Polyxena 2 (DANAIDS) and was
killed by his bride on his wedding night
[Apd.2.1.5; Hyg.Fab.168, 170].
Aegyrus. Son of Thelxion and father of Thurimachus. Thelxion was son of Apis 2, son of Phoroneus, the
first man. [Pau.2.5.7].
Aello 1 (Aellopous) is one of the HARPIES, daughter of Thaumas 1 & Electra 1, or of Thaumas 1 & Ozomene. See HARPIES at BESTIARY [Apd.1.2.6;
Aello 2. One of
Actaeon's dogs. See
Aellopous (see Aello 1) [Hyg.Fab.14].
Aemilia. Daughter of
Aeneas & Lavinia 2. Aemilia is said to have consorted with Ares, giving birth to
Romulus, the founder
of Rome [Plu.Rom.2.3].
HADES. Those whom
Aeneas met in the
Aeneas' Daughter 1. See
Aeneas' Daughter 2. See
Aenete, daughter of Eusorus, is by
Aeneus, the mother of Cyzicus, the king of the
Dolionians who received the
Aenetus. Son of Deion & Diomede 1. Deion is son of Aeolus 1, and Diomede 1 was the daughter of Xuthus 1, son of Hellen 1, eponym of the Hellenes, son of
Deucalion 1, the
man who survived the
Aeneus. Father by Aenete of King Cyzicus
of the Dolionians, who received the
Aenitus. Son of Numitor 2. Aenitus was killed by his uncle Amulius in hunting. Both Numitor 2 and Amulius were kings of Alba Longa in Italy [see Romulus]
Aeolia was daughter of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, and Idomene, daughter of Pheres 1, son of Cretheus 1. She married Calydon and had two daughters by him: Epicasta 1 and Protogenia 2. [Apd.1.7.7, 1.9.11].
Aeolius. Aeolius is one of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. He was killed by King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa,
her father [see Pelops 1] [Pau.6.21.11].
Aeolus 3 came in possession of the
islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea which are called
Aeolian after him. He is the son of
Poseidon and Arne,
daughter of Aeolus 1,
or of Aeolus 2, or of
Desmontes [Dio.4.67.3ff.; Hyg.Fab.186, 252].
Aeolus 4 was a Trojan, companion of
Aeneas in Italy, where he was killed by Turnus, King of the Rutulians. Aeolus 4 was father of Clytius 12 and Misenus 1 [ Vir.Aen.6.163ff., 9.774, 12.542].
Aeolus 5 was a defender of
Thebes against the
THEBES. He was killed by Parthenopaeus
Aepytus 1 is the co-founder of Priene in
Caria, Asia Minor at the time of the Ionian
Ionia]. He was son of Neileus, son of Codrus 1, son of Melanthus 1, son of Andropompus 1, son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus [Pau.7.2.10,
Aepytus 2 (Telephon) became the sole
survivor of his house after the murder of his
father Cresphontes, one of the
HERACLIDES. Cresphontes was son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Aepytus 2's mother was Merope 2, daughter of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus &
Callisto. Aepytus 2, who was brought up by his grandfather Cypselus 1, became later King of Messenia and punished his father's murderers. Aepytus 2 was succeeded in the throne of Messenia by his son Glaucus 8 [Apd.2.8.5, Pau.4.3.7-9].
Aepytus 3. King in Azania,
Arcadia. He received the kingdom from Clitor 2 and was succeeded by Aleus. Aepytus 3 was son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus &
Callisto, and Laodice 1, daughter of Cinyras 1, the founder of Paphos in Cyprus, and Metharme. Aepytus 3 was killed by a serpent while hunting [ Pau.8.4.4-7, 8.16.2; Pin.Oly.6.30ff.].
Aepytus 4. King of
Arcadia, son of Hippothous 6, whom he succeeded in the throne, and father of Cypselus 1. Aepytus 4 was struck blind after entering a forbidden sanctuary of Poseidon, and died
shortly after [Pau.8.5.4-6, 8.10.3].
Aepytus 5 is one of the defenders of
Thebes against the
THEBES [Stat.Theb.10.400, 11.240].
Aero (see Merope 3) [Parth.20].
Aerope 1 was daughter of
Catreus, son of King
Minos 2 of
Crete. According to some she married Plisthenes 1 and became mother of Agamemnon. But
according to others she married
Atreus and had by him
Menelaus and Anaxibia 4. Aerope 1 was in love with her husband's brother (Atreus' brother Thyestes 1), whom she helped to produce the golden lamb which made him king of Mycenae [see also
[Apd.3.2.1-2; Apd.Ep.2.11; Eur.Ore.16; Hyg.Fab.86;
Aerope 2 was daughter of King Cepheus 1 of Ethiopia and therefore sister of Andromeda. Aerope 2 consorted with Ares but as she died while giving birth, the god made her dead body able to breast-feed the baby Aeropus 1 [Pau.8.44.7-8].
