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Dictionary
Cerambus to Clytodora

Characters
Geographical
Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Cerambus is one of those who escaped Deucalion 1's Flood undrowned, since he was borne up into the air on wings by the NYMPHS. Yet some have said that he insulted the NYMPHS and was changed by them into a beetle. Cerambus was son of Eusiros, son of Poseidon, and the Nymph Eidothea 2 [Lib.Met.22; Ov.Met.7.353].

Ceramnus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Jason [Val.6.550].

Ceramus. Son of Dionysus 2 and Ariadne after whom was named the district of Cerameicus in Athens [Pau.1.3.1].

CERASTAE. People of Cyprus changed into bullocks by Aphrodite [Ov.Met.10.223ff.].

Ceraus. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Cerberus 1. Hound of Hades. See BESTIARY, Underworld, Hades, Heracles 1 and HERACLES 1'S LABOURS.

Cerberus 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Cerberus 3 is one of four brothers (the others being Laius 2, Celeus 2 and Aegolius) who entered the cave of Zeus in Crete in order to gather the honey of the sacred bees that had nourished the child Zeus after his birth. They covered their bodies with a brazen armour to protect themselves but when the god cast a thunderbolt the armours melted, and as the MOERAE and Themis had forbidden death in this cavern Zeus turned them into birds [Lib.Met.19].

Cercaphus 1. One of the HELIADES 2, sons of Helius and Rhode 2. Cercaphus 1 succeeded to the throne of Rhodes after his brother Ochimus; and having married his own niece Cyrbia, he had children by her: Camirus, Lindus, and Ialysus. Upon his death he was succeeded by his sons [Dio.5.56.3-5, 5.57.7].

Cercaphus 2. Son of Aeolus 1 and father of Ormenus 3, father of Amyntor 1, father of Phoenix 2, the man who followed Achilles to Troy [Strab.9.5.18].

Cerceis. See OCEANIDS.

Cercetes. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

CERCOPES. These are malefactors who were punished by Heracles 1 and turned into apes by Zeus [Apd.2.6.3; Dio.4.31.7; Hdt.7.216; Ov.Met.14.92].

Cercyon 1 is one of the malefactors punished by Theseus. He was an Arcadian who compelled passers-by to wrestle, and in wrestling killed them. But when Theseus came, he lifted him up and dashed him to the ground. Having thus killed him Theseus ravished his daughter Alope. Cercyon 1 was either son of Branchus and Argiope 1, one of the NYMPHS; or son of Poseidon and Amphictyon's Daughter; or son of Hephaestus. Besides Alope he had a son Hippothous 2 [Apd.Ep.1.3; Dio.4.59.4; Hyg.Fab.38, 173, 187; Pau.1.14.3; Plu.The.11.1, 29.1].

Cercyon 2. Son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Cercyon 2 had a son Hippothous 6 who became king of Arcadia when Agapenor did not return from Troy [Pau.8.5.4].

Cerdo. According to some wife of Phoroneus and therefore mother of Niobe 1, Car, Chthonia 2, Clymenus 7, Sparton 2, Europs 2, and Lyrcus 2 [Apd.2.1.1; Parth.1.1; Pau.1.39.5, 2.16.4, 2.21.1, 2.34.4, 2.35.4].

Ceroessa. Daughter of Zeus and Io [Nonn.32.70].

Certhe. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had by him a son Iobes [Apd.2.7.8, 2.4.10].

Cerynes. See HERACLIDES.

Ceryx was the youngest of the sons of Eumolpus 1, the man who supported the Eleusinians in their war against Athens. Eumolpus 1 perished in battle, killed by Erechtheus, but Ceryx survived him. Ceryx is also said to be the son of Hermes and Aglaurus 2, daughter of Cecrops 1 [for this woman see also Envy and Athens] [Pau.1.38.3.]

Cestrinus. Son of Helenus 1 and Andromache. Helenus 1 succeeded Neoptolemus as king in Epirus, and on his own death Helenus 1 passed on the kingdom to his son Molossus. It was then that Cestrinus, with a contingent of volunteers, invaded and took possession of the region beyond the river Thyamis, which is in Epirus [Pau.1.11.1-2, 2.23.6].

Cestrus. See TROJANS.

Ceteus 1. One of the many sons of the impious Lycaon 2. Ceteus 1 is said to be the father of Callisto and Megisto [see also Constellations] [Apd.3.8.1; Hyg.Ast.2.6].

Ceteus 2. One of the commanders of the CENTAURS HORNED who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [see also CENTAURS HORNED at BESTIARY] [Nonn.14.186ff.].

Cethegus. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.514].

Ceto 1. Child of Pontus (Sea) and Gaia (Earth). Ceto 1 consorted with Phorcus (her brother or perhaps the offspring of Oceanus and Tethys), and she gave birth to the GRAEAE [see Perseus 1], the GORGONS [see Medusa 1], Ladon 4 (the guardian snake who kept the golden apples of the HESPERIDES), and Echidna, the monster that Argus 1 killed. Some have said that the GORGONS were the offspring of Gorgon (child of Typhon and Echidna) and Ceto 1 [Apd.1.2.6; Hes.The.238, 297, 333; Hyg.Fab.Pre].

Ceto 2. See NEREIDS.

Ceto 3 has been called a Naiad. Nevertheless she is one of the OCEANIDS, her parents being Oceanus and Tethys. Ceto 3 consorted with Helius and had a daughter Astris, also called Asteria 4 [Nonn.26.355].

