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Talaus to Thoos

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Talaus. See ARGONAUTS.

Tallus (Tyrannius). An illustrious Sabine, who remained in Rome with Tatius, when the war between Romans and Sabines was over (see also Romulus] [DH.2.46.3].

Talos 1.

Talos 2 (Calos), was the son of Daedalus' sister Perdix. He was educated by Daedalus but, seeing that his disciple was more gifted than himself, Daedalus killed him [Apd.3.15.8; Dio.4.76.4; Pau.1.21.4].

Talos 3. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.12.513].

Talos 4 is remembered for having followed his father Oenopion 1, son of Ariadne, when he sailed with a fleet from Crete to Chios [Pau.7.4.8].


Tanagra, after whom the city in Boeotia was named, was daughter either of Aeolus 1, or of the river god Asopus and Metope 1. Tanagra married Poemander, the man who founded the Boeotian city, and had by him sons: Leucippus 9 and Ephippus [Pau.9.20.1].

Tanais. A soldier in in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.12.513].

Tantalus 1.

Tantalus 2. See NIOBIDS.

Tantalus 3. Son either of Thyestes 1 (son of Pelops 1), or of Broteas 4 (son of Tantalus 1). If he were the child of Thyestes 1 then he was killed as an infant by Atreus and served as a meal to his father at a banquet. If son of Broteas 4 then he is the first husband of Clytaemnestra and was killed by Agamemnon, who also teared violently the babe from its mother's breast, and dashed it against the stones, thus breaking its head [Apd.Ep.2.16; Eur.IA.1148; Hyg.Fab.88, 244; Pau.2.18.2, 2.22.3].

Taphius, son of Poseidon and Hippothoe 3 (daughter of Mestor 1, son of Perseus 1), is the man who colonized Taphos (the island off the coast of Acarnania, the coastal region south of Epirus in western Greece). He was father of Pterelaus, whose sons, being descendants of Perseus 1, claimed their share in the kingdom of Mycenae, waging war against this city [Apd.2.4.5].

Taras. Son of Poseidon and Nymph 12 Tarentine. After him the river and city in southern Italy are called [Pau.10.10.8].

Taraxippus. See Other Deities.

Tarbelus. A javelineer, whose sons, Holcasus and Thyamis 1, armed themselves against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War [Nonn.26.182].

Tarchetius, a most lawless and cruel man, was King of Alba (Italy). He was visited with a strange phantom in his house, namely a phallus rising out of the hearth and remaining there many days. An oracle said to Tarchetius that a virgin must have intercourse with this phantom, and that she should bear a son most illustrious for his courage, and of great good fortune and strength. Tarchetius then bade one of his daughters to consort with the phantom, but she sent a handmaid in her stead. When the handmaid gave birth to twins (Romulus and Remus 1), Tarchetius gave them to Teratius with orders to destroy them, but he carried them to the river-side and laid them down there. Then a she-wolf visited the children and gave them suck. Later Romulus and Remus 1 killed Tarchetius [Plu.Rom.3.1-6].

Tarchetius' Maid. This is the maid who was sent by Tarchetius' daughter to consort with a Phantom. From this intercourse the twins Romulus and Remus 1 were born [see also Tarchetius] [Plu.Rom.2.3ff.].

Tarchon. An Etruscan who joined his forces with Aeneas and killed Venulus, a messenger of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.154, 11.85, 11.757].

Tarco. When Tyrsenus came to Italy from Lydia in Asia Minor he put Tarco in charge as colonizer. The city of Tarquinia is named after him [Strab.5.2.2].

Targitaus. The first of the Scythians. He was son of Zeus and Borysthenes' Daughter. Targitaus had sons: Lipoxais, Arpoxais, and Colaxais [see also Scythia] [Hdt.4.5-7].

Tarpeia 1. Bodyguard of Camilla, the woman-warrior ally of Turnus against Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.11.678].

Tarpeia 2. When the Sabines sent their King Tatius against Rome, the citadel was defended by Tarpeius; but his daughter Tarpeia 2 betrayed it to the Sabines, because she coveted the golden armlets which she saw the Sabines wearing. Having contacted the enemy she asked for the armlets as payment for her treachery. King Tatius was delighted and agreed, whereupon Tarpeia 2 opened one of the gates by night. When the Sabine army came in Tatius took not only his armlet but also his shield and, casting them upon her, instructed the army to effect the payment in that way. As all men followed his example Tarpeia 2 was buried under the mass of metal and died from its weight. This is why it has been said that those who offer to betray are loved, but those who have betrayed are hated. But some have said that Tarpeia 2 was a daughter of Tatius living with Romulus under compulsion [DH.2.38.3, 2.40.2; Ov.Met.14.776; Plu.PS.15; Plu.Rom.17.2; Prop.4.4].

Tarpeius. Defender of Rome against the Sabines and father of Tarpeia 2 [Plu.Rom.17.2].

