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Geographical Reference
Abae to Byzeres

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Abae. City in Phocis, the region bordering the Gulf of Corinth west of Boeotia. According to the people of Abae they migrated from Argos to Phocis, the city having received its name by its founder Abas 2, son of Hypermnestra 1 (one of the DANAIDS). In Abae there was an oracle of Apollo [Pau.10.35.1].

Abantes. People from Euboea, the large island off the eastern coast of Boeotia and Locris. The Abantes were probably called after Abas 1, son of Poseidon, and Euboea was then called Abantis. During the reign of Chalcodon 1, the Abantes waged war against Thebes, their king falling in battle killed by Amphitryon. Later the Abantes, long-haired spearmen, took part in the expedition against Troy, being led by Elephenor, son of Chalcodon 1 and counted among the ACHAEAN LEADERS. On their return from Troy a group of Abantes, having been scattered, landed in the Ceraunian mountains (in Epirus, north of Corcyra) and there founded a settlement Thronium that later was conquered by neighbours of Corinthian origin. Some of the Abantes are said to have migrated to Chios (the Aegean island off the coast of Ionia in Asia Minor) then ruled by Oenopion 1 (son of Ariadne). In time Oenopion 1 and his sons were succeeded by Amphiclus 2, a man from Histiaea in Euboea, who had come to Chios following and oracle from Delphi. However three generations after Amphiclus 2, the Abantes who were in Chios were defeated by Hector 2 who, having become king, forced them to leave the island along with a number of Carians who had settled there. The Abantes are said to have played an important part in the colonization of Ionia, although as they say, they were not Ionians themselves, having mingled with many other nations [Apd.1.9.26, 2.6.2, 2.7.7, 3.5.5; Apd.Ep.3.11, 6.7, 6.15a; Arg.1.77, 4.1780; Cal.Del.197, 290; Hdt.1.146; Hom.Il.2.535; Hom.Od.3.174; Hyg.Fab.14; Ov.Met.9.218, 13.905, 14.4, 14.155; Pau.5.22.4, 7.4.9].

Abarnis. Beach northeast of Percote (eastern section of the Hellespont), sailed past by the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.932].

Abas. Mountain in Erythia, an island on the shore of Ocean near Gadira (Cádiz, Spain), where Geryon lived (for Geryon see HERACLES 1'S LABOURS) [Apd.2.5.10; Hdt.4.8; Strab.3.2.11].

Abdera. Thracian city opposite the island of Thasos. Abdera was founded by Heracles 1 in honor of his friend Abderus, who was killed by the MARES OF DIOMEDES 1. King Diomedes 1 ruled the land at that time, and the region of Abdera was occupied by those Thracians called Bistonian (see HERACLES 1'S LABOURS) [Apd.2.5.8;].

Abderia. Territory of Abdera, a Phoenician city of southern Spain [Apd.2.5.10; Strab.3.4.3].

Abia. City in Messenia, said to formerly have been called Ire, one of the seven cities promised by Agamemnon to Achilles when he wished the latter to return to the fight. The city changed its name after Abia (nurse of Glenus, son of Heracles 1 and Deianira 1) who settled there after the failed attempt of Heracles 1's son Hyllus 1 to return to the Peloponnesus; and it was Cresphontes, one of the victorious HERACLIDES and king of Messenia, who honoured the nurse Abia by renaming the city [Pau.4.30.1].

Abii. The Abii, called the most righteous of men (and also "without hearth" or "living on wagons"), are inhabitants of Scythia. Zeus turned his eyes to countries other than Troy (among which that of the Abii) trusting that the gods would not intervene in the Trojan affairs [Hom.Il.13.6; Strab.7.3.4].

Absoros. Island somewhere on the Adriatic Sea, where a city was founded by the Colchians who, having failed in their pursuit of the ARGONAUTS, feared to return to Colchis. The city was called after Apsyrtus (son of Aeetes and sister of Medea), whom Jason killed, and was visited by Medea on her way back to Colchis. At that time there was in Absoros an invasion of snakes and, since the inhabitants could not cope with them, they asked Medea for help. Then she gathered the snakes up and put them in her brother's grave, where they remained ever since [Hyg.Fab.23, 26].

Abydus. City in the Troad opposite the Thracian Chersonesus. During the Trojan War the people of Abydus, as well as of other neighbouring cities were led by Asius 1 (see TROJAN LEADERS). Phaenops 3, son of Asius 1, and also Democoon, son of Priam 1, dwelt in Abydus; and it has been said that the wealth of Priam 1 came from the gold mines at Astyra near Abydus. It is told that Leander, a young man from Abydus, swam every night guided by the lamp which his mistress lit at the top of the tower, a distance of more than one thousand three hundred meters across the Hellespont, from Abydus to Sestus, in order to spend the night with his beloved Hero [Arg.1.931; Hom.Il.2.836, 4.500, 17.584; Strab.14.5.28].

Acacesium. City in Arcadia founded by Acacus (son of Lycaon 2), who is said to have reared Hermes. [Pau.8.3.2].

Academy. A park in the outskirts of Athens called after Academus. When Helen was ten or perhaps twelve years old King Theseus of Athens, finding her extremely lovely, carried her off and brought her to Aphidnae, a city in Attica northwest of Marathon. This was the first war to break up on account of Helen (the second being the Trojan War). For her brothers the DIOSCURI came to Athens with an army demanding back their sister. And when the people of the city insisted in saying that they neither had the girl nor knew where she was, the DIOSCURI resorted to war. It was then that Academus, who had learned of her concealment at Aphidnae, told them about it. For this reason he was honoured during his lifetime by the DIOSCURI and later, in historical times, when the Lacedaemonians invaded Attica and laid waste the country, they spared the Academy. Others say, however, that a man called Echedemus was in the army of the DIOSCURI at the time when these came to Athens to rescue Helen, and that it was after him the Academy was named Echedemia. Still others say that it was Titacus (who is known just for this), who revealed to the DIOSCURI that Helen was hidden in Aphidnae [Hdt.9.73; Plu.The.32.3-4].