Ceuthonymus. Father of Menoetes 1, the herdsman of Hades. [Apd.2.5.12].

Ceyx.

Chaeresilaus. Father by Stratonice 4 of Poemander, the founder of Tanagra in Boeotia. Chaeresilaus was son of Iasius 3, son of Eleuther 1, son of Apollo and Aethusa, daughter of Poseidon and Alcyone 1, one of the PLEIADES [Pau.9.20.1; Plu.GQ.37].

Chaeron. Son of Apollo and Thero 2, daughter of Phylas 2, one of the HERACLIDES. After him Chaeronea in Boeotia was called [Pau.9.40.5].

Chaetus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Chalciope 1. Daughter of Rhexenor 1 and second wife of Aegeus 1. Chalciope 1 never had children by Aegeus 1 [Apd.3.15.6].

Chalciope 2 (Iophossa). Daughter of Aeetes and Idyia. She married Athamas 1's son Phrixus 1 and had children by him: Argus 3, Melas 2, Phrontis 1, Cytisorus, and Presbon [Apd.1.9.1; Hyg.Fab.3; Pau.9.34.7].

Chalciope 3. Daughter of King Eurypylus 4 of Cos, son of Poseidon and Astypalea. Chalciope 3 consorted with Heracles 1 and had a son Thettalus [Apd.2.7.8; Plu.GQ.58].

Chalciope 4. Mother, by Thessalus 1, of the ACHAEAN LEADERS Antiphus 5 and Phidippus. She also had another son Nesson [Hom.Il.2.670ff.; Hyg.Fab.97; Strab.9.5.23].

Chalcis. Daughter of the river god Asopus and Metope 1, daughter of the river god Ladon 1 [Dio.4.72.1].

Chalcodon 1 is the Euboean king who led the Abantians against Thebes. He was defeated and killed in battle by Amphitryon. Chalcodon 1 is father of Elephenor [see ACHAEAN LEADERS], either by Alcyone 4 or Imenarete [Apd.Ep.3.11; Hyg.Fab.97; Pau.8.15.7, 9.17.3, 9.19.3].

Chalcodon 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Chalcodon 3 is one of the many SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. He was killed as by her father Oenomaus 1 [see also Pelops 1] [Pau.6.21.10].

Chalcodon 4. A Coan who wounded Heracles 1 in battle [Apd.2.7.1].

Chalcomede. See MAENADS.

Chalcon. Father of Bathycles, one of the ACHAEANS fighting at Troy [Hom.Il.16.595].

Chaon. A Trojan known to Helenus 1 (son of Priam 1), after whom the latter named the Chaonian plains, a district in Epirus [Vir.Aen.3.335].

Chaos.

Charaxus. One of the LAPITHS who fought against the CENTAURS at Pirithous' wedding. He was killed by Rhoetus 1 [see also CENTAURS] [Ov.Met.12.284ff.].

Chariclo 1. See NYMPHS.

Chariclo 2. Wife of the Centaur Chiron and mother of Ocyrrhoe 2 [Ov.Met.2.636ff.].

Chariclo 3. Daughter of Cychreus (son of Poseidon and Salamis) and mother by Sciron (one of the malefactors killed by Theseus) of Endeis and Alycus [Plu.The.10.3, 32.5].

Charillus. King of Sparta. Under his reign the campaign of the Spartans against Tegea in Arcadia took place. Charillus was son of Polydectes 2, son of Eunomus 2, son of Prytanis 2, son of Eurypon, son of Sous, son of Procles 2, son of Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.3.7.3].

Charis. See CHARITES.

Charisius. One of the may sons of impious Lycaon 2. The city Charisia in Arcadia was named after him [Pau.8.3.4].

CHARITES.

Charmidas. A distinguished Spartan who was sent to Crete by Alcamenes, king of the Lacedaemonians, in order to put down the civil strife among the Cretans. Charmidas was son of Euthys [Pau.3.2.7].

Charmus. Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe 2, daughter of Cadmus [Dio.4.82.4].

Charon. The ferryman in the Underworld [see Underworld and Map of the Underworld] [Eur.Her.432; Pau.10.28.2; Vir.Aen.6.299].

Charopeia 1. See MAENADS.

Charopeia 2. A Lemnian woman who offered her son when all males were killed in Lemnos [see also ARGONAUTS] [Stat.Theb.5.159].

Charops 1. See TROJANS.

Charops 2. One of Actaeon's dogs [see Actaeon].

Charops 3 (see Charopus) [Hyg.Fab.270].

Charops 4. This is the man who informed Dionysus 2 of the plot of King Lycurgus 1 of Thrace against him. Dionysus 2 conquered the Thracians in a battle and killed Lycurgus 1. When he had done this Dionysus 2, out of gratitude to Charops 4, passed on the kingdom of the Thracians to him and instructed him in the secret rites connected with the initiations. Later Charops 4's son Oeagrus took over both the kingdom and the initiatory rites. Charops 4 is the grandfather of Orpheus [Dio.3.65.4ff.].

Charopus (Charops 3). Charopus is, by the Nymph Aglaia 4, the father of Nireus 2, who led the people of Syme (a small island between Caria and Rhodes) against Troy. Nireus 2, who is also counted among trhe SUITORS OF HELEN, was killed during the Trojan War by Eurypylus 6, a Mysian son of Telephus, son of Heracles 1 [Hyg.Fab.97].

Charybdis.

Chediaetros. One of Actaeon's dogs [see Actaeon].

