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Geographical Dictionary
Cabeiraea to Elysium

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Cabeiraea. Sanctuary of the CABIROI in Boeotia (see also CORYBANTES) [Pau.9.25.6].

Cadmea. Boeotian Thebes, so called after its founder Cadmus [Apd.2.4.6, 3.4.2, 3.6.7; Arg.3.1095: Hes.The.316; Hom.Il.4.388, 4.391, 5.804, 5.807, 10.288; Hom.Od.11.276; Nonn.2.691, 32.227, 44.58].

Caeninenses. People living in Latium [Plu.Rom.16.3-4].

Caeratus. River near Cnossus in Crete. Cnossus itself was, in earlier times, called Caeratus after the river [Cal.Ar.44; Strab.10.4.8].

Caicus. River in Mysia, Asia Minor, flowing past Pergamum [Ov.Met.2.243; Strab.13.1.2, 13.3.2, 13.4.2].

Calaurea. Island (Poros Island) in the entrance of the Saronic Gulf off the Argolid coast [Arg.3.1243; Ov.Met.7.384; Plu.GQ.19].

Calliarus. City in Locris Epicnemidia no longer inhabited in Strabo's time [Hom.Il.2.531; Strab.9.4.5].

Callichorus (I). Spring at Eleusis [Cal.Dem.15; Hom.Dem.270].

Callichorus (II). River in northern Asia Minor, visited by the ARGONAUTS, between the land of the Mariandynians and Sinope [Arg.2.904].

Callicolone. Hill near the river Simois in the Troad. [Hom.Il.20.53, 20.151].

Calliste. Earlier name of the island of Thera in the Aegean Sea [Arg.4.1758, 4.1763].

Calpe. River in Bithynia, Asia Minor [Arg.2.659].

Calydnian Isles. 1) Two small islands between Tenedos and cape Lectum. 2) Islands among the Sporades (off the southwestern coast of Asia Minor) [Hom.Il.2.677; Strab.10.5.14, 13.1.46].

Calydon. City in Aetolia [Apd.1.7.7, 1.7.10, 1.8.1-5, 3.10.5; Hes.CWE.98; Lib.Met.2; Pau.3.13.8, 4.35.1, 7.4.1, 8.45.7. Other mentions of Calydon: Apd.1.8.1-3, 2.6.3, 2.7.5, 2.7.6, 3.6.1, 3.7.5, 3.9.2, 3.13.2; Arg.1.190; Hom.Il.2.640, 9.531, 9.577, 13.217, 14.116; Hyg.Fab.14, 69, 70, 172, 173a, 174, 248; Nonn.35.85; Ov.Met.6.415, 8.324, 8.495, 8.526, 8.528, 9.147, 14.512].

Calymne. Island in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Caria [Ov.Met.8.222].

Camandros. See Scamander.

Camarina. Place in southern Sicily [Nonn.13.316].

Cameirus. City in Rhodes founded by Camirus, son of Cercaphus 1, son of Helius; or else founded by Tlepolemus 1 [Hom.Il.2.656; Dio.4.58].

Campania. Region between the Apennines and the Tyrrhenian Sea south of Latium [Apd.Ep.6.15b].

Canastrum or Canastra. Southern cape of the peninsula of Pallene in Macedonia [Apd.Ep.6.15b; Arg.1.599].

Caphareus. Cape at the southeastern tip of Euboea. In this place the gods caused the Achaeans shipwreck when they were returning home from the Trojan War [Apd.Ep.6.7, 6.11, 6.15, 6.15a; Hyg.Fab.116, 249].

Capitolium. A hill in Rome [Ov.Met.2.538].

Capreae. Isle of Capri (off Campania) [Vir.Aen.7.733].

Carambis. Part of the southern coast of the Black Sea opposite Crimea [Arg.2.361, 2.943, 4.300].

Cardamyle. City in southwestern Laconia, near the coast and the Messenian border. One of the seven cities offered by Agamemnon to Achilles [Hom.Il.9.150, 9.292].

Caresus. River in Asia Minor, flowing from Mount Ida [Hom.Il.12.20].

Caria. Southwestern region of Asia Minor [Apd.3.1.2; Apd.Ep.3.35; Hom.Il.2.867, 4.142, 10.428; Hyg.Fab.190; Nonn.13.548; Ov.Met.4.297, 9.645].

Carmel. Mountain in Phoenicia [Nonn.20.298].

Carmina. City in India [Nonn.26.219, 36.280].

Carnasium. City in Messenia, perhaps Oechalia [Pau.4.2.2].

Carnion or Carion. River in Arcadia [Cal.Ze.24].

Carpathus. Island between Crete and Rhodes [Arg.4.1636; Ov.Met.11.249].

Carthaea. City in the island of Ceos [Ov.Met.7.368].

Carystus. Town in Euboea [Hom.Il.2.539; Nonn.13.160].

Casius. Mountain which overhangs Syria [Apd.1.6.3].

Caspeirians. People of Kashmir [Nonn.26.167].

Caspian Sea. Sea east of the Black Sea [Arg.3.859; Nonn.6.214].