Tarquinius Collatinus. First consul of Rome, along with Lucius Junius Brutus, after the revolt against Tarquinius Superbus that followed the rape and death of his wife Lucretia 2. Tarquinius Collatinus was son of Egerius, son of Arruns 2, son of Demaratus, an immigrant from Corinth [Ov.Fast.2.725ff.; Livy 1.57.6ff.].

Tarquinius Priscus (Lucumo 2). King of Rome after Ancus Marcius. He was succeeded on the throne by Servius Tullius. Tarquinius Priscus is son of Demaratus (an immigrant from Corinth) and a Tarquinian woman (Woman 14 Tarquinian). He was father of Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of Rome [DH.1.75.2; Strab.5.2.2, 8.6.20].

Tarquinius Superbus, incited by his wife Tullia, snatched the sceptre from his father-in-law Servius Tullius. After having reigned in Rome he was banished after the events that followed the rape of Lucretia 2. Tarquinius Superbus was son of Tarquinius Priscus, son of Demaratus, an immigrant from Corinth. It was Sextus Tarquinius, son of Tarquinius Superbus, who raped Lucretia 2 [Livy1.53.5; Ov.Fast.6.584ff.; Strab.5.2.2].

Tarquitus. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas. Tarquitus was son of Faunus 1 and Dryope 2 [Vir.Aen.10.550ff.].

Tartara. Mother, by Tartarus 1, of Typhon [Hyg.Fab.152].

Tartarus (1), originated from Chaos, is the lowest abyss beneath the earth where all waters originate; all rivers flow into the chasm of Tartarus and flow out of it again. Tartarus is, they say, a gloomy place as far distant from earth as earth is from the sky. For, it is said, a brazen anvil falling down from heaven nine nights and days would reach the earth upon the tenth: and again, a brazen anvil falling from earth nine nights and days would reach Tartarus upon the tenth. Still others say that Tartarus yawns deep under the shades, extending down twice as far as the view upward to Heaven. Tartarus and the Underworld are the realm of Erebus, which is pure Darkness. Tartarus is also a place of punishment. Round it runs a fence of bronze, and night spreads in triple line all about it. Some say that the gates are of iron and the threshold of bronze, and others that there is a threefold wall around it. Around this triple wall flows Pyriphlegethon with its flames and its clashing rocks. The entrance, in which there is an enormous portal has pillars of solid adamant that not even the gods could break. At the top of its tower of iron sits Tisiphone 1 (one of the ERINYES), with her bloody robe, and sleepless day and night, guards the entrance. Tartarus, who also is a being capable of intercourse, is the father, by Gaia, of Echidna and Typhon (although the latter is also called son of Tartarus and Tartara). Some call him also father of Hecate [AO.977; Apd.1.1.1ff., 1.2.1, 1.6.3, 2.1.2; Hes.The.116ff., 721, 822; Hom.Il.8.15; Hyg.Fab.152; Ov.Fast.5.244].

Tartarus 2 was such a violent and arrogant tyrant in the city of Melite that he was surnamed Tartarus. He attempted to rape Aspalis and she hanged herself, and then her brother Astygites, avenging his sister, killed Tartarus 2 [Lib.Met.13].

Tatia. Daughter of King Tatius of the Sabines and wife of King Numa 3 of Rome; by him she had a daughter Pompilia. Tatia died in the thirteenth year of her marriage [Plu.Num.3.6, 21.2].

Tatius (Titus). King of the Sabines who first fought against Romulus, but later made peace with him, sharing kingship with Romulus at Rome. It is said that on the the occasion when he tried to turn aside the course of justice in order to protect his friends, he was killed by the friends of some ambassadors from Laurentum, who had been murdered by kinsmen of Tatius. Tatius is father of Tatia [DH.2.46.2, 2.51.1ff.; Ov.Met.14.775; Plu.Num.3.6; Plu.Rom.17.2-4, 20.4, 23.1].

Taulas. Father of Tages 1 [Val.6.223].

Tauropolis. Together with her sister Cleso he found the dead Ino cast up on the coast of Megara, and buried her. The Megarians said that it was among them that Ino, wife of Athamas 1, was first named Leucothea. Tauropolis was son of Cleson [Pau.1.42.7].

Taurus 1. Son of Neleus and Chloris 1. Like his brothers he was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.1.9.9, 2.7.3].

Taurus 2. General of Minos 2. When Theseus left Crete there was a naval battle in the Cretan harbour as Theseus was sailing out, in which Minos 2's general Taurus 1 lost his life. It has also been said that General Taurus 1 was conquered by Theseus in wrestling during certain funeral games held by King Minos 2; and the Cretans, including the king, were particularly pleased to see their own general defeated in the games, since he was a hateful personage accused besides of having intimacy with Queen Pasiphae [Plu.The.16.1, 19.2].

Taxis. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.252].

Taygete. See PLEIADES.

Tebrus. Son of Hippocoon 2. Like his brothers, he was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.7.3, 3.10.5].

Tecmessa 1. Wife of Ajax 1 and mother of his sons, Eurysaces and Philaeus 1. She was daughter of Teleutas [Hdt.6.35; Soph.Aj.331, 341 and passim].