Acarnania. Coastal region south of Epirus, west of Aetolia and opposite to the islands of Cephallenia and Leucas. Acarnania received its name from Acarnan 1, son of Alcmaeon 1 (one of the EPIGONI). After having killed Phegeus 1 and his sons, Acarnan 1 and his brother Amphoterus 1 went to Delphi, where they dedicated the Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1; and afterwards, following the instructions of the river god Achelous (the river that separates the Acarnanians and the Aetolians), they collected men and settled in the land they called Acarnania. Yet it is also said that it was Alcmaeon 1 who, obeying an oracle given by the Pythian priestess first settled in this land, where he married Achelous' daughter Callirrhoe 2, by whom he had the aforementioned brothers; and after Acarnan 1, they say, the inhabitans were called who previously had been called Curetes. It has also been said that Alcmaeon 1 founded the city called Amphilochian Argos (called after his brother Amphilochus 1) at the time of the Trojan War; for they add that after the war of the EPIGONI, Alcmaeon 1 helped Diomedes 2 to conquer both Aetolia (punishing those who plotted against King Oeneus 2 of Calydon) and Acarnania. It was then, they say, that Agamemnon, seeing that the armies were away, attacked Argos; but soon he saw himself confronted with the Trojan issue, and fearing that under his absence Diomedes 2 might return with his army, he offered Argos back and invited both to join the coalition against Troy. Diomedes 2 joined, but Alcmaeon 1 stayed behind, founding Amphilochian Argos. But others have said that Amphilochian Argos was founded by Amphilochus 1 himself who, being displeased with the state of affairs at Argos, succeded his brother and founded the city. In any case the Acarnanians did not joined the coalition against Troy. Concerning the rulers of this last it has been said that when Hippocoon 2 expelled his half brothers Tyndareus and Icarius 1 from Lacedaemon, these were received by King Thestius of Pleuron. After having helped Thestius to acquire more territory, themselves receiving their share of land, they dwelt beyond the river Achelous. Later Heracles 1 slew Hippocoon 2, restoring the kingdom of Sparta to Tyndareus, who then returned taking with him Thestius' daughter Leda as wife; but his brother Icarius 1 stayed in Acarnania, where he begot Penelope and other children, among which Alyzeus and Leucadius, who inherited the throne after him [Apd.3.7.6; Ov.Met.8.570; Pau.8.24.8; Strab.7.7.7, 10.2.9, 10.2.24-25].

Acesines. Indian river (the Chenab) [Nonn.23.276].

Achaea. Region in southern Thessaly, and the north coast of the Peloponnesus. The Greeks who fought at Troy are called Achaeans [Cal.BP.13, Cal.Del.100, Apd.1.8.4, Apd.Ep.5.7, Arg.3.601, 3.639, 3.1081, 4.1328, Hom.Il.1.2, 1.254, passim, Hom.Od.1.286, 1.326, 1.394, 1.401, 2.7, 2.72, 2.90, 2.101, 2.112, 2.128, 2.204, 2.211, 2.265, 2.306, 3.79, 3.100, 3.104, 3.116, 3.131, 11.166, 11.481, 13.249, 21.107, 23.68, passim, Ov.Met.4.606, 5.306, 5.577, 7.504, 8.268, Nonn.1.92, 4.254, 4.285, 37.148, 47.483, 47.636, 47.710, 48.5, 48.468, Hyg.Fab.96, 101, 102, 103, 109, 249].

Achaemenia. Persia [Ov.Met.4.212].

Acharnae. Place in Attica where Apollo Agyieus (God of Streets), Heracles 1, Athena Hygia (Health), Athena Hippia (Horse-goddess), Dionysus Melpomenus (Singer), and Dionysus Cissus (Ivy) were worshipped. The latter was honoured because the people of Acharnae believed that the plant ivy first appeared in their parish [Nonn.13.194, 47.23; Pau.1.31.6; Pin.Nem.2.19].

Achelous. The river dividing Acarnania from Aetolia (see also RIVER GODS) [Apd.3.7.5; Cal.Dem.13].

Acheron. The River of Pain in Hades (see also Underworld, and RIVER GODS); it was said to come up at the Acherusian Cape (see below) [Arg.1.644, 2.354, 2.743, 2.901; Hom.Od.10.513; Nonn.4.152, 12.143; Ov.Met.11.504].

Acherusian cape. The Heracleian cape (Eregli in Turkey); a headland projecting into the Black Sea from the northern coast Asia Minor. It is arrived at, when sailing along the coast from Bosphorus (the straits leading to the Black Sea), after passing the Isle of Thynias and the river Sangarius. In the Acherusian cape there was a downward path to the Underworld. The river Acheron cleaves its way through the headland, which belonged to the Mariandynians, a people visited by the ARGONAUTS [Arg.2.354, 2.728, 2.750, 2.806, 2.844].

Acmonian wood. This wood was in the country of the AMAZONS, who were conceived in this wood by the love of Ares and Harmonia 2 [Arg.2.995].

Acrocorinth is called the mountain peak above the city of Corinth [Pau.2.4.6].

Acropolis often refers to the Acropolis of Athens, but it denotes the highest part of a Greek city [Apd.3.14.6, 3.15.8; Apd.Ep.1.10].

Acte. Acte or Actaea was the former name of Attica in the time of Actaeus 1, first king of this territory (see Athens) [Apd.3.14.1].

Adramytium. Adramytium (see Map) or Adramyttium is a city in Mysia, Asia Minor, in the mainland opposite Lesbos. Adramytium, said to have been founded by Lydians, was among the cities sacked by Achilles during the initial phase of the Trojan War [Apd.Ep.3.33; Strab.13.1.65].

Adrastia. Region in the Troad near Percote. The people of Adrastia were led, during the Trojan War, by the sons of Merops 1: Adrastus 3 and Amphius 1 (see TROJAN LEADERS) [Apd.Ep.3.35; Arg.1.1116; Hom.Il.2.828; Strab.13.1.7].

Adriatic Sea. This is the sea between the Italic and Balkan peninsulas. It is said to have been called after the Italian city of Adria, which is on its coast, north-east of Rome. After the Trojan War, the exiled Diomedes 2 settled in Italy on the coast of this sea, in the region of the Daunii (now Apulia), where King Daunus, who gave him his daughter, reigned. It was in this sea that the Colchians pursuing Jason and Medea, caught up with them [Hyg.Fab.23; Nonn.6.125, 6.330; Strab.5.1.8-9].

Aea. City (now Kutaisi) in Colchis, the land at the eastern end of the Black Sea, where King Aeetes had his residence "at the edge of Pontus and of the world" [Arg.2.417]. The ARGONAUTS came to the river Phasis (now Rion) in Colchis and, entering the stream of the river with oars, rowed until they reached, on the left shore of the river, the city of Aea. On the opposite side of the river there was the grove of Ares, where Aeetes kept the Golden Fleece. Aea was at this time an architectural wonder, with wide gates, lines of columns round the walls, hanging vineyards, and fountains that gushed milk, wine, oil, and water that could be warm or cold depending on the season. Most of these things had been designed and fashioned by Hephaestus. And these riches are attributed to the mines of gold, silver, iron and copper, that can be found in the region [Arg.2.417, 2.422, 2.1094, 2.1141, 2.1185, 2.1267, 3.210ff., 3.1061, 4.131, 4.255, 4.277-8; Strab.1.2.39].

