Acaste 1. Hes.The.356
Amphitrite. 4726: Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 1696-1770: Der Triumph der Amphitrite, um 1740. Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden.
Admete 1. Hes.The.349
Aethra 1. Aethra 1 is called mother of the HYADES 1 and Hyas by
Atlas, but see also
Pleione below in this list. Hyg.Fab.192; Hyg.Ast.2.21; Ov.Fast.5.171.
Amphitrite. Amphitrite is the Queen of the sea. She is
married to Poseidon and their children are Triton, Rhode 2 and Benthesicyme. (For Triton see BESTIARY.) Rhode 2 is called sometimes daughter of Poseidon & Halia. Halia is sister of the TELCHINES (see CORYBANTES) and daughter of Thalatta. Some say that Halia was raped by her six sons, and having cast herself into the sea, was given the name of Leucothea, a sea-deity. But others say that Leucothea is Ino, the daughter of Cadmus & Harmonia 1. In any case Rhode 2 married Helius and gave birth to the HELIADES 2. These, being astrologers, introduced new practices in seamanship and divided the day into hours. The most highly endowed of them was Tenages, who was slain by his brothers because of their envy of him. When their treacherous act became known, all who had taken part in the conspiracy fled and settled in different places. Benthesicyme married an Ethiopian husband and had two daughters. She also brought up Eumolpus 1. This child was the son of Poseidon & Chione 1, and she, in order not to be detected by her father flung Eumolpus 1 into the sea. But Poseidon picked him up and, having conveyed him to Ethiopia, gave him to Benthesicyme to bring up. Later Eumolpus 1 fought on the side of the Eleusinians in their war against the Athenians and was killed by King Erechtheus of Athens. Chione 1 is the daughter of Boreas 1 (see WINDS) & Orithyia 2, the daughter of Erechtheus, which means that Eumolpus was killed by his grandgrandfather. Apd.1.2.2, 1.2.7, 1.4.5; Col.21; Hes.The.243,
Argia 3. Argia 3 married the river god Inachus and had by him Phoroneus and
Io (see also Melia below in this list). Hyg.Fab.143, 145.
Asia 2. Wife of the Titan Iapetus 1, and mother of Menoetius 1, Atlas,
Prometheus 1 and Epimetheus, but see also Clymene 1 below. Apd.1.2.2-4.
Beroe 4. This Oceanid was in the train of
Cyrene was reared near
Mount Pelion and was of amazing beauty.
Apollo found her without
spears wrestling alone with a lion and carried her
off to that part of the land of Libya where in
later times he founded a city and named it, after
her, Cyrene. Vir.Geo.4.341.
Beroe 5. It is after this girl that the city Berytos
(Beyrut) in Lebanon was called.
Aphrodite came to the Allmother Harmonia 3, who possessed the oracles of Ophion 1, asking whether the gift of Justice would be assigned to the city of her own daughter Beroe 5 (as some say that Beroe 5 is the daughter of Adonis &
Dionysus 2 fell in
love with her and
Poseidon as well. They
had to fight for her and
Poseidon won her. Nonn.41.153-155, 41.318ff, 41.367, 42.40ff.,
42.66, 42.506ff., 43.394ff.
Callirrhoe 1. Mother of Geryon by Chrysaor, and of Cotys 2 and perhaps Atys 3 by Manes. Chrysaor, offspring of Poseidon &
Medusa 1 has been called
King of Iberia. Geryon had the body of three men
grown together and joined in one at the waist, but
parted in three from the flanks and thighs.
Heracles 1 took his cattle away and killed him. Geryon had a daughter Erythia 2, who was by Hermes mother of Norax, the man who led the Iberians to Sardinia. Manes is said to have been the first king of Lydia in Asia Minor. His son Cotys 2 married Halie 2, daughter of Tyllus, and had by her Asies and Atys 3. Atys 3 became King of Lydia after his father (either Manes or Cotys 2 and is said to be a descendant of Heracles 1 & Omphale. Apd.2.5.10; DH.1.27.2; Hes.The.350, 979.
Calypso 2. Hes.The.350.
Caphira. Caphira is said to have nurtured, together with
the TELCHINES, the child
Rhea 1 had committed to
their care. Dio.5.55.1.