Cheirobie. Daughter of King Deriades of India and Orsiboe. Cheirobie was mother of Morrheus 1, a general in the Indian army who fought against Dionysus 2 [Nonn.33.282, 34.30, 34.171, 40.101].

Chelidon (Chelidonis). Chelidon is daughter of Pandareus, who lived near Ephesus in Asia Minor. She had a sister Aedon who married Polytechnos, a carpenter from Colophon in Lydia. At the beginning these two were very happy, but one day they conceived the idea that they loved each other more than Zeus and Hera. This is how they angered the gods, and then Hera sent Eris to cause rivalry between them, making they compete as to which of them would finish his work first, Aedon with her web or Polytechnos with a chariot; and agreeing that the victor would be given a servant by the defeated. Polytechnos who, having lost, felt disappointed, came to Pandareus saying that Aedon had sent him to bring her sister Chelidon to Colophon. When Polytechnos then had Chelidon in his power he raped her and, having shaved her head, he threatened to kill her if she told to Aedon what had happened. This is how Chelidon became the servant of her sister, who did not recognize her. But as Aedon once overheard Chelidon complaining, she understood what had happened and, having kissed her sister, she was now ready for any crime in order to avenge both. They killed then Polytechnos' child Itylus and, having cut him into pieces, sent a neighbour to serve the child as a meal to his father Polytechnos, and in the meantime they fled to Pandareus. Polytechnos pursued them, but having arrived to Pandareus' house he was captured by Pandareus' men, who smeared him with honey putting him in the sheep-fold, where the flies tormented him. Yet Aedon, remembering their love and feeling pity for him, chased the flies, which angered her parents and brother, who wished to kill her. And now when new conflicts menaced the whole family Zeus, turned them all into birds: Aedon and Chelidon became nightingales, or perhaps a halcyons like their mother; Pandareus became an eagle and Polytechnos turned into a woodpecker (which suits a carpenter) [Lib.Met.11, Hom.Od.20.66] [similar story at: Tereus 1].

Chelidonis (see Chelidon) [Lib.Met.11].

Chersidamas 1. See TROJANS.

Chersidamas 2. Son of King Pterelaus of Taphos. He was killed, along with most of his brothers, by the sons of Electryon 1 [see Mycenae, Alcmena and Amphitryon] [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Chias. See NIOBIDS.

Chimera. See Bellerophon and BESTIARY.

Chione 1. Daughter of Boreas 1 [see WINDS] and Orithyia 2, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. Ashamed of having being seduced by Poseidon, Chione 1 flung her son Eumolpus 1 into the sea [Apd.3.15.2ff.]

Chione 2 was daughter of Daedalion, son of Eosphorus, son of Eos. Hermes touched her face with his sleep-compelling wand and then made love to her. Also Apollo, assuming an old woman's form, consorted with her. Chione 2 set herself above Artemis and, having criticized her beauty, was killed by the goddess. Her son by Hermes was Autolycus 1 [see also Sisyphus]; by Apollo she had Philammon, famous for his song and zither. Chione 2's children are also attributed to her sister Philonis [Hyg.Fab.200; Ov.Met.11.295ff., 11.301, 11.313-321].

Chios. Son of Poseidon and a Chian nymph (Nymph 9 Chian). Chios received his name because when he was about to be born there was a fall of snow (chion) [Pau.7.4.8].

Chirimachus. Son of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. Chirimachus was killed, as others among his brothers, by the sons of Pterelaus, king of Taphos, the island off the coast of Acarnania in northwestern Greece [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Chirodamas. Son of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Chiron.

CHIRON'S DISCIPLES. These were Achilles, Actaeon, Aristaeus, Asclepius, Jason, Medus, and Patroclus 1 [see also Chiron].

Chlemus. See TROJANS.

Chloreus. A Trojan in Aeneas' army. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.11.792, 12.363].

Chloris 1 (Meliboea 2). The youngest daughter of Amphion 1 and Niobe 2. She is one of the surviving NIOBIDS, whom the sweet children of Leto, Apollo and Artemis, slew. Chloris 1 married Neleus and became Queen of Pylos; she had children by him Periclymenus 1, Pero 2, Taurus 1, Asterius 2, Pylaon, Deimachus 2, Eurybius 1, Phrasius 1, Eurymenes 1, Evagoras 2, Alastor 1, Nestor, Epilaus, and Chromius 5. Chloris 1 is among those whom Odysseus saw when he descended to the Underworld [see also Map of the Underworld] [Apd.1.9.9; Hom.Od.11.281ff.; Hyg.Fab.11-14].

Chloris 2 married the seer Ampycus 1, son of Elatus 6, and became the mother of the seer Mopsus 1, who was among the ARGONAUTS and died in Libya [Hyg.Fab.14].

Chloris 3 is the Mother of the flowers (Flora). See NYMPHS.

Choaspes. A Colchian [Val.5.602].

Choraeus. Father of Callithea, mother of King Lydus [see also Croesus] [DH.1.27.2].

Chorea. See MAENADS.

Chremetaon. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.712].

Chremetes. See RIVER GODS.

Chromia. Wife of King Endymion of Elis, the man whom Selene put to sleep forever, and mother, by him, of Paeon 2, Epeius 1, Aetolus 2, and Eurycyda. Chromia was daughter of Itonus 1, son of Amphictyon, son either of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood, or else an autochthon [Pau.5.1.4].

Chromion. See ACHAEANS.

Chromis 1. See CENTAURS.

Chromis 2 was in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 and killed Emathion 2, an old man in the court of Cepheus 1 [Ov.Met.5.103].