Aeaea. The unlocated island (perhaps off the western or eastern coast of Italy) that was Circe's home, where she was brought by her father Helius (see Circe) [Apd.1.9.24; Apd.Ep.7.14; Arg.3.1074, 3.1093, 4.661, 4.850; Hom.Od.9.32, 10.136, 11.70, 12.3; Ov.Met.4.205, Hyg.Fab.125, 127].

Aeanianians. People of Thessaly led by Guneus 2 in the Trojan War [Apd.Ep.3.14; Hom.Il.2.749].

Aegae (1) or Aegium. A coastal city in Achaea by the river Crathis east of Helice, known for its worship of Poseidon, where the god had a palace built in the depths of the sea. When the Ionians left, the Achaeans divided the country and settled in their twelve cities (among which Aegae). At the time of the Trojan War the city was under the rule of Agamemnon [Hom.Il.8.203, 13.21; Pau.7.6.1, 8.15.9; Pin.Nem.5.37; Strab.8.7.4].

Aegae (2). City in Euboea, near which Poseidon had his palace in the deep (but see also previous). Some have believed that the Aegean Sea probably was named after this city (and not after Theseus' father Aegeus 1) [Nonn.13.164; Strab.8.7.4].

Aegean Sea. The sea between Hellas and Asia Minor that borders in the south on Crete. It was named after Theseus' father Aegeus 1 or perhaps after the city Aegae in Euboea [Arg.1.831, 4.772; Cal.Del.271, 317; Hyg.Fab.43; Nonn.47.387].

Aegesta. A city in northwestern Sicily, called Segesta by the Romans. Aegesta was founded by Aegestus 1, a Trojan, whom Philoctetes sent to to Sicily from the territory of Croton, where Philoctetes himself had settled after the Trojan War. The exiled Aeneas is said to have landed in Aegesta, where he named a couple of rivers Scamander and Simois after the rivers in the Troad. Others have said that Aeneas himself founded Aegesta, as well as another unidentified city Elyma, called after the Trojan Elymus 3, who had fled from Troy before Aeneas, together with Aegestus 1, in three ships that he had captured from Achilles [DH.1.47.2, 1.52.1-4; Strab.6.1.3, 6.2.5, 13.1.53].

Aegeum. Mountain in Crete, where the infant Zeus was hidden by Gaia (other authors mention Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in this connection) [Hes.The.484].

Aegialia or Aegialus (1). Aegialia (sometimes spelt Aegialeia) is the former name of Sicyon. It derives its name from Aegialeus 2, the first inhabitant of the region, son of the river god Inachus and Melia, one of the OCEANIDS. At the time of the Trojan War this region and its cities were under the rule of Agamemnon (see also Sicyon) [Apd.2.1.1; Cal.Del.73; Hom.Il.2.575; Pau.2.5.6].

Aegialus (2) Coastal district in northern Asia Minor (Paphlagonia) west of the river Halys and east of Carambis. At the time of the Trojan War it belonged to the Paphagonians, whom Pylaemenes 1 led against the Achaean invaders (see also Cytorus) [Apd.Ep.3.33; Arg.2.365; Hom.Il.2.855; Strab.12.3.10].

Aegilips, which was under the rule of Odysseus at the time of the Trojan War, was perhaps a place in the fomer peninsula and now island of Leucas, off the shore of Acarnania in western mainland Greece. Yet some have thought that rugged Aegilips was the island today called Atokos (northeast of Ithaca). Likewise some have supposed that Crocyleia, which is mentioned together with Aegilips in the Catalogue of Ships, is the small island today called Arkoudi (between Ithaca and Leucas), while others think that also Crocyleia was in Leucas [Hom.Il.2.633; Strab.10.2.8].

Aegina, previously called Oenone and Oenopia, is the island in the Saronic Gulf midway Attica and Argolis, called after Aegina, daughter of the river god Asopus. This girl consorted with Zeus and had a son Aeacus, who ruled and fortified the island. At the beginning, they say, Aeacus was alone, but Zeus put an end to his solitude by turning the ants of the island into those men that were called Myrmidons, following the Greek word for "ants" (see also Aeacus) [Apd.3.12.6, 3.12.7; Arg.4.1777; Hom.Il.2.562; Ov.Met.7.474; Hyg.Fab.14, 52].

Aegyptus. Another name of the river Nile, in Egypt [Hom.Od.4.477, 4.483, 4.581, 14.257, 14.258, 17.427; Nonn.3.275, 3.279].

Aegys. A city in northwestern Lacedaemon bordering Arcadia. It is said that the HERACLIDES Eurysthenes 1 and Procles 2, who designated Sparta as their royal residence after conquering Lacedaemon, used Aegys as a base of operations against their enemies, due to its strategic position. Others have said that, at a later time, Archelaus 4 (a descendant of Eurysthenes 1), conquered the city of Aegys and sold the inhabitants (the Perioeci) into slavery, being helped in this exploit by Charillus (a descendant of Procles 2). Both Archelaus 4 and Charillus were kings of Sparta [Pau.3.2.5-6; Strab.8.5.4, 10.1.6].

Aenaria. This island off the coast of Campania in Italy (also called Pithecussa, but now called Ischia) is held by some to be Circe's island (see also Aeaea) [Hyg.Fab.125; Strab.1.3.19]

Aenus. City in Thrace near the outlet of the Hebrus River, not far from the Melas Gulf (today Gulf of Saros), which is formed by the Thracian Chersonesus. It was once called Poltyobria or, as some say, Poltymbria, that is, city of Poltys, a son of Poseidon remembered for having entertained Heracles 1 when he came to Aenus. On that occasion Heracles 1 slew Sarpedon 2, brother of Poltys, on the Aenian beach [Apd.2.5.9; Strab.7.6.1].

Aeolian Islands. These are the Liparaean Islands, north of Sicily. They were so called after Liparus (son of Auson, an Italian king after whom the Italians were called Ausonians), who was chased from Italy and came to the Aeolian islands, sometimes thought to be the islands where the content Aeolus 2, the master of the winds, lived with his happy family. Some have said that Aeolus 2 taught navigators how to steer a course in the regions between Sicily and Italy, where constant ebb and flow made navigation unpredictable [Apd.Ep.7.10; Hom.Od.10.1, 10.55; Hyg.Fab.186].