Cassotis. Spring at Delphi, named after the Parnassian nymph Cassotis [Pau.10.24.7].

Castalia. Fountain at Delphi, named after a daughter of Achelous, or else after Castalius [Hyg.Fab.6, 178; Nonn.4.310; Pau.7.18.9].

Casus. One of the Sporades Islands (Dodecanese), between Carpathus and Crete [Hom.Il.2.677].

Catana. Lake in Sicily [Nonn.13.312].

Catreus. City in Crete [Pau.8.53.4].

Caucasus. Region east of the Black Sea and mountain range in Scythia. Sometimes the Hindu Kush is meant [Apd.1.7.1, 1.9.23, 2.5.11, 2.1210, 2.1267; Arg.2.1247, 3.242, 3.852, 3.1224, 3.1276, 4.135; Hyg.Fab.54, 144; Nonn.2.297, 20.199, 21.202, 21.312, 24.29, 25.373, 26.330, 27.152, 31.99, 33.255, 36.260, 36.267, 40.26, 40.293; Ov.Met.2.224, 8.798].

Cauconians or Caucones. The Cauconians were one of the peoples inhabiting the Peloponnesus in early times, perhaps in Elis, perhaps in Arcadia, or perhaps between Pylus and Lacedaemon, in Triphylia, near Messenia. On the other hand the race of the Cauconians was also found in the northern coast of Asia Minor in the area close to that of the Mariandynians [Cal.Ze.39; Hom.Il.10.429, 20.329; Hom.Od.3.366; Strab.7.7.1, 12.3.9, 8.3.16-17].

Cauliacus cliff. Near the river Ister [Arg.4.324].

Caunus. City in Lycia opposite Rhodes [Parth.1.1, 1.3, 1.6; Strab.14.2.2].

Cayster. River in Lydia [Cal.Ar.257; Hom.Il.2.460; Ov.Met.2.253, 5.386].

Cebren. River near Troy [Apd.3.12.6].

Cecropia. Former name of Attica, after Cecrops 1 (see Athens) [Apd.3.14.1; Arg.1.95, 1.214, 4.1779; Nonn.19.80, 33.124, 37.320, 39.188, 39.210, 47.420; Ov.Met.6.667, 7.502, 7.671, 11.93].

Celadon. River in Arcadia [Cal.Ar.107; Hom.Il.7.133].

Celaenae. City in Caria [Nonn.13.516; Plu.PS.5].

Celenderis. City in Cilicia [Apd.3.14.3].

Celtica. Western Europe; region about France [Apd.1.9.24; Arg.4.611, 4.635; Nonn.23.91, 23.299, 27.201, 38.93, 39.4, 46.54].

Cenaeum. Northwestern headland of Euboea [Apd.2.7.7; Ov.Met.9.136].

Cenchrae (Cerchnis). One of the harbours of Corinth (on the Saronic Gulf), named after Cenchrias, daughter of Poseidon [Cal.Del.271; Pau.2.2.3].

CENTAURS. Creatures living in the mountains of Thessaly that had the upper part of a human being and the lower part of a horse.

Ceos. One of the Cyclades islands off the coast of Attica [Arg.2.521; 2.526; Ov.Met.7.368].

Cephallenia. Island in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Acarnania [Apd.Ep.3.12, 7.40; Hom.Il.2.631, 4.330; Hom.Od.20.210, 24.355, 24.429].

Cephenes. Ethiopians [Ov.Met.5.1, 5.97; Nonn.2.683].

Cephisus. Strabo (9.3.16) distinguishes six different rivers with this name: "There are, besides the Phocian Cephisus (Hom.Il.2.522; Ov.Met.1.369, 3.19), the one at Athens (Nonn.47.15, 47.79; Pau.1.37.3), the one in Salamis, a fourth and a fifth in Sicyon and in Scyros, and a sixth in Argos ..." However it was on the banks of yet another Cephisus (at Eleusis) where Theseus slew Procrustes [Ov.Met.7.438; Pau.13.8.5].

Cerameicus. District in Athens [Pau.1.3.1].

Ceraunian. Ionian, i.e. between Italy and Greece [Apd.1.9.25; Arg.4.983].

Ceraunian Mountains. In Epirus [Arg.4.1214, Pau.5.22.4].

Cerchnis. Cenchreae [Cal.Del.271].

Cerinthus. City in Euboea subject to Elephenor at the time of the Trojan War [Arg.1.79; Hom.Il.2.538; Hyg.Fab.14; Nonn.13.162; Strab 10.1.5].

Cerossus. Island off Illyria [Arg.4.573].

Ceryneian (Cerynitian) Hill. High rock in Achaea. The Cerynitian Hind was to be caught by Heracles 1 according to Eurystheus' orders. The pursuit took place in Argolis; yet the name of the hind came from this place or from the river Cerynites that flows from Arcadia to empty in the Achaean coast [Apd.2.5.3; Cal.Ar.109; Strab.8.7.5].

Ceteius. Ceteius was called a stream in Asia Minor. The people living about it were subject to Eurypylus 6, son of Telephus, at the time of the Trojan War [Hom.Od.11.521; Strab.13.1.69].