Tecmessa 2. See AMAZONS.

Tectamus sailed to Crete with Aeolians and Pelasgians and became king of the island. It was during the time when he was king of Crete that Zeus carried off Europa from Phoenicia. Tectamus was son of Dorus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. By a daughter of Cretheus 1 he had a son Asterius 3, who became husband of Europa [Dio.4.60.2].

Tectaphus 1. See LAPITHS.

Tectaphus 2. A chieftain who armed himself against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War. Once, when King Deriades of India kept him in prison, he had been saved from death by suckling the milk from the breast of his daughter Eerie [similar story is that of Mycon]. Tectaphus 2 was killed by Eurymedon 5 [Nonn.26.101, 26.138, 30.142, 30.167].

Tecton 1. Son of Harmon 1 and father of Phereclus 1, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.5.59ff.].

Tecton 2. Father of Polyneus, father of Amphialus 3 (they are Phaeacians) [Hom.Od.8.111].

Tegeates. Son of Lycaon 2 and founder of Tegea in Arcadia. He married Maera 3 (daughter of Atlas) and had children by her: Scephrus, Leimon, Archedius, Cydon 1, and Gortys 2 [Pau.8.3.4, 8.48.6, 8.53.2-4].

Tegyrius. King of Thrace, who gave his daughter in marriage to Ismarus 2. Eumolpus 1, father of Ismarus 2, succeeded Tegyrius on the throne [Apd.3.15.4].

Tegyrius' Daughter married Ismarus 2, son of Eumolpus 1 [Apd.3.15.4].



Telchis, son of Europs 1 (son of Aegialeus 2, son of Inachus, one of the RIVER GODS), conspired, together with Thelxion, against Apis 2 and killed him; but Argus 1, avenging Apis 2, slew Telchis. Some have said that Apis 2 was son of Telchis [Apd.2.1.1; Pau.2.5.6-7].

Telebes. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.187].

Teleboas 1. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Teleboas 2. See CENTAURS.

Telecles. One of the Dolionians, people of northwestern Asia Minor, visited by the ARGONAUTS. He was killed by Heracles 1 [Arg.1.1040].

Teleclus. King of Sparta; under his reign the Lacedaemonians conquered several cities belonging to the Achaeans. Teleclus, who had succeeded his father Archelaus 4 on the throne, was himself succeed by his son Alcamenes after being murdered by the Messenians [Pau.3.2.6; Strab.6.3.3].

Telecoon. A Dolionian killed by Ancaeus 2 during the battle between the Dolionians, people of northwestern Asia Minor, and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.140].

Teledamus 1. Son of Agamemnon and Cassandra. He was killed by Aegisthus while still a baby [Pau.2.16.6].

Teledamus 2 (see Telegonus 3) [TEL.2].

Teledice. See NYMPHS.

Telegone. Daughter of Pharis, son of Hermes. Telegone had a son Orsilochus 1 by Alpheus (one of the RIVER GODS) [Pau.4.30.2].

Telegonus 1. King of Egypt and husband of Io [Apd.2.1.3].

Telegonus 2, son of Proteus 2, challenged Heracles 1 to wrestle and was killed by him [Apd.2.5.9].

Telegonus 3 (Teledamus 2). Son of Odysseus, either by Circe or by Calypso 3. It is said that when Telegonus 3 learned from his mother Circe that he was a son of Odysseus, he sailed in search of him. Having come to Ithaca, he drove away some of the cattle, and when Odysseus defended them, Telegonus 3 wounded him with the spear he had in his hands, which was barbed with the spine of a stingray, and Odysseus died of the wound. And when Telegonus 3 recognised him, he bitterly lamented. Telegonus 3, they say, married Penelope and had by her a son Italus, who reigned in Italy. Then he was made immortal by Circe and sent to the Islands of the Blest together with Penelope [Apd.Ep.7.16, 7.36-37; Hes.The.1014; Hyg.Fab.127; Plu.PS.41; RET.4; TEL.1, 2].

Telegonus 4. Son of King Latinus 1 of Latium and Roma 3 [DH.1.72.5].


Telemus. See SEERS.

Teleon. Father, by Zeuxippe 1 (daughter of Eridanus, one of the RIVER GODS), of Butes 1 and Eribotes (both counted among the ARGONAUTS) [Arg.1.72; Hyg.Fab.14].

Telephassa went with Cadmus in search of Europa and settled in Thrace. Her children by Agenor 1 were: Europa, Cadmus, Phoenix 1, and Cilix [Apd.3.1.1].

Telephon (see Aepytus 2) [Hyg.Fab.137].


Teles. Son of Heracles 1.

Telestas. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Telestes. A Cretan from Phaestus; father of Ianthe 2 [Ov.Met.9.717].

Telesto. See OCEANIDS.

Telete. Daughter of Dionysus 2 and Nicaea (one of the NYMPHS) [Nonn.16.265, 16.400].