Aeropus 1. See Aerope 2 above.
Aeropus 2 was son of King Cepheus 2 of Tegea in Arcadia. Cepheus 2 was son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus
& Callisto. Aeropus 2 had a son Echemus who inherited the throne and, fighting against the Dorians, killed Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1
Aesacus 1. See
Aesacus 2 is one of the commanders of the
CENTAURS HORNED who joined
Dionysus 2 in his
campaign against India [Nonn.14.186ff.].
Aeschreis is one of the fifty daughters
of Thespius & Megamede, with whom
consorted. She gave birth to Leucones [Apd.2.4.10,
Aesepus 1. See
Aesepus 2. See
Aesimus is father of
Sinon, the man who was
to light a beacon lamp as a signal to the Achaeans
towards the end of the
Aeson was the son of Cretheus 1 and Tyro. He had two sons: Jason,
who became the Captain of the
ARGONAUTS, and Promachus 2. A political conflict with King Pelias 1 of Iolcus is
said to have led to his death, which occurred when
he, being threatened by
Pelias 1, drank
freely of a bull's blood. Some have said, however,
that he did not die then and that he was restored
to youth by Medea. His wife is variously called Polymede, Alcimede 1 and Amphinome 2, but whoever Aeson's wife was, she is said to have committed suicide after his death [Apd.1.7.2,1.9.11, 1.9.16, 1.9.27; Arg.3.358;
Dio.4.50.2; Hes.CWE.13; Ov.Her.6.105;
Ov.Met.7.160ff.; RET.2; Val.1.740, 1.818ff.].
Aesyetes was father of Alcathous 2, who was killed during the Trojan War by King Idomeneus 1 of Crete.
He is also said to be the father of Assaracus and
Antenor 1 [Dictys
Aethalides 1. See
Aethalides 2 is one of the sailors who
tried to delude
Dionysus 2. He was
turned into a dolphin by the god [Hyg.Fab.134].
Aethalion is one of the sailors who tried
to delude Dionysus 2. He was turned into a fish by the god
Aethalus had a son that was killed by
Aeneas in the Trojan
Aether. See PERSONIFICATIONS.
Aetheria is one of the HELIADES 1. See Helius [Hyg.Fab.154;
Aethion 1 is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 on account
of Andromeda. He
was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.146].
Aethion 2. See
Aethlius was the first man that ruled
Elis. He was the son
either of Zeus & Protogenia 1, or of Aeolus 1, or of
Zeus & Calyce 1. Protogenia 1 is the daughter of Deucalion 1, the
man who survived the
Flood, and of Pyrrha 1. Calyce 1 is daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete. She is also said to be the wife of Aethlius. Aethlius and Calyce 1 had a son Endymion who
consorted with Selene
(Moon) [Apd.1.7.2, 1.7.5; Hes.CWE.8; Hyg.Fab.155;
Aethon 1. See
Aethon 2. See
Aethon 3. Father of Hypermestra, who
under the form of a woman was a prostitute, but
changing into a man was able to maintain his father
Aethon 4. See
Aethon 5. One of
Actaeon's dogs. See
Aethra 1. See
Aethra 2. See
Aegeus 1 [Apd.3.10.7,
3.15.7; Apd.Ep.5.22; Dictys 6.2; Dio.4.59.1;
Eur.Hcl.207; Eur.Supp. 3 and passim; Hom.Il.3.144;
Hyg.Fab.37, 243; QS.13.509, 13.497ff.]
Aethra 3 wept as she saw her husband Palanthus 1's fortunes coming to nothing, thus fulfilling the oracle that had declared that the Spartan Phalanthus 1, founder of Tarentum in Italy, would win territory and city when he felt rain under a cloudless sky [Pau.10.10.7-8].
Aethusa. Daughter of
Poseidon and the Pleiad Alcyone 1. She consorted with Apollo and gave birth to Eleuther 1, the man who won a Pythian victory for his loud and sweet voice [Apd.3.10.1, Pau.9.20.1].
Aethylla. After the
Trojan War, Aethylla was taken captive by the Achaeans. Being in Italy and fearing slavery in Greece, she set fire to the vessels, causing the Achaeans to settle there. For this she and her sisters were called Nauprestides. She is daughter of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, either by Strymo, or by Leucippe 2, or by Placia [Apd.3.12.3, Apd.Ep.6.15c].
Aetion, son of an Heliconian Nymph, was
one of the defenders of
Thebes against the
SEVEN. He was
Apollo during the war
Aetius inherited the kingdoms of his father Anthas, named one of the cities Poseidonias and later received Troezen 1 and Pittheus, sons of Pelops 1, and for a
time there were three kings [see also