Chaeronea. City in Boeotia, near the Lake Copais [Nonn.4.344; Strab.9.2.35].

Chalcis (I). City of Euboea, mother city of the Ellopians. Chalcis is said to have been founded by the Athenians before the Trojan War [Cal.Del.46; Hom.Il.2.536; Nonn.13.166; Strab.10.1.8].

Chalcis (II). Coastal city in Aetolia near the entrance of the Gulf of Corinth [Hom.Il.2.640; Hom.Od.15.295].

Chalcodon. Mount in Thessaly near Pherae [Arg.1.49; Hyg.Fab.14].

Chalybes. People living on the southeastern coast of the Black Sea (see also Maps: Voyage of the ARGONAUTS) [Arg.1.1323, 2.375, 2.1001, 4.1475; Hyg.Fab.14].

Chaonia. Country in Epirus. The Chaones or Chaonians were regarded as more ancient than the Molossi or Molossians [Ov.Met.5.163, 13.717; Strab.7.7.5].

Charisia. A city in Arcadia, said to have been founded by Charisius, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.3.4].

Chersonesus (I), Carian. 'Chersonesus' is a dry island, that is, a peninsula. The most famous is the Thracian Chersonesus. Podalirius, son of Asclepius settled in the Carian Chersonesus (opposite Rhodes) after the Trojan War Triopium in the territory of Cnidus in the Carian Chersonesus was founded by Triopas 2, son of Helius [Apd.Ep.6.18; Dio.5.61.1ff.].

Chersonesus (II), Thracian. Thracian peninsula separated from Asia Minor by the Dardanelles. Here is buried Helle, daughter of Athamas 1, the girl after whom the Hellespont was named. The Thracian Chersonesus is the scene of the love story of Hero and Leander (see also Map of the Troad at Troy) [Apd.1.9.1; Apd.Ep.5.23; Arg.1.925].

Chesion. Cape in Samos [Cal.Ar.228].

Chios. Aegean island off the coast of Ionia in Asia Minor [Apd.1.4.3; Cal.Del.48; Hom.Od.3.170; Ov.Met.3.597].

Choaspes. Indian river (the Kherkah) [Nonn.23.277, 24.29].

Chremetes. River in N.-W. Africa [Nonn.13.374, 31.103].

Chryse. Island or coastal city near Troy (or more precisely near Thebe), where the temple of Sminthian Apollo was [Hom.Il.1.37, 1.450; Ov.Met.13.174; Strab.9.1.48].

Chrysorrhoas (I). The River Pactolus in Lydia (Asia Minor), where Midas bathed to get rid of his curse (there is another river with the same name near Damascus, in Syria) [Hyg.Fab.191; Strab.16.2.16].

Chrysorrhoas (II). The river Lycormas, later called Chrysorrhoas. Evenus 2 was drowned in this river, which others said was called Evenus after him. The river Evenus is in Aetolia [Hyg.Fab.242].

Chytus. Harbour of Cyzicus [Arg.1.987, 1.990].

Ciania. The country around the city of Cius on the Asian coast of the Propontis about Mount Arganthonius [Arg.1.1177, 1.1354].

Cicones or Ciconians. People living on the southwestern coast of Thracia [Apd.Ep.3.34, 7.2; Hom.Il.2.846, 17.73; Hom.Od.9.39, 9.47, 9.59, 9.66, 9.165, 23.310; Hyg.Fab.125; Ov.Met.6.710, 10.2, 11.3].

Cilicia. The southeasternmost coastal region of Asia Minor [Apd.1.6.3, 3.1.1, 3.14.3; Hom.Il.6.415; Hyg.Fab.178; Nonn.1.155, 1.259, 2.35, 2.685, 3.16, 18.294, 23.84, 24.108, 31.206, 32.86, 33.284, 34.186, 34.201, 36.431, 40.145, 43.319].

Cilla. City in Aeolis (northwestern Asia Minor) or the Troad, said to be near by the plain of Thebe [Hom.Il.1.38, 1.452; Ov.Met.13.174; Strab.13.1.63].

Cillyrioi. People of Eryx, Sicily [Nonn.13.311].

Cimmeria. Land to the north of the Black Sea [Apd.2.1.3; Cal.Ar.253; Hom.Od.11.14; Nonn.45.269; Ov.Met.11.592].

Cimolus. One of the Cyclades islands [Ov.Met.7.463].

Cimpsos. Place in Lydia, Asia Minor [Nonn.13.465].

Cinaethion. Promontory in Cythera [DH.1.50.2].

Cinyphians. People living about the river Cinyps [Ov.Met.5.124, 7.272].

Cinyps. River in Libya [Apd.Ep.6.15a; Nonn.13.374].

Circaean Plain. The Circaean Plain, where the river Phasis flows, is in Colchis, at the east end of the Black Sea (see also Circe) [Arg.2.400].

Cirrha. Harbour city below Delphi [Nonn.4.318; Strab.9.3.1].