Ceto 3. Ceto 3, who has been identified as a Naiad, is said to be the mother of Astris by Helius. Astris married the river god Hydaspes 1 and had by him King Deriades of India, who was wounded by Dionysus 2, during his
campaign against the Indians, and finished by the
Chryseis 1. Hes.The.350.
Clio 3. Another Oceanid in the train of
Cyrene (see also Beroe 4 above in this list). Vir.Geo.4.341.
Clymene 1. Clymene 1, wife of Iapetus 1, is mother of Menoetius 1, Atlas,
Prometheus 1, Epimetheus and Hesperus 2, but see Asia 2 above in this list. Others say that she consorted with Prometheus 1 and
mothered Deucalion 1,
the man who survived the
Flood. She is also said to be the mother of
Phaethon 3 who fell
from the sky when he borrowed his father
Helius' chariot. She is also then the mother of the HELIADES 1, daughters of Helius, who wept for
their brother Phaethon 3 and their tears hardened into amber as they were turned into poplars. Clymene 1 was married to Merops 2, King of Ethiopia, who adopted his wife's son, Phaethon 3. DH.1.17.3; Dio.4.27.1; Hes.The.350ff, 506ff.;
Hyg.Fab.154; Nonn.17.280, 38.130; Ov.Met.1.751ff., 1.760ff, 2.184.
Clytia 1. Hes.The.350ff.
Daira. Daira made love to
Hermes, and Eleusis,
after whom the city is called, was born. Pau.1.38.7.
Dione 1. Dione 1 could be one of the TITANS, because some say
she is the daughter of
Gaia. According to some she
consorted with Zeus and
gave birth to
Aphrodite. Apd.1.1.3, 1.3.1; Hom.Il.5.370; Hes.The.350ff.
Doris 1. Doris 1 married Nereus, a god son of Pontus (Sea) & Gaia who can
turn himself into all kinds of shapes and who
dwells in the Aegean Sea, and gave birth to the
NEREIDS and also to Glaucus 7. However some say that this Glaucus 7 was first a mortal fisherman, but after chewing a plant he became a sea-deity. Apd.1.2.7; Eur.Ore.362; Hes.The.350ff.
Electra 1. Electra 1 married Thaumas 1, son of Pontus & Gaia, and gave birth to the
HARPIES, Iris 1 and, some say, to Hydaspes 1, who is however a river god. Apd.1.2.2-6; Hes.The.266; Nonn.26.362.
Ephyra 1. Ephyra 1 was the first to dwell in Corinth. Pau.2.1.1.
Eudore 3. Hes.The.350ff.
Europe 3. Hes.The.350ff.
Eurynome 3. According to some Eurynome 3 ruled heaven together with Ophion 1 until Cronos &
Rhea 1 replaced them, but she, along with Ophion 1, fell in the waves of the ocean. It is said that she consorted with Zeus and gave birth to the
CHARITES and to the
river god Asopus, the father of Aegina, whom
Zeus ravished. Apd.1.2.2, 1.3.1, 3.12.6; Arg.1.503; Hes.The.907; Nonn.2.573.
Hippo 1. Hes.The.351.
Ianira 1. Hes.The.350ff.
Ianthe 1. Hes.The.350ff.
Idyia. Idya is called the youngest among the OCEANIDS.
She married King Aeetes of Colchis and became mother of Chalciope 2 and Medea. And Chalciope 2, whom some call Iophossa, married Phrixus 1, the man who came to Colchis flying on the Ram with the Golden Fleece (for these see ARGONAUTS and
BESTIARY). Apd.1.9.1; Arg.3.240; Hes.The.350ff., 960.
Melia. Melia consorted with the river god Inachus and gave birth to Aegialeus 2, the first inhabitant of Sicyon,
Phoroneus, the first
man, and Io (see also Argia 3 above in this list). Melia was also loved by Apollo and she gave birth to the seer Tenerus and Ismenus 1, the father of Dirce, the woman who ill-treated Antiope 3, and was killed by the latter's sons Amphion 1 and Zethus,
who tied her to a bull and flung her dead body into
the spring called Dirce after her. Apd.2.1.1-3; Pau.9.10.6.