Aeolians (Thessaly). The Aeolians who inhabited Thessaly were so named after Aeolus 1, son of Hellen 1 (son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood) and Orseis (one of the NYMPHS), the eponym of the Hellenes. Several of Aeolus 1's sons were founder of cities, both in Thessaly and in other parts of Hellas. Also Endymion (whom Selene loved), grandson of Aeolus 1, is said to have led the Aeolians from Thessaly founding the city of Elis in the Peloponnesus. A nephew of Aeolus 1, Tectamus, sailed to Crete with Aeolians and Pelasgians and became king of the island at the time when Zeus carried off Europa from Phoenicia [Apd.1.7.3].

Aeolis is the land between Ionia and Mysia in Asia Minor. It was Gras (son of Echelas, son of Penthilus 1, bastard son of Orestes 2 by Erigone 1, daughter of Aegisthus and Clytaemnestra) who achieved the colonisation of this country. Before him Penthilus 1 had seized the island of Lesbos leading the Aeolian colonisation, which preceded the Ionian by four generations; he advanced as far as Thrace sixty years after the Trojan War, about the time of the return of the HERACLIDES to the Peloponnesus. Also Cleues, son of Dorus 3 (a descendant of Agamemnon), and a contemporary of Penthilus 1, is counted among the colonizers of Aeolia, as is Malaus, another descendant of Agamemnon who also colonized Aeolia at this time [Pau.3.2.1].

Aepeia is one of the seven cities in Messenia that Agamemnon offered to Achilles. Some have identified Aepeia with Methone, which is south of Pylos, others with Corone (southeast of Pylos), and still others with Petalidi, which is north of Corone and east of Pylos [Hom.Il.9.152, 9.294; Pau.4.34.5].

Aepy. Town of uncertain location, probably in southern Elis, near the river Alpheus. Men from Elis followed Nestor to the Trojan War [Hom.2.592; Strab.8.3.24].

Aesepus. River rising in Mount Ida, which borders the eastern regions of the Troad (Asia Minor) and empties in the Propontis near Zeleia (homeland of Pandarus) [Arg.1.940; Hom.Il.2.825, 4.91, 12.21;Strab.12.3.23, 12.4.5-6].

Aesonis. City in Thessaly, called after Jason's father Aeson [Arg.1.411].

Aethalia. The island of Elba, between Italy and Corsica. In Aethalia there is or was a Portus Argous (Porto Ferrajo), called after the 'Argo', the ship of the ARGONAUTS, who visited the island when they were looking for Circe, whom Medea wished to see. Here pebbles are variegated or like skin in colour, because the scrapings, which the ARGONAUTS left behind after using their strigils (skin-scrapers used after exercise), froze. [Arg.4.654; Strab.5.2.6].

Aetna. See Etna.

Aetolia. Region in mainland Greece north of the Gulf of Patrae. Aetolia is called after Endymion's son Aetolus 2, who left Elis because he had been convicted of an unintentional homicide (see also Calydon) [Apd.1.7.6, 2.8.3, 3.6.3, 3.11.1; Apd.Ep, 2.15, 3.12, 7.40; Arg.1.146, 1.198; Hom.Il.2.638, 2.643, 4.399, 4.526, 5.706, 5.843, 9.531, 9.551, 9.575, 9.597, 13.218, 15.282, 23.471, 23.633; Hom.Od.14.379; Hyg.Fab.97, 119, 137, 172, 274; Ov.Met.14.461, 14.528].

Africa. The continent south of the Mediterranean Sea. Its known northern coast (except Egypt) was formerly called Libya [Hyg.Fab.14, 168, 178].

Aganippe. Spring near Mount Helicon in Boeotia, the region north and west of Attica. The spring is called after Aganippe 1, daughter of Termessus, one of the RIVER GODS [Pau.9.29.5].

Aithra. Indian city [Nonn.26.85].

Alae Araphenides. Attic deme between Marathon and Brauron [Cal.Ar.173].

Alalcomenae. City in Boeotia, called after Alalcomeneus, the man said to have brought up Athena. Others say that the city derived its name from Alalcomenia, daughter of Ogygus, the king of the Ectenes whom Cadmus found occupying the land of Thebes [Hom.Il.4.8, 5.908; Pau.9.33.5].

Albula. Ancient name of the river Tiber [Ov.Met.14.328].

Alea. City in Arcadia founded by Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Pau.8.23.1].

Aleian Plain. The Aleian Plain is in Cilicia (southeastern Asia Minor). Bellerophon is said to have fallen in this plain when riding on Pegasus after killing Chimera; he dislocated his hip as a result of the fall, and others say that, the gods being angry at him, he "wandered alone over the Aleian plain" [Hom.Il.6.201; Hyg.Fab.57; Strab.12.3.27, 14.5.17].

Alernus. Place near the river Tiber in Italy [Ov.Fast.6.107ff.].

Alesium is a territory in the mountain road between the cities of Elis and Olympia in the district of Elis, western Peloponnesus. This location is part of the homeland of the Elean leaders that joined the coalition against Troy. The men of this district, called "the hill of Alesium", were led, during the Trojan War, either by Amphimachus 1, or by Diores 1 (see also Map of Greece and Map Achaeans & Trojans) [Hom.Il.2.617, 11.757; Strab.8.3.8, 8.3.10].

Aliphera. City in Arcadia founded by Alipherus, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.26.6].

Alizones or Alizonians. Trojan allies (also called Halizones), inhabiting the Troad [Apd.Ep.3.35; Hom.Il.2.856, 5.39;Strab.12.3.22, 13.1.7, 13.1.61].

Almo. River flowing into the Tiber (Italy) [Ov.Met.14.329].

Almones. Village in Boeotia founded by and called after Sisyphus' son Almus (or Olmus), whom was given some land by Eteocles 2 (a Boeotian king) [Pau.9.34.10].

Alope. City in Phthiotis, subject to Achilles [Hom.Il.2.682].

Alpheus. River of Elis, rising in Arcadia (see also RIVER GODS) [Apd.2.5.5; Hom.Il.2.592, 5.545, 11.726, 11.728; Nonn.10.376, 42.105; Ov.Met.2.250].

Alps. Mountain range north of Italy [Ov.Met.2.226].

Althepia. Oraea renamed (see Troezen) [Pau.2.30.5].

Alus (Halus). City in Phthiotis, subject to Achilles [Hom.Il.2.682].