Chromis 3. One of Aeneas' warriors in Italy. He was killed by Camilla [Vir.Aen.11.675].

Chromis 4 (see Chromius 2) [Hom.Il.2.858].

Chromis 5 is one of the Thebans who, at the time of the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES, laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes, but was killed by him. Chromis 5 was son of Dryope 5, a Phoenician woman [Stat.Theb.2.613ff.].

Chromis 6. Son of Heracles 1 [Stat.Theb.6.346].

Chromis 7. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.714].

Chromis 8. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.476].

Chromis 9. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Antiphos [Stat.Theb.9.252].

Chromius 1. See TROJANS.

Chromius 2 (Chromis 4). See TROJAN LEADERS.

Chromius 3. Son of King Pterelaus of Taphos. He was killed, along with most of his brothers, by the sons of Electryon 1 [see Mycenae, Alcmena and Amphitryon] [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Chromius 4. See TROJANS.

Chromius 5. Son of Neleus and Chloris 1 [Hom.Od.11.286].

Chromius 6. See TROJANS.

Chronius. Aristomelidas, an Arcadian despot, entrusted Chronius his love, a Tegean Maiden. The girl, however, before she was delivered to the king, killed herself for fear and shame, and Artemis in a vision stirred up Chronius against Aristomelidas. Chronius slew him and fled to Tegea in Arcadia, where he made a sanctuary for Artemis [Pau.8.47.6].

Chronos.

Chrysanthis is reported to have told Demeter about the rape of Persephone [Pau.1.14.1].

Chrysaor. King of Iberia and extraordinary offspring of Poseidon and Medusa 1; for when the latter's head was cut off by Perseus 1, there sprang from her trunk both Chrysaor and the winged horse Pegasus. Chrysaor was father, by the Oceanid Callirrhoe 1, of Geryon [see also HERACLES 1'S LABOURS] [Apd.2.5.10; Hes.The.280ff.; Dio.4.17.2; Nonn.31.20].

Chryse 1. Mother by Ares of Phlegyas 1, a king in Boeotia. Chryse 1 was daughter of Almus, son of Sisyphus [Pau.9.36.1].

Chryse 2. See NYMPHS.

Chryse 3. First wife of Dardanus 1 (son of Zeus and Electra 3), by whom she became mother of Idaeus 4 and Deimas. Chryse 3 was daughter of Pallas 8 [DH.1.61.2, 1.62.1].

Chryseis 1. See OCEANIDS.

Chryseis 2. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She became mother, by Heracles 1, of Onesippus [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Chryseis 3. This is the girl whom Agamemnon captured, refusing to give her back to her father Chryses 3, priest of Apollo. Because of this Apollo destroyed a large part of the Achaean army. Chryseis 3 is mother, either by Agamemnon or by Apollo, of Chryses 4 [see also Trojan War, Agamemnon, Achilles, Briseis and Orestes 2] [Aes.Aga.1439; CYP.1; Hom.Il.1. passim; Hyg.Fab.121].

Chryses 1 succeeded Phlegyas 1 as king of the Phlegyans. He was son of Poseidon and Chrysogenia, daughter of Almus, and father of Minyas [Pau.9.36.4].

Chryses 2. Son of Minos 2 and Paria. He lived in the island of Paros, where he was killed by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.5.9, 3.1.2].

Chryses 3. Priest of Apollo who asked the Achaeans to set free his daughter, and had his request denied by Agamemnon, who humiliated him. He then prayed to the god to avenge him and Apollo decimated with pest the Achaean army. Chryses 3 is father of Chryseis 3 [see also Trojan War, Agamemnon, Achilles, and Briseis] [Hom.Il.1.10ff.; Hyg.Fab.121].

Chryses 4. When Orestes 2 arrived with Iphigenia and Pylades to Zminthe, they were seized by Chryses 4, who decided to return them to King Thoas 3 and the Taurians. But through his grandfather Chryses 3, he learned that he too was son of Agamemnon. So Chryses 4, joining his forces to those of his half-brother Orestes 2, attacked the Taurians and killed their king Thoas 3. Yet some say that the father of Chryses 4 was Apollo [Hyg.Fab.121].

Chrysippe. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Chrysippus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5; Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Chrysippus 2. While Oedipus' father Laius 1 was still in exile, living in Peloponnesus where Pelops 1 hosted him, he fell in love with the illegitimate son of Pelops 1 and the Nymph Danais, Chryssipus 2. He then carried him off, being pursued and arrested by Atreus and Thyestes 1, the legitimate sons of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3. However, when confronted with the king, Laius 1 obtained mercy from him, since Pelops 1, they say, did not wish to punish a man on account of his love. But Queen Hippodamia 3 plotted against Chrysippus 2 and, arguing that he would become a contestant for the throne, she tried to persuade Atreus and Thyestes 1 to assassinate him. Since they refused Hippodamia 3 visited at night Laius 1 and Chrysippus 2 when they were asleep and, taking the sword of the Theban, she wounded Chrysippus 2 and fixed the sword in his body, so that Laius 1 would be suspected. However Chrysippus 2 acknowledged the truth before dying and King Pelops 1 banished his wife, who, according to some, committed suicide, after withdrawing to Midea in Argolis. But others say that Chrysippus 2 was in fact murdered by Atreus and Thyestes 1, at the instigation of their mother; and still others say that Pelops 1 recovered him through war [Apd.3.5.5; Hyg.Fab.85; Plu.PS.33].