Meliboea 1. Meliboea 1 married Pelasgus 1, after whom the inhabitants of the Peloponnesus were called Pelasgians. They became the parents of impious Lycaon 2. Apd.3.8.1.
Merope 4. Merope 4 married Clymenus 5, son of Helius, and had children:
Phaethon 3 (see also Clymene 1 above in this list), and the girls called HELIADES 1. Hyg.Fab.154.
Metis 1. Metis 1 turned into many shapes to avoid Zeus' embraces but
nevertheless she became his first wife. But as
Gaia had said that, after giving birth to the girl who was in her womb, Metis 1 would bear a son who would be the lord of Heaven, Zeus swallowed her. And
when the time came for the birth to take place,
Prometheus 1 or else
Hephaestus smote the
head of Zeus with an axe,
and Athena, fully armed,
leapt up from the top of his head at the river
Triton. Apd.1.2.2, 1.3.6; Hes.The.358, 886ff.
Tyche: a most beloved oceanid.
7001: Fortuna (info n/a). National Archaeological Museum, Naples.
Oceanid. This unidentified Oceanid who consorted with
Zeus and gave birth to
Helen, could be the same
as Nemesis. Hes.CWE.66.
Ocyrrhoe 1. Hes.The.350ff.
Peitho 2. Hes.The.349.
Periboea 8. Periboea 8 married the Titan Lelantus and had by him a daughter Aura 2. Aura 2 was a Phrygian huntress unacquainted with love when she was ravished by Dionysus 2
while asleep. She had twins but killed one of the
children and her son Iacchus she abandonned, but
the MAENADS of
Eleusis took care of him
and honoured him as a god next after the son of
and after Semele's son
(Dionysus 2). Later the Athenians honoured all the three together. Aura 2 threw herself into the river Sangarius (a river in Asia Minor flowing into the Black Sea) and was transformed into a fountain by Zeus. Nonn.48.246.
Perseis. Perseis married Helius
and gave birth to King
Aeetes of Colchis
(Medea's father), Pasiphae
(wife of King Minos 2 of
Crete) and the witch
Circe. Apd.1.9.1, 3.1.2; Cic.ND.3.48; Hes.The.350ff.,
Philyra 1. Some say that Philyra 1 consorted with Cronos and gave birth to
the Centaur Chiron. It is
said that when she saw that she had borne a strange
species (a Centaur), she asked
Zeus to change her into
another form, and she was turned into the tree
called linden. Apd.1.2.4; Hyg.Fab.138; Prop.2.1.60; Val.5.152.
Pleione. Pleione married Atlas
and gave birth to the
PLEIADES and the
HYADES 1 (see also Aethra 1 above in this list). Apd.3.10.1; Hyg.Fab.192; Ov.Fast.5.83.
Plexaure 1. Hes.The.353.
Pluto 1. Hes.The.355.
Polydora 4. Hes.The.354.
Rhodia 1. Hes.The.351.
Styx. Water-stream in the
Zeus caused oaths to be
sworn by the water of Styx because she had fought
on his side against the
TITANS. If any of the gods pours a libation of her water and is forsworn, he/she lies breathless for a year, never tastes ambrosia and nectar and lies down spiritless and voiceless. After spending thus one year in sickness he/she is cut off for nine years from the god's councils and feasts, and cannot return until the tenth year. Such is the oath of Styx (more details at Underworld). Others have called Styx the daughter of Erebus (Darkness of the Underworld) and
Nyx. According to some Styx married Pallas 1, son of the Titan Crius 1 and Eurybia 1, daughter of Pontus (Sea) and Gaia (Earth), and had by
him Nike (Victory), Cratos
(Power), Zelos (Emulation), and Bia (Violence).
Some say that
Persephone is her
daughter by Zeus. Still
others say that she is the mother of Echidna, the
monster whom Argus 1 killed, by a complete unknown called Piras 2. Apd.1.2.2.-5, 1.3.1; Hes.The.383ff., 790ff.; Hyg.Pre; Pau.8.18.2.
Thoe 1. Hes.The.354.
Tyche. Tyche is Fortune, whose
pleasure is to dash immoderate hopes.
Urania 1. Hes.The.350.
Xanthe 1. Hes.The.356.