Alybe. City on the Black Sea, the "birth-place of silver" subject to the Alizones (Epistrophus 2 and Odius 1) [Hom.Il.2.857; Nonn.11.36, 11.311, 19.127, 27.37, 34.216, 42.418].

Amarantine Mountains. The Caucasus [Arg.2.399].

Amathus. City in Cyprus (the island in the eastern end of the Mediterranean) [Ov.Met.10.220, 10.227, 10.532; Strab.14.6.3].

Amazons. People of warrior women living near the river Thermodon in Asia Minor. Three tribes were distinguished (Arg.): Chadesians, Lycastians, and Themiscyreians [Apd.2.3.2, 2.5.9; Apd.Ep.1.16, 1.17, 5.2; Arg.2.374, 2.386, 2.912, 2.965, 2.985, 2.987, 2.1173; Hom.Il.3.189, 6.186; Hyg.Fab.14, 30, 163, 241, 250, 273; Nonn.20.198, 34.158, 35.91, 36.261, 36.265, 37.117, 40.26, 40.293, 45.9, 48.826].

Ambracia. City in Epirus [Arg.4.1228; Hyg.Fab.123; Ov.Met.13.714].

Amnisus. River in northern Crete (now Karteros) and seaport of Cnossus in the times of Minos 2. There was here a temple of Ilithyia. [Arg.3.877; Cal.Ar.15, 3.882; Strab.10.4.8; see also Robert E. Bell: Place Names in Classical Mythology].

Amphigenia. Place subject to Nestor near the Hypsoeis river (Messenia), where there was a temple of Leto [Hom.Il.2.593; Strab.8.3.24].

Amphissa. City in Ozolian Locris (on the north shore of the western part of the Gulf of Corinth) named after Amphissa, whom Apollo loved taking the shape of a shepherd. She was daughter of Macar 2 and Canace. The city Amphissa was near Delphi [Pau.10.38.4].

Amphrysus. A river of Thessaly (the most northeasterly region of peninsular Greece) flowing close to Halus, the town founded by Athamas 1. Near this river, Aethalides 1 (herald of the ARGONAUTS) was born; he was son of Hermes and Eupolemia, daughter of Myrmidon, son of Zeus and Eurymedusa 2, daughter of Cletor [Arg.1.54; Ov.Met.7.229; Strab.9.5.8].

Amyclae. City near Sparta in Laconia founded by Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon (see also Sparta) [Apd.2.6.2; Arg.4.1704; Hom.Il.2.584; Hyg.Fab.173; Nonn.19.103; Ov.Met.10.162; Strab.8.5.4].

Amydon. City in Macedonia about the river Axius. Home of Pyraechmes 1, one of the TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.2.849, 16.288].

Amymnei. People living in Thrace [Hyg.Fab.193, 252].

Amymone. A spring near Lerna called after one of the DANAIDS [Cal.BP.48; Hyg.Fab.169, 169a; Strab.8.6.8].

Amyrus. River in Magnesia [Arg.1.596, 4.617].

Anactoria. Former name of Asian Miletus [Pau.7.2.5].

Anaphe. Island north of Crete and east of Thera. One of the Cyclades [Apd.1.9.26; Arg.4.1717, 4.1730; Ov.Met.7.461].

Anatolia. Region in Asia Minor [Nonn.23.120].

Anaurus. River in Magnesia (Thessaly) flowing past Iolcus into the Gulf of Pagasae. This is the river where Jason lost one of his sandals [Apd.1.9.16; Arg.1.8; Cal.Ar.101; Cal.Del.103; Strab.9.5.15].

Andania. Town in Messenia. The rites of the Great Goddess were introduced in this town by Lycus 7, after he was expelled from Athens by his brother Aegeus 1. The Lyceum in Athens is called after this same Lycus 7 [Pau.1.19.3; 4.2.5; 4.33.6].

Andreis. District in Boeotia (the region north and west of Attica) called after Andreus 1, son of Peneus, one of the RIVER GODS [Pau.9.34.6-8].

Andros. The most northerly of the Cyclades Islands, called after Andreus 2, one of the generals of Oenopion 1, the man who blinded Orion [Apd.Ep.6.15, 6.15b; Ov.Met.7.469].

Anemoria. City in Phocis (the region bordering the Gulf of Corinth west of Boeotia) [Hom.Il.2.521; Strab.9.3.15].

Angurum. Mountain that divides the stream of the river Ister (the Danube) [Arg.4.323, 4.324].

Anigrus. River in Elis where the Centaur Pylenor washed himself after havingbeen wounded by Heracles 1, thus providing the river with a peculiar odour [Pau.5.5.10].

Anio. River in Latium (Italy), flowing from the city of Alba [Ov.Met.14.329; Strab.5.3.7].

Antandrus. A city in the Troad (the region about Troy) [Apd.Ep.3.33].

Anthea (I). City in Argolis (afterwards renamed Troezen) [Pau.2.30.8).

Anthea (II). Poros island [Plu.GQ.19].

Anthedon. Boeotian city on the coast opposite Euboea named after one of the NYMPHS [Hom.Il.2.503; Nonn.13.73, 39.100; Ov.Met.7.233, 13.905; Pau.9.22.5].

Antheia. City in Messenia near Pylos [Hom.Il.9.150, 9.293; Pau.4.31.1; Strab.8.4.5].

Anthemoeisian Lake. Near the land of the Mariandynians (a people inhabiting an area of the southern coast of the Black Sea that were visited by the ARGONAUTS). [Arg.2.724].

Anthemus. River in Erythia, the island in the far west in the river Oceanus. It was beside this river that Heracles 1 killed Geryon (see also HERACLES 1'S LABOURS) [Apd.2.5.10].

Anthene. Jungle region in India [Nonn.26.87].

Antron. City in Thessaly under the rule of Protesilaus [Hom.Il.2.697].

Aonia. Ancient name of Boeotia, the region north and west of Attica [Arg.3.1178, 3.1185; Cal.Del.75; Nonn.4.337, 5.37, 5.88, 5.206, 5.286, 7.240, 12.151, 13.55, 13.521, 25.18, 26.71, 37.144, 44.3, 44.144, 45.51, 45.59; Ov.Met.1.313, 3.339, 10.589, 12.24].

Apaesus. Place in the Troad (Paesus) [Hom.Il.2.828; Strab.13.1.10, 13.1.19].

Apenninus. Range of mountains in Italy [Ov.Met.2.226].