Telethusa. A Cretan woman whose husband Lidgus told her that if she gave birth to a girl the child would be put to death. But when the child was about to be born Telethusa had a vision in her dreams in which Isis, in the company of other (Egyptian) gods (Anubis, Bubastis, Apis 1, Harpocrates and Osiris), told her not to obey her husband's orders. Doing as the vision said she then disguised her daughter Iphis 4 as a boy thus deluding her husband [Ov.Met.9.666ff.].

Teleus. A man from Argos, father of Clymenus 9 [Parth.13.1].

Teleutagoras. Son of Heracles 1.

Teleutas. Father of Tecmessa 1, wife of Ajax 1 [Soph.Aj.331].

Tellis led, together with his brothers, the Achaeans who settled in Ionia. He was son of Tisamenus 2, son of Orestes 2 [Pau.7.6.2].


Telon. King of Teleboan Capreae (the Isle of Capri). He was father, by Sebethis, of Oebalus 2, an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.733].

Telondes established various honours for Pelarge in accordance with an oracle from Dodona (the city in Epirus) [Pau.9.25.7].

Telphusa. See NYMPHS.

Tembrion. Ionian colonist in Samos (the Aegean island off the western coast of Asia Minor) [Strab.14.1.3].

Temenus 1 (see Pronous 1) [Pau.8.24.10].

Temenus 2. See HERACLIDES.

Temenus 3. This is the Arcadian who reared Hera and gave her three surnames: Girl, Grown-up and Widow. He was son of Pelasgus 1; his mother was either Meliboea 1 (one of the OCEANIDS), or Cyllene 1 (counted among the NYMPHS) [Apd.3.8.1; Pau.8.22.1].

Temenus 4. Son of Heracles 1.

Tenages was the most gifted of the HELIADES 2, children of Helius and Rhode 2. His brothers killed him out of envy [see also Helius] [Dio.5.56.3-5].

Tenerus. was given the art of divination by his father Apollo. His mother was Melia (one of the OCEANIDS) [Pau.9.10.6].

Tenes (Tennes). King of Tenedos, an island off the coast of the Troad. He dwelt there because he had been banished by his father Cycnus 1, king of Colonae, a city in the Troad. That was so because Philonome, his father's second wife, fell in love with him and, failing to seduce him, falsely accused him to Cycnus 1 of attempting to debauch her. Then Cycnus 1, believing his new wife, banished his son by Proclia. Now, when the Achaeans sailed against Troy they landed in Tenedos, where Achilles killed Tenes, though his mother Thetis had warned him not to do so, since it was known that the man who killed Tenes would die by Apollo's hand. As it is said Thetis even commissioned a servant to always remind Achilles not to kill this man who was honoured by Apollo or perhaps was his son (for that is what some say about his parentage). But Achilles, for whom getting and keeping sweethearts was a matter of the utmost importance, came across Tenes' sister Hemithea 1, and when her brother defended her she escaped, and then Achilles in anger killed Tenes with a sword-cut in the breast. And having thus done what he should not, he also killed the servant, because he, although present, had not reminded him of his mother's warning [Apd.Ep.3.23-26; Dio.5.83.1; Plu.GQ.28].

Tennes (see Tenes) [Pau.10.14.1; Strab.13.1.46].

Tenthredon. Father of Prothous 4, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.2.726ff.].

Teratius received from Tarchetius the twins Romulus and Remus 1 with orders to kill them, but he carried them to the river-side and laid them down there. Then a she-wolf visited the babes and gave them suck [Plu.Rom.3.5-6].

Tereis. Mother, by Menelaus, of Megapenthes 1 [Apd.3.11.1].

Tereus 1.

Tereus 2. One of Aeneas' warriors in Italy. He was killed by Camilla [Vir.Aen.11.675].

Termerus. An evildoer who used to kill those whom he encountered by dashing his head against theirs. His career ended when Heracles 1 smashed his skull [Plu.The.11.2].

Termessus. See RIVER GODS.

Terminus. See Other Deities.

Terpsichore 1. See MUSES.

Terpsichore 2. See MAENADS.

Terpsicrate. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had a son Euryopes by him Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Tethys. See TITANS and Oceanus.


Teucer 2. King of the Teucrians who gave a share of his land to Dardanus 1 along with his daughter Batia 1. He was son of Scamander 1 (one of the RIVER GODS) and Idaea 1 [Apd.3.12.1; Dio.4.75.1].

Teutagonus. Leader of the Batarnae. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.97].

Teutamides. King of Larissa who held the athletic games (in honour of his dead father) in which Acrisius was killed by Perseus 1 [Apd.2.4.4].

Teutamus. father of Lethus, and grandfather of Hippothous 5 and Pylaeus, counted among the TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.2.840].

Teuthis, after whom the Arcadian town was called, joined the army against Troy and had a quarrel with Agamemnon at Aulis, because of which he returned home, after wounding Athena in the thigh, who had tried to persuade him to go to war [Pau.8.28.5].