Chrysogenia. Daughter of Almus and mother, by Poseidon, of Chryses 1 [Pau.9.36.1].

Chrysolaus. Son of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Chrysopelia. See NYMPHS [Apd.3.9.1].

Chrysorthe. Mother of Coronus 2 by Apollo. Chrysorthe was daughter of Orthopolis, son of Plemnaeus, son of King Peratus of Sicyon, son of Poseidon and Calchinia, daughter of Leucippus 5, son of Thurimachus, son of Aegyrus, son of Thelxion, son of Apis 2, son of Phoroneus, the first man [Pau.2.5.8].

Chrysothemis 1. Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra, remembered for having been more submissive towards the murderers of her father than her sister Electra 2 [Apd.Ep.2.16; Eur.Ore.23; Soph.Ele.158, 396 and passim].

Chrysothemis 2 is the mother of Parthenos, either by Apollo or by Staphylus 1, son of Ariadne. Molpadia 2 and Rhoeo are said to be children of Chrysothemis 2 and Staphylus 1 [Dio.5.62.1; Hyg.Ast.2.25].

Chrysothemis 3. A Cretan who won a prize singing a hymn to Apollo. He was son of Carmanor [Pau.10.7.2].

Chrysothemis 4. See DANAIDS.

Chthonia 1. Daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens and Praxithea 4. Some say that she was sacrificed by her father when he, during the war between Athens and Eleusis, learned that he would conquer Eumolpus 1 in battle if he sacrificed his daughter. Others say that Chthonia 1 was sacrificed at Poseidon's demand, so that her father would not rejoice at the death of Eumolpus 1, son of the god. She was married to Butes 2, brother of Erechtheus [Apd.3.15.1; Hyg.Fab.46, 238; Plu.PS.20].

Chthonia 2. Daughter of Phoroneus, either by Cerdo, or by Teledice, or by Cinna. Others have said, without mentioning her mother, that her father was Colontas [Apd.2.1.1; Pau.2.21.1, 2.35.4; Hyg.Fab.145].

Chthonius 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Chthonius 2. See SPARTI.

Chthonius 3. See CENTAURS.

Chthonius 4. See GIANTS.

Chthonius 5. One of the Thebans who, at the time of the war against the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES, laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes, but was killed by him [Stat.Theb.2.538, 3.62, 3.170].

Chthonophyle consorted with Hermes and become mother of Polybus 9; then she consorted with Phlias and had Androdamas. She was the daughter of Sicyon and Zeuxippe 3, daughter of Lamedon, son of Coronus 2, son of Apollo [Pau.2.6.6].

Cilix gave up the search for her sister Europa and settled in Cilicia in southern Asia Minor, where he became king. The territory is called after him. Cilix was son of Agenor 1, either by Argiope 2, or by Telephassa. Thasus is sometimes called son of Cilix, but he could have been his brother [Apd.3.1.1; Hyg.Fab.6, 178; Nonn.2.685].

Cilla. Daughter of King Laomedon 1 of Troy; her mother was either Strymo, Leucippe 2, or Placia [Apd.3.12.3].

Cillas (see Sphaerus) [Pau.5.10.7].

Cinadus. One of the pilots of the ship of Menelaus [Pau.3.22.10].

Cinaethus. A companion of the exiled Aeneas, after whom was called the promontory Cinaethion in Cythera, where he died [DH.1.50.2].

Cinna. Wife of Phoroneus, but the name of this man's wife has been disputed. Her children by him should have been: Apis 2, Niobe 1, Car, Chthonia 2, Clymenus 7, Sparton 2, Europs 2, and Lyrcus 2 [Apd.2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Parth.1.1; Pau.1.39.5, 2.16.4, 2.34.4, 2.35.4].

Cinyras 1.

Cinyras 2. An ally of Aeneas in Italy and leader of the Ligurians [Vir.Aen.10.185].

Circe.

Cisseis. See MAENADS.

Cisseus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Cisseus 2. Father of Hecabe 1 and of Theano 2, wife of Antenor 1. He is also remembered for having given a bowl with engraved figures to Anchises 1 [Apd.3.12.5; Hom.Il.6.300; Vir.Aen.5.537].

Cisseus 3. Son of Melampus 3 and an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.318ff.].

Cisseus 4. King of Macedonia who received Archelaus 5 and promised to give him his kingdom and his daughter but later, going back on his word, tried to kill him. But Archelaus 5, who is counted among the HERACLIDES, killed Cisseus 4 instead [Hyg.Fab.219].

Cissus. See SATYRS.

Cisus. See HERACLIDES.

Cithaeron. King of the Plataeans before Asopus, after whom Mount Cithaeron, between Boeotia and Attica, was named [Pau.9.1.2].

Cius. See ARGONAUTS.

Cladeus. See RIVER GODS.

Clanis 1. See CENTAURS.

Clanis 2. Brother of Clytius 10 who was in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. Clanis 2 was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.139].

Clarus. Son of Zeus, and companion of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.125].

Clausus. A Sabine from whom descends the Claudian clan, and an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Ov.Fast.4.305; Vir.Aen.7.706, 10.345].

Cleeia. One of the HYADES 1. Daughter of Atlas and Pleione or of Atlas and Aethra 1, one of the OCEANIDS; but she could also be the daughter of Hyas and Boeotia [Hes.Ast.2; Hyg.Ast.2.21; Hyg.Fab.192].

Cleito 1. Mother of Hellus, one of the TROJANS [QS.11.67].