Aphetae. Port in Magnesia at the entrance of the Pagasaean Gulf whence the ARGONAUTS departed [Apd.1.9.19, Arg.1.591].

Aphidnae. City in Attica northwest of Marathon razed by the DIOSCURI (see also Helen and Theseus) [Apd.3.10.7; Nonn.13.187].

Apia or Apis. Former name of the Peloponnesus, so called after Apis 2, son of Phoroneus [Apd.2.1.1; Apd.Ep.2.9; Arg.4.1564; Pau.2.5.7].

Apidanians. Name of the ancient Arcadians [Arg.4.263; Cal.Ze.14; Nonn.13.294].

Apidanus. Thessalian river emptying in the Enipeus [Arg.1.38, 2.515; Hyg.Fab.14; Ov.Met.7.228; Strab.8.3.32].

Apollonia. City in Epirus [Apd.Ep.6.15b].

Apsyrtides Islands. Islands in the Danube (the branch supposed to communicate with the Adriatic) called after Apsyrtus, brother of Medea [Apd.1.9.24, 1.9.25].

Apulia. Region in southern Italy [Ov.Met.14.517].

Arabia. The Asian country [Apd.2.1.4, 2.5.11; Nonn.17.392, 20.146, 20.187, 20.225, 20.359, 21.99, 21.138, 21.148, 21.153, 21.290, 21.308, 26.23, 32.194, 36.96, 36.326, 36.408, 39.17, 40.294, 40.298, 40.393, 43.180, 43.399, 47.629; Ov.Met.10.478].

Arachotes. People living round Candahar in Afghanistan [Nonn.26.148].

Araethyrea. City in Phliasia, the region near Sicyon. It was called after the daughter of Aras, the first of the Phliasians; she was in turn mother of Phlias, after whom the Phliasians were called [Arg.1.115, Hom.Il.2.571; Pau.2.12.5; Strab.8.6.24].

Arainus or Araenum. City in the middle Peloponnesian promontory [Pau.3.24.10].

Arantine Hill. The place around which Aras built the city of Araethyrea [Pau.2.12.4-6].

Araxes. Armenian or Median river (Aras) [Arg.4.133; Nonn.23.81].

Arbians. People living west of the Indus [Nonn.26.167].

Arcadia. Region in central Peloponnesus [Aes.Supp.250 and passim; Apd.2.1.1, 2.7.4, 3.8.1-2, 3.9.1-2, 3.10.6, 3.10.8; DH.1.11.2, 1.13.2; Arg.161ff.; Dio.4.33.1, 4.68.1; Hdt.9.26; Hes.CWE.31, 65-67; Hom.Apo.3.209; Hom.Il.2.609; Hyg.Fab.14, 176; Lib.Met.31; Nonn.18.22; Pau.2.26.6, 4.3.6, 8.2.3, 8.3.1ff., 8.4.1-10, 8.5.1-2, 8.5.4-10, 8.10.3, 8.16.2, 8.17.6, 8.22.1, 8.23.1, 8.24.1, 8.29.5, 8.44.1, 8.45.7; Pin.Oly.6.30ff., 10.66; Plu.PS.36; QS.12.314ff.; Strab.5.2.4. Other mentions of Arcadia: Apd.1.8.2, 1.8.6, 2.2.2, 2.5.3, 2.5.7, 2.7.2, 2.7.3, 2.7.7, 3.6.3, 3.7.5, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.10.1, 3.11.2, 3.12.6; Apd.Ep.1.23, 3.12, 4.263, 4.264, 6.28, 7.39; Arg.1.125, 1.161, 2.1052; Cal.Ar.216, 221; Cal.Del.70; Cal.Ze.19; Hom.Il.2.603, 2.611, 7.134; Hyg.Fab.14, 30, 70, 97, 173a, 206, 225, 242, 253, 274; Nonn.2.527,, 18.24, 25.194, 36.70, 37.180, 41.355, 42.290, 47.252, 48.711; Ov.Met.1.217].

Arctonessos (Bear Island). Large island in the Propontis close to the Phrygian shore [Arg.1.941].

Ardea. City in Latium (Italy) [Ov.Met.14.573, 14.580].

Areizanteia. Place in India [Nonn.26.183, 26.192].

Arene. City in Messenia ruled by Nestor. It was founded by Aphareus 1 and named after his wife [Arg.1.471; Hom.Il.2.591, 11.723; Pau.4.2.4].

Areopagus. The hill near the Acropolis of Athens [Apd.3.14.2, 3.15.1, 3.15.8; Apd.Ep.1.16, 6.25].

Ares' Island. In the eastern Black Sea off the coast of Asia Minor [Arg.2.1230].

Ares' Plain. In Colchis, the land at the eastern end of the Black Sea where King Aeetes had his residence [Arg.2.1268, 3.495, 3.754, 3.1270].

Arethusa. Spring in Ithaca [Hom.Od.13.408].

Arganthonius. Mountain in Asia Minor on the eastern shore of the Propontis [Arg.1.1178].

Argissa. City in Thessaly ruled by Polypoetes 1, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.2.738].

Argos, Amphilochian. City in Epirus founded by Amphilochus 2 (see Acarnania above) [Apd.3.7.7].

Argos. City in Argolis, or sometimes Argolis itself [Apd.1.8.2, 1.8.5-6, 1.9.12, 1.9.19, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.4, 2.1.5, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.4.4, 2.4.6, 2.7.3, 2.8.4, 3.5.2, 3.6.1, 3.6.3, 3.6.6, 3.6.8, 3.7.1, 3.7.3-4, 3.7.6; Apd.Ep.3.12, 3.18, 3.20; Cal.Del.73; Cal.BP.36, 45].

Argyra. City and spring in Achaea [Pau.7.23.1].

Arima. Mountain range in Cilicia, Asia Minor [Hom.Il.2.783; Nonn.1.140, 1.321; Strab.13.4.6].

Arimaspi or Arimaspians. One-eyed people in Scythia [Cal.Del.291; Strab.1.2.10, 11.6.2].

Arisbe. City in the Troad, the region about Troy [Apd.Ep.3.35; Hom.Il.2.836, 6.13, 12.96, 21.43].

Arnae. City in Boeotia subject to Leitus and Peneleus (both ACHAEAN LEADERS) [Hom.Il.2.507, 7.8; Nonn.13.59; Hes.CWE.27].

Aroe. The city of Patrae [Pau.7.18.2, 7.18.5, 7.21.13].

Arsanie. Place in India [Nonn.26.170].

Artacia. A fountain on the Phrygian shore opposite Arctonessos Island. Otherwise a spring in the country of the Laestrygonians [Arg.1.957; Hom.Od.10.108].