Cisamus. Harbour of Aptera in northwestern Crete [Nonn.13.237; Strab.10.4.13].

Cithaeron. Mountain between Boeotia and Attica [Apd.2.4.9, 3.4.4, 3.5.2, 3.5.6, 3.5.7, 3.6.5; Cal.Del.97; Hyg.Fab.7, 8; Nonn.5.61, 5.355, 5.428, 9.75, 9.82, 10.92, 25.15, 44.87, 44.145, 45.39, 46.198, 46.262, 46.266, 46.344; Ov.Met.2.223, 3.702; Pau.1.41.3].

Cius (I). A city in northern Mysia near Mount Arganthonius (Turkish city of Gemlik) [Apd.1.9.19; Hyg.Fab.14].

Cius (II). River emptying into the Cianian Bay near the city of Cius [Arg.1.1321].

Cladeus. River in Elis [Pau.5.10.7].

Clarus. City in Ionia (Asia Minor), between Colophon and Ephesus, where Calchas is said to have died after the Trojan War [Arg.1.308; Ov.Met.1.516, 11.413; Strab.14.4.3].

Clashing Rocks (Cyanean Rocks). The Symplegades Islands, on either side of the northern entrance of the Bosphorus [Apd.1.9.22; Arg.1.3, 2.318, 2.770, 4.304, 4.1003].

Clazomenae. City on the west coast of Asia Minor (west of Smyrna) [Apd.Ep.3.33].

Cleonae. City between Mycenae and Corinth [Apd.2.5.1, 2.7.2; Hom.Il.2.570; Ov.Met.6.417].

Cnidus. City in the Carian Chersonesus [Ov.Met.10.531].

Cnossus. City in Crete [Arg.4.434; Cal.Ze.43; Hom.Il.2.646; Hom.Od.19.178; Hyg.Fab.38; Nonn.3.63, 13.149, 13.232, 25.227, 37.102, 40.289, 47.379; Ov.Met.9.669].

Coans. People of Cos (see Cos).

Cocytus. River in Hades (see also Map of the Underworld) [Hom.Od.10.514; Nonn.17.304].

Colchis. Land at the eastern end of the Black Sea. Here is the city Aea, where King Aeetes, father of Medea, had his residence (see also Aea in this list) [Arg.2.417, 2.422, 2.1094, 2.1141, 2.1185, 2.1267, 3.210ff., 3.1061, 4.131, 4.255,].

Colias. Beach in Attica [Nonn.41.108].

Colonae. A city in the Troad, opposite the island of Tenedos [Apd.Ep.3.33; Arg.2.650, 2.789; Pau.10.14.1].

Colonus. A small place in Attica, where Oedipus is said to have died [Apd.3.5.9].

Colophon. Ionian city in the coast of Asia Minor northeast of the island of Samos [Apd.Ep.3.33, 6.2; Ov.Met.6.8].

Copae. Place in Boeotia [Hom.Il.2.502; Nonn.13.64].

Corax. A rock in Ithaca [Hom.Od.13.408].

Corcyra. Island off the coast of Epirus, identified with the island of the Phaeacians [Apd.1.9.25; Arg.4.566, 4.571; Cal.Del.156].

Corinth. City at the western end of the Isthmus joining the Peloponnesus to Boeotia [Apd.1.9.3, 1.9.28, 3.5.7, 3.7.7, 3.12.6, Apd.Ep.1.2, Hom.Il.2.570, 13.664, Ov.Met.5.407, 6.416, Nonn.23.312, 37.152, 41.97, 41.329, 43.184, Hyg.Fab.24, 25, 26, 67, 194].

Coroneia. A place in Boeotia founded by Coronus 3, son of Thersander 2, son of Sisyphus [Cal.BP.61; Hom.Il.2.503; Nonn.4.335; Pau.9.34.4ff.].

Corycian Cave. A cave on Mount Parnassus in Phocis, sacred to the NYMPHS [Pau.10.6.3; Strab.9.3.1].

Corycios (Corycium). Rock on the coast of Asia Minor in Cilicia, near which there was also to be found a Corycian cave [Apd.1.6.3; Nonn.1.258, 18.292, Pau.10.12.7; Strab.9.3.1].

Corycus. See Corycios.

Corythus. Place in Arcadia [Apd.3.9.1].

Cos. One of the Sporades (now Dodecanese) Islands off the southwestern coast of Asia Minor. The inhabitants are called Coans [Apd.1.6.2, 2.7.1; Apd.Ep.3.13, 6.15, 6.15b; Cal.Del.160; Hom.Il.2.677, 14.255, 15.27; Ov.Met.7.363].

Cragus. Mountain in Lydia or Cilicia, Asia Minor [Ov.Met.9.646; Strab.14.5.3].

Crannon. A city in Thessaly [Cal.Del.138, Cal.Dem.76].

Crapathus. The same as Carpathus. One of the Sporades (now Dodecanese) Islands [Hom.Il.2.676].

Crathis. River in Arcadia and Achaea [Cal.Ze.25; Strab.8.7.4].

Crenidian. One of the seven gates of Thebes [Apd.3.6.6].