Cleito 2. An Atlantian, daughter of Evenor 4 and Leucippe 6. She consorted with Poseidon [see Atlantis] [Pla.Cri.113Dff.].

Cleo. See DANAIDS.

Cleobis (see Cleops).

Cleoboea 1. Mother of Eurythemis and grandmother of Leda [Apd.1.7.10].

Cleoboea 2. Mother of Philonis by Eosphorus [Con.7].

Cleobule 1. Mother by King Aleus of Arcadia, of Cepheus 2 and Amphidamas 2, and possibly of Alcidice [see Aleus, whose wife is also called Neaera 3] [Arg.1.161; Hyg.Fab.14].

Cleobule 2. Mother, by Lacritus, of Clonius 2, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Hyg.Fab.97].

Cleobulus. See TROJANS.

Cleocharia. See NYMPHS.

Cleochus 1. Father of Aria, one of the girls who consorted with Apollo [Apd.3.1.2].

Cleochus 2. One of the followers of Dionysus 2 in the Indian War [Nonn.40.227].

Cleodaeus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and a female slave (Woman 13 Slave) [Dio.4.31.8].

Cleodaeus 2 is counted among the HERACLIDES. He was son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1, and of Iole, daughter of Eurytus 4, a prince of Oechalia and excellent archer. Eurytus 4 was the son of Melaneus 5, son of Apollo. Cleodaeus 2 was father of Aristomachus 2 (also one of the HERACLIDES) and Lanassa, who some say married Neoptolemus [Apd.2.8.2; Hdt.6.52, 7.204, 8.131; Pau.2.7.6, 3.15.10; Plu.Pyrrh.1.2].

Cleodice. A Trojan captive [Pau.10.26.2].

Cleodora 1. See NYMPHS.

Cleodora 2. See DANAIDS.

Cleodorus. See ACHAEANS.

Cleodoxa. See NIOBIDS.

Cleolaus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Argele, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Cleolaus 2. See ACHAEANS.

Cleolla. Daughter of Dias, otherwise unknown. Cleolla is said to be the mother, by Plisthenes 1, of Agamemnon, Menelaus, and Anaxibia 4 [Hes.CWE.69].

Cleomede. Mother by Paeon 1 of Laophoon and Agastrophus. These children are found among the TROJANS [Hom.Il.11.338; QS.6.650].

Cleomestra. Daughter of Tros 1, and mother, by Aesyetes, of Assaracus and Antenor 1 [Dictys 4.22].

Cleon. See ACHAEANS.

Cleone. Daughter of the river god Asopus and Metope 1 [Apd.3.12.6-7; Pau.2.15.1].

Cleones. Son of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3 [Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.2.15.1].

Cleopatra 1. See DANAIDS.

Cleopatra 2. See DANAIDS.

Cleopatra 3. Daughter of Tros 1, after whom the Trojans were called, and Callirrhoe 3, daughter of the river god Scamander 1 [see also Troy] [Apd.3.12.2].

Cleopatra 4 (Alcyone 5). Daughter of Idas 2 and Marpessa 1. She is said to have hanged herself or died of grief at the death of her husband Meleager. Their daughter Polydora 3 is also remembered for having died after her husband Protesilaus' death; he is one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS. Cleopatra 4's father Idas 2 is the man who killed Castor 1, one of the DIOSCURI [Apd.1.8.2-3; Hom.Il.9.556; Hyg.Fab.174; Pau.4.2.7].

Cleopatra 5. Daughter of Boreas 1 [see WINDS] and Orithyia 2, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. She was married to Phineus 2 and had by him two sons Plexippus 2, and Pandion 3 [Apd.3.15.2-3; Dio.4.43.3; Nonn.2.685; Val.4.464].

Cleopatra 6 is one of the girls sent by the Locrians to Troy; another known is Periboea 6. This was done because three years after the Locrians had regained their country, they suffered a plague. Then an oracle bade them to propitiate Athena at Troy, sending two maidens as suppliants for a thousand years. The first lot fell on Periboea 6 and Cleopatra 6, and after their deaths others were sent [Apd.Ep.6.20-21].

Cleophyle. Wife of King Lycurgus 2 of Arcadia and mother by him of Amphidamas 1, Ancaeus 1, Epochus, and Iasus 1. Others call Eurynome 1 wife of Lycurgus 2 [Apd.3.9.2].

Cleopompus. Father by Cleodora 1 of Parnassus, after whom the famous mountain in Phocis was called [Pau.10.6.1].

Cleops and Bitias 2 [see Cleobis and Biton] are the two Argive brothers who were held by the statesman and poet Solon (c. 640 - c. 560 BC) to be the most happy men in the world after Tellus the Athenian, being very strong and both having won prizes in athletic contests. It is told that at a festival of Hera in Argos, their mother had to be taken to the tempe. But as the team of oxen had not yet returned from the fields in time, they took the yoke upon their own shoulders, drawing the wagon a long distance with their mother riding on it. This done, they died. It is told that her mother was Cydippe 2, a Priestess of Hera, and that once she had asked that whatever good might happen to mortals might befall her sons. So when Cleops and Bitias 2 died she realized that there was nothing better for mortals than to die [Hdt.1.31.1; Hyg.Fab.254].

Cleopus. This is one of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens who colonized Ionia. Cleopus gathered men from all the cities of Ionia and let them settle among the Erythraeans [see also Cnopus] [Pau.7.3.7].