Teuthranus. Father of Axylus, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.6.12ff.].

Teuthras 1. King of Teuthrania who received Telephus and gave him as wife his daughter Argiope 4, whom he had by Auge 2 [see also Telephus] [Apd.2.7.4; Dio.4.33.10-12].

Teuthras 2. Brother of Tyres 1 and companion of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.403].

Teuthras 3. See ACHAEANS.


Thalatta. The sea. Mother of the TELCHINES and Halia [see also TELCHINES at CORYBANTES] [Dio.5.55.1-4].

Thalia 1. See CHARITES.

Thalia 2. See MUSES.

Thalia 3. See NEREIDS.

Thalius. See TROJANS.

Thallo. See HORAE.


Thalysius. Father of Echepolus 1, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.4.458].

Thamyris 1. A Thracian who loved Hyacinthus 1; he is said to have been the first man to fall in love with males. He excelled in minstrelsy and engaged in a musical contest with the MUSES; but having lost, they took his eyes and minstrelsy, and besides he is still being punished in Hades for his boast against the goddesses. Conon says that Thamyris 1 became king of the Scythians on account on his skill in cithara-playing. Thamyris 1 was son of Philammon (son of Apollo) and Argiope 3 (one of the NYMPHS) [see also CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.1.3.3; Con.7; Eur.Rhe.925; Hom.Il.2.595; Hyg.Ast.2.6; Pau.4.33.7, 10.30.8].

Thamyris 2. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Actor 10 [Stat.Theb.10.314].

Thamyrus. A soldier in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.341].

Thanatos (Death).

Thapsus. A Dolionian killed by Polydeuces (one of the DIOSCURI) during the battle between the Dolionians, people of northwestern Asia Minor, and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.191].

Thargelus. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.234].

Thasius. Son of King Anius (son of Apollo) of Delos (one of the Cyclades Islands). Thasius was destroyed by his own dogs, and for this reason there are no dogs on Delos [Hyg.Fab.247].

Thasus sailed from Phoenicia in search of his sister Europa but, not founding her, he settled in Thasos, the northernmost large island in the Aegean Sea off Thrace, where he founded a city. Thasus was son of Agenor 1, his mother being either Telephassa or Argiope 2. Or else he was son of Cilix, or else of Poseidon [Apd.3.1.1; Nonn.2.684; Pau.5.25.12].

Thaumacus. Father of Poeas and grandfather of Philoctetes [Apd.1.9.16].

Thaumas 1. Son of Pontus (Sea) and Gaia. Thaumas 1 is father, by Electra 1, of the HARPIES, Iris 1, and Hydaspes 1; but some say that he had the HARPIES by Ozomene [see also Theogony] [Apd.1.2.6; Hes.The.237, 266; Hyg.Fab.14; Nonn.26.362].

Thaumas 2. See CENTAURS.

Theano 1. See DANAIDS.

Theano 2 was the priestess of Athena at Troy and the wife of the Trojan Elder Antenor 1. Her father was Cisseus 2, which means, according to some that Theano 2 was sister of Queen Hecabe 1 of Troy. The children of Antenor 1, and perhaps also of Theano 1, were: Archelochus, Acamas 3, Glaucus 6, Helicaon 1, Laodocus 3, Polybus 5, Agenor 8, Iphidamas 1, Coon, Laodamas 3, Demoleon 2, Eurymachus 3, and Crino 2 [Apd.Ep.3.34ff., 5.21; Hom.Il.3.123, 4.87, 5.70ff, 6.300, 11.57, 11.221, 11.248, 15.516, 20.396ff.; Pau.10.27.3-4; QS.1.449].

Theano 3 was a Trojan woman who gave birth on the same night as Queen Hecabe 1 of Troy when Paris was born. Theano 3's son by Amycus 4 was called Mimas 3. He was killed in exile, fighting at Aeneas' side in Italy, by Mezentius, king of the Etruscans [Vir.Aen.10.702].

Theano 4 is Metapontus' wife. This king of Icaria demanded of her wife that she bear children to him or leave the kingdom. She then presented the children of Arne to her own husband, as if they were her own. For Arne, having been blamed by her father for being pregnant, had been handed over to Metapontus. But later Theano 4 bore two children to Metapontus, and as he was fond of the first two, she, years later, wishing to save the kingdom for her own sons, sent them to kill Arne's. However, in the fight that ensued, Theano 4's children were killed, and she, on having learned what had happened, committed suicide [Hyg.Fab.186].


Thebaeus. Father of Eniopeus, one of the TROJANS [Hom.Il.8.120].

Thebe. Daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1, and twin sister of Aegina. After her the city Thebes is named. She is said to have consorted with both Zeus and Zethus, the brother of Amphion 1 [Apd.3.5.6, 3.12.6-7; Pau.2.5.2, 5.22.6; Pin.Isth.8.17].

Theisoa. See NYMPHS.

Thelpusa. See NYMPHS.

Thelxiepia (Thelxiope, Thelxinoe 1). See SIRENS.