Crete. Island in the Mediterranean Sea, southeast of Greece [Apd.1.1.6, 1.9.26, 2.4.7, 2.5.7, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.2.1; Apd.Ep.1.8, 3.13, 6.10, 6.11, 6.15a, 6.15b, 6.29; Arg.1.1129, 2.299, 2.1233, 4.1578, 4.1637, 4.1644, 4.1651, 4.1689, 4.1694; Cal.Ze.8; Cal.Ar.191, 205; Cal.Del.272, 309; Hes.The.477, 480, 971; Hom.Il.2.645, 2.649, 3.230, 3.233, 4.251, 4.265, 13.219, 13.221, 13.255, 13.259, 13.274, 13.311, 13.450, 13.453, 23.450, 23.482; Hom.Od.3.192, 3.291, 11.323, 13.256, 13.260, 14.199, 14.205, 14.234, 14.252, 14.300, 14.301, 14.382, 16.62, 17.523, 19.172, 19.176, 19.186, 19.338; Hyg.Fab.14, 30, 38, 39, 42, 97, 139, 173a, 177, 178, 189, 198; Nonn.6.120, 7.358, 8.118, 8.141, 13.150, 14.23, 19.183, 21.307, 35.381, 37.95, 47.391, 47.421, 47.704; Ov.Met.3.2, 3.223, 8.118, 8.183, 9.666, 9.668, 9.735, 13.706].

Cretinia. A place in Rhodes [Apd.3.2.1].

Crimissa. City in the Gulf of Tarentum (southern Italy), founded by Philoctetes [Apd.Ep.6.15b; Strab.6.1.3].

Crisa. City in Phocis [Cal.Del.178; Hom.Il.2.520; Nonn.13.128].

Crobialus. City in Paphlagonia, in the northern coast of Asia Minor [Arg.2.942].

Crocyleia. Place in Acarnania [Hom.Il.2.633; Strab.8.6.17].

Cromi. City in Arcadia founded by Cromus 1, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.3.4].

Crommyon (Cromyon). City in the Isthmus of Corinth between Megara and Corinth. Home of the Crommyonian Sow, which Theseus killed [Apd.Ep.1.1; Ov.Met.7.435; Strab.8.6.22].

Cromna. City in Paphlagonia (Asia Minor) [Arg.2.942; Hom.Il.2.855; Strab.12.3.5, 12.3.10].

Cronian Sea. The section of the Adriatic sea dividing Italy and Illyria [Arg.4.327, 4.509, 4.548].

Crotona (Croton). City in southern Italy [Apd.Ep.6.15b].

Ctimene. City in the country of the Dolopians [Arg.1.68].

Cumae. Euboean colony on the coast of Campania (near Naples), southern Italy (see also Cumaean Sibyl) [Ov.Met.14.104, 14.121, 14.135].

Curetes. People living in Aetolia (see also Meleager) [Apd.1.8.3; Arg.4.1229; Hom.Il.9.529, 9.532, 9.549, 9.551, 9.589; Lib.Met.2].

Curetians. People living in Euboea. These, according to some, are the same as the Aetolian Curetes (see above); they first settled in Chalcis (Euboea) and later emigrated to Aetolia [Nonn.36.277; Strab.10.3.6].

Cyane. Fountain in Sicily, called after Cyane 1, the naiad who opposed Hades when he ravished Persephone [Ov.Met.5.409].

Cyanean Cliffs. The Symplegades or Clashing Islands (see above) [Hyg.Fab.21].

Cybela. A place in Phrygia, after which the goddess Cybele (Rhea 1) is called [Apd.3.5.1; Strab.12.5.3].

Cyclades. Cyclades are called the islands in the Aegean, north of the Cretan Sea [Cal.Del.2, Cal.Del.198; Ov.Met.2.264].

Cyclopes. People with only one eye in their forehead. They are said to have their forge under Mount Aetna. The Cyclopes (among which is Polyphemus 2) may be distinguished from the CYCLOPES, who are like the gods [Hom.Od.1.71, 6.5, 7.206, 9.106, 9.117, 9.125, 9.166, 9.275, 9.357; Hyg.Fab.49; Nonn.2.341, 2.600, 14.52, 27.86, 27.89, 28.172, 29.350; Ov.Met.1.259].

Cydnos. River in Cilicia, Asia Minor [Nonn.1.260, 2.634, 18.292, 23.84, 48.376, 48.471].

Cydonia. City in Crete (today Khania) [Cal.Ar.81, 97; Cal.Ze.44; Hom.Od.3.292, 19.176; Nonn.8.119, 25.155, 33.374, 47.298, 48.969; Ov.Met.8.22; Stat.Th.4.269].

Cyllene. Mountain in Arcadia [Apd.3.10.1, 3.10.2; Hom.Il.2.603, 15.518; Hyg.Fab.75; Nonn.13.277; Ov.Met.1.217, 5.607, 7.386, 11.304].

Cyme. A city on the west coast of Asia Minor, southeast of Lesbos [Apd.Ep.3.33].