Cleostratus had to be offered to a dragon (Dragon 4) which devastated Thespiae, a Boeotian city west of Thebes, but was saved by his lover Menestratus, who gave himself up to the dragon wearing a bronze corselet with the point of a fish-hook turned outwards on each of its plates. Menestratus believed that, although paying with his own life, he would destroy the monster [Pau.9.26.7].

Cleso. According to the people of Megara the corpse of Athamas 1's wife Ino was cast up on their coast. It was Cleso and her sister Tauropolis, daughters of Cleson, who found Ino and buried her, calling her Leucothea for the first time [Pau.1.42.7].

Cleson. Son of King Lelex 2 of Laconia [see Sparta] and Cleocharia. He is father of Pylas (king of Megara and founder of Pylos) and of Cleso and Tauropolis [Pau.1.39.6, 1.42.7].

Cleta. See CHARITES.

Cletor. Father of Eurymedusa 2, mother of Myrmidon [Clem.EG.2.34p].

Cleues. Son of Dorus 3 and descendant of Agamemnon. He was a colonizer of Aeolia at about the same time as Penthilus 1, son of Orestes 2, son of Agamemnon [Strab.13.1.3].

Clinis was a very rich man from a place near Babylon, whom Apollo and Artemis loved. He had often, they say, accompanied these deities to the temple of Apollo Hyperborean, where he noticed that asses were offered to the god. When he returned home he attempted to introduce this custom, but Apollo, who was only pleased by the sacrifice of asses in the land of the Hyperboreans and nowhere else, threatened him and asked him to desist, which he did. However, two of the children that Clinis had by his wife Harpe 1, Lycius 2 and Harpasus, wished to sacrifice the asses anyway. When they had taken them to the altar, against the will of Apollo, their father, and their other siblings Ortygius 1 and Artemiche, the god maddened the asses, which started to devour the impious brothers, the pious ones and also Clinis. Poseidon, they say, feeling pity of Harpe 1 turned her into a bird, while Leto and Artemis, authorized by Apollo, decided to save those who were not responsible of impiety: Ortygius 1, Artemiche, and Clinis. Harpasus was devoured by his father's asses and Lycius 2 was turned into a white raven that became black at once by the will of Apollo [Lib.Met.20].

Clio 1. See MUSES.

Clio 2. See NEREIDS.

Clio 3. See OCEANIDS.

Clisidice. Daughter of Celeus 1 and Metanira [see also Demeter] [Hom.Dem.2.109].

Clisithyra. Daughter of King Idomeneus 1 of Crete and Meda 2. She was killed by the usurper Leucus 1 [Apd.Ep.6.10].

Clite 1. See DANAIDS.

Clite 2. Daughter of Merops 1 [see SEERS], and wife of King Cyzicus of the Dolionians, whom the ARGONAUTS killed. Clite 2 hung herself when she learned of her husband's death [AO.600; Arg.1.975, 1.1063; Parth.28.1-2; Val.3.314].

Clite 3. See MAENADS.

Clite 4. Mother, by Erylaus, of Meilanion 2 [see TROJANS] [QS.8.119].

Clitonymus. Son of Amphidamas 3 who was killed while still a boy by Patroclus 1 over a game of dice [Apd.3.13.8].

Clitor 1. One of the many sons of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Clitor 2 was in his time the most powerful of the kings in Arcadia. He was son of Azan, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Clitor 2 was childless, and therefore he was succeeded by Aepytus 3, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1 [Pau.8.4.4-7].

Clitus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].

Clitus 2. See TROJANS.

Clitus 3 is one of those whom Eos snatched. She, fond of beauty, took him with her so that he might dwell with the immortals. Clitus 3 was son of Mantius, son of Melampus 1 [see SEERS], son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1 [Hom.Od.15.249].

Clitus 4. In Thrace one of the suitors of Pallene, daughter of Sithon 2, who used to challenge and kill his daughter's suitors. However, when Clitus 4 came, Sithon 2's vigour had begun to fail him. That is why he decided that two suitors (Dryas 6 and Clitus 4) would fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Pallene, being in love with Clitus 4, had one of the chariot-drivers bribed, so that the chariot of Dryas 6 would fail him; and when this happened Clitus 4 killed his contender and married Pallene [Parth.6.3-6].

Clitus 5. See TROJANS.

Cloanthus. One of Aeneas' companions in Italy and founder of the Cluentian family [Vir.Aen.1.223, 1.510, 5.123].

Clonia. See NYMPHS.

Clonie. See AMAZONS.

Clonis. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. Clonis was slain by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.712].

Clonius 1. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Clonius 2. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Clonius 3. One of the soldiers of Aeneas in Italy. Clonius 3 was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas [Vir.Aen.9.574].

Clonius 4. One of the soldiers of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Messapus, an ally of Turnus, who opposed Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.749].

Clonius 5. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. Clonius 5 was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.697].

Clonus, son of Eurytus 11, is he who made the belt of Pallas 6 which was taken by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy, for spoils [Vir.Aen.10.499].

Clotho. See MOERAE.

Cloud Resembling Hera (see Nephele 1) [Apd.Ep.1.20].

Clydon. See TROJANS.

Clymene 1. See OCEANIDS.

Clymene 2. Mother by Parthenopaeus of Tlesimenes, one of the EPIGONI [Hyg.Fab.71].

Clymene 3. Daughter of Minyas and Euryanassa 1. She is mother, either by Phylacus 1 or by Cephalus 1, of Alcimede 1 and Iphiclus 1. And she is mother, by Iasus 1, of Atalanta [Apd.3.9.2; Arg.1.45, 1.234; Hes.CWE.84; Pau.10.29.6].