Thelxinoe 1 (see Thelxiepia) [Hes.CWE.47].

Thelxinoe 2. An attendant of Semele [Nonn.8.195].

Thelxion, son of Apis 2, conspired together with Telchis against Apis 2 and slew him; but Argus 1, avenging Apis 2, killed him. Thelxion had a son Aegyrus [Apd.2.1.1; Pau.2.5.7].

Thelxiope (see Thelxiepia) [Hes.CWE.47].


Themistagora. See DANAIDS.

Themiste. Daughter of Ilus 2, the founder of Troy. She married Capys 1 and bore him a son Anchises 1 [Apd.3.12.2].

Themisto 1. See NEREIDS.

Themisto 2. Daughter of King Hypseus 1 (son of Peneus, one of the RIVER GODS) of the LAPITHS and a Nymph (Nymph 7). She is Athamas 1's third wife. Some have said that Themisto 2 had two sons by him, Sphincius and Orchomenus 6, and that she plotted against the children of Ino, Athamas 1's second wife. Themisto 2, they say, hid in the palace and, deceived by a nurse who had put the wrong garments on the children, killed her own sons instead of killing Ino's. It is said that when Themisto 2 discovered what she had done, she killed herself. Otherwise her children by Athamas 1 are called: Leucon 1, Erythrius, Schoeneus 2, Ptous, and Porphyrion 2. She is also said to have consorted with Poseidon, giving birth to a daughter Leuconoe 2 [Apd.1.9.2; Hyg.Fab.1, 4, 157; Nonn.9.305, 9.317].

Themon. Son of Zeus and companion of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.125].

Theobula 1. Mother, by Areilycus 1, of Archesilaus and Prothoenor 1 (both ACHAEAN LEADERS) [Hyg.Fab.97].

Theobula 2. Mother, by Hermes, of Myrtilus [for Myrtilus see also Pelops 1] [Hyg.Fab.224].

Theocles. A Lacedaemonian, father of Crius 2 (counted among the SEERS) [Pau.3.13.3].

Theoclymenus 1. See SEERS.

Theoclymenus 2. King of Egypt who wished to marry Helen. He was son of Proteus 3 and Psamathe 1 [Eur.Hel.9, 1643ff. and passim].

Theoclymenus 3. An attendant of Cadmus who helped him in sacrificing the Delphian cow [Cow 1 Delphian, see BESTIARY] [Nonn.5.11].

Theoclymenus 4. His mistress Ismene 2, daughter of Oedipus, was killed by Tydeus 2, while he was having intercourse with her [Mimn.21].

Theodorus. A shepherd from the district near Mount Corycus. He is father, by a nymph (Nymph 11), of Herophile, counted among the SEERS [Pau.10.12.7].

Theonoe 1, daughter of Thestor 1 (counted among the SEERS), was stolen by pirates and bought by King Icarus 2 of Caria (the southwestern region of Asia Minor) to be his concubine. Having gone in search of her, Thestor 1 came, as a result of shipwreck, to Caria where he reunited with her after going through certain difficult circumstances [Hyg.Fab.190].

Theonoe 2 (Eido). A priestess in Egypt, daughter of Proteus 3 and Psamathe 1 [Con.8; Eur.Hel.9 and passim].

Theope. See MAENADS.

Theophane (Bisaltis), daughter of Bisaltes, was carried off by Poseidon, and, in order to deceive her suitors, the god changed her into a ewe, and himself into a ram. From the union of Poseidon and Theophane, the Ram with the Golden Fleece was born (Ram 1) [Hyg.Fab.3, 188].


Thera. See NIOBIDS.

Theraephone. Twin sister of Theronice and daughter of Dexamenus 1. She married Eurytus 1 and had by him a son Thalpius, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Pau.5.3.3-4].

Therager. Son of Clymenus 9 [Parth.14.1].

Theras. Eurysthenes 1 and Procles 2 (the founders of the Spartan royal houses), in spite of their enmity, combined to help Theras, who was the brother of their mother and their guardian as well, to found a colony in Calliste. The descendants of Membliarus who lived there since Cadmus left Membliarus in the island, gave up the kingship to him of their own accord as they considered that the family of Theras went back to Cadmus himself. Theras, son of Autesion 1 (son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus, son of Laius 1, son of Labdacus 1, son of Polydorus 2, son of Cadmus), renamed the island and called it Thera after himself. He had a son Oeolycus, who did not follow him to the island (today also called Santorini) [Arg.4.1762; Pau.3.1.7-8, 3.15.8, 7.2.2; Strab.8.3.19].

Therbeeo. See BESTIARY.

Thereus 1. See CENTAURS.

Thereus 2. See CENTAURS.

Theridamas. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Therimachus. Son of Heracles 1.

Theriope. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Theriphone. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Thermius. Son either of Andraemon 2, or of Haemon 2. He was killed unintentionally by Oxylus 2 [see HERACLIDES] with a quoit, but according to another account Oxylus 2 killed Alcidocus instead [Apd.2.8.3; Pau.5.3.6-7].

Thermodosa. See AMAZONS.

Thero 1. Nurse of Ares [Pau.3.19.7].

Thero 2. Daughter of Phylas 2 (one of the HERACLIDES) and Leipephilene (daughter of Iolaus 1, son of Iphicles, son of Amphitryon). She had a son Chaeron, by Apollo [Pau.9.40.5-6].

Therodanapis. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Theron 1. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Theron 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.312].

Theron 3. One of the Thebans who laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes. Like others in this ambush, he was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.2.572].

Theron 4. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.304].

Theronice. Twin sister of Theraephone and daughter of Dexamenus 1. She married Cteatus and had a son Amphimachus 1 (one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS) by him [Pau.5.3.3-4].

Thersander 1. King of Thebes. See EPIGONI, ACHAEANS, and WOODEN HORSE.

Thersander 2. Son of Sisyphus and Merope 1. His children (Haliartus, Coronus 3, and Proetus 2) were adopted by Athamas 1 (at least the first two) [Apd.1.7.3; Pau.9.34.7, 10.30.5].

Thersander 3. See HERACLIDES.

Thersander 4. A Cretan, father by Arethusa 5, of Hyllus 6, counted among the ACHAEANS [QS.10.80].

Therses. An Ismenian who, being a guest of King Anius of Delos, brought him a goblet from the Aonian coast, which later Anius gave to Aeneas [Ov.Met.13.682].

Thersilochus 1. See TROJANS.

Thersilochus 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Thersilochus 3. A soldier in Aeneas' army. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.363].


Thescelus, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was turned into a stone when Perseus 1 showed him the head of Medusa 1 [Ov.Met.5.163].


Thespia. Daughter of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1. After her Thespiae (the city west of Thebes) was called [Pau.9.26.6].

Thespiades. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.293].

Thespius (Thestius 2). Son of King Erechtheus of Athens and Praxithea 4, and king of Thespiae in Boeotia. By Megamede or by many wives Thespius had many daughters, and when he entertained Heracles 1 for fifty days he let him each night make love to one of his daughters. The children of Heracles 1 by the daughters of Thespius were called Thespiades. Two of them remained in Thebes and seven in Thespiae. All the other Thespiades joined Iolaus 1 in the founding of a colony in Sardinia [see THESPIUS' OFFSPRING below] [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8; Dio.4.29.2].

THESPIUS' OFFSPRING. The daughters of Thespius, either by Megamede (daughter of Arneus) or by many wives were: Aeschreis, Aglaia 3, Anthea, Anthippe, Antiope 1, Argele, Asopis 1, Calametis, Certhe, Chryseis 2, Clytippe, Elachia, Eone, Epilais, Erato 5, Euboea 1, Eubote, Eurybia 2, Eurypyle 1, Eurytele, Exole, Heliconis, Hesychia, Hippo 2, Hippocrate, Iphis 2, Laothoe 1, Lyse, Lysidice 1, Lysippe 1, Marse, Meline, Menippis, Nice, Nicippe 2, Olympusa, Oria, Panope 2, Patro, Phyleis, Praxithea 1, Procris 1, Pyrippe, Stratonice 2, Terpsicrate, Thespius' Daughter, Tiphyse, Toxicrate, and Xanthis [see also Heracles 1] [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8; Dio.4.29.2].

Thespius' Daughter. This daughter of Thespius of unknown name became mother, by Heracles 1, of Teleutagoras [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Thesprotus 1. Son of Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Thesprotus 2. King of the country where Lake Avernus is said to be. Atreus killed the infant sons of Thyestes 1 and served them to him at a banquet. When Thyestes 1 realized the crime, he fled to King Thespotrus 2. But from there he went to Sicyon where he, without knowing who she was, ravished his own daughter Pelopia 4. In the ravishing she drew his sword from the sheath and hid it under the pedestal of a statue. The next day Thyestes 1 left. In the meantime misery had come to Mycenae because of the crimes of Atreus, or so they believed; for someone must be found responsible when calamities occur. The Oracle was then consulted regarding the barrenness of the land, and it prescribed that Thyestes 1 should be recalled to the city. Atreus then, following the Oracle's instructions, came to the court of King Thesprotus 2, hoping to find his brother there. Thyestes 1 was away, but Atreus, having met Pelopia 4 in the court and believing that she was Thesprotus 2's daughter, asked the king that she be given to him in marriage. The king granted Atreus' wish and the avenger Aegisthus, still in the womb, was brought to Mycenae by his future victim, who raised him as his own son [Hyg.Fab.88].

Thessalus 1. Son of Heracles 1.

Thessalus 2. Son of Jason and Medea. He escaped being murdered by his mother, was reared as a youth in Corinth and later moved to Iolcus, where he seized the throne and became king, thus taking what belonged to him by inheritance [Dio.4.53.1, 4.55.2].

Thessalus 3. Son of Haemon 7 after whom the land of Haemonia was renamed Thessaly [Strab.9.5.23].

Thestalus. Son of Heracles 1.

Thestius 1. When Thestius 1 claimed the skin of the Calydonian Boar on the ground that Iphiclus 2 had been the first to hit it, war broke out between the Curetes (including the sons of Thestius 1) and the Calydonians (including Meleager). When Tyndareus and Icarius 1 were expelled from Lacedaemon, they were received by Thestius 1 and allied themselves with him in the war which he waged with his neighbours. Thestius 1 was son either of Ares and Demonice, or of Agenor 6 and Epicasta 1. By Leucippe 1 he became father of Iphiclus 2; but others say that Iphiclus 2 as well as Leda, Althaea, Hypermnestra 2, Evippus 1, Plexippus 1, and Eurypylus 2, were his children by Eurythemis. Thestius 1 is also called father of Prothous 5 and Cometes 5 [see also Calydon and CALYDONIAN HUNTERS] [Apd.1.7.7, 1.7.10, 1.8.3, 3.10.5; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.3.13.8, 8.45.7].

Thestius 2 (see Thespius) [Pau.9.27.6].

Thestor 1. See SEERS.

Thestor 2. See TROJANS.

Thestor 3. See TROJANS.

Thestor 4. Father of Alcmaon, one of the ACHAEANS.

Thetis. See NEREIDS, Peleus and Achilles.

Thettalus. Son of Heracles 1.

Thia (Euryphaessa). See TITANS.

Thias. King of Assyria said to have committed incest with his daughter Smyrna, whom he had by Orithyia 3; in accordance with that, he is the father of Adonis. Thias, son of Belus 2, killed himself when he learned he had committed incest [see also Adonis] [Apd.3.14.3-4; Lib.Met.34].

Thiasus. See SATYRS.

Thiodamas 1. A Dryopian, father by Menodice (daughter of Orion), of Hylas. He was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.7.7; Arg.1.1213; Hyg.Fab.14].

Thiodamas 2. Father, by Neaera 4, of Dresaeus, one of the TROJANS [QS.1.292].

Thiodamas 3. See SEERS.

Thisbe 1. See Pyramus [Hyg.Fab.243; Ov.Met.4.55ff.; Nonn.6.347].

Thisbe 2. See NYMPHS.

Thisiadie was once a queen, but later she became a handmaid of Helen [Hyg.Fab.92].

Thoactes, counted among the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was the armour-bearer of King Cepheus 1. He was at the court at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1, being killed by the latter [Ov.Met.5.147].

Thoas 1. Son of Icarius 1, his mother being either Periboea 3, or Polycaste 1 [Apd.3.10.6; Strab.10.2.24].


Thoas 2's Daughter consorted with Odysseus and had a son Leontophonus by him [Apd.Ep.7.40].

Thoas 3. King of Lemnos, and later king of the Taurians before whom Orestes 2 was brought. His daughter Hypsipyle hid him when the Lemnian women killed their husbands and later he fled to Tauris (but some say that he was killed by the Lemnian women). He was son either of Dionysus 2 and Ariadne, or of Borysthenes. By Oenoe 1 he had a son Sicinus. Some have said that Thoas 3 was killed by Orestes 2 and Chryses 4 [Apd.3.6.4; Apd.Ep.1.9, 6.27; Arg.1.623, 4.421ff.; Eur.IT.passim; Hdt.6.138; Hom.Il.23.745; Hyg.Fab.120, 121; Lib.Met.27; Stat.Theb.5.266; Val.2.274ff.].


Thoas 5. See GIANTS.

Thoas 6. A companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Halesus 2 [Vir.Aen.10.415].

Thoas 7. See TROJANS.

Thoas 8. King of Corinth after his father Ornytion. He was succeeded by his son Damophon [Pau.2.4.3].

Thoas 9 took part in the chariot-race at Opheltes 1's funeral games [for Opheltes 1 see SEVEN AGAINST THEBES]. He was son of Jason and Hypsipyle [Stat.Theb.6.342, 6.466].

Thoas 10. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.696].

Thoas 11. An Athenian. Brother of Euneus 3 and Solois [see also Solois] [Plu.The.26.3-5].

Thocnus. Son of Lycaon 2 [Pau.8.3.1ff.].

Thoe 1. See OCEANIDS.

Thoe 2. See NEREIDS.

Thoe 3. See AMAZONS.

Thoe 4. See BESTIARY.

Thon (Thonis). Warden of the Nile mouth who told Proteus 3 about the arrival of Paris in Egypt after the latter had done great wrong in Hellas. Thon was married to Polydamna [Hdt.2.113; Hom.Od.4.229ff.; Strab.17.1.16].

Thonis (see Thon) [Hdt.2.113].

Thoon 1. See TROJANS.

Thoon 2. See TROJANS.

Thoon 3. See TROJANS.

Thoon 4. A young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus when he visited the island of the Phaeacians [Hom.Od.8.111].

Thoon 5. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Corymbasus [Nonn.28.112].

Thoos. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.