Cyneus. The place in the Thracian Chersonesus where Hecabe 1 changed into a bitch [Hyg.Fab.111].

Cynosurian. 'Arcadian' [Cal.Ar.94].

Cynthus. Mountain in Delos [Cal.Ap.61; Cal.Del.10; Ov.Met.2.221, 6.204].

Cynurians. Tribe of Argives by descent (from Cynuria, the region between Laconia and Argolis) [Pau.3.2.2; Strab.8.6.17].

Cynus. Seaport of Opus in Locris [Hom.Il.2.531; Strab.1.3.20].

Cyparissae. City in Messenia [Hom.Il.2.593].

Cyparissus. Settlement in Phocis [Hom.Il.2.519; Nonn.13.123; Strab.9.3.13].

Cyphus. City in Thessaly [Hom.Il.2.748; Strab.9.5.20].

Cyprus. Island in the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea [Apd.2.5.11, 3.14.3; Apd.Ep.3.4, 3.9, 6.15, 6.15b, 6.16, 6.29; Arg.2.424, 3.549; Hes.The.193, 199; Hom.Il.11.21; Hom.Od.4.83, 8.362, 17.442, 17.443, 17.448; Nonn.13.432, 13.435, 13.441, 24.237, 24.323, 29.342, 31.125, 32.211, 32.219, 41.97, 41.118, 41.328, 42.460; Ov.Met.10.270, 10.645, 10.718].

Cyra. City beside the Indian river Ombelos [Nonn.26.48, 26.173].

Cyre. Stream at Cyrene [Cal.Ap.88].

Cyrene. City on the northern coast of Africa just east of the Libyan Sea (see also Cyrene, the nymph) [Cal.Ap.73].

Cyrnos. Corsica [Cal.Ar.58].

Cytaean. 'Colchian' [Arg.2.399, 2.403, 2.1094, 2.1267, 3.228, 4.511].

Cytaeus. Place in Crete [Nonn.13.237].

Cythera. Island off the southern coast of the Peloponnesus [Apd.Ep.2.15; Hes.The.192, 198; Hom.Il.10.268, 15.431, 15.439; Ov.Met.4.190, 10.529].

Cythnus. One of the Cyclades [Ov.Met.5.252].

Cytorus is a city and mountain in Paphlagonia, northern Asia Minor. They were named after Cytorus (also called Cytisorus or Cylindrus), son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1. In this and adjacent areas around the river Parthenius lived the Paphlagonian Eneti, allies of Troy during the Trojan War, who were led by Bisaltes' son Pylaemenes 1, who was killed by Menelaus during the war. Pylaemenes 1's son Harpalion 1 followed his father to the war and was killed by Meriones 1. Box-wood abounded round Cytorus, and the shuttle with which Athena stroke Arachne's head was made of Cytorian box-wood [Arg.2.942; Hom.Il.2.853; Ov.Met.6.132; Strab.12.3.5, 12.3.10].

Cyzicus. City on the Mysian coast of the Propontis [Arg.1.1076, 2.765].

Danai or Danaans. Danaans are called those who dwell in Argolis. They were so called for being descendants of the immigrant Danaus 1, father of the DANAIDS. Danaus 1 was first settled by his father in Libya, and his other son Aegyptus 1 he settled in Arabia. As later the brothers quarrelled for the kingdom, Danaus 1, fearing the sons of Aegyptus 1, built a ship (being the first to do so), and fled putting his daughters on board. He then came to Argos, where King Gelanor surrendered the kingdom to him. Having thus made himself master of the country, he named the inhabitants Danaans after himself. The name Danaans has been applied to all Greeks in general, particularly in connection with the Trojan War. But those who marched against Troy have been also called Achaeans. The Achaeans, however, came originally from Thessaly, in mainland Greece, and later settled in Argos and Lacedaemon (southern Peloponnesus) where they mingled with the Danaans (ruled by Danaus 1 and his descendants). There they lived until the return of the HERACLIDES. Finally, for living in Argolis, the Danaans were also called Argives. The mingling of Achaeans and Danaans is described through the marriages of two sons of Achaeus 1 (from whom the Achaeans derive their name) with two daughters of Danaus 1 [Apd.2.1.4; Arg.4.262; Cal.BP.142; Hom.Il.1.56. and passim; Hom.Od.1.350, 4.725, 4.815, 5.306, 8.82, 8.578, 11.470, 11.526, 11.559, 24.46; Hyg.Fab.106, 110, 116; Nonn.47.669; Ov.Met.12.13, 13.59, 13.92, 13.134, 13.326, 14.467].

Dardania. City near Mount Ida in the Troad, founded by Dardanus 1 (see also Troy) [Apd.3.12.2; Apd.Ep.3.34; Arg.1.931; Hom.Il.2.701, 2.819, 3.456, 5.789, 7.348, 7.368, 7.414, 8.154, 8.173, 8.497, 11.286, 13.150, 15.425, 15.486, 17.184, 18.122, 18.339, 20.216; Nonn.3.191, 28.61; Ov.Met.13.335].

Dardians. People from Dardistan in Asia [Nonn.26.61].

Dasea. City in Arcadia founded by Daseatas, son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.3.3].

Daulantians. People living in Illyria [Nonn.44.1].

Daulis (Daulia). A place in Phocis, where Procne (wife of Tereus 1) and her sister turned into birds [Apd.3.14.8; Hom.Il.2.520; Nonn.4.320, 13.128; Strab.9.3.13].

Daunia. Region in southeastern Italy near the Gargano peninsula (the inhabitants are called Daunians or Daunii) [Parth.12.1-3].

Delos. One of the Cyclades Islands, where Artemis and Apollo were born [Apd.1.4.1, 1.4.3, 1.4.4; Arg.1.308; Cal.Del.passim; Hom.Od.6.162; Hyg.Fab.52, 53, 247; Nonn.27.276; Ov.Met.3.597, 6.191, 9.332].

Delphi. City in Phocis [Apd.1.4.1, 1.9.1, 2.4.12, 2.6.2, 3.4.1, 3.5.7, 3.7.4, 3.7.5, 3.7.6, 3.9.1; Apd.Ep.6.14, 6.16, 6.24; Cal.Del.177; Hyg.Fab.2, 67, 120, 122, 123, 178, 190; Lib.Met.8; Nonn.4.290, 5.5; Ov.Met.2.677, 9.332, 10.168, 11.304, 11.414].

Dersaioi. People living near the Arachotes (Afghanistan) [Nonn.26.149].

Dia. Island north of Crete opposite Cnossus [Arg.4.425, 4.434; Hom.Od.11.325; Hyg.Fab.3, 14, 20, 21, 42; Ov.Met.3.690, 8.174]. See note on Dia at Ariadne.

Dicte. Mountain in Crete (where the Dictaean cave is) [Apd.1.1.6; Arg.1.509, 1.1130, 2.434; Cal.Ze.4; Nonn.1.322, 2.695, 6.120, 8.179, 13.245, 36.399, 37.47, 37.82, 37.621, 46.14].

Didyma. City near Miletus in Asia Minor [Pau.7.2.1-6].

Didyme. Two small islands in the Aegean Sea, near Syros [Ov.Met.7.469]. Didyme is also called one of the Liparaean Isles, where Aeolus 2 is said to live [Strab.6.2.11].

Dindymus. Mountain near the Sangarius River, in the territory of Cyzicus. Here was to be found a temple of Dindymene (Cybele, Rhea 1, the mother of the gods) that was founded by the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.985, 1.1093, 1.1125, 1.1147; Nonn.15.379, 48.241; Ov.Met.2.223; Strab.12.8.11].

Dios (Dion). Citadel in Euboea [Hom.Il.2.538; Nonn.13.161].

Dirce. A spring and river in Thebes (Boeotia), called after a queen of that city (see also Amphion 1) [Apd.3.5.5; Cal.Del.76; Hyg.Fab.7; Ov.Met.2.239; Nonn.2.671, 5.4, 13.521, 26.70, 44.10, 46.25, 46.142].

Dodona. A city in Epirus, seat of an oracle of Zeus [Apd.1.9.16; Arg.1.527, 4.583; Cal.Del.284; Hom.Il.16.234; Hom.Od.14.327, 19.296; Hyg.Fab.225; Ov.Met.7.623, 13.716].

Doeas Plain. This plain is in northern Asia Minor, in the vicinity of the river Thermodon [Arg.2.373, 2.988].

Doliche. The island of Icaria [Apd.2.6.3; Cal.Ar.187].

Doliones (Dolionians). People living on the coast of the Propontis (northwestern Asia Minor), visited by the ARGONAUTS [Apd.1.9.18; Arg.1.947, 1.952, 1.961, 1.1018, 1.1022, 1.1029, 1.1058, 1.1070].

Dolopeis. City near Lake Xynius. Thus Dolopians were called the people living in adjacent areas in Epirus and Thessaly [Apd.3.13.8, 9.484; Hyg.Fab.14, 173a; Ov.Met.12.364].

Dorians. One of the main Hellenic groups, called after Dorus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood [Apd.1.7.3, 2.7.7; Cal.Ap.89; Hom.Od.1.177; Nonn.25.21].

Dorium. Place unknown [Hom.Il.2.594].

Dotium. Place in Thessaly, not far from Mount Ossa, once inhabited by the Aenianians [Cal.Dem.24; Strab.1.3.21].

Drepane. The island of the Phaeacians, which is in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Epirus, was originally called Drepane (Sickle-island), but later was called called Scheria and Corcyra [Arg.4.990, 4.1223].

Drepanum. Cape in Achaea, where Cronos threw his father's genitals into the sea [Pau.7.23.4].

Dryopes (Dryopians). People living between the Sperchius River and Mount Parnassus [Apd.2.7.6, 2.7.7; Arg.1.1218; Nonn.31.92].

Dulichium. Perhaps one of the Echinadian Islands at the entrance of the Gulf of Corinth (see also SUITORS OF PENELOPE) [Apd.2.5.5; Apd.Ep.3.12, 7.26; Hom.Il.2.625; Hom.Od.1.246, 9.24, 14.335, 14.396, 16.123, 16.247, 16.396, 18.127, 18.424, 19.131, 19.292, 13.711; Hyg.Fab.97; Ov.Met.13.106, 13.425, 14.226].