Clymene 4. See NEREIDS.

Clymene 5 was given by her father Catreus to Nauplius 1 to be sold in foreign lands. However, Nauplius 1 wedded her and she gave birth to Palamedes, Oeax, Nausimedon, and Proetus 4 [Apd.2.1.5, 3.2.2; Apd.Ep.6.8; Arg.1.136].

Clymene 6. Helen's maid at Troy. She was daughter of Aegeus 1 and Aethra 2 [Dictys 6.2; Hom.Il.3.144].

Clymene 7. See AMAZONS.

Clymenus 1. Son of King Oeneus 2 of Calydon and Althaea. He was killed in battle against the Curetes [see also Meleager] [Apd.1.8.1; Hes.CWE.98; Lib.Met.2.

Clymenus 2. King of the Minyan Orchomenians after Orchomenus 5. He was son of Presbon, son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1. Clymenus 2 was killed by men of Thebes at a feast for a trivial reason, probably by Perieres 2 with a cast of a stone. For this reason Clymenus 2's son Erginus 1, who succeeded him, imposed a tribute to the Thebans [see also Heracles 1]. The other sons of Clymenus 2 were Stratius 3, Arrhon 1, Pyleus, and Azeus [Apd.2.4.11; Pau.9.37.1].

Clymenus 3. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Clymenus 4. Father of Eurydice 8, wife of Nestor [Hom.Od.3.452].

Clymenus 5. Son of Helius. He married the Oceanid Merope 4 and, according to some, fathered Phaethon 3, Merope 5, Helie, Aegle 2, Lampetia, Phoebe 4, Aetheria, and Dioxippe 2 [see also Helius] [Hyg.Fab.154].

Clymenus 6 was involved in the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 and killed Hodites 2 [Ov.Met.5.98].

Clymenus 7. Son of Phoroneus and founder of a sanctuary of Demeter. His mother could be either Cerdo, or Teledice, or Cinna [Apd.2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Pau.2.21.1, 2.35.4].

Clymenus 8 was a descendant of Heracles 2. He came fifty years after the Flood from Crete to Olympia, and was later deposed by Endymion [see also Elis]. Clymenus 8 was son of Cardys [Pau.5.8.1, 6.21.6].

Clymenus 9, son either of the Arcadian Schoeneus 4 or of the Argive Teleus, committed incest with his daughter Harpalyce 2, but she, having given birth, served her child at a banquet. Besides this child and its mother, Clymenus 9 was father of Idas 6 and Therager. He is said to have killed himself [Hyg.Fab.206, 239, 242; Parth.13.1-4].

Clymenus 10. See ARGONAUTS.

Clytaemnestra.

Clytaemnestra's Child. Child of Tantalus 3 and Clytaemnestra, that was killed while still a babe by Agamemnon [Apd.Ep.2.16; Eur.IA.1148].

Clytaemnestra's Minstrel. A minstrel whom Agamemnon charged to guard his wife during his absence. He was taken by Aegisthus to a desert isle and left to die [Hom.Od.3.266].

Clytia 1. Se OCEANIDS.

Clytia 2. Daughter of Pandareus [Pau.10.30.2].

Clytia 3. Aphrodite made Helius fall in love with Leucothoe 2, the daughter of Orchamus and Eurynome 5. Orchamus ruled over the cities of Persia, and was the seventh in line from Belus 2, an Assyrian king, father of Dido. Now Clytia 3, being herself in love with Helius, told Orchamus about the relationship between Leucothoe 2 and the god. Orchamus disliked his daughter's amorous adventure, and buried her alive. However, Clytia 3 could not get Helius back, being this the reason why she went mad. For whole days she tasted neither food nos drink and stood on the same spot on the groud, turning her face towards the sun. Finally, her face turned into a flower much like a violet, and herself into a plant [Ov.Met.4.234ff., 4.268].

Clytippe. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and gave birth to a son Eurycapys [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Clytius 1. See ARGONAUTS and SUITORS OF HELEN.

Clytius 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Clytius 3. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Clytius 4. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Clytius 5. One of the Elders of the city of Troy, son of King Laomedon 1, either by Strymo, or by Leucippe 2, or by Placia. He is the father of Caletor 2 [see TROJANS] and Proclia [Apd.3.12.3; Hom.Il.3.147, 15.419; Pau.10.14.2].

Clytius 6. See GIANTS.

Clytius 7. Father of Dolops 1 [see ACHAEANS] [Hom.Il.11.302].

Clytius 8. Father of Peiraeus 1, friend of Telemachus [Hom.Od.15.540.

Clytius 9. An Athenian, father of Pheno, who married King Lamedon of Sicyon [Pau.2.6.5].

Clytius 10. Brother of Clanis 2 who was in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. Clytius 10 was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.139].

Clytius 11 migrated to Elis not wishing to live close to those who shared responsibility in the death of his father Alcmaeon 1 [see also Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1]. His mother was Arsinoe 1, daughter of Phegeus 1, son of Alpheus, one of the RIVER GODS [Pau.6.17.6).

Clytius 12. A companion of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, who opposed Aeneas in Italy. Clytius 12 was son of Aeolus 4, a Trojan companion of Aeneas in Italy, and father of Acmon 2, Menestheus 2, and Euneus 2 [Vir.Aen.9.774, 10.129, 11.666].

Clytius 13 followed Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign. He was killed by Corymbasus, an Indian chief [Nonn.28.66, 28.92].

Clytodora. Daughter of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, wife of Assaracus and mother of Capys 1 [DH.1.62.2].