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Dictionary
Boeus to Cephisus

Characters
Geographical
Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Boeus. See HERACLIDES.

Bolina. It is told of Bolina that she fled from Apollo, who was in love with her, and that she threw herself into the sea. A city in Achaea was called after her, and Apollo made her immortal [Pau.7.23.4].

Bootes (see Arcas 1). See CONSTELLATIONS.

Borax. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon.

Boreas 1. See WINDS.

Boreas 2. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon.

Bores. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon.

Borus 1. Son of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2 (daughter of Perseus 1), and husband of Polydora 1, daughter of Peleus and Antigone 1 [Apd.3.13.1, 3.10.3].

Borus 2. A Maeonian, father of Phaestus 1 [for the latter see TROJANS] [Hom.Il.5.43].

Borus 3. King of Messenia expelled by the HERACLIDES. He was son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus. Borus 3 was father of Andropompus 1 [Pau.2.18.8].

Borysthenes. Father of King Thoas 3 of Lemnos. Borysthenes' Daughter consorted with Zeus [Hdt.4.5; Lib.Met.27].

Borysthenes' Daughter consorted with Zeus and had a son Targitaus by him [Hdt.4.5].

Botres. For eating the brains of a sheep that had been sacrificed before it had been put on the altar, Botres was killed by his father Eumelus 6, son of Eugnotus, and turned into a Bee-eater by Apollo [Lib.Met.18].

Botrys. Son of Staphylus 2 and Methe 2 [Nonn.18.5, 18.125].

Braesia cohabited with foreigners because of the wrath of Aphrodite; she died in Egypt. Braesia was daughter of King Cinyras 1 of Cyprus and Metharme, daughter of Pygmalion 1 [Apd.3.14.3].

Branchus. Father by Argiope 1 of Cercyon 1, one of the evil doers punished by Theseus [Apd.Ep.1.3].

Brangas. Son of Strymon 1 (one of the RIVER GODS), and brother of Olynthus and Rhesus 2. Brangas bewailed the death of his brother Olynthus and buried him. Later he came to Sithonia (Chalcidice) and founded the city Olynthos, which he called after his brother [Con.4].

Bremon. See ACHAEANS.

Bremusa. See AMAZONS.

Bretannus. A Celt father of Celtine, whom Heracles 1 loved [Parth.30.1].

Briacas. Son of Aeginetes 2, son of Pompus, son of Simus, son of Phialus, son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Briacas's brother Polymestor 2, being elder, inherited the kingdom of Arcadia, but it was Briacas' son Aechmis, who succeeded Polymestor 2 [Pau.8.5.10].

Briareus (Obriareus, Aegaeon 2). See HECATONCHEIRES.

Brisa (see Briseus) [Hyg.Fab.106].

Briseis.

Briseus (Brisa). Priest of Lyrnessus and father of Briseis [Hom.Il.1.390].

Brissonius. Son of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Britomartis (Aphaea, Dictynna, Laphria). Britomartis was the daughter of Zeus and Carme, daughter of Eubulus, son of Carmanor and Demeter. Some say that she was born at a place called Caeno in Crete, but others have called her nymph of Gortyn. Britomartis was an excellent runner and delighted in hunting with her arch, as she passed her time in the company of Artemis. But Minos 2, some say, having fallen in love with her, pursued her for nine months trying to ravish her. She first hid herself under oaks and in low meadows; but when Minos 2 was close to catch her she threw herself from the top of a cliff, falling into the nets of fishermen that saved her. After this, some say, she was made a goddess by Artemis and was worshipped both in Crete and in Aegina. According to others Britomartis' mother Carme was the daughter of Phoenix 1 (brother of Europa) and Cassiopea 3, daughter of Arabius. They also say that Britomartis started her life in Phoenicia, and that having come to Argos, she was received in this city by the daughters of the river god Erasinus: Byze, Melite 3, Maera 5, and Anchiroe 2. From Argos, they say, she went to Cephallenia, the island in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Acarnania, where she was surnamed Laphria and regarded as a goddess. From Cephallenia she came to Crete, where Minos 2 pursued her; and it is because she found refuge under the nets of fishermen that the Cretans called her Dictynna (Goddess of Nets). Having thus escaped Minos 2 she came to Aegina navigating with the boat of the fisherman Andromedes 1, who also attempted to rape her. But Britomartis threw herself into the sea, disappearing in the grove where her sanctuary was built. There are those who deny that Minos 2 ever attacked Britomartis, saying also that it was she who invented the nets which are used in hunting [Cal.Ar.190; Dio.5.76.3; Eur.Hipp.149; Lib.Met.40; Pau.2.30.3; Stat.Theb.9.632].

Bromie. See MAENADS.

Bromius. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Bromus. See CENTAURS.

Brongus 1. A shepherd who entertained Dionysus 2 at the time of the Indian war [Nonn.17.40ff.].

Brongus 2. King of the Sibai, honoured by King Deriades of India. His sons Astraeis and Cyllarus 2 joined Deriades against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War [Nonn.26.221].

Bronte. See BESTIARY.

Brontes 1. See CYCLOPES.

Brontes 2. A Dolionian killed by Jason during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.152].

Broteas 1 is the hunter who affirmed that not even fire could hurt him; he died when he, going mad, threw himself into fire [Apd.Ep.2.2].

Broteas 2. See LAPITHS.

Broteas 3 is to be counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1, father of Andromeda, when the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 broke up. He and his brother Ammon 2 were killed by Phineus 1 [Ov.Met.5.107].

Broteas 4. Son of Tantalus 1 and Dione 3, daughter of Atlas. Broteas 4 is the father of Tantalus 3, first husband of Clytaemnestra [Hyg.Fab.82, 83; Pau.2.22.3, 3.22.4].

Bryce. See DANAIDS.

Bryusa. A companion of the HORAE and one of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Bubastis. Egyptian feline goddess, the same as Bastet (cat-headed goddess). This is one of the deities who appeared in the vision of Telethusa [Ov.Met.9.691].

Bucolion 1. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Bucolion 2. The first son of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, offspring of a secret love. The known women of Laomedon 1 are Strymo, Placia, Leucippe 2 and Calybe 1. Bucolion 2 married Abarbarea 1 and had two sons by her: Aesepus 2 and Pedasus 1 [Apd.3.12.3; Hom.Il.6.22ff.].

Bucolion 3. King of Arcadia; he succeeded his father Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Bucolion 3 was father of Phialus, father of Simus, father of Pompus, father of Aeginetes 2, father of Polymestor 2 and Briacas. Polymestor 2 was childless, but Briacas had a son Aechmis, who was also king of Arcadia [Pau.8.5.7].

Bucolion 4. See ACHAEANS.

Bucolus 1 was son of Heracles 1 and Marse, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Bucolus 2 is one of the several sons of King Hippocoon 2 of Lacedaemon who were killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.7.3, 3.10.5].

Bucolus 3 (see Daphnis 4) [Dio.4.84.3].

Buleus. Son of Heracles 1 and Elachia, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Bulis was the mother, by Antheus 1, of Aegypius, who became the lover of Timandra 2. Now Timandra 2's son Neophron, who was of the same age as Aegypius, being jealous because of the love between his mother and Aegypius, not only became the lover of Aegypius' mother Bulis but also deluded her to sleep with her own son. Because Zeus disliked this state of affairs he turned the two young men into vultures and the two women into other birds [Lib.Met.5].

Bull 1. See BESTIARY, HERACLES 1'S LABOURS, and Minotaur [Apd.2.5.7, 3.3.3-4; Hyg.Fab.38; Pau.1.27.10].

Bull 2. See BESTIARY, Europa, and CONSTELLATIONS.

Bull 3 Marathonian. See BESTIARY and Theseus.

Bull 4. See BESTIARY and Argus 1.

Bull 5 (and 6). See BESTIARY, Aeetes and Jason.

Bull 7. See BESTIARY and Theseus.

Bull 8. See BESTIARY and Iphigenia.

Bull 9's hide. This bull had been sacrificed by Hyrieus when he received Zeus, Hermes and Poseidon. As Hyrieus was childless and asked the gods for children, they urinated in the hide of the sacrificed bull, buried it in the earth and from it Orion was born [see also BESTIARY and Orion [Hyg.Fab.195; Ov.Fast.5.535].

Bull 10. See BESTIARY and Io.

Bull 11. See BESTIARY.

Bunomus. Son of Paris and Helen. He died crushed by a collapsing roof at Troy [Dictys 5.5].

Bunus is the man to whom Aeetes entrusted the kingdom of Corinth when he departed to Colchis. He was son of Hermes and Alcidamea. When Bunus died Epopeus 1 extended his own kingdom to include Corinth [Pau.2.3.10].

Buphagus was a citizen of Pheneus in Arcadia who nursed Iphicles when he was wounded in battle by the MOLIONIDES [see also Elis] during Heracles 1's campaign against King Augeas of Elis. Buphagus, after whom a river was called, was killed by Artemis when he attempted to rape her. He was the son of Iapetus 2 and Thornax, and was married to Promne, the woman who buried Iphicles, half-brother of Heracles 1 [Pau.8.14.9, 8.27.17].

Buphonas was a Sicanian general who was defeated and killed by Heracles 1 in a great battle in Sicily [Dio.4.23.5].

Bura. Daughter of Ion 1, eponym of Ionia. Her mother was Helice 2, daughter of Selinus. After Bura a city in Achaea was called [Pau.7.25.8].

Busiris 1. Son of Aegyptus 1; see DANAIDS.

Busiris 2. This is the King of Egypt, who used to sacrifice strangers. It is said that Heracles 1, having come to Egypt, sacrificed him or slew him with his club. Busiris 2 was son of Poseidon, either by Lysianassa 2, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io, or by Anippe. Busiris 2 had a son Amphidamas 4, whom Heracles 1 also killed [Apd.2.5.11; Dio.4.18.1; Hyg.Fab.31; Plu.PS.38; Plu.The.11.1; Stat.Theb.12.155].

Butes 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Butes 2 became the priest of Athena and Poseidon after his father's death, while his brother Erechtheus inherited the throne of Athens. Butes 2, son of Pandion 2 and Zeuxippe 2, married Chthonia 1, daughter of Erechtheus [Apd.3.14.8, 3.15.1].

Butes 3 was a member of the Bebrycian clan of Amycus 1 (in northern Asia Minor). He was killed by Dares 2 in a boxing match during the games held by Aeneas in Sicily [Vir.Aen.5.372].

Butes 4. Squire and household of Anchises 1 [Vir.Aen.9.648].

Butes 5. One of Aeneas' warriors in Italy. He was slain by Camilla [Vir.Aen.11.690].

Butes 6 was a Thracian, son of Boreas 1 [see WINDS]. He plotted against his brother Lycurgus 8, and had to go in exile. After having made his way through the Cyclades, Butes 6 and his companions came to Thessaly, where they met the MAENADS who fled in fright. Butes 6 could anyway seize Coronis 3, who gave later birth to Hippodamia 4. But she, angry at him for having been so insolently seized, called upon Dionysus 2, who drove Butes 6 mad, and he, throwing himself into a well, met his death [Dio.4.70.3, 5.50.2, 5.50.5].

Butes 7. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Haemon 1 [Stat.Theb.8.484].

Byblis (Biblis). See NYMPHS.

Byssa is one of Eumelus 5's children who were turned into birds for not paying respect to the gods [Lib.Met.15].

Bytaeas. A Sicanian general who was defeated and killed by Heracles 1 in a great battle in Sicily [Dio.4.23.5].

Byzas. After him was named the city of Byzantium, which is on the European side of the south end of the Bosporus, and was later rebuilt as Constantinople [Dio.4.49.2; Nonn.3.366].

Byze. An Argive, who along with her sisters received Britomartis. She was daughter of the river god Erasinus [Lib.Met.40].

Caanthus, son of Oceanus, was sent by his father in search of his sister Melia (one of the OCEANIDS), who had been carried away. He found that Apollo had her, but being unable to get her back, he set fire to the precinct of Apollo, and for that he was shot down by the god [Pau.9.10.5].

Cabeirus. See TROJANS.

Cabiro. Thracian woman, daughter of Proteus 2. She is mother, by Hephaestus, of the NYMPHS CABIROIDES [see NYMPHS], of Cadmilus, and of the CABIROI [see CORYBANTES] [Nonn.14.21; Strab.10.3.21].

CABIROI. See CORYBANTES.

Cacius. After Heracles 1 had passed through Liguria and the lands of the Tyrrhenians in Italy he came to the river Tiber and the Palatine Hill. Here he was received and welcomed by some notable men, among which Cacius and Pinarius. For that reason a passage on the Palatine with a stairway of stone was called after him "Steps of Cacius" [Dio.4.21.2].

Cacus. See BESTIARY.

Cadmilus. Son of Hephaestus and Cabiro, daughter of Proteus 2. Cadmilus is said to be the father of three of the CABIROI [see CORYBANTES] [Strab.10.3.21].

Cadmus.

Caeculus, son of Hephaestus is the founder of Praeneste (Palestrina), east of Rome. He was an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.678, 10.543].

Caedicus 1. This is the man who gave some rich presents to Remulus 2, who passed them over to his grandson, and later became the battle spoils of Rhamnes, from whom they were taken by Euryalus 7, a man in the army of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.361].

Caedicus 2. A soldier of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.747].

Caelius. A Tyrrhenian leader who helped Romulus with considerable troops after the war against Crustumerium, a colony of Alba. The Caelian Hill is called after him [DH.2.36.2].

Caeneus 1 (Caenis). See CALYDONIAN HUNTERS.

Caeneus 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Caeneus 3. One of the soldiers of Aeneas in Italy. He killed Ortygius 2 and was himself slain by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.573].

Caeneus 4. A warrior in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was slain by Haemus 2 [Stat.Theb.7.644].

Caenis (see Caeneus 1) [Lib.Met.17].

Caerus 1. See BESTIARY.

Caerus 2. "Opportunity".

Caicus 1. See RIVER GODS.

Caicus 2 followed Aeneas into exile but his ship was not in view [Vir.Aen.1.183].

Caicus 3. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the civil war in Colchis. He was killed by Lexanor [Val.6.688].

Caieta was Aeneas' nurse. She was buried in Italy, where a promontory was called after her [DH.1.53.3; Ov.Met.14.443; Vir.Aen.7.1].

Calais. See ARGONAUTS.

Calametis. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She was loved by Heracles 1 and gave birth to Astybies [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Calamos was son of the river god Meander. He was in love with Carpos, a beautiful young man who died. Out of grief for his death Calamos threw himself in the river Meander and, having sank, gave his form to the reeds which are called after him [Nonn.11.379, 11.385, 11.478].

Calaus. A Phrygian father of Attis [Pau.7.17.9].

Calchas.

Calchinia. Mother by Poseidon of Peratus, King of Sicyon. Calchinia was daughter of Leucippus 5, son of Thurimachus, son of Aegyrus, son of Thelxion, son of Apis 2, son of Phoroneus, the first man [Pau.2.5.7].

Calchus. King of Daunia in southeastern Italy. He wished to gain Circe's love at the time when she felt a passion for Odysseus, who was then with her. Circe set before him a table covered with food full of magical drugs and, having eaten of them, Calchus was stricken mad, whereupon she drove him into the pig-sty, as it was her custom. After some time, however, the Daunian army landed in Circe's island and, yielding to force, she released him from the enchantment, although making him promise never to return [Parth.12.1-3].

Calesius. See TROJANS.

Caletor 1. Father of Aphareus 3 [see ACHAEANS] [Hom.Il.13.541].

Caletor 2. See TROJANS.

Caliadne. See NYMPHS.

Callianassa. See NEREIDS.

Callianira. See NEREIDS.

Callias. One of the HERACLIDES. Callias was son of Temenus 2, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Apd.2.8.5].

Callicarpus. Son, born in Sardinia, of Aristaeus and Autonoe 2, daughter of Cadmus [Dio.4.82.4].

Callichore. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Callidice 1. See DANAIDS.

Callidice 2. Queen of the Thesprotians in southern Epirus who offered the kingdom to Odysseus. He reigned there for some time but later he returned to Ithaca, handing over the kingdom to his son by her Polypoetes 4 [Apd.Ep.7.35].

Callidice 3. Daughter of King Celeus 1 of Eleusis and Metanira [Hom.Dem.2.109].

Calligenia. Nurse of Persephone [Nonn.6.140].

Callileon. One of the sons of Thyestes 1 and a Naiad 3, slaughtered by Atreus, and served to his father for a meal [Apd.Ep.2.13].

Calliope. See MUSES.

Calliphaeia. See NYMPHS.

Callipolis. Son of Alcathous 3, son of Pelops 1. His mother was either Pyrgo 1 or Evaechme 1, daughter of Megareus 2, son of Poseidon. Having learned that his brother Ischepolis had died in Aetolia, Callipolis hasty came when his father was preparing a fire to sacrifice to Apollo, and flung the logs from the altar. Angry at this Alcathous 3, who still ignored what had happened to Ischepolis, stroke Callipolis' head with a log and killed him, as if to punish his son's impiety [Pau.1.42.6, 1.43.4].

Callirrhoe 1. See OCEANIDS.

Callirrhoe 2. Daughter of the river god Achelous. She married Alcmaeon 1, and demanded of him the Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1. Trying to get them, Alcmaeon 1 was killed, and Callirrhoe 2 requested of Zeus that her small sons by Alcmaeon 1 (Amphoterus 1 and Acarnan 1) might immediately grow up in order to avenge their father's murder [see Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.2-6, Pau.8.24.9].

Callirrhoe 3. Daughter of the river god Scamander 1 and Idaea 1, one of the NYMPHS. By Tros 1, after whom the Trojans are called, she had children: Cleopatra 3, Ilus 2, Assaracus, and Ganymedes. Yet some have said that Tros 1 was Callirrhoe 3's son by Erichthonius 1, son of Dardanus 1, son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES [Apd.3.12.1-2, DH.1.62.2].

Callirrhoe 4. This girl was loved by Coresus 2, a priest from Calydon. Being refused by her he prayed to Dionysus 2 and the god sent a plague that drove the Calydonians mad before they died. The Calydonians then, having consulted the oracle at Dodona, were told to either sacrifice the girl to the god or to let someone else be voluntarily sacrificed in her stead. Since no one was willing to die for her she was brought like a victim to the altar. However, Coresus 2, who stood ready to sacrifice slew himself in her place, proving thereby the integrity of his love.When Callirrhoe 4 saw him lying dead she repented and cut her throat at a spring near Calydon's harbour, which was later called after her [Pau.7.21.1].

Callirrhoe 5. Wife of Piras 1, son of King Argus 5 of Argos, son of Zeus and Niobe 1 [Hyg.Fab.145].

Callirrhoe 6. See NYMPHS.

Callirrhoe 7. After the sack of Troy, Diomedes 2 came to Libya, where he was put in prison by King Lycus 17, father of Callirrhoe 7 and son of Ares. It is said that it was the king's daughter who, loosing Diomedes 2 from his bonds, saved him. Diomedes 2 is said to have thanklessly, sailed away, and the girl killed herself with a halter [Plu.PS.23].

Callisto (Arctos).

Callithea. Daughter of Choraeus and wife of King Atys 3 of Lydia. Her son Lydus was also king of Lydia, but her other son Tyrsenus emigrated to Tyrrhenia (Italy) [DH.1.27.2].

Callithoe was the eldest of the daughters of King Celeus 1 of Eleusis, whom Demeter visited in her search for Persephone. Callithoe's mother was Metanira [see also Demeter] [Hom.Dem.2.110].

Calos (see Talos 2) [Pau.1.21.4].

Calpetus 1 (see Capetus 2) [Dio.7.5.10; Ov.Fast.4.46].

Calpetus 2. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Thiodamas 3 [Stat.Theb.10.319].

Calpus. Son of the second king of Rome, Numa 3. The family of the Calpurnii are said to descend from him [Plu.Num.21.2].

Calybe 1. See NYMPHS.

Calybe 2. Priestess of Hera in Italy, whose shape Alecto (one of the ERINYES) took when she spoke to Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.419].

Calybe 3. See MAENADS.

Calyce 1. Daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete. Calyce 1 was mother of Aethlius by Zeus, say some; but others say that she was mother of Endymion by Aethlius [Apd.1.7.3-5; Hes.CWE.8].

Calyce 2. Daughter of Hecato and mother of Cycnus 1 by Poseidon [Hyg.Fab.157].

Calyce 3. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff., 29.251].

Calydon. The city Calydon in Aetolia was named after him. He was son of Aetolus 2 and Pronoe 2, and having married Aeolia, he had two daughters by her: Epicasta 1 and Protogenia 2. Calydon was grandson of Endymion, whom Selene loved. [Apd.1.7.7].

Calydoneus. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

CALYDONIAN HUNTERS.

Calypso 1. See NEREIDS.

Calypso 2. See OCEANIDS.

Calypso 3.

Camers (Camertes). A distinguished man among the Rutulians, in whose likeness Juturna addressed the army. Camers was son of Volscens, an ally of Turnus, the man who oöpposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.562, 12.224].

Camertes (see Camers).

Camilla was a woman-warrior, ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. Camilla, who as a child was suckled by a mare, was daughter of King Metabus of the Volscians and Casmilla. Camilla died in battle, slain by Arruns 1, an Etruscan ally of Aeneas [Hyg.Fab.252; Vir.Aen.7.803, 11.501, 11.539, 11.801ff.].

Camiro. Son of Pandareus from Miletus (Crete), son of Merops 4 [Pau.10.30.2].

Camirus. Son of Helius' son Cercaphus 1 and Cyrbia, daughter of Ochimus, son of Helius. Camirus divided his father's land (Rhodes) with his brothers Lindus and Ialysus [Dio.5.57.8; Pin.Oly.7.73].

Campe. See BESTIARY, Underworld and HECATONCHEIRES [Apd.1.2.1; Nonn.18.237].

Campesus. A Colchian, killed in battle during the Colchian civil war [see also Aeetes] [Val.5.590, 6.243].

Canace. It is said that Canace, daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete had an incestuous relationship with her brother Macar 2, and that they had a daughter called Amphissa, whom Apollo loved. She killed herself for having committed incest, or else she was killed by her own father for the same reason. It is also told that Canace consorted with Poseidon and had by him a number of children: Aloeus 1, Hopleus 1, Nireus 1, Epopeus 1, and Triopas 2 [Apd.1.7.3-4; Cal.Dem.99; Hyg.Fab.238, 243; Ov.Her.11].

Canache. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon.

Candalus. One of the HELIADES 2, sons of Helius and Rhode 2. Candalus settled in Cos after the murder of his brother Tenages [Dio.5.56.3-5].

Canens. A gifted singer beloved of Picus, the demigod living in the Aventine hill. Picus refused the love of Circe and this witch turned him into a woodpecker; Canens then, in grief for Picus' absence, melted away in tears and vanished. Canens was daughter of Janus and Venilia [see Other Deities]. Faunus 1, the half-goat god who is sometimes identified with Pan, is said by some to be son of Canens and Picus; but others have called him son of Circe [Ov.Met.14.320ff., 14.431; Vir.Aen.7.48].

Canethus 1. Son of King Abas 1 of Euboea, son of Poseidon. Canethus 1 was father of Canthus 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.77].

Canethus 2. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Canethus 3. Husband of Henioche 3, daughter of Pittheus, son of Pelops 1. Canethus 3 and his wife were parents either of Sciron or of Sinis, both evil doers killed by Theseus [Plu.The.25.4-5].

Canobus (Canopus). Pilot of Menelaus who died in Egypt killed by a serpent. It is told that Theonoe 2, daughter of Proteus 3, fell in love with him but was unsuccessful. The city Canobus, east of Alexandria, was named after him [Con.8; Dictys 6.4.; Strab.17.1.17].

Canopus (see Canobus) [Dictys 6.4].

Canthus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Canthus 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Capaneus. See SEVEN AGAINST THEBES.

Capetus 1. One of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. He was killed by her father Oenomaus 1 [Pau.6.21.10].

Capetus 2 (Calpetus 1) succeeded his father Capys 2 on the throne of Alba and Latium, and was succeeded by his son Tiberinus 2 [see also Aeneas and Romulus] [Ov.Fast.4.46; Ov.Met.14.612].

Capetus 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. Capetus 3 drowned while trying to kill Agenor 14 by a river [Stat.Theb.9.276].

Capetus 4. King of Alba (see also Epytus 2). He succeeded Alba Silvius and was himself succeeded by Capys 2 [see also Aeneas and Romulus] [DH.1.71.1].

Caphaurus. This is the man who killed the Argonaut Canthus 1 in Libya when he discovered him leading off his sheep. Caphaurus, son of Amphithemis 1 (son of Apollo), and a Tritonian Nymph (Nymph 6), was killed by the ARGONAUTS [Arg.4.1490ff.].

Caphira. See OCEANIDS.

Capylus. Son of Heracles 1 and Hippo 2, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Capys 1. Father of Anchises 1, either by Themiste, or by Hieromneme. The latter is sometimes said to be his mother, who otherwise is called Clytodora. His father was King Assaracus of Dardania, son of Tros 1, son of Erichthonius 1, son of Dardanus 1, son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. Capys 1, who was still alive at the time of the Trojan War, is remembered for having recommended to throw the WOODEN HORSE into the sea [Apd.3.12.2; DH.1.62.2; Dio.4.75.5; Vir.Aen.2.35].

Capys 2. Succeeded his father Epytus 2 on the throne of Alba and Latium and himself was succeeded by his son Capetus 2 [see also AENEAS IN HADES, Aeneas, and Romulus] [Dio.7.5.10; Ov.Fast.4.44; Ov.Met.14.612; Vir.Aen.6.768].

Car. King of Megara and son of Phoroneus, the first man. His mother was either Cerdo, or Teledice, or Cinna. Car was buried somewhere between Megara and Corinth [Apd.2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Pau.1.39.5, 1.44.6, 2.21.1].

Cardys. Father of Clymenus 8, a descendant of Heracles 2, one of the DACTYLS [Pau.5.8.1].

Caresus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes, during the Colchian civil war. Caresus was slain by Cremedon [Val.6.192].

Carmanor is the man who purified Apollo after the killing of Python. It was in his house that Apollo mated with Acalle, daughter of Minos 2. Carmanor consorted with Demeter and had children by this goddess: Eubulus and Chrysothemis 3 [Dio.5.76.3; Pau.2.30.3, 10.7.2, 10.16.5].

Carme was daughter either of Eubulus, son of Carmanor and Demeter, or of Phoenix 1 and Cassiopea 3. She consorted with Zeus, giving birth to Britomartis [Dio.5.76.3; Lib.Met.40; Pau.2.30.3].

Carmeius. A Colchian [Val.5.582].

Carmenta. Wife of Evander 2, the wise Arcadian that emigrated to Italy. They had a son Pallas 6, who was an ally of Aeneas in Italy [Plu.Rom.21.2; Vir.Aen.8.511].

Carmentis (Nicostrate). See NYMPHS.

Carnabon. King of the Getae in Thrace who came into power when grain was first given to men [see also Lyncus, and CONSTELLATIONS] [Hyg.Ast.2.14].

Carneus. A son of Europa who was worshipped in Sparta. His nurses had been Apollo and Leto [Pau.3.13.5].

Carnus. See SEERS.

Carpo. See HORAE.

Carpos was a beautiful young man with whom Calamos was in love. She drowned in the river Meander during a race with his playfellow Calamos, a son of the river god Meander [Nonn.11.385, 11.422].

Carteron. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Carthago. See NYMPHS.

Casmilla. Wife of Metabus and mother of Camilla [Vir.Aen.11.539ff.].

Caspius. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.189].

Cassandra (Alexandra).

Cassandrus. A Lycian king, whose son Menes fought in Troy [QS.81].

Cassiopea 1. Mother by Zeus of Atymnius 1 [Apd.3.1.2].

Cassiopea 2 is the Ethiopian queen who boasted of being better and more beautiful than all the NEREIDS making them angry. Poseidon, who shared their wrath, sent a flood and a sea-monster to invade the land. The seer Ammon 3 predicted deliverance from the calamity if the queen's daughter Andromeda were exposed as a prey to the monster. King Cepheus 1, husband of Cassiopea 2, was then compelled by the Ethiopians to do it and he bound Andromeda to a rock. But the girl was rescued by Perseus 1 [see also CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.2.4.3; Hyg.Ast.2.10].

Cassiopea 3. Daughter of Arabius and mother by Phoenix 1 of Carme and Phineus 2 [Hes.CWE.20, Lib.Met.40].

Cassiopea 4. Mother of Libya by Epaphus 1, son of Io [Hyg.Fab.149].

Cassotis. See NYMPHS.

Cassus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Castalia. Daughter of the river god Achelous [Pau.10.8.9].

Castalius. See AUTOCHTHONOUS.

Castianira came from Aesyme to be married to King Priam 1, by whom she became mother of Gorgythion [Hom.Il.8.300ff.].

Castor 1. See DIOSCURI.

Castor 2. A companion of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.124].

Catillus. A warrior from Tibur, brother of Tiburtus and Coras, allies of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.672].

Catreus.

Caucon 1. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Caucon 2 is remembered for having brought the rites of the Great Goddesses from Eleusis to Messenia under the reign of Polycaon and Messene. He was son of Celaenus 1, son of Phlyus, son of Gaia [Pau.4.1.5].

Caunus. A city in Caria, Asia Minor, is called after this man, who is said to have led the Carian people into the Indian War. He had family troubles; for his sister Byblis fell in love with him and was refused by him, or else it was he who fell in love with her. Caunus and his sister lived at Miletus, but on account of their impossible love, he left the country. When, in the course of his wanderings, he came to Lycia, the naiad Pronoe 5 rose from the river and told him what had happened to his sister (that she had killed herself). The naiad persuaded him to live with her, giving him the rulership of the country that was her own. Caunus and Pronoe 5 had a son Aegialus, who succeeded to the throne at his father's death and founded the city Caunus, after having assembled the people that lived in scattered groups. Caunus was son of Miletus either by Cyanee, or by Eidothea 3, or by Tragasia. Others have called him son of Asterius 5, son of Minos 2 [Con.2; Lib.Met.30; Nonn.13.546; Ov.Met.9.452ff.; Parth.11.2].

Cayster. See RIVER GODS.

Ceas. Father of Troezenus, father of Euphemus 2, one of the TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.2.846].

Cebren. See RIVER GODS.

Cebriones. See TROJANS.

Cebrus. See TROJANS.

Cecrops 1. See AUTOCHTHONOUS, Athens, and CONSTELLATIONS.

Cecrops 2. Succeeded to the throne of Athens after his father Erechtheus. His mother Praxithea 4 was daughter of Phrasimus and Diogenia 1, daughter of the river god Cephisus. Cecrops 2 married Metiadusa, daughter of Eupalamus, and had by her a son Pandion 4 who reigned in Athens after his father [Apd.3.15.1, 3.15.5].

Cedalion. This man is the servant of Hephaestus who was given to Orion to serve him as a guide [Hes.Ast.4].

Celadon 1. See LAPITHS.

Celadon 2, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was a Mendesian present in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.144].

Celaeneus 1. One of the sons of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. He was killed in battle by the sons of Pterelaus, son of Taphius, son of Poseidon [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Celaeneus 2. Son of Pan and one of the PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [Nonn.14.67ff.].

Celaeneus 3. An Indian leader at the time of Dionysus 2's campaign against India [Nonn.14.324, 29.257].

Celaeneus 4 is the man who cleansed the ARGONAUTS from their fatal error (attacking the Dolionians) [Val.3.406].

Celaeno 1. See DANAIDS.

Celaeno 2. See PLEIADES.

Celaeno 3. Mother of Delphus by Apollo. Celaeno 3 was daughter of Hyamus, son of Lycorus, son of Apollo and Corycia. [Pau.10.6.3].

Celaeno 4. See BESTIARY.

Celaeno 5. See AMAZONS.

Celaenus 1. Sonf of Phlyus, son of Gaia. Celaenus 1 is father of Caucon 2 [Pau.4.1.5].

Celaenus 2. Son of Poseidon and Celaeno 1, a girl counted among the DANAIDS [Strab.12.8.18].

Celbidas came from Cumae, in the country of the Opici, and founded Triteia in Achaea [Pau.7.22.8].

Celer was appointed by Romulus to urge the work on the Roman walls. He was instructed to let no man cross them, and put to death whoever dared to do so. Ignorant of this, Romulus' brother Remus 1, mocked the lowly walls and leaped across them, being immediately killed by Celer [Ov.Fast.4.837ff.].

Celeus 1. King of the Eleusinians whom Demeter visited in her search for Persephone. Celeus 1 was son of Eleusis (Eleusinus), son either of Hermes or of Ogygus. He married Metanira and had many children by her: Demophon 2, Triptolemus, Saesara, Diogenia 2, Pammerope, Clisidice, Demo 2, Callithoe, and Callidice 3. At his death Demeter consoled his wife and son Triptolemus [Apd.1.5.1-2; Hom.Dem.2.96, 2.105, 2.109; Nonn.19.83ff.; Pau.1.38.2-3].

Celeus 2 entered, together with Laius 2, Cerberus 3 and Aegolius, the cave of Zeus in Crete in order to gather the honey of the sacred bees, and for this he was turned into a bird by the god [Lib.Met.19].

Celeustanor. Son of Heracles 1 and Iphis 2, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Celeutor was killed by Diomedes 2, along with most of his brothers, when Diomedes 2 deposed Celeutor's father Agrius 3, king of Calydon [Apd.1.8.6].

Celmis. See DACTYLS.

Celtine. This is the Celt girl who fell in love with Heracles 1 and hid away his kine (the cattle of Geryon) refusing to give them back to him unless he would first make love to her. Celtine was daughter of Bretannus, and became mother by Heracles 1 of Celtus 1 [Parth.30.1].

Celtus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Celtine. After him the Celtic race derived their name [Parth.30.1-2].

Celtus 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Celtus 3. See TROJANS.

Celusa. Mother by Poseidon of the river god Asopus [see also RIVER GODS] [Pau.2.12.4].

Cenchreis. Wife of King Cinyras 1 of Cyprus and mother of Smyrna, mother of Adonis. Cenchreis boasted that her daughter excelled Aphrodite in beauty, and the goddess punished her making Smyrna fall in love with her father [Hyg.Fab.58].

Cenchrias, who gave his name to the Corinthian harbour of Cenchrae, was son of Poseidon and Pirene 2, daughter either of the river god Achelous, or of Oebalus 1. Cenchrias, they say, was killed unintentionally by Artemis, which caused his mother to become a spring because of the many tears she shed in lamentation [Pau.2.2.3, 2.3.2].

CENTAURS.

CENTAURS HORNED. See BESTIARY.

CENTAURS CYPRIAN. See BESTIARY.

Centaurus. The father of the CENTAURS, after having mated with the Magnesian Mares near Mount Pelion. Centaurus was son either of Ixion and Nephele 1 (a cloud resembling Hera), or of Apollo and Stilbe, the daughter of the river god Peneus [Apd.Ep.1.20; Dio.4.69.1, 4.69.5, 4.70.1, 4.12.6; Ov.Met.12.210, 12.504; Pin.Pyth.2.21ff., 2.44ff.].

Cephalus 1. An Athenian who supported Amphitryon against the Taphians and had the island of Cephallenia called after him. After having killed his wife Procris 2 he was banished and lived as an exile in Thebes. He was, like Cephalus 2, carried off by Eos. Cephalus 1 was son of King Deion of Phocis, son of Aeolus 1; his mother was Diomede 1, daughter of Xuthus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. Cephalus 1 is father, by Procris 2, of Arcisius, grandfather of Odysseus; by Clymene 3, daughter of Minyas, he became father of Iphiclus 1 and Alcimede 1 [see also Procris 2 and Amphitryon] [Apd.1.9.4, 2.4.7, 3.15.1; Arg.1.234; Cal.Ar.209; EPIG.2; Hyg.Fab.48, 189; Lib.Met.41; Pau.1.37.6, 10.29.6; Strab.10.2.14.

Cephalus 2 was carried off by Eos, who is permanently in love, to Syria. He is the son of Hermes, either by Herse 2 [see Envy], or by Creusa 1, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. The children of Cephalus 2 and Eos are Tithonus 2, Eosphorus, and Phaethon 1, although the latter is also said to be the son of Cephalus 2 and Hemera (Day) [Apd.3.14.3; Hes.The.986; Hyg.Fab.160; Pau.1.3.1].

Cepheus 1. King of Ethiopia, husband of Cassiopea 2 and father of Andromeda. Cepheus 1 was son of Belus 1, son of Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io; his mother was Anchinoe, daughter of the river god Nilus. Others say that Cepheus 1 was the son of Phoenix 1 [see also Andromeda, Perseus 1, and CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.2.1.4, 2.4.3; Ara.Phae.189; Hdt.7.61; Hyg.Ast.2.9].

Cepheus 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Cephisus. See RIVER GODS.