Artemisius. Mountain in Arcadia [Apd.2.5.3].

Asbystian. Referring to the Asbystae or Asbystians, a people in the Cyrenaica (northern Africa) [Cal.Ap.76; Strab.2.5.33].

Ascania. District between Bithynia and Phrygia (Asia Minor), south of Mount Arganthonius. The Ascanians (Trojan allies) were led by Ascanius 3 and Phorcys 1 during the Trojan War [Hom.Il.2.862, 13.793, Nonn.14.285, 14.297; Strab.12.4.5, 14.5.29].

Ascanius. River in Mysia (Asia Minor) flowing from the Ascanian Lake, where there is also a city Ascania [Hyg.Fab.14; Strab.14.5.29].

Ascra. Town in Boeotia founded by Oeoclus (son of Poseidon) and the ALOADS. The town was named after Oeoclus' mother Ascra [Nonn.13.75; Pau.9.29.1].

Asea. City in Arcadia named after Aseatas, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.3.4, 8.44.3].

Asia. The continent east of Europe [Apd.2.1.3, 2.5.11, 3.5.3; Apd.Ep.3.1; Arg.1.444, 2.777, 4.273; Hyg.Fab.98; Nonn.13.4, 13.41, 17.18, 43.449; Ov.Met.5.648].

Asine. City on the southern coast of the Argolic peninsula subject to Diomedes 2 at the time of the Trojan War [Hom.Il.2.560; Strab.8.4.4, 8.6.3, 8.6.13, 8.6.17].

Asopia. District in Sicyonia which Aloeus 2 received from his father Helius [Pau.2.3.10].

Asopus. River in Boeotia [Apd.3.12.6; Arg.1.117; Cal.Del.78; Nonn.44.8; Strab.9.2.24].

Aspledon. City near Boeotian Orchomenus named after Aspledon, son of Poseidon Mideia [Hom.Il.2.510; Nonn.13.94].

Assyria. The land around the river Halys, east of Aegialus, in northern Asia Minor. Otherwise extending in a southerly direction [Apd.3.14.4; Arg.2.945, 2.964; Hyg.Fab.58, 242, 270; Nonn.2.402, 3.299, 4.80, 4.296, 5.9, 5.30, 6.214, 18.2, 18.47, 18.325, 19.92, 21.251, 25.374, 31.127, 31.203, 33.6, 34.189, 36.431, 40.299, 40.302, 40.393, 40.580, 41.157, 41.237, 43.19, 43.440, 46.26; Ov.Met.5.60].

Astacia. Place in India [Nonn.15.170, 16.166].

Asteria. Original name of the island of Delos [Cal.Del.300, 316].

Asterians. The Colchians were so named after Asterius 5 [Nonn.13.249].

Asteris. Island "midway between Ithaca and rugged Samos" [Hom.Od.4.846].

Asterium. City in Thessaly subject to Eurypylus 1 during the Trojan War [Hom.Il.2.735].

Astypalea. One of the Sporades Islands (Dodecanese) named after Astypalea, daughter of Phoenix 1 and Perimede 3 [Ov.Met.7.461; Pau.7.4.1; Strab.10.5.15].

Atabyrium. Mountain in Rhodes (see also Catreus) [Apd.3.2.1].

Ate. Hill in Phrygia (see also Palladium) [Apd.3.12.3].

Athamantia. A plain in Boeotia where Athamas 1 is said to have settled after his banishment from Thessaly [Apd.1.9.2; Arg.2.514; Pau.9.24.1].

Athens. City in Attica. People of Athens [Apd.1.7.2, 1.9.28, 3.10.8, 3.14.1-2, 3.14.5-8, 3.15.1, 3.15.4-7; Apd.Ep.1.5, 1.11, 1.23, 6.15b; Dio.4.29.2, 4.61.6, 4.76.1; Eur.Ion.21; Eur.Med.1386 and passim; Eur.Supp.6; Hdt.1.173; Hes.CWE.68.42; Hom.Il.2.536ff., 2.552; Hyg.Ast.2.13, 2.29; Hyg.Fab.26, 43, 46, 48, 166, 253; Lib.Met.6; Nonn.13.171, 22.296ff., 41.59; Ov.Met.6.675; Pau.1.2.6, 1.14.3, 1.19.5, 1.23.8; 1.31.3, 1.39.4, 1.39.6, 2.6.5, 2.18.8-9, 2.25.6, 5.1.4, 7.2.1.; Plu.The.19.5; QS.12.314ff.; Strab.9.1.6-7, 14.1.3. Other mentions of Athens: Apd.1.8.2, 1.9.28, 2.4.7, 2.8.1, 3.7.1, 3.14.1, 3.14.6, 3.15.4, 3.15.6, 3.15.7, 3.15.8, 3.16.1; Apd.Ep.1.4, 1.11, 1.16, 1.23, 1.24, 3.11, 6.25; Hom.Il.2.546, 2.551, 2.556, 4.328, 13.196, 15.337; Hom.Od.3.278, 3.308, 7.80, 11.323; Hyg.Fab.14, 26, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 46, 79, 97, 130, 164, 173a, 238, 274; Nonn.1.134, 13.150, 13.180, 19.82, 19.116, 22.319, 24.95, 24.240, 27.299, 27.306, 28.126, 28.148, 38.54, 39.211, 47.311, 47.350, 47.428, 47.439, 48.966; Ov.Met.5.652, 6.421, 7.507, 7.723, 8.262].

Athos. Mountain on the easternmost of the Chalcidian promontories [Arg.1.601; Nonn.2.399, 3.216, 48.202; Ov.Met.2.217, 11.554].

Atlas. Mountain in North-western Africa [Hyg.Fab.30].

Atrapitoi. Place in Samothrace [Nonn.13.405].

Atthis. Another name for Salamis [Hyg.Fab.14].

Attica. The most southeasterly part of mainland Greece (see Athens) [Apd.1.7.2, 2.4.7, 3.5.9, 3.14.1, 3.14.7; Apd.Ep.6.29; Arg.1.93; Hyg.Fab.46, 79, 122; Nonn.2.86, 13.195, 19.66, 27.310, 37.160, 39.191, 41.167, 41.218, 41.223, 44.265, 44.272, 47.12, 47.31, 47.263, 48.953, 48.961; Ov.Met.7.492].

Augeiae. A city in Locris Epicnemidia [Hom.Il.2.533; Strab.9.4.5].

Aulion cave. A place visited by the ARGONAUTS in northern Asia Minor, near the river Callichorus, between the land of the Mariandynians and Sinope [Arg.2.910].

Aulis. Boeotian city opposite Euboea. Here assembled the Achaean fleet that sailed against Troy. Aulis was named after the daughter of Ogygus, king of the Ectenes [Apd.2.6.3; Apd.Ep.3.11, 3.15, 3.18, 3.19, 3.21; Arg.4.1779; Hom.Il.2.303, 2.496; Hyg.Fab.98; Nonn.13.105; Ov.Met.12.10, 13.181].

Ausonia. Another name for Italy (after King Auson) [Apd.1.9.24; Arg.4.553, 4.590, 4.660, 4.828; Nonn.3.199, 41.366, 41.390; Ov.Met.5.350, 13.708, 14.7, 14.73, 14.320, 14.772, 14.786].

Avernus. Lake near Cumae (Italy) (see also Sibyl 6 Cumaean) [Hyg.Fab.88, 125; Strab.5.4.5].

Axius. Macedonian river [Apd.Ep.4.7; Hom.Il.2.850, 16.288, 20.141, 20.158].

Azania. Distric in Arcadia called after Azan, son of Arcas 1 [Cal.Ar.235; Pau.8.4.3].

Babylon. City in Mesopotamia [Hyg.Fab.240, 242, 243; Nonn.40.303, 40.401; Ov.Met.4.44, 4.99].

Bacchiadae. People of Ephyra, i.e. Corinth, who settled among the Phaeacians [Arg.4.1212].

Bactra or Bactria. City in Persia and the region about Afghanistan, Turkestan and Badakshan [Nonn.6.213, 21.250, 23.80, 25.374, 26.340; Ov.Met.5.135].

Baiae. City on the coast of Campania, close to Cumae in southern Italy [Strab.5.2.9, 5.4.5-6].

Baidion. City beside the Indian river Ombelos [Nonn.26.49].

Balearic Islands. Islands in the western Mediterranean [Ov.Met.2.727].

Basilis. City in Arcadia founded by Cypselus 1 [Pau.8.29.5].

Batarnae. People living in Asia near Colchis [Val.6.97].

Bebrycia. Region in northern Asia Minor. The Bebryces or Bebrycians were visited by the ARGONAUTS [Apd.1.9.20, 2.5.9; Arg.2.2, 2.13, 2.70, 2.98, 2.121, 2.129, 2.758, 2.768, 2.792, 2.798; Hyg.Fab.17].

Becheiri. People of northeastern Asia Minor living near the Macrones [Arg.2.394, 2.1242].

Berecynthius or Berecyntius. Mountain and district in Phrygia [Cal.Ar.246; Nonn.13.508, 20.305, 40.227, 44.141, 48.730; Ov.Met.11.16, 11.106].

Berytos. Beyrouth [Nonn.41.367, 41.396].

Bessa. A city in Locris Epicnemidia, no longer in existence in Strabo's times [Hom.Il.2.532; Strab.9.4.5].

Billaeus. River in northern Asia Minor, in the land of the Mariandynians [Arg.2.791].

Bisaltians. People living in Thrace [Apd.Ep.6.16].

Bistonia. A district in Thrace where the city Abdera is. The Bistones or Bistonians were ruled by Diomedes 1 (see also HERACLES 1'S LABOURS) [Apd.2.5.8; Arg.1.34, 2.704, 4.906; Nonn.3.243, 19.70, 22.188].

Bitch's Tomb. The place where Hecabe 1 was buried in the Thracian Chersonesus [Apd.Ep.5.23].

Bithynia. The most northwesterly part of Asia Minor [Apd.1.9.20; Arg.2.4, 2.177, 2.347, 2.619, 2.788].

Black Sea. Sea to the east of the Mediterranean [Arg.1.922].

Blemyes. Ethiopian people, south of Egypt [Nonn.17.385, 17.397, 26.341].

Boagrius. River in Locris Epicnemidia, flowing near Thronium [Hom.Il.2.533; Strab.9.4.4].

Boeae. City in the easternmost Peloponnesian promontory founded by Boeus, one of the HERACLIDES [Pau.3.22.11].

Boebe and Boebeis. City and lake in Thessaly [Hom.Il.2.712; Ov.Met.7.231].

Boeotia. Region north and west of Attica [Apd.1.9.1, 1.9.2, 3.1.2, 3.4.1, 3.5.5; Apd.Ep.3.11; Arg.2.846; Cal.BP.62, 125; Hom.Il.2.494, 2.510, 2.526, 5.710, 13.685, 13.700, 14.476, 17.597; Hyg.Fab.14, 67, 97, 186; Nonn.5.59, 13.56, 13.83, 13.120, 20.319; Ov.Met.2.239, 3.13, 12.9].

Boibe. Place in Crete [Nonn.13.236].

Bolina. City in Achaea [Pau.7.23.4].

Bolinaeus. River in Achaea, near Argyra [Pau.7.23.4].

Bolinges. People living to the east of the middle Indus [Nonn.26.143].

Borraean Gate. One of the seven gates of Thebes [Aes.Sev.547, 555; Apd.3.6.6].

Bosphorus (Bosporus). The straits leading to the Black Sea [Apd.2.1.3; Arg.1.1114, 2.168; Hyg.Fab.145; Nonn.3.367, 43.294].

Bosporus. See Bosphorus.

Boudeia. Place in Phrygia [Nonn.13.512].

Bovillae. District in Latium [Ov.Fast.3.667].

Brauron. Town east of Athens [Nonn.13.186; Strab.9.1.20].

Brontion. Place in Samothrace [Nonn.13.405].

Brygean islands. Two islands where the Ister (Danube) falls into the sea [Arg.4.330].

Brygi. People living in the Brygean Islands [Arg.4.470].

Bubassus. City in Caria [Ov.Met.9.644].

Buprasium. Coastal city in northwestern Elis [Hom.Il.2.615, 11.756, 11.760, 23.631].

Bura. City in Achaea [Cal.Del.101].

Buthrotum. City and harbour in Epirus where Helenus 1 reigned after the Trojan War [Ov.Met.13.721].

Byblis. Fountain in Caria [Ov.Met.9.663].

Byblos. Coastal city in Syria (now Lebanon) [Nonn.3.109, 20.143, 29.344, 31.126, 41.107].

Byzantium. City on the European side of the south end of the Bosporus, later rebuilt as Constantinople [Dio.4.49.2].

Byzeres. People living between the Sapeires and the Colchians [Arg.2.396, 2.1244].