Dyme. City in Achaea [Pau.7.17.8].

Dysceladus. Island in the Adriatic Sea [Arg.4.565].

Dyspontium. City in Elis [Pau.6.22.4].

Dyssaioi. People living in India [Nonn.26.90].

Echedemia. The Academy near Athens (see also Helen and Theseus) [Plu.The.32.4].

Echinadian (Echinades) Islands. Islands off the Acarnanian coast at the mouth of the river Achelous [Apd.1.9.21, 2.4.5; Arg.4.1230; Cal.Del.155; Hom.Il.2.625; Ov.Met.8.589].

Ectenes. Boeotian aboriginal people of the region about Thebes (see also Cadmus) [Nonn.5.37].

Edonians. Thracian people living about Mount Pangaeus [Apd.3.5.1; Ov.Met.11.69].

Egypt. Country in northern Africa about the Nile river [Apd.2.1.3, 2.1.4, 2.5.11, 3.1.1, 3.5.1, 3.14.3; Apd.Ep.3.5, 6.1, 6.29; Arg.4.268; Hom.Od.3.300, 4.83, 4.127, 4.229, 4.351, 4.355, 4.385, 14.246, 14.263, 14.275, 14.286, 17.426, 17.432, 17.448 Nonn.3.300, 4.265; Ov.Met.5.323].

Eilesium. City in Boeotia [Hom.Il.2.499; Nonn.13.61].

Eionae (Eiones). Place of uncertain location in the Argolic peninsula (perhaps about Kandia, on the southern coast of Argolis, east of Asine) [Hom.Il.2.561; Strab.8.6.13].

Elaeus. Location near Lerna in the Peloponnesus [Apd.2.5.2].

Elaeusa. City in the Thracian Chersonesus [Hyg.Ast.2.40].

Elateia. City in Phocis [Pau.8.4.4].

Eleans. People from Elis.

Electra. The island of Samothrace, so called after Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES [Arg.1.916, 4.505, 4.580].

Electran. One of the seven gates of Thebes [Apd.3.6.6].

Eleon. Place in Boeotia [Hom.Il.2.500; Nonn.13.63].

Eleusis. City of Attica on the Saronic Gulf, northwest of Athens near the Isthmus of Corinth [Apd.1.5.1, 2.5.12, 3.14.7, 3.15.4; Apd.Ep.1.3; Cal.Dem.30; Dio.1.29.1, 4.25.1; Hdt.8.65; Hyg.Fab.147; Nonn.13.188, 27.307, 31.67, 48.958; Ov.Fast.4.508; Ov.Met.7.439; Pau. 1.5.2, 1.27.4, 1.31.3, 1.36.4, 1.37.4, 1.38.3, 2.14.2, 7.1.5, 9.9.1; Plu.The.10.3, 29.5].

Eleutherae was a city between Attica and Boeotia not far away from the foot of Mount Cithaeron, but today is called Kaza and is in Attica. It was in a cave near Eleutherae that Antiope 3, after giving birth, placed her babies Amphion 1 and Zethus. Some have believed that the name of this city ("Free town") derives from Eleuther 1, son of Apollo and Aethusa; but others have thought that it was named after Eleuther 2 who, having no share in the crime committed by his father Lycaon 2, fled from Arcadia to Boeotia. Others have said that the epithet of Dionysus 2 "Dionysus Eleuthereus" (in Latin "Liber Pater", "Free Father") came originally from the name of this town [Apd.3.5.5; Pau.1.38.8-9; Plu.GQ.39; Plu.RQ.104; Strab.8.6.16; 9.2.31].

Elis. Region in northwestern Peloponnesus [Apd.1.9.7, 2.4.6, 2.5.1, 2.5.5, 2.7.3, 2.8.3; Apd.Ep.2.9, 3.12; Arg.1.173; Hom.Il.2.615, 2.626, 11.671, 11.673, 11.686, 11.698, 13.275; Hom.Od.15.298, 21.347, 24.431; Hyg.Fab.14, 274; Nonn.19.152; Ov.Met.2.679, 5.487, 5.494, 5.608, 8.308, 9.187, 12.550, 14.325].

Ellopians. The Ellopians came from Ellopia, as Euboea was called. Their mother city was Chalcis [Cal.Del.20; Nonn.13.166].

Elone. City in Thessaly, subject to Polypoetes 1 (son of Pirithous), at the time of the Trojan War [Hom.Il.2.739; Strab.9.5.19].

Elymi. People living in Segesta, Sicily (see also Aegesta) [Apd.2.5.10; Nonn.13.311].

Elysium (Elysians Fields). The place where mortals made immortal dwell (see also Underworld, Map of the Underworld, and Islands of the Blest) [Apd.3.5.4; Apd.Ep.6.29; Arg.4.811; Hom.Od.4.563; Nonn.19.191; Ov.Met